Amd mobile athlon xp m: Athlon XP-M — AMD — WikiChip

Overclocking the Athlon XP-M 2500+ processor

THOSE OF YOU WHO REGULARLY PERUSE the news here at TR probably saw this item about the Athlon XP-M 2500+ and its recently discovered overclocking potential. The chips have become so popular so quickly that their street price has jumped 33% in recent days. Of course, given the accounts of overclocking to 2700MHz “on air” (using only a heatsink/fan) it’s no wonder they’re so popular.

Needless to say, we couldn’t sit this one out, so last week we ordered up an Athlon XP-M 2500+, and have spent the last 24 hours or so putting it through its paces. Read on to find out more about this overclocking wonder, and see how our particular chip fared.

XP-M: It’s not just for notebooks anymore
The first question in many people’s minds is: What’s up with putting a mobile chip in a desktop system? Well, there are a couple of important factors that make the XP-M such a desirable chip from an overclocking standpoint. The first is the default voltage of the chip. Desktop Athlon XP 2500+ chips run at a frequency of 1.8GHz using a default voltage of 1.65V. That’s fine for desktop systems that don’t have to worry about power consumption or battery life, but it’s a different story for mobile systems.

Because voltage relates directly to power consumption, one way to cut down on the amount of power used in a mobile application would be to lower the core voltage of the processor. Of course, it’s not quite that simple. Some 2500+ chips may continue to run properly at 1.8GHz if their core voltage is set below 1.65V, but others may become unstable or crash outright at anything below 1.65V. Every chip is different in this regard, and you won’t know until you try.

AMD does in fact use this method for the Athlon XP-M. Basically, they test their chips and determine which 2500+ chips can maintain their 1.8GHz clock speed properly with only 1.45V of core voltage instead of 1.65V. Chips that pass this test can then be set to a default voltage of 1. 45V and sold as Athlon XP-Ms. Essentially, the XP-M 2500+ is the cream of the crop within its speed grade. Not only can it do 1.8GHz, it can do it with one hand tied behind its back, so to speak.

Up close: our Athlon XP-M 2500+

Typically, overclocking is a crapshoot because you never know how fast a particular chip is going to go. There are many tales of people taking Pentium 4 2.4Cs and overclocking them to 3.2GHz or higher with ease, but we have an example in our labs that refuses to go any higher than 2.6GHz. Overclocking a processor is like a box of chocolates….

In the case of the Athlon XP-M, however, AMD has basically created a part consisting of cherry-picked processors. After all, if a 1.8GHz chip is good enough to stay at 1.8GHz even when undervolted by 0.2V, how much higher than 1.8GHz might it go at default voltage? This is one big reason for the XP-Ms popularity with overclockers; grab an XP-M, and you know you’re getting something good. The only question is: how good?

The second important mark in the XP-M’s favor is what’s missing: a multiplier lock. AMD mobile systems use the PowerNow! power management feature to conserve battery life. Unlike a desktop system, where bus speed times processor multiplier equals processor speed, things in a PowerNow! system are much more fluid. The processor has a minimum and maximum speed, and the system is constantly adjusting CPU speed based on processor load. If your system isn’t working very hard (you’ve gone to lunch, or you’re working on a Word document) the processor will limp along at 800MHz. Fire up a game, and it may jump up to 1500MHz and stay there until you quit. The speed is constantly updated relative to system load, and can be set to any number of intermediate speeds between the minimum and maximum.

One of the ways that the system works this magic is by manipulating the multiplier on the processor. Thus, in order for PowerNow! to work, the processor’s multiplier must be unlocked. Since PowerNow! is an important part of AMD’s mobile strategy, all Athlon XP-M chips are factory unlocked.

Add these two factors together, and you wind up with a guaranteed high-quality, unlocked Athlon XP core for only $25 more (at the time of this writing) than a “regular” Athlon XP 2500+. Whatta bargain!

Putting theory into practice
So now that we’ve looked at why the XP-M should be a good overclocker, let’s see if our hypothesis holds up to the test. Our subject is an Athlon XP-M 2500+, manufactured in week 49 of 2003, with a stepping code of IQZFA.

The markings on each chip betray its origins

We started out on an Asus A7N8X motherboard, and quickly got the CPU up to [email protected] on a 200MHz front-side bus with little drama. Any attempts to push harder, however, were met with failure, possibly because the A7N8X refused to crank the voltage any higher than 1.825V.

At that point, we switched over to Abit’s new nForce 2 Ultra 400 board, the AN7 (review forthcoming). The AN7 had no qualms about pushing the voltage up to and past our own comfort level. In the end, though, it didn’t make much difference with this chip. We managed to get [email protected] (yes, 1.96, that’s one of the settings on the AN7), but it wasn’t stable enough to complete our benchmark suite, so we decided to back down to 2.4GHz at 1.8V and run our benchmarks there.

Our open-air test bench with Abit AN7 motherboard and bone-stock air cooling

Abit’s uGuru utils kept us aware of our temps, shown here at 2.4GHz and 1.8V Although we didn’t hit the 2.7GHz+ levels that some others have apparently reached, let’s not lose sight of what we did accomplish. This is a 33% overclock resulting in a 200MHz advantage over an Athlon XP 3200+ (currently going for $195), from a chip that cost $98.

We decided against experimenting with bus overclocking, because our intent was to test the processor’s capabilities, and bus overclocking would’ve thrown too many other variables into the equation, such as non-standard PCI and AGP clock speeds. We said it before, but it bears repeating: One of the big advantages of the XP-M is its unlocked multiplier, which allows for substantial performance gains without having to resort to bus overclocking.

 

Our testing methods
As ever, we did our best to deliver clean benchmark numbers. Tests were run at least twice, and the results were averaged.

Our test systems were configured like so:

Processor Athlon XP-M 2500+ 2.4GHz Athlon XP ‘Barton’ 3200+ 2.2GHz Athlon XP ‘Barton’ 3000+ 2.167GHz AMD Athlon 64 3000+ 2.0GHz
AMD Athlon 64 3200+ 2.0GHz
AMD Athlon 64 3400+ 2.2GHz
AMD Athlon 64 FX-51 2.2GHz Pentium 4 2.8’C’GHz
Pentium 4 3. 2GHz
Pentium 4 3.2GHz Extreme Edition
Pentium 4 3.4GHz Extreme Edition
Pentium 4 2.8’E’GHz
Pentium 4 3.0’E’GHz
Pentium 4 3.2’E’GHz
Front-side bus 400MHz (200MHz DDR) 400MHz (200MHz DDR) 333MHz (166MHz DDR) HT 16-bit/800MHz downstream
HT 16-bit/800MHz upstream
HT 16-bit/800MHz downstream
HT 16-bit/800MHz upstream
800MHz (200MHz quad-pumped)
Motherboard Abit AN7 Asus A7N8X Deluxe v2.0 Asus A7N8X Deluxe v2.0 MSI K8T Neo MSI 9130 Abit IC7-G
BIOS revision 1. 4 C1007 C1007 1.1 1.1 IC7_21.B00
North bridge nForce2 SPP nForce2 SPP nForce2 SPP K8T800 K8T800 82875P MCH
South bridge nForce2 MCP-T nForce2 MCP-T nForce2 MCP-T VT8237 VT8237 82801ER ICH5R
Chipset drivers ForceWare 3. 13 ForceWare 3.13 ForceWare 3.13 4-in-1 v.4.51
ATA 5.1.2600.220
4-in-1 v.4.51
ATA 5.1.2600.220
INF Update 5.1.1002
Memory size 1GB (2 DIMMs) 1GB (2 DIMMs) 1GB (2 DIMMs) 1GB (2 DIMMs) 1GB (2 DIMMs) 1GB (2 DIMMs)
Memory type Corsair TwinX XMS4000 DDR SDRAM at 400MHz Corsair TwinX XMS4000 DDR SDRAM at 400MHz Corsair TwinX XMS4000 DDR SDRAM at 333MHz Corsair TwinX XMS4000 DDR SDRAM at 400MHz Corsair CMX512RE-3200LL PC3200 registered ECC DDR SDRAM at 400MHz Corsair TwinX XMS4000 DDR SDRAM at 400MHz
Hard drive Seagate Barracuda V 120GB ATA/100 Seagate Barracuda V 120GB ATA/100 Seagate Barracuda V 120GB ATA/100 Seagate Barracuda V 120GB SATA 150 Seagate Barracuda V 120GB SATA 150 Seagate Barracuda V 120GB SATA 150
Audio Creative SoundBlaster Live!
Graphics Radeon 9800 Pro 256MB with CATALYST 4. 1 drivers
OS Microsoft Windows XP Professional
OS updates Service Pack 1, DirectX 9.0b

All tests on the Pentium 4 systems were run with Hyper-Threading enabled, except where otherwise noted.

Thanks to Corsair for providing us with memory for our testing. If you’re looking to tweak out your system to the max and maybe overclock it a little, Corsair’s RAM is definitely worth considering.

The test systems’ Windows desktops were set at 1152×864 in 32-bit color at an 85Hz screen refresh rate. Vertical refresh sync (vsync) was disabled for all tests.

We used the following versions of our test applications:

  • Cachemem 2.65MMX
  • SiSoft Sandra 2004 (9.89)
  • Compiled binary of C Linpack port from Ace’s Hardware
  • Discreet 3ds max 5. 1 SP1
  • NewTek Lightwave 7.5
  • Cinebench 2003
  • POV-Ray for Windows v3.5
  • PICCOLOR v4.0 build 472
  • SPECviewperf 7.1.1
  • ScienceMark 2.0 beta (23SEP03 build)
  • Sphinx 3.3
  • LAME 3.95.1 (build from mitiok.cjb.net)
  • Xmpeg 5.0.3 with DivX Video 5.11
  • FutureMark 3DMark03 build 340
  • Comanche 4 demo
  • Quake III Arena v1.31
  • Serious Sam SE v1.07
  • Unreal Tournament 2003 demo v.2206
  • Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory v2.55

The tests and methods we employ are generally publicly available and reproducible. If you have questions about our methods, hit our forums to talk with us about them. Before we proceed, I’d like to give mad props to Damage on this one. He helped me out immensely in getting this article done as quickly as possible, by running the benchmarks and taking the pictures, among other things.

 

Memory performance

Overclocked or not, the Athlon XP is getting long in the tooth, and it especially shows in the area of memory bandwidth. The XP-M comes in right where we’d expect, tied with the XP 3200+ (which shares its 400MHz bus speed) and beating only the XP 3000+ with its 333MHZ front-side bus. The XP chips just don’t have the juice to compete with 800MHz front-side busses and on-die memory controllers.

The 2.4GHz XP-M outpaces all of the AMD chips by a good margin, at least until the matrix sizes get outside its 512KB L2 cache. At larger matrix sizes, however, the Hammer chips’ 1MB L2 cache and on-die memory controller lay down a beating on the XP-M.

A slight jump in clock speed over the XP 3200+ gives the XP-M a slight edge in memory access latency, putting it ahead of the 3.4GHz EE and the 2.8GHz Prescott as well. Still, things are pretty bunched up here in the middle of the graph, and the Hammer systems just embarrass everything.

 

Unreal Tournament 2003

The XP-M jumps a couple of spots relative to the XP 3200+, eclipsing the 3GHz Northwood and 3.2GHz Prescott in one of the tests. Ah, the difference 200MHz makes.

Quake III Arena

Quake III Arena loves memory bandwidth. Repeat it like a mantra. The Athlon XPs get romped on by everything here, and the XP-M’s extra clock speed only helps it beat up on its little brothers.

Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory

The XP-M puts in a better showing here, beating out a couple of P4’s, but it’s a long way off the Hammer chips.

 

Comanche 4

Enjoy this video game based around the Comanche helicopter, because it’s not likely you’ll be seeing one in real life anytime soon. At any rate, the XP-M earns a respectable finish here, though it loses to a number of Northwoods and all the Hammer chips. For the record, Comanche 4 really, really hates Prescott.

Serious Sam SE

The XP-M does exceptionally well in Serious Sam, beating out all Intel comers with less than two megs of cache. It basically ties the 3.4GHz Northwood in spite of a one gigahertz clock deficit. Can you say IPC?

3DMark03

The composite 3DMark scores put the XP-M near the bottom, but if you throw out the XP 3000+ and its 333MHz front-side bus, there’s less than 300 points separating worst from first. On the CPU tests, the XP-M makes a respectable showing, even taking down a Hammer in one of the tests.

 

Sphinx speech recognition
Ricky Houghton first brought us the Sphinx benchmark through his association with speech recognition efforts at Carnegie Mellon University. Sphinx is a high-quality speech recognition routine that needs the latest computer hardware to run at speeds close to real-time processing. We use two different versions, built with two different compilers, in an attempt to ensure we’re getting the best possible performance.

There are two goals with Sphinx. The first is to run it faster than real time, so real-time speech recognition is possible. The second, more ambitious goal is to run it at about 0.8 times real time, where additional CPU overhead is available for other sorts of processing, enabling Sphinx-driven real-time applications.

Sphinx loves the memory bandwidth, and the results aren’t pretty for the XP chips.

LAME MP3 encoding
We used LAME to encode a 101MB 16-bit, 44KHz audio file into a very high-quality MP3. The exact command-line options we used were:

lame –alt-preset extreme file.wav file.mp3

LAME is about raw processing power and little else, and the XP-M’s high clock speed and high IPC leave it tied for fourth place with the 3.2GHz Northwood.

DivX video encoding

Ouch. Clearly the Athlon XPs are out of their league here, trailing the rest of the pack by a significant margin. Obviously, Xmpeg likes the P4. A lot. In fact, I saw them kissing under the bleachers. OK, I made that last part up, but it could’ve happened.

 

3ds max rendering
We begin our 3D rendering tests with Discreet’s 3ds max, one of the best known 3D animation tools around. 3ds max is both multithreaded and optimized for SSE2. We rendered a couple of different scenes at 1024×751 resolution, including the Island scene shown below. Our testing techniques were very similar to those described in this article by Greg Hess. In all cases, the “Enable SSE” box was checked in the application’s render dialog.

The XP-M does better than one might expect here, as the 200MHz clock speed advantage puts it over not only the XP 3200+, but also the 2.8GHz Prescott and two Athlon 64 chips.

 

Lightwave rendering
NewTek’s Lightwave is another popular 3D animation package that includes support for multiple processors and is highly optimized for SSE2. Lightwave can render very complex scenes with realism, as you can see from the sample scene, “A5 Concept,” below.

To test the effects of Hyper-Threading, we’ve tested the Hyper-Threaded processors with one, two, and four rendering threads. For non-Hyper-Threaded processors, we just tested with one and two threads.

Ouch. The Athlon XP chips just take a beating here; there’s no other way to put it. The XP-M just takes, umm, a slightly less severe beating.

 

POV-Ray rendering
POV-Ray is the granddaddy of PC ray-tracing renderers, and it’s not multithreaded in the least. Don’t ask me why—seems crazy to me. POV-Ray also relies more heavily on x87 FPU instructions to do its work, because it contains only minor SIMD optimizations.

POV-Ray is all about old school x87 math, and the results certainly show it. The mighty 3.4GHz P4 EE is laid low by the Athlon XP 3000+, as AMD just runs the table. For its part, the XP-M comes within a second of the top spot.

 

Cinebench 2003 rendering and shading
Cinebench is based on Maxon’s Cinema 4D modeling, rendering, and animation app. This revision of Cinebench measures performance in a number of ways, including 3D rendering, software shading, and OpenGL shading with and without hardware acceleration. Cinema 4D’s renderer is multithreaded, so it takes advantage of Hyper-Threading, as you can see in the results.

The XP-M actually ties with the FX-51 here, but that’s not saying much; the P4 and its Hyper-Threading just dominate here.

The other Cinebench tests aren’t multithreaded, so the Athlons do much better. The XP-M finishes in the middle of the pack.

 

SPECviewperf workstation graphics
SPECviewperf simulates the graphics loads generated by various professional design, modeling, and engineering applications.

The XP-M bounces around on the SPECviewperf tests, finishing as high as sixth in one test and third worst in another.

 

ScienceMark
ScienceMark 2.0 is optimized for SSE, SSE2, 3DNow! and is multithreaded, as well. The molecular dynamics simulation models “the thermodynamic behaviour of materials using their forces, velocities, and positions”, according to the ScienceMark documentation.

Primordia “calculates the Quantum Mechanical Hartree-Fock Orbitals for each electron in any element of the periodic table.” In our case, we used the default element, Argon.

The XP-M does extremely well here, finishing fourth place or better in all tests and winning the Cipher benchmark outright.

These last two tests, SGEMM and DGEMM, measure matrix math performance using several different codepaths optimized with several instruction set extensions, including SSE, SSE2, and 3DNow!

The Athlon XPs lag the rest of the entrants in Blas SGEMM, but redeem themselves nicely in Blas DGEMM.

 

picCOLOR image analysis
We thank Dr. Reinert Muller with the FIBUS Institute for pointing us toward his picCOLOR benchmark. This image analysis and processing tool is partially multithreaded, and it shows us the results of a number of simple image manipulation calculations. The overall score is indexed to a Pentium III 1GHz system based on a VIA Apollo Pro 133. In other words, the reference system would score a 1.0 overall.

The new version of picCOLOR we’re using today is optimized for SSE and SSE2, so it should perform differently than past revisions.

The XP-M does pretty well, beating out all of the non-EE Northwood chips. Here are the individual test scores for some of our key participants.

The XP-M gets whacked in GraphCopy, but finishes respectably in the other tests. For whatever reason, it absolutely owns the Video+Trgn test.

 

Conclusions
So to sum up, what we have here is a $98 CPU with a full 600MHz of overclocking headroom. What’s not to like? Sure, usually when we’re talking about overclocking, we issue the standard disclaimer: Every chip is different, your results may vary, yadda yadda yadda.

In this case, however, we feel like we should issue a disclaimer for the disclaimer, because everything about the XP-M suggests that the odds are in your favor. You don’t have to worry about getting a poor overclocker, because you’re guaranteed to get an undervolted chip. You don’t have to worry about a multiplier lock because you’re guaranteed to get an unlocked chip.

The only question, then, is how good is it going to get? Anecdotal evidence (based on our results as well as the Overclockers.com CPU database) suggests 2400-2700MHz is typical. AMD may not have intended it this way, but if you asked an overclocker what they would want in the perfect overclocking chip, they might very well describe the Athlon XP-M 2500+.  

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List of amd athlon xp microprocessors

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AMD Mobile Athlon XP-M 2600+ 2.0GHz 266MHz 512KB 462 CPU Processor

General information
Type CPU / Microprocessor
Market segment Mobile
Family AMD Athlon XP-M
Model number 2600+
CPU part number AXMG2600FQQ4C is an OEM/tray microprocessor
Stepping codes ADYHA   AQXDA  AQYHA   AQZFA   IDYHA   IQYHA
Frequency  2600+ (rated)
2000 MHz (real)
Bus speed  266 MHz
Clock multiplier  15
Package 453-pin organic PGA
1. 95″ x 1.95″ (4.95 cm x 4.95 cm)
AMD Package numbers 27493, 28103
Socket Socket A (Socket 462)
 
Architecture / Microarchitecture
Microarchitecture K7
Processor core Barton
Manufacturing process 0.13 micron
Data width 32 bit
The number of cores 1
The number of threads 1
Floating Point Unit Integrated
Level 1 cache size  64 KB code
64 KB data
Level 2 cache size  512 KB
Multiprocessing Uniprocessor
Features
  • MMX instructions
  • Extensions to MMX
  • 3DNow! technology
  • Extensions to 3DNow!
  • SSE / Streaming SIMD Extensions
Low power features PowerNow!
 
Electrical / Thermal parameters
V core  1. 45V
Minimum/Maximum operating temperature 0°C — 100°C
Maximum power dissipation  45 Watt
 
Notes on AMD AXMG2600FQQ4C
  • Actual bus frequency is 133 MHz. Because the processor uses Double Data Rate bus the effective bus speed is 266 MHz.
More Information
Price View Price Range
Manufacturer AMD
CPU Series Athlon XP
Processor speed 2.00 GHz
L2 Cache 512 KB
Cooling Component(s) Included None/Processor Only
Condition Certified Refurbished
Condition Comment Full working order
Warranty 30 Day RTB (Return to Base) Warranty
Important It is your responsibility as a buyer to ensure this is compatible with your hardware or operating system before buying.

Assume that any photo is a library photo, not the actual item you will receive, unless expressly mentioned above. Item has been pulled from salvage machine so expect the item to be in a used condition with minor scuffs etc.

Unless expressly mentioned in the description, there will be no other parts included with the item. This includes items such as drivers, cables, manuals, warranty cards etc. Hard drives, tape drives, caddies etc. will not include any screws, fixing rails unless expressly mentioned.

We aims to deliver items ordered to you as soon possible. As a guide, we estimate that most items will be delivered according the following timescales. To help you plan for your delivery, we will send you an e-mail with tracking details, as soon as your order has been shipped.

UK Delivery

  • Free Delivery: Monday-Friday (2-5 Working Days)
  • Fast Delivery: Monday-Friday (1-2 Working Days)
  • Next Working Day Delivery: if ordering before 1pm it is next day (excluding Saturday/Sunday), if you place order Saturday/Sunday we will dispatch your order Monday for delivery Tuesday.

    Please note that Saturdays, Sundays, and Bank Holidays are not classed as working days.

    Delivery services may take longer if you live in remote areas like the Scottish Highlands and Northern Ireland. As a result, Next Day service may not be guaranteed.

International Delivery (not including customs processing)

  • You can choose UPS Courier at checkout, please fill in your address first to get a shipping quote. International orders are usually delivered within couple of days, speed depends on the services selected.
  • Goods are despatched Monday – Friday only.

  • Sending goods outside the United Kingdom may result in additional local customs clearance charges and taxes. Failure to pay these charges and taxes on arrival will result in the goods being returned to us. In such instances we may refund your order and delivery fees but retain a re-processing fee to cover the return costs and customs processing fees.

    Changes from 1st January 2021 – Brexit

    On 1st January 2021 the UK left the EU. A consequence of this is that goods purchased from the UK for delivery in the EU are now subject to additional duties and taxes as well as increased shipping costs. To our European customers we offering following delivery option:

    Delivery Only Service – we will deliver your order excluding any customs clearance fees, import charges and taxes. When the goods arrive in your country you will be contacted by the delivery company to pay these additional costs directly to them before final delivery as the importer of record.

    Delivery is processed under the ‘Delivery at Place’ (DAP) Incoterm.

    We would advise you to check the cost of delivery before making purchase as the customs clearance fees, import charges and taxes can amount to quite a significant cost.

We are so confident in the quality of our work that we stand behind every MicroDream Certified Refurbished product with a 12 Month Warranty as standard and we are able to offer our 30 Day Money Back Guarantee with complete confidence.

We guarantee this product against all hardware faults for a period of 12 months from receipt of the product.

If there is a hardware fault within the first 30 days of receipt we will arrange for collection free of charge and replace or repair the product.

If there is a hardware fault after the first 30 days, you are responsible for safely returning the product to us. We can arrange collection for £19 including VAT. We will pay for the carriage of the replacement or repaired product back to you.

WHO IS COVERED? This warranty is non-transferable and covers only the original end purchaser. An original or copy of a sales invoice is required for warranty service.

WHAT IS COVERED? In the event of your PC hardware developing a fault you can return it for repair or replacement (or equivalent).

WHAT IS NOT COVERED?

  • Normal wear and tear of Product use
  • Misuse, lack of care, mishandling, accident, abuse or other abnormal use
  • Use of the Product other than for its intended purpose
  • Damage caused by improper or unauthorized repair or maintenance
  • Warranty is void if repairing without our consent or warranty seal is broken
  • Product that has been modified or altered
  • Software issues (any problems associated with software – whether bundled or installed by user, file corruption, internet setup etc. )
  • Accidental damage like breaking the screen or spilling liquid on it. You would need independent insurance to cover this.
  • Used batteries, although we do guarantee that it will hold at least one hour’s charge. We will replace batteries which do not meet these criteria if reported within one week of receipt and the battery supplied is returned. Batteries are considered as consumable items — as they are expected to degrade over time. Some may require replacement.

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Review

AMD’s Athlon XP 2200+ Processor

 

AMD’s Athlon XP 2200+ Processor
The «Thoroughbreds» at . 13 Debut!

By, Marco Chiappetta
June 10, 2002

Approximately one year ago, AMD Athlon processors based on the «Thunderbird» core, were reaching the end of their lifespan.  The «Thunderbird» had long been a favorite of the enthusiast community.  It was priced very competitively and performed on par, or better than anything Intel had to offer at the time.  AMD wasn’t done giving Intel a hard time yet, however.  They introduced a new version of their immensely popular CPU based on a new core dubbed «Palomino». With the new «Palominos», AMD incorporated a few key enhancements that would further increase the overall performance of their CPUs.  These enhancements included, support for Intel’s SSE instructions, improved hardware data pre-fetch circuitry, improved look-aside buffers and an on-die thermal diode.  Even with the new features, the «Palominos» used less power, which in turn produced less heat.   AMD also began manufacturing their CPUs using organic packaging, instead of the dated ceramic packaging used in previous generations. Today, AMDs «Palomino» has come to a similar fate.  They have reached their so called «end of life» and are about to be replaced by the new core on the block, AMD’s «Thoroughbred».

Unfortunately, AMD hasn’t really enhanced the core with the «Thoroughbreds».  The only thing new about these CPUs is the .13 micron manufacturing process used to build them (The older «Palominos» were built on a .18 micron process).  Building CPUs on a .13 micron process has a few inherent benefits though.  The .13 micron wafer fabrication technology makes for a significantly smaller die size versus the older .18 micron based «Palominos». This smaller the die, requires less power and should allow this new core to scale to much higher clock speeds.  The CPU we’ll be looking at today, is AMD’s latest in the Athlon XP line, that is now based on the «Thoroughbred» core, the 2200+.   The Athlon XP 2200+ is clocked at 1800MHz. using the same 133MHz. DDR (266MHz. effective) bus as the «Palominos».  What do you say we get a little closer look and see what really makes this CPU tick?

Specifications of the AMD Athlon XP 2200+ Processor
A .13 Process And A Few More Clock Cycles!

The Athlon XP 2200+ we tested was packaged in brown organic material (scanned below).  AMD will eventually produce all of their CPUs using green packaging.  Don’t worry if you get a brown CPU though, the color has absolutely no bearing on performance.

CLICK ANY IMAGE FOR ENLARGED VIEW

Key Architectural Features of the AMD Athlon? XP Processor:

  • QuantiSpeed? Architecture for enhanced performance

  • Nine-issue superpipelined, superscalar x86 processor microarchitecture designed for high performance

  • Multiple parallel x86 instruction decoders

  • Three out-of-order, superscalar, fully pipelined floating point execution units, which execute x87 (floating point), MMX? and 3DNow!? instructions

  • Three out-of-order, superscalar, pipelined integer units

  • Three out-of-order, superscalar, pipelined address calculation units

  • 72-entry instruction control unit

  • Advanced hardware data prefetch

  • Exclusive and speculative Translation Look-aside Buffers

  • Advanced dynamic branch prediction

3DNow!? Professional technology for leading-edge 3D operation:

  • 21 original 3DNow!? instructions?the first technology enabling superscalar SIMD

  • 19 additional instructions to enable improved integer math calculations for speech or video encoding and improved data movement for Internet plug-ins and other streaming applications

  • 5 DSP instructions to improve soft modem, soft ADSL, Dolby Digital surround sound, and MP3 applications

  • 52 SSE instructions with SIMD integer and floating point additions offer excellent compatibility with Intel’s SSE technology

  • Compatible with Windows® XP, Windows 98, Windows 95, and Windows NT® 4. x operating systems

266MHz AMD Athlon? XP processor system bus enables excellent system bandwidth for data movement-intensive applications:

  • Source synchronous clocking (clock forwarding) technology

  • Support for 8-bit ECC for data bus integrity

  • Peak data rate of 2.1GB/s

  • Multiprocessing support: point-to-point topology, with number of processors in SMP systems determined by chipset implementation

  • Support for 24 outstanding transactions per processor

Other Architectural Elements:

  • The AMD Athlon? XP processor with performance-enhancing cache memory features 64K instruction and 64K data cache for a total of 128K L1 cache. 256K of integrated, on-chip L2 cache for a total of 384K full-speed, on-chip cache.

  • Socket A infrastructure designs are based on high-performance platforms and are supported by a full line of optimized infrastructure solutions (chipsets, motherboards, BIOS). Available in Pin Grid Array (PGA) for mounting in a socketed infrastructure Electrical interface compatible with 266MHz AMD Athlon XP system buses, based on Alpha EV6? bus protocol

  • Die size: approximately 37.5 million transistors on 80mm2. Manufactured using AMD’s state-of-the-art 0.13-micron copper process technology.


In the picture above, we compare the «Palomino» core to the new «Thoroughbred» core.  This scaled, side-by-side comparison shows the differences between the two cores very well.  The on-die L2 cache was brought down to what is the bottom of the die plot above and the rest of the core was simply shrunk down, with the help of the new manufacturing process.  As you can see, the .13 micron «Thoroughbred» core is significantly smaller than the «Palomino», 80mmversus 128mm2.  This is a physical size reduction of 37.5%.  AMD can now produce more dies per wafer, which should lower prices and increase availability as the process matures and yields increase.   A physical reduction in size is not the only benefit…

 

This table illustrates the lower voltage requirements and thermal output.  The current high-end «Thoroughbred» requires 1.65v for nominal operation, which is about 6% lower than the slower clocked Athlon XP 2100+.  Something I’m sure all of you overclockers out there will like to hear, is that AMD has plans to produce all future Athlons using the .13 micron manufacturing process.  That means we’ll soon be seeing Athlon XP «Thoroughbred» CPUs, at 1467MHz on up.  We haven’t tested one just yet but we suspect these lower clocked «Thoroughbred» based Athlons will have major headroom for overclocking.

 

Processor ID and Overclocking


AMD Athlon XP-M Preview Article







Bjorn3D. com Reviewer


March 12, 2003
Articles

Leave a comment

This article is a brief summary and preview of AMD’s new mobile Athlon processors.

AMD Athlon XP-M Preview Article


Today at CeBIT, AMD is announcing 12 new mobile Athlon processors, designed to fill two very different markets: thin & light notebooks and high-performance notebooks. As you can imagine, these are different markets that have different core requirements. Both of these laptop styles fit into the fastest growing segment of the CPU industry where commercial/small business users are taking advantage of the powerful laptops of today that can and do effectively compete with desktops in power and functionality. To attack this market, AMD is releasing the Athlon XP-M line-up of CPUs.

The models being announced today are based on existing Athlon XP technology but are modified to differing socket types and requirements, as well as the inclusion of specific features suited to the mobile. The models announced include:

  • SocketA XP-M 2600+
  • SocketA XP-M 2500+ Barton
  • SocketA XP-M 2400+ Barton
  • SocketA XP-M 2400+ Thoroughbred
  • SocketA XP-M 2200+
  • SocketA XP-M 2000+
  • SocketA XP-M 1900+
  • microPGA XP-M 1800+
  • microPGA XP-M 1700+
  • microPGA XP-M 1600+
  • microPGA XP-M 1500+
  • microPGA XP-M 1400+
  • The AMD XP3000+ Barton core has been out for a short while. And here we have AMD expanding their line-up with the larger 512KB cache Barton core (vs. the 256KB cache of the older thoroughbred core used in all of the other CPUs listed above). The listed packaging relates to the laptop style that they’re intended for. The microPGA models are for the thin and light laptops.

    Athlon XP-M High-Performance Processors

    The new XP-M CPUs, which AMD is targeting at the higher-performance, full-size notebooks, include the Socket A models listed above. AMD already has several laptop manufacturers onboard for production and sales of XP-M based high-performance laptops by April (Epson Direct in Japan). The XP-M 2500+ and 2400+, Barton based models, will certainly benefit from the increased cache offered by AMD’s 0.13nm Barton core. The extra L2 cache will aid in multitasking operations, provide for faster video and audio playback, and enhance gaming performance. AMD provided the following graphs illustrating Office Productivity (MS Office 2000, MS Project 98, McAfee Virus Scan, etc.), Digital Media (PhotoShop, Dreamweaver, Flash5, etc.), and gaming performance (many included into this generalized graph: Half-Life Smokin’, Expendable, Q3A, AquaMark, UT, Evolva, MDK2, Serious Sam, and more):

    The generalized graphs compare the new XP-M 2500+ and 2400+ to a Pentium 4-M 2.4GHz. The relative percentages (normalized to the P4, set at 100%) show similar results as we see on desktop models. Office productivity tests show a 6-8% increase on the new AMD XP-Ms, while Digital Media tests show the XP-M about even to the P4. Gaming shows a 20-22% increase in performance over the P4, thanks to the larger L2 cache and AMD XP’s more robust floating point units.

    Athlon XP-M Thin & Light Processors

    The XP-M processors, based on the older Thoroughbred core, from the XP-M 1400+ to XP-M 1800+ are being manufactured on a microPGA packaging. These processors are still 0.13nm construction, but the PCB is much smaller for use on the small, thin laptops. The smaller packaging saves space and weight. These processors are also intended to provide better battery life for extended productivity.

    Pricing of the Athlon XP-M processors, per 1,000, varies with the performance level. The costs appear quite reasonable to me for a newly released CPU. Many of the prices appear to only be slightly higher than the matching speed desktop versions.

    Conclusions


    With a full line of Athlon Thoroughbred and Barton based mobile CPUs, AMD’s XP-M processors appear poised to attack the ever growing mobile market. The high performance, Barton based XP-M 2400+ and 2500+ are sure to provide a level of laptop performance that will rival many desktops. And the lower speed microPGA processors should provide a needed boost to AMD’s inclusion in the trendy thin and light laptop crowd.


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    Compare AMD Athlon XP-M vs AMD Mobile Athlon 64 3200+

    similarities
    AMD Athlon XP-M AMD Mobile Athlon 64 3200+
    Both processors from the AMD Two processors in the mobile segment cores: 1 core
    Two models have 1 stream
    Processors have the same level size L1 128 KB
    Differences AMD Athlon XP-M

    9000 9000 9000

    The core architecture of the Athlon XP-M processor is called Thoroughbred

    The core architecture of the Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ processor is called Newark FSB data AMD Athlon XP-M — 200 MHz FSB data AMD Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ — 800 MHz The Athlon XP-M model has an order of magnitude fewer transistors, 37 million versus 106 million , 106 million vs. 37 million its calculated heat output reaches 62 W N/A Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ Supports Architecture X64 Cache of the Athlon XP-M processor, compared to Mobile Athlon 64 32005, 256 kilobaite The level 2 of the Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ processor is much larger than that of the Athlon XP-M and is 1024 KB

    Comparison of instructions and technologies

    Power saving technologies
    Technology or instruction name AMD Athlon XP-M AMD Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ Short description
    PowerNow! PowerNow! idle frequency reduction technology.
    Standard extension set
    Technology or instruction name AMD Athlon XP-M AMD Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ Short description
    MMX (Multimedia Extensions) Multimedia extensions.
    SSE (Streaming SIMD Extensions) Streaming SIMD processor extension.
    3DNow! Optional MMX extension for AMD processors.

    Benchmarks

    Overall performance rating

    The main rating is calculated according to an internal formula, taking into account all the data, such as — test results in benchmarks, socket, temperature, structure, overclocking technologies, year of manufacture, instructions, number of cores and threads, base frequency, and much more.

    PassMark CPU Mark

    The benchmark includes a large set of tools for a comprehensive assessment of PC performance, in particular the CPU. Among which are floating point calculations, game physics calculations, integer calculations, compression, extended instruction checking, encryption, single-threaded and multi-threaded tests. In this case, it is possible to compare the results obtained with the rest of the configurations in the common database. Almost all of our CPUs have been tested in PassMark. This is perhaps the most famous benchmark tester on the Internet. The Performance Test showed slightly better performance of the Athlon XP-M processor (340 points) over the Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ (326 points). The Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ falls slightly behind in this test.

    Cinebench 10 (32 bit) Single-threaded test

    This benchmark for video cards and processors is very outdated by now. Single-Thread version — in its work it uses only one thread for rendering and one core. Released by MAXON, and based on the Cinema 4D 3D editor. It is possible to test many processor systems. The test is carried out on Windows and Mac operating systems. The basic speed testing mode is working with light, global illumination simulation, photorealistic rendering of a 3D scene, spatial light sources, multilevel reflections, and procedural shaders. The ray tracing method is used.

    Cinebench 10 (32 bit) Multi-threaded test

    Multi-Core version is another test variant in the Cinebench R10 benchmark, which already uses multi-threaded and multi-core testing mode. It is important to consider that the number of threads in this version is limited to sixteen.

    Cinebench 11.5 (64-bit) Multi-threaded test

    Multi-threaded version of the CINEBENCH R11.5 benchmark, it has the ability to test the processor to the fullest, using all cores and threads. Unlike previous versions, 64 threads are already supported here.

    Cinebench 11.5 (64-bit) Single-threaded test

    Good old fully functional Cinebench R11.5 from Maxon. His tests are still relevant today. In this case, Single-Core tests happen by using one thread and one core. The tests still use the ray tracing method, rendering a detailed 3D space with many glass and crystal and translucent spheres. The result of the check is the «frames per second» parameter.

    Cinebench 15 (64-bit) Multi-thread test

    Multi-Thread version of Cinebench R15 — will test your build to the fullest, showing everything it can do. All threads and CPU cores are involved in the process of rendering high-poly 3D objects. The program is suitable for modern multithreaded processors from Intel and AMD. it can use 256 threads.

    Cinebench 15 (64-bit) Single-threaded test

    Cinebench R15 is the most up-to-date benchmark from the Finnish company Maxon. The entire system is being tested: both video cards and CPU. For processors, the result of the calculation is the number of PTS points, and for video adapters, the value of frames per second FPS. In this version of the Single Core program, 1 thread is involved in rendering. A complex 3D scene is rendered with many light sources, highly detailed objects and reflections.

    Geekbench 4.0 (64-bit) Multi-thread test

    Geekbench 4 64-bit multi-thread test. It is the wide support for various devices and operating systems that makes Geekbench tests the most valuable today. This is

    Geekbench 4.0 (64-bit) Single-threaded test

    The latest single-threaded version of Geekbench 4 to date for testing laptops and desktop PCs. For the first time, this version of the benchmark also supports smartphones running iOS and Android operating systems. The Single-Core check uses one thread. This product, like its earlier versions, can run on systems running Windows, Mac OS, Linux.

    Geekbench 3 (32 bit) Multi-thread test

    Multi-Thread Geekbench 3 program — will allow you to make a powerful synthetic test of your processor and show the stability of your system.

    Geekbench 3 (32 bit) Single-threaded test

    Single Core version of the test uses only one CPU core and one thread. The Geekbench cross-platform tester is often used to test the system under Mac, but it will run on both Linux and Windows. The basic purpose is CPU performance testing.

    Geekbench 2

    In our archive you can find about 200 CPU models that have test results in this program. Today there are more recent versions, the current fourth and fifth. Geekbench 2 is no longer up to date.

    X264 HD 4.0 Pass 1

    In fact, this is a practical test of processor performance by transcoding HD files to the new H.264 format or the so-called MPEG 4 x264 codec. This test is faster than Pass 2 because it renders at the same speed. This is the most suitable test for multi-threaded processors and multi-core ones. Frame rate processed in sec. — result of checking.

    X264 HD 4.0 Pass 2

    This is a slightly different, slower test based on video file compression. The same MPEG4 x264 codec is used, but encoding is done at a variable rate. It is important to be aware that a completely real task is being simulated, and the x264 codec is used in many video programs. The result is a higher quality video file. The resulting value is also measured in frames per second. For this reason, the test results really reflect the performance of the system.

    3DMark06 CPU

    Benchmark program for evaluating the operation of the video system and the central processor. This benchmark is very often used by overclockers and overclockers and gamers. CPUs are tested in 2 ways: the game AI does pathfinding and another test simulates the engine using PhysX. Built using the DirectX API by Futuremark.

    3DMark Fire Strike Physics

    Approximately 200 CPUs on our site have 3DMark Physics data. It includes an accurate test that does in-game physics calculations.

    WinRAR 4.0

    Everyone knows the data archiver. The speed of compression into the RAR format was evaluated; for this, large amounts of random data were used. The resulting speed in the process of compression «Kb / s» — this is the test indicator. The tests were done under the Windows operating system.

    TrueCrypt AES

    Not exactly a benchmark, but the results of its work can help evaluate the performance of the entire system. The program includes the function of encrypting disk partitions on the fly. Our site shows the results of encryption speed in gigabytes per second using the AES algorithm. Unfortunately support for this program was discontinued in 2014. It can run on various operating systems: Mac OS X, Linux and Windows.

    Amd Mobile Athlon 64 and amd Athlon xp-m

    In autumn 2004, AMD officially announced
    several new processors focused
    for use in portable
    computers. That one looks curious
    the fact that it took place immediately after
    how its main competitor —
    Intel announced the release of new
    versions of Pentium M mobile processors and
    Celeron M, as well as price cuts on some
    old models. As is often the case,
    date of updating price lists for two
    processor manufacturers again
    matched. So, AMD introduced two new
    models — rather expensive 64-bit
    processor for Mobile Athlon 64 3400+ laptops,
    as well as the cheaper 32-bit
    mobile Athlon XP-M 2200+.

    Mobile Athlon 64 3400+ becomes older model
    in the line of mobile AMD processors,
    supporting 64-bit instructions.
    This model is clocked
    2.2 GHz. L2 cache size
    is 1 MB for the processor.

    The Athlon XP-M 2200+ processor is
    budget model with reduced
    power consumption. He works for
    clocked at 1.6 GHz and equipped with a cache
    the second level of 512 KB.

    AMD is still struggling c
    contracts with major
    laptop manufacturers.
    But already about readiness to start deliveries
    laptops with Mobile Athlon 64 3400+ processor
    reported two companies — Alienware and Epson
    Direct.

    In April 2005, AMD will release the following
    generation of processors based on the Sonora core. To
    the third quarter, the chip will be «overclocked»
    up to 3100+. Sonora — 25-watt chip with 128 and 256 KB
    second level cache. Sonora will be produced
    on a 90-nanometer process technology. By
    According to AMD90-nm Athlon XP-M Trinidad will appear in
    2nd half of 2005.

    AMD is getting serious about
    production of processors with ultra-low
    power consumption, that is, processors
    for miniature subnotebooks. Especially
    It should be noted that these will
    64-bit Athlon family processors
    64. Will be engaged in their development
    great specialists in miniaturization
    electronics — Japanese. AMD is gaining
    for its Japanese design
    branches of AMD Japan Engineering Lab new group
    from 15-20 engineers. And this group
    will not only develop
    processors, but also by embedding them into
    computers and consumer electronics.
    Of course, the Japanese market, where especially
    appreciate miniature computers, very
    important for AMD. But the company’s new processors
    intends to sell worldwide.

    AMD Opteron (with two
    cores)

    AMD processors will switch to using
    dual-core architecture even faster
    than Intel does. dual core
    Opteron processors will appear in late 2005
    and will be compatible with existing
    boards. You have to understand that they
    based on 0.09 µm cores. Most
    a remarkable property of these processors
    – they will be infrastructure compatible
    with single-core predecessors. That
    yes, the dual-core version of the Opteron will be possible
    plug into motherboard
    Socket 940, refuse to use
    which for server solutions
    AMD has no plans. In addition, dual
    processors will work on old
    motherboards. May need
    just update the BIOS. It is claimed that
    owners of two-processor servers
    and Opteron-based workstations will be able to
    install two dual-core processors
    to old systems, and get
    four-processor system for the price
    dual-processor!

    By the way, about the structure of dual-core processors
    it became known that they would not
    use a shared second level cache,
    as previously planned. On practice
    much easier to place on a chip
    two cores with independent blocks
    cache. The system is such a processor
    will be completely transparent,
    like two physical processors. Each
    the kernel will refer to its
    1 MB exclusive cache. AT
    aggregates on a crystal will be
    2 MB cache in the second level.
    Each of the cores can access
    data from the cache of another.

    Apparently, after running on the server
    processors, dual-core architecture
    migrate to the desktop segment, then
    available in the Athlon 64. When this happens,
    AMD representatives do not explain. Because the
    the advent of processors based on
    0.065 µm process technology, delayed up to
    2006, I can guess that
    dual-core versions of the Athlon 64 will be based
    on 0.09 micron process technology and will keep
    compatibility with this design
    platform. It might happen at the beginning.
    2006.

    Future
    technological processes from AMD

    The past forum MDF 2004 opened to the public
    AMD plans to master new process standards
    with a 7 year perspective. Let’s try
    trace the main milestones of the technological
    evolution of AMD processors:

    0.09 micron manufacturing process -> 2004;

    0.065 micron manufacturing process -> 2006;

    0.045 micron manufacturing process -> 2007;

    0.032 micron manufacturing process -> 2009;

    0.022 micron manufacturing process -> 2011.

    Along with the improvement
    lithographic process technology will
    decrease the gate length of the transistor
    is one of the most important characteristics
    semiconductor devices:

    0. 13 µm process -> 70 nm gate;

    0.09 µm process technology -> 50 nm gate;

    0.065 µm process -> 35 nm gate;

    0.032 µm process -> 15 nm gate;

    0.022 µm process technology -> 13 nm gate.

    For comparison, a small fact from the area
    genetics — the width of the human molecule
    DNA is 12 nm.

    It is important to understand that each
    stage of mastering new process standards
    may be fraught with unpleasant surprises.
    For example, consider the thermal problems
    with Prescott core. For this reason, these
    terms of transition to the next technical process
    should be taken as indicative.

    As you know, both Intel and AMD have their own
    admirers and opponents. One side,
    there is nothing wrong with that — someone
    maybe grandpa advised to trust
    only Intel, and someone trudges on pronunciation
    Athlon words. It’s not about that. The main thing —
    respect hard work
    all scientists involved in the process of creating
    these high-tech masterpieces. Tem
    more that from the competition of intel and amd ultimate
    the user only wins:
    new ideas emerge and, as a result,
    new processors, improved
    technology, cost reduction
    products.

    AMD Athlon XP 2600+ (FSB333) Specifications / Overclockers.ua

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1300Duron 1200Duron 1100Duron 1000Duron 950 (Morgan)Duron 950 (Spitfire)Duron 900 (Morgan)Duron 900 (Spitfire)Duron 850Duron 800Duron 750Duron 700Duron 650Duron 600Athlon 1000 (Orion)Athlon 1000 (Thunderbird) Athlon 950 (Pluto) Athlon 900 (Thunderbird) Athlon 850 (Pluto) Athlon 850 (Thundebird) Athlon 800 (Pluto) Athlon 800 (Thunderbird) Athlon 750 (Pluto) Athlon 750 (Thunderbird) Athlon 700 (Pluto) Athlon 650 (Pluto) Athlon 650 (Argon) Athlon 650 (Thunderbird) Athlon 600 (Pluto) Athlon 600 (Argon) Athlon 550 (Pluto) -2 533 (CXT)K6-2 500 (CXT)K6-2 475 (CXT)K6-2 450 (CXT)K6-2 400 (CXT)K6-2 380 (CXT)K6-2 366 (CXT)K6- 2 350 (CXT)K6-2 350K6-2 333 (CXT)K6-2 333 (CXT)K6-2 333K6-2 300 (CXT)K6-2 300 (CXT)K6-2 300K6-2 266K6 300K6 266K6 233K6 200K6 166K5 PR166K5 PR150K5 PR133K5 PR120K5 PR100K5 PR90K5 PR75IntelPentium Gold G7400Celeron G6900Core i9-11900KCore i9-11900KFCore i9-11900Core i9-11900FCore i9-11900TCore i7-11700KCore i7-11700KFCore i7-11700Core i7-11700FCore i7-11700TCore i5-11600KCore i5-11600KFCore i5-11600Core i5-11600TCore i5-11500Core i5-11500TCore i5-11400Core i5-11400FCore i5-11400TCore i3-10325Core i3-10305Core i3-10305TCore i3-10105Core i3-10105FCore i3-10105TPentium Gold G6605Pentium Gold G6505Pentium Gold G6505TPentium Gold G6405Pentium Gold G6405TCore i9-10900KCore i9-10900KFCore i9-10900Core i9-10900FCore i7-10700KCore i7-10700KFCore i7-10700Core i7-10700FCore i5-10600KCore i5-10600KFCore i5-10600Core i5-10500Core i5-10400Core i5-10400FCore i3-10320Core i3-10300Core i3-10100Pentium Gold G6600Pentium Gold G6500Pentium Gold G6400Celeron G5925Celeron G5920Celeron G5905Celeron G5900Core i9-9900KCore i7-9700KCore i5-9600KCore i7-8700KCore i7-8700Core i5-8600KCore i5-8400Core i3-8350KCore i3-8100Pentium Gold G5400Core i7-7700KCore i7-7700Core i7-7700TCore i5-7600KCore i5- 7600Core i5-7600TCore i5-7500Core i5-7500TCore i5-7400Core i5-7400TCore i3-7350KCore i3-7320Core i3-7300Core i3-7300TCore i3-7100Core i3-7100TCore i7-6950XCore i7-6700KCore i7-6700Core i7-6700TCore i5-6600KCore i5-6600Core i5-6600TCore i5-6500Core i5-6500TCore i5-6400Core i5-6400TCore i3-6300Core i3-6300TCore i3-6100Core i3-6100TCore i7-5960XCore i7-5775CCore i5 -5675CCore i7-4960XCore i7-4930KCore i7-4820KCore i7-4790KCore i5-4690KCore i7-4770KCore i7-4770Core i5-4670KCore i5-4670Core i5-4570Core i7-3970XCore i7-3960XCore i7-3930KCore i7-3820Core i7-2700KCore i7-2600KCore i7-2600Core i7-2600SCore i5-3330Core i5-2500KCore i5-2500Core i5-2500SCore i5-2500TCore i5-2405SCore i5-2400Core i5-2400SCore i5-2390TCore i5-2320Core i5-2310Core i5-2300Core i3-2130Core i3-2125Core i3-2120Core i3-2105Core i3-2100Core i3-2100TPentium G860Pentium G850Pentium G840Pentium G632Pentium G630Pentium G622Pentium G620Celeron G540Celeron G530Celeron G440Core i7-990XCore i7-980Core i7 980XCore i7-975 ExtremeCore i7 970Core i7 965 ExtremeCore i7 960Core i7 950Core i7 940Core i7 930Core i7 920Core i7-880Core i7-875KCore i7-870Core i7-860SCore i7-860Core i5-760Core i5-750SCore i5-750Core i5-680Core i5-670Core i5-661Core i5- 660Core i5-655KCore i5-650Core i3-560Core i3-550Core i3-540Core i3-530Pentium G6960Pentium G6951Pentium G6950Atom D525Atom D510Atom D425Atom D410Atom 330Atom 230Core 2 Extreme QX9775Core 2 Extreme QX9770Core 2 Extreme QX9650Core 2 Quad Q9650Core 2 Quad Q9550sCore 2 Quad Q9550Core 2 Quad Q9505Core 2 Quad Q9450Core 2 Quad Q9400sCore 2 Quad Q9400Core 2 Quad Q9300Core 2 Quad Q8400sCore 2 Quad Q8400Core 2 Quad Q8300Core 2 Quad Q8200sCore 2 Quad Q8200Core 2 Duo E8600Core 2 Duo E8500Core 2 Duo E8400Core 2 Duo E8300Core 2 Duo E8200Core 2 Duo E8190Core 2 Duo E7600Core 2 Duo E7500Core 2 Duo E7400Core 2 Duo E7300Core 2 Duo E7200Core 2 Extreme QX6850Core 2 Extreme OX6800Core 2 Extreme QX6700Core 2 Quad Q6700Core 2 Quad Q6600Core 2 Extreme X6900Core 2 Extreme X6800Core 2 Duo E6850Core 2 Duo E6800Core 2 Duo E6750Core 2 Duo E6700Core 2 Duo E6600Core 2 Duo E6550Core 2 Duo E6540Core 2 Duo E6420Core 2 Duo E6400 (Allendale)Core 2 Duo E6400 (Conroe 2M)Core 2 Duo E6320Core 2 Duo E6300 ( Allendale)Core 2 Duo E6300 (Conroe 2M)Core 2 Duo E4700Core 2 Duo E4600Core 2 Duo E4500Core 2 Duo E4400Core 2 Duo E4300Pentium Dual-Core E6800Pentium Dual-Core E6700Pentium Dual-Core E6600Pentium Dual-Core E6500Pentium Dual-Core E6300Pentium Dual-Core E5800Pentium Dual-Core E5700Pentium Dual-Core E5500Pentium Dual-Core E5400Pentium Dual-Core E5300Pentium Dual-Core E5200Pentium Dual-Core E2220Pentium Dual-Core E2210Pentium Dual-Core E2200Pentium Dual-Core E2180Pentium Dual-Core E2160Pentium Dual-Core E21 4065 XEPentium D 960Pentium D 955 XEPentium D 950Pentium D 945Pentium D 940Pentium D 935Pentium D 930Pentium D 925Pentium D 920Pentium D 915Pentium D 840 XEPentium D 840Pentium D 830Pentium D 820Pentium D 805Pentium 4 EE 3. 73Pentium 4 EE 3.46Pentium 4 EE 3.4Pentium 4 EE 3.2Pentium 4 672Pentium 4 671Pentium 4 670Pentium 4 662Pentium 4 661Pentium 4 660Pentium 4 651Pentium 4 650Pentium 4 641Pentium 4 640Pentium 4 631Pentium 4 630Pentium 4 620Pentium 4 571Pentium 4 570JPentium 4 561Pentium 4 560JPentium 4 560Pentium 4 551Pentium 4 550JPentium 4 550Pentium 4 541Pentium 4 540JPentium 4 540Pentium 4 531Pentium 4 530JPentium 4 530Pentium 4 521Pentium 4 520JPentium 4 520Pentium 4 519KPentium 4 519JPentium 4 517Pentium 4 516Pentium 4 515JPentium 4 515Pentium 4 511Pentium 4 506Pentium 4 505JPentium 4 505Pentium 4 3.8FPentium 4 3.6FPentium 4 3.4FPentium 4 3.2FPentium 4 3.4EPentium 4 EE 3.4Pentium 4 3.4Pentium 4 3.2EPentium 4 EE 3.2Pentium 4 3.2 Pentium 4 3.06Pentium 4 3.0EPentium 4 3.0Pentium 4 2.8EPentium 4 2.8APentium 4 2.8CPentium 4 2.8Pentium 4 2.8Pentium 4 2.67Pentium 4 2.66Pentium 4 2.6CPentium 4 2.6Pentium 4 2.53Pentium 4 2.5Pentium 4 2.4EPentium 4 2.4APentium 4 2.4CPentium 4 2.4BPentium 4 2.4Pentium 4 2.26APentium 4 2. 26Pentium 4 2.2Pentium 4 2.0APentium 4 2.0Pentium 4 1.9Pentium 4 1.8 APentium 4 1.8 Pentium 4 1.7Pentium 4 1.6 APentium 4 1.6Pentium 4 1.5Pentium 4 1.4Pentium 4 2.0Pentium 4 1.9Pentium 4 1.8Pentium 4 1.7Pentium 4 1.6Pentium 4 1.5Pentium 4 1.4Pentium 4 1.3Pentium III-S 1400Pentium III 1400Pentium III 1333Pentium III-S 1266Pentium III 1200Pentium III-S 1133Pentium III 1133APentium III 1000BPentium III 1133Pentium III 1100Pentium III 1000EBPentium III 1000Pentium III 933Pentium III 900Pentium III 866Pentium III 850Pentium III 800EBPentium III 800Pentium III 750Pentium III 733Pentium III 700Pentium III 667Pentium III 650Pentium III 600EBPentium III 600EPentium III 550EPentium III 533EBPentium III 500EPentium III 1000BPentium III 1000Pentium III 933Pentium III 866Pentium III 850Pentium III 800EBPentium III 800Pentium III 750Pentium III 733Pentium III 700Pentium III 667Pentium III 650Pentium III 600BPentium III 600Pentium III 600EBPentium III 600EPentium III 550Pentium III 550EPentium III 533BPentium III 533EBPentium III 500Pentium III 450Pentium II Overdrive 333Pentium II Overdrive 300Pentium II 450Pentium II 400Pentium II 350Pentium II 333Pentium II 300APentium II 300Pentium II 266APentium II 266Pentium II 233Pentium Overdrive MMX 200Pentium Overdrive MMX 180Pentium Overdrive MMX 166Pentium Overdrive MMX 150Pentium Overdrive 166Pentium Overdrive 150Pentium Overdrive 125Pentium Overdrive 133Pentium Overdrive 120Pentium Pro 200MHz (1024 KB)Pentium Pro 200MHz (512 KB)Pentium Pro 200MHz (256 KB)Pentium Pro 180MHzPentium Pro 166MHzPentium Pro 150MHzPentium 233 MMXPentium 200 MMXPentium 166 MMXPentium 200Pentium 166Pentium 150Pentium 133Pentium 120Pentium 100Pentium 90Pentium 75Pentium 66Pentium 60Celeron G1101Celeron E3500Celeron E3400Celeron E3300Celeron E3200Celeron E1600Celeron E1500Celeron E1400Celeron E1200Celeron 450Celeron 445Celeron 440Celeron 430Celeron 420Celeron 220Celeron D 365Celeron D 360Celeron D 356Celeron D 352Celeron D 355Celeron D 351Celeron D 350Celeron D 346Celeron D 345JCeleron D 345Celeron D 341Celeron D 340JCeleron D 340Celeron D 336Celeron D 335JCeleron D 335Celeron D 331Celeron D 330JCeleron D 330Celeron D 326Celeron D 325JCeleron D 325Celeron D 320Celeron D 315Celeron D 310Celeron 2. 8Celeron 2.7Celeron 2.6Celeron 2.5Celeron 2.4Celeron 2.3Celeron 2.2Celeron 2.1Celeron 2.0Celeron 1.8Celeron 1.7Celeron 1400Celeron 1300Celeron 1200Celeron 1100ACeleron 1000ACeleron 1100Celeron 1000Celeron 950Celeron 900Celeron 850Celeron 800Celeron 766Celeron 733Celeron 700Celeron 667Celeron 633Celeron 600Celeron 566Celeron 533ACeleron 533Celeron 500Celeron 466Celeron 433 (S370)Celeron 433 (Slot 1)Celeron 400 (S370)Celeron 400 (Slot 1)Celeron 366 (S370)Celeron 366 (Slot 1)Celeron 333 ( S370) Celeron 333 (Slot 1) Celeron 300A (S370) Celeron 300A (SLOT 1) Celeron 300CELERON 266

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      AmDryzen 9 7950XRYZEN 9 7900XRRYZEN 7 7700XRYZEN 7 7700XRYZEN 7 7700XRYZEN 7 7700XRYZEN 7 7700XRYZEN 7 7700XRYZEN5950XRyzen 9 5900XRyzen 7 5800X3DRyzen 7 5800XRyzen 7 5700XRyzen 7 5700GRyzen 5 5600XRyzen 5 5600Ryzen 5 5600GRyzen 5 5500Ryzen 7 PRO 4750GRyzen 7 PRO 4750GERyzen 5 PRO 4650GRyzen 5 PRO 4650GERyzen 3 PRO 4350GRyzen 3 PRO 4350GERyzen Threadripper 3960XRyzen 9 3950XRyzen 9 3900XTRyzen 9 3900XRyzen 7 3800XTRyzen 7 3800XRyzen 7 3700XRyzen 5 3600XTRyzen 5 3600XRyzen 5 3600Ryzen 5 3400GRyzen 3 3300XRyzen 3 3200GRyzen 3 3100Athlon 3000GRyzen 7 2700XRyzen 7 2700Ryzen 5 2600XRyzen 5 2600Ryzen 5 2500XRyzen 5 2400GRyzen 5 2400GERyzen 3 2300XRyzen 3 2200GRyzen 3 2200GEAthlon 240GEAthlon 220GEAthlon 200GERyzen 7 1800XRyzen 7 1700XRyzen 7 1700Ryzen 5 1600XRyzen 5 1600 AFRyzen 5 1600Ryzen 5 1500XRyzen 5 1400Ryzen 3 1300XRyzen 3 1200 AFRyzen 3 1200FX-8350FX-8320FX-8150FX-8120FX-8100FX-6350FX-6100FX-4170FX-4100A10-7870KAthlon 5350A10-7850KAthlon X4 860KAthlon X4 760KAthlon X4 750KAthlon X4 740Athlon X2 340A10-5800KA10-5700A8 -5600KA8-5500A6-5400KA4-5300A8-3850A8-3800Athlon II X4 631A6-3650A6-3600A6-3500 A4-3400A4-3300Phenom II X6 1100TPhenom II X6 1090T BEPhenom II X6 1075TPhenom II X6 1065TPhenom II X6 1055TPhenom II X6 1045TPhenom II X6 1035TAthlon II X4 650Athlon II X4 645Athlon II X4 640Athlon II X4 635Athlon II X4 630Athlon II X4 620eAthlon II X4 620Athlon II X4 615eAthlon II X4 615Athlon II X4 610eAthlon II X4 605eAthlon II X4 605Athlon II X4 600eAthlon II X3 460Athlon II X3 455Athlon II X3 450Athlon II X3 445Athlon II X3 440Athlon II X3 435Athlon II X3 425eAthlon II X3 425Athlon II X3 420Athlon II X3 420eAthlon II X3 415eAthlon II X3 410Athlon II X3 405eAthlon II X3 400Athlon II X2 265Athlon II X2 270uAthlon II X2 260Athlon II X2 255Athlon II X2 250eAthlon II X2 250Athlon II X2 245eAthlon II X2 245Athlon II X2 240eAthlon II X2 240Athlon II X2 235eAthlon II X2 220Athlon II X2 215Athlon II X2 210eAthlon II 160uSempron 180Sempron 150Sempron 145Sempron 140Sempron 130Athlon X2 7850Athlon X2 7750Athlon X2 7550Athlon X2 7450Athlon X2 6500 BEPhenom II X4 980 BEPhenom II X4 975 BEPhenom II X4 970 BE (Zosma)Phenom II X4 970 BEPhenom II X4 965 BEPhenom II X4 960T BEPhenom II X4 955 BEPhenom II X4 945Phenom II X4 940Phenom II X4 925Phenom II X4 920Phenom II X4 IIphenom 910 905ePhenom II X4 900ePhenom II X4 850Phenom II X4 840Phenom II X4 840TPhenom II X4 830Phenom II X4 820Phenom II X4 810Phenom II X4 805Phenom II X3 740 BEPhenom II X3 720Phenom II X3 715 BEPhenom II X3 710Phenom II X3 705ePhenom II X3 700ePhenom II X2 570 BEPhenom II X2 565 BEPhenom II X2 560 BEPhenom II X2 555 BEPhenom II X2 550 BEPhenom II X2 550Phenom II X2 545Phenom II X2 521Phenom II X2 511Phenom X4 9950 BEPhenom X4 9850 BEPhenom X4 9850Phenom X4 9750BPhenom X4 9750Phenom X4 9650Phenom X4 9600 Black EditionPhenom X4 9600BPhenom X4 9600Phenom X4 9550Phenom X4 9500Phenom X4 9450ePhenom X4 9350ePhenom X4 9150ePhenom X4 9100ePhenom X3 8850Phenom X3 8750 BEPhenom X3 8750BPhenom X3 8750Phenom X3 8650Phenom X3 8600BPhenom X3 8600Phenom X3 8550Phenom X3 8450ePhenom X3 8450Phenom X3 8400Phenom X3 8250eAthlon X2 BE-2400Athlon X2 BE-2350Athlon X2 BE-2300Athlon 64 FX-74Athlon 64 FX-72Athlon 64 FX-70Athlon 64 FX-62Athlon 64 FX-60Athlon 64 X2 6400+ Black EditionAthlon 64 X2 6400+ Athlon 64 X2 6000+ (Brisbane) Athlon 64 X2 6000+ (Windsor) Athlon 64 X2 5800+ (Brisbane) Athlon 64 X2 5600+ (Brisbane) X2 5400+ (Windsor)Athlon 64 X2 5200+ (Brisbane)Athlon 64 X2 5200+ (Windsor)Athlon 64 X2 5000+ Black EditionAthlon 64 X2 5000+ (Brisbane)Athlon 64 X2 5000+ (Windsor 2MB)Athlon 64 X2 5000+ (Windsor 1MB)Athlon 64 X2 4850eAthlon 64 X2 4800+ (Bris bane)Athlon 64 X2 4800+ (Windsor 2MB)Athlon 64 X2 4600+Athlon 64 X2 4450eAthlon 64 X2 4400+ (Brisbane) Windsor 1MB)Athlon 64 X2 4050eAthlon 64 X2 4000+ (Brisbane) Athlon 64 X2 4000+ (Windsor 2MB) Athlon 64 X2 3800+Athlon 64 X2 3600+ (Brisbane) Athlon 64 X2 4600+ (Toledo)Athlon 64 X2 4600+ (Manchester)Athlon 64 X2 4400+Athlon 64 X2 4200+ (Toledo)Athlon 64 X2 4200+ (Manchester) (Manchester)Athlon 64 LE-1660Athlon 64 LE-1640Athlon 64 LE-1620Athlon 64 LE-1600Athlon 64 4000+Athlon 64 3800+Athlon 64 3500+Athlon 64 3200+Athlon 64 3Athlon 64 FX-557 -55Athlon 64 FX-53Athlon 64 FX-51Athlon 64 4200+Athlon 64 4000+ (San Diego)Athlon 64 4000+ (Clawhammer)Athlon 64 3800+ (Venice)Athlon 64 3800+ (Newcastle)Athlon 64 3700 +Athlon 64 (Manchester)Athlon 64 3500+ (Venice)Athlon 64 3500+ (San Diego)At hlon 64 3500+ (Winchester)Athlon 64 3500+ (Newcastle)Athlon 64 3500+ (Clawhammer)Athlon 64 3200+ (Manchester)Athlon 64 3200+ (Venice)Athlon 64 3200+ (Winchester)Athlon 64 3000+ (Venice)Athlon 64 3000+ (Winchester)Athlon 64 3700+Athlon 64 3400+ (Newcastle)Athlon 64 3400+ (Clawhammer)Athlon 64 3200+ (Venice)Athlon 64 3200+ (Newcastle)Athlon 64 3200+ (Clawhammer)Athlon 64 3000+ ( Venice) Athlon 64 3000+ (Newcastle) Athlon 64 3000+ (Clawhammer) Athlon 64 2800+ (Newcastle) Athlon 64 2800+ (Clawhammer) +Sempron 3000+ (Palermo)Sempron 3400+Sempron 3300+Sempron 3100+ (Palermo)Sempron 3100+ (Paris)Sempron 3000+ (Palermo)Sempron 3000+ (Paris)Sempron 2800+Sempron 2600+ (Winchester)Sernpron 2600+ ( Palermo) Sempron 2500+Sempron 3000+Sempron 2800+ (Thorton) )Athlon XP 3200+ (FSB333)Athlon XP 3100+Athlon XP 3000+ (FSB400)Athlon XP 3000+ (FSB333)Athlon XP 2900+Athlon XP 2800+ (FSB333)Athlon XP 2800+ (FSB266)Athlon XP 2800+ (FSB333)Athlon XP 2700+Athlon XP 2600+ (FSB333)Athlon XP 2600+ (FSB333)Athlon XP 2600+ (FSB333)Athlon XP 2600+ (FSB266)Athlon XP 2600+ (FSB266)Athlon XP 2600+ (FSB266)Athlon XP 2500+ (FSB333)Athlon XP 2500+ (FSB266)Athlon XP 2400+ (Thorton)Athlon XP 2400+ (Thoroughbred)Athlon XP 2200 + (Thorton)Athlon XP 2200+ (Thorubbred)Athlon XP 2100+ (Thoroughbred)Athlon XP 2100+ (Palomino)Athlon XP 2000+ (Thorton)Athlon XP 2000+ (Thorubbred)Athlon XP 2000+ (Palomino)Athlon XP 1900+ (Thoroughbred)Athlon XP 1900+ (Palomino)Athlon XP 1800+ (Thoroughbred)Athlon XP 1800+ (Palomino)Athlon XP 1700+ (Thoroughbred)Athlon XP 1700+ (Palomino)Athlon XP 1600+ (Thoroughbred)Athlon XP 1600 + (Palomino) Athlon XP 1500+ Athlon 1400 (FSB266) ATHLON 1400 (FSB200) Athlon 1333athlon 1300athlon 1200 (FSB266) Athlon 1200 (FSB200) Ath26 (FSB200) ATHLON (FSB200) ATHLON (FSB200) ATHLON (FSB200) Athlon (FSB200) Athlon (FSB200) Athlon (FSB200) Athlon) Athlon 950Athlon 900Athlon 850Athlon 800Athlon 750Athlon 700Duron 1800Duron 1600Duron 1400Duron 1300Duron 1200Duron 1100Duron 1000Duron 950 (Morgan)Duron 950 (Spitfire)Duron 900 (Morgan)Duron 900 (Spitfire)Duron 850Duron 800Duron 750Duron 700Duron 650Duron 600Athlon 1000 (Orion)Athlon 1000 (Thunderbird) Athlon 950 (Pluto) Athlon 900 (Thunderbird) Athlon 850 (Pluto) Athlon 850 (Thundebird) Athlon 800 (Pluto) Athlon 800 (Thunderbird) Athlon 750 (Pluto) Athlon 750 (Thunderbird) Athlon 700 (Pluto) Athlon 650 (Pluto) Athlon 650 (Argon) Athlon 650 (Thunderbird) Athlon 600 (Pluto) Athlon 600 (Argon) Athlon 550 (Pluto) -2 533 (CXT)K6-2 500 (CXT)K6-2 475 (CXT)K6-2 450 (CXT)K6-2 400 (CXT)K6-2 380 (CXT)K6-2 366 (CXT)K6- 2 350 (CXT)K6-2 350K6-2 333 (CXT)K6-2 333 (CXT)K6-2 333K6-2 300 (CXT)K6-2 300 (CXT)K6-2 300K6-2 266K6 300K6 266K6 233K6 200K6 166K5 PR166K5 PR150K5 PR133K5 PR120K5 PR100K5 PR90K5 PR75IntelPentium Gold G7400Celeron G6900Core i9-11900KCore i9-11900KFCore i9-11900Core i9-11900FCore i9-11900TCore i7-11700KCore i7-11700KFCore i7-11700Core i7-11700FCore i7-11700TCore i5-11600KCore i5-11600KFCore i5-11600Core i5-11600TCore i5-11500Core i5-11500TCore i5-11400Core i5-11400FCore i5-11400TCore i3-10325Core i3-10305Core i3-10305TCore i3-10105Core i3-10105FCore i3-10105TPentium Gold G6605Pentium Gold G6505Pentium Gold G6505TPentium Gold G6405Pentium Gold G6405TCore i9-10900KCore i9-10900KFCore i9-10900Core i9-10900FCore i7-10700KCore i7-10700KFCore i7-10700Core i7-10700FCore i5-10600KCore i5-10600KFCore i5-10600Core i5-10500Core i5-10400Core i5-10400FCore i3-10320Core i3-10300Core i3-10100Pentium Gold G6600Pentium Gold G6500Pentium Gold G6400Celeron G5925Celeron G5920Celeron G5905Celeron G5900Core i9-9900KCore i7-9700KCore i5-9600KCore i7-8700KCore i7-8700Core i5-8600KCore i5-8400Core i3-8350KCore i3-8100Pentium Gold G5400Core i7-7700KCore i7-7700Core i7-7700TCore i5-7600KCore i5- 7600Core i5-7600TCore i5-7500Core i5-7500TCore i5-7400Core i5-7400TCore i3-7350KCore i3-7320Core i3-7300Core i3-7300TCore i3-7100Core i3-7100TCore i7-6950XCore i7-6700KCore i7-6700Core i7-6700TCore i5-6600KCore i5-6600Core i5-6600TCore i5-6500Core i5-6500TCore i5-6400Core i5-6400TCore i3-6300Core i3-6300TCore i3-6100Core i3-6100TCore i7-5960XCore i7-5775CCore i5 -5675CCore i7-4960XCore i7-4930KCore i7-4820KCore i7-4790KCore i5-4690KCore i7-4770KCore i7-4770Core i5-4670KCore i5-4670Core i5-4570Core i7-3970XCore i7-3960XCore i7-3930KCore i7-3820Core i7-2700KCore i7-2600KCore i7-2600Core i7-2600SCore i5-3330Core i5-2500KCore i5-2500Core i5-2500SCore i5-2500TCore i5-2405SCore i5-2400Core i5-2400SCore i5-2390TCore i5-2320Core i5-2310Core i5-2300Core i3-2130Core i3-2125Core i3-2120Core i3-2105Core i3-2100Core i3-2100TPentium G860Pentium G850Pentium G840Pentium G632Pentium G630Pentium G622Pentium G620Celeron G540Celeron G530Celeron G440Core i7-990XCore i7-980Core i7 980XCore i7-975 ExtremeCore i7 970Core i7 965 ExtremeCore i7 960Core i7 950Core i7 940Core i7 930Core i7 920Core i7-880Core i7-875KCore i7-870Core i7-860SCore i7-860Core i5-760Core i5-750SCore i5-750Core i5-680Core i5-670Core i5-661Core i5- 660Core i5-655KCore i5-650Core i3-560Core i3-550Core i3-540Core i3-530Pentium G6960Pentium G6951Pentium G6950Atom D525Atom D510Atom D425Atom D410Atom 330Atom 230Core 2 Extreme QX9775Core 2 Extreme QX9770Core 2 Extreme QX9650Core 2 Quad Q9650Core 2 Quad Q9550sCore 2 Quad Q9550Core 2 Quad Q9505Core 2 Quad Q9450Core 2 Quad Q9400sCore 2 Quad Q9400Core 2 Quad Q9300Core 2 Quad Q8400sCore 2 Quad Q8400Core 2 Quad Q8300Core 2 Quad Q8200sCore 2 Quad Q8200Core 2 Duo E8600Core 2 Duo E8500Core 2 Duo E8400Core 2 Duo E8300Core 2 Duo E8200Core 2 Duo E8190Core 2 Duo E7600Core 2 Duo E7500Core 2 Duo E7400Core 2 Duo E7300Core 2 Duo E7200Core 2 Extreme QX6850Core 2 Extreme OX6800Core 2 Extreme QX6700Core 2 Quad Q6700Core 2 Quad Q6600Core 2 Extreme X6900Core 2 Extreme X6800Core 2 Duo E6850Core 2 Duo E6800Core 2 Duo E6750Core 2 Duo E6700Core 2 Duo E6600Core 2 Duo E6550Core 2 Duo E6540Core 2 Duo E6420Core 2 Duo E6400 (Allendale)Core 2 Duo E6400 (Conroe 2M)Core 2 Duo E6320Core 2 Duo E6300 ( Allendale)Core 2 Duo E6300 (Conroe 2M)Core 2 Duo E4700Core 2 Duo E4600Core 2 Duo E4500Core 2 Duo E4400Core 2 Duo E4300Pentium Dual-Core E6800Pentium Dual-Core E6700Pentium Dual-Core E6600Pentium Dual-Core E6500Pentium Dual-Core E6300Pentium Dual-Core E5800Pentium Dual-Core E5700Pentium Dual-Core E5500Pentium Dual-Core E5400Pentium Dual-Core E5300Pentium Dual-Core E5200Pentium Dual-Core E2220Pentium Dual-Core E2210Pentium Dual-Core E2200Pentium Dual-Core E2180Pentium Dual-Core E2160Pentium Dual-Core E21 4065 XEPentium D 960Pentium D 955 XEPentium D 950Pentium D 945Pentium D 940Pentium D 935Pentium D 930Pentium D 925Pentium D 920Pentium D 915Pentium D 840 XEPentium D 840Pentium D 830Pentium D 820Pentium D 805Pentium 4 EE 3. 73Pentium 4 EE 3.46Pentium 4 EE 3.4Pentium 4 EE 3.2Pentium 4 672Pentium 4 671Pentium 4 670Pentium 4 662Pentium 4 661Pentium 4 660Pentium 4 651Pentium 4 650Pentium 4 641Pentium 4 640Pentium 4 631Pentium 4 630Pentium 4 620Pentium 4 571Pentium 4 570JPentium 4 561Pentium 4 560JPentium 4 560Pentium 4 551Pentium 4 550JPentium 4 550Pentium 4 541Pentium 4 540JPentium 4 540Pentium 4 531Pentium 4 530JPentium 4 530Pentium 4 521Pentium 4 520JPentium 4 520Pentium 4 519KPentium 4 519JPentium 4 517Pentium 4 516Pentium 4 515JPentium 4 515Pentium 4 511Pentium 4 506Pentium 4 505JPentium 4 505Pentium 4 3.8FPentium 4 3.6FPentium 4 3.4FPentium 4 3.2FPentium 4 3.4EPentium 4 EE 3.4Pentium 4 3.4Pentium 4 3.2EPentium 4 EE 3.2Pentium 4 3.2 Pentium 4 3.06Pentium 4 3.0EPentium 4 3.0Pentium 4 2.8EPentium 4 2.8APentium 4 2.8CPentium 4 2.8Pentium 4 2.8Pentium 4 2.67Pentium 4 2.66Pentium 4 2.6CPentium 4 2.6Pentium 4 2.53Pentium 4 2.5Pentium 4 2.4EPentium 4 2.4APentium 4 2.4CPentium 4 2.4BPentium 4 2.4Pentium 4 2.26APentium 4 2. 26Pentium 4 2.2Pentium 4 2.0APentium 4 2.0Pentium 4 1.9Pentium 4 1.8 APentium 4 1.8 Pentium 4 1.7Pentium 4 1.6 APentium 4 1.6Pentium 4 1.5Pentium 4 1.4Pentium 4 2.0Pentium 4 1.9Pentium 4 1.8Pentium 4 1.7Pentium 4 1.6Pentium 4 1.5Pentium 4 1.4Pentium 4 1.3Pentium III-S 1400Pentium III 1400Pentium III 1333Pentium III-S 1266Pentium III 1200Pentium III-S 1133Pentium III 1133APentium III 1000BPentium III 1133Pentium III 1100Pentium III 1000EBPentium III 1000Pentium III 933Pentium III 900Pentium III 866Pentium III 850Pentium III 800EBPentium III 800Pentium III 750Pentium III 733Pentium III 700Pentium III 667Pentium III 650Pentium III 600EBPentium III 600EPentium III 550EPentium III 533EBPentium III 500EPentium III 1000BPentium III 1000Pentium III 933Pentium III 866Pentium III 850Pentium III 800EBPentium III 800Pentium III 750Pentium III 733Pentium III 700Pentium III 667Pentium III 650Pentium III 600BPentium III 600Pentium III 600EBPentium III 600EPentium III 550Pentium III 550EPentium III 533BPentium III 533EBPentium III 500Pentium III 450Pentium II Overdrive 333Pentium II Overdrive 300Pentium II 450Pentium II 400Pentium II 350Pentium II 333Pentium II 300APentium II 300Pentium II 266APentium II 266Pentium II 233Pentium Overdrive MMX 200Pentium Overdrive MMX 180Pentium Overdrive MMX 166Pentium Overdrive MMX 150Pentium Overdrive 166Pentium Overdrive 150Pentium Overdrive 125Pentium Overdrive 133Pentium Overdrive 120Pentium Pro 200MHz (1024 KB)Pentium Pro 200MHz (512 KB)Pentium Pro 200MHz (256 KB)Pentium Pro 180MHzPentium Pro 166MHzPentium Pro 150MHzPentium 233 MMXPentium 200 MMXPentium 166 MMXPentium 200Pentium 166Pentium 150Pentium 133Pentium 120Pentium 100Pentium 90Pentium 75Pentium 66Pentium 60Celeron G1101Celeron E3500Celeron E3400Celeron E3300Celeron E3200Celeron E1600Celeron E1500Celeron E1400Celeron E1200Celeron 450Celeron 445Celeron 440Celeron 430Celeron 420Celeron 220Celeron D 365Celeron D 360Celeron D 356Celeron D 352Celeron D 355Celeron D 351Celeron D 350Celeron D 346Celeron D 345JCeleron D 345Celeron D 341Celeron D 340JCeleron D 340Celeron D 336Celeron D 335JCeleron D 335Celeron D 331Celeron D 330JCeleron D 330Celeron D 326Celeron D 325JCeleron D 325Celeron D 320Celeron D 315Celeron D 310Celeron 2. 8Celeron 2.7Celeron 2.6Celeron 2.5Celeron 2.4Celeron 2.3Celeron 2.2Celeron 2.1Celeron 2.0Celeron 1.8Celeron 1.7Celeron 1400Celeron 1300Celeron 1200Celeron 1100ACeleron 1000ACeleron 1100Celeron 1000Celeron 950Celeron 900Celeron 850Celeron 800Celeron 766Celeron 733Celeron 700Celeron 667Celeron 633Celeron 600Celeron 566Celeron 533ACeleron 533Celeron 500Celeron 466Celeron 433 (S370)Celeron 433 (Slot 1)Celeron 400 (S370)Celeron 400 (Slot 1)Celeron 366 (S370)Celeron 366 (Slot 1)Celeron 333 ( S370)Celeron 333 (Slot 1)Celeron 300A (S370)Celeron 300A (Slot 1)Celeron 300Celeron 266

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      • U.A. | EN

      Mission Possible! Overview of the first laptop in Russia based on the AMD Mobile Athlon XP processor — Ferra.ru

      The Compuferra application, released in November, is dedicated to modern platforms for AMD processors (see «CT» # 469 or «Analysis of the performance and cost-effectiveness of thirteen computing platforms used by in modern laptops»), concerned primarily desktop systems. And no matter how the share of this market held by the company fluctuated, Athlons made a name for themselves. Call them at least sixty-fourth — in desktop computing, it must be admitted, they are no longer poor relatives, as, for example, alas, C3 from VIA.

      The same cannot be said about the notebook market, and this is paradoxical, since theoretically AMD processors have even more chances to succeed in this area. At least no one rapes the crystal with coolers…

      Ever since the Pentium 4-M laptops with DDR memory went through the Ferra.ru test lab, we have been looking forward to similar models based on AMD processors. It would seem that what prevents putting a 25-35-watt Mobile Athlon XP into a case designed for the high thermal power of an Intel chip? There is no shortage of good DDR chipsets: integrated VIA ProSavage KN266, SiS740, ATI Radeon IGP 320M is on its way. Of the discrete chipsets for mobile use, any desktop chipset will do, especially since the latest models are always manufactured using a finer process technology. Compared to the power of modern processors, the heat dissipation of chipsets can be ignored (compare the small heatsinks on the northbridges of motherboards with the huge boxed cooler for Pentium 4).

      However, things are not so simple. As usual in the hi-tech industry, AMD’s success in the mobile market depended little on the technological advantages of its processors. Once again, the company was «served» by the misconception about the too high power consumption of AMD processors. Few people realized that it came from the older desktop Thunderbird models, while for use in laptops the company offered the Palomino core specially updated for the needs of other markets, and modern mobile processors are produced on the 0.13-micron Thoroughbred core.

      Further aggravating the situation were Intel’s close ties with leading notebook manufacturers. According to the authoritative Taiwanese agency Digitimes (since a paid subscription is required to view the Digitimes news archive, the link provided leads to the corresponding The Inquirer message), Intel did not allow its partners, such as Asustek and Acer, to start selling laptops with AMD processors in not all regions. In order not to worsen relations, the Taiwanese agreed not to offer AMD laptops to the Asian market, promising for Intel, which would not see the Asus L2D and Acer Aspire 1300 models. , promised six months ago by AMD, we have not yet seen a full-featured Asus model. It’s generally tight with the budget Aspire: on Acer’s global website there are laptops based on Mobile Athlon XP processors, and when switching to the Russian representative office of the company, these models disappear from the list of offered ones.

      Be that as it may, AMD processors are found in notebooks of such major manufacturers as ASUSTeK, Hewlett-Packard (Compaq), Sony… Against this background, the efforts of the Russian holding Atlantic Computers, promoting the domestic MaxSelect brand, are gratifying. Notebooks under this brand were among the first (along with the Compaq Presario 705 and 1215 models) on the Russian market, built on the Athlon 4 mobile processor with the VIA ProSavage KN133 chipset (the Mission 725 model is similar to the Compaq Presario 705, a review of which we published in the spring — Compaq laptops Presario 705EA and 1215EA), and now the company has introduced the first mobile DDR platform on the Russian market based on Mobile Athlon XP.

      The VIA KN266 chipset (K stands for AMD processors, N stands for notebook use, 266 stands for memory support with an effective frequency of 266 MHz) was introduced a year ago. Unlike ProSavage4 in KN133, the graphics core in KN266 is called ProSavage8, but don’t let the numbers fool you — the changes are not so much qualitative as quantitative. The reason for changing the name was twice the bandwidth of DDR memory (16 or 32 MB of the total RAM was allocated for the needs of the video system) and, possibly, an undocumented increase in the clock frequency of the obsolete S3 Savage4 graphics core. In addition to the chipset, the new Mission 728 differs from the previous Mission 725 model with a new USB 2.0 port standard and is supplemented by one IEEE 139 port.4 (FireWire).

      As already mentioned, the Mission 728 uses a new revision of AMD mobile processors. Instead of the 0.18-micron Athlon 4 based on the Palomino core, they now put the Mobile Athlon XP on the Thoroughbred core. The new processors also have a faster system bus — 266 MHz, as in desktop counterparts. Note that since the days of the mobile Tualatins, the policy of degrading the performance of mobile processors by lowering the system bus frequency has ceased to exist. Moreover, mobile Celerons based on the Tualatin core have a 133 MHz system bus, while their desktop counterparts still cost hundreds of megahertz (which, however, allows them to be excellent contenders for overclocking). The sample provided to us was equipped with a Mobile Athlon XP 1700+ clocked at 1.47 GHz.

      Once again, we remind you that PowerNow! more flexible than Intel Enhanced SpeedStep. In AMD’s implementation, frequency and voltage control was moved to the processor. Partly because of this, it became possible to adjust the frequency and voltages with greater gradation and consistency with the needs of the user. In automatic PowerNow! monitors the processor load and dynamically, in 67 MHz steps, increases the clock frequency (and, as a result, the core voltage) in accordance with application requests. If PowerNow! «sees» that currently running programs will cost less efficient processor, the frequency of Mobile Athlon XP can be reduced to 867 or even 500 MHz, depending on the manufacturer’s settings. It is noteworthy that all modern chipsets support PowerNow!, including initially desktop solutions, which made it possible to make laptops based on VIA KT333, coupled with the most powerful mobile video card ATI Radeon Mobility 9000 (it remains only to wait until someone brings them to Russia — in Europe one of them is sold under the local Targa brand).

      The dimensions (especially the thickness) of a MaxSelect notebook are not its greatest advantage. On the other hand, the dimensions of the case made it possible not to save on full-size keys, there are even duplicated ones — the keys to the left of the spacebar and above the “Enter” are the same. The minimum selectable brightness is about half of the maximum, its further reduction is possible only by completely turning off the liquid crystal matrix from the keyboard. In this case, the display turns off completely: along with the backlight, all electronics that control the state of liquid crystals are de-energized (for example, Acer TravelMate 27x cannot do this, but it can smoothly lower the backlight brightness to zero).

      We “offered” the MaxSelect Mission 728 notebook to compete with the Compaq Presario 705 and 1215EA on the AMD Athlon 4 processor that we visited back in March, as well as with the Acer TravelMate 272XC, a competing solution based on the SiS650 chipset with the Intel Pentium 4-M processor ( we do not consider discrete solutions, since they obviously have stronger graphic systems).

      In our SYSMark 2001 test, we were unable to enable support for Intel SSE instructions in AMD processors due to a silly bug in Windows Media Encoder 7, which assumes that if the processor is from AMD, then SSE support is not required. This obstacle was usually bypassed with an unofficial patch, but in this case the focus did not pass. So keep in mind: it is better to use the codecs of the long-released Windows Media Encoding Utility 8, then this shortcoming will not have any effect on performance. Details of the testing methodology can be found at www.ferra.ru/online/mobilis/19816/.

      All the main indicators calculated according to the original method of Ferra.ru are summarized in the table. Let’s start with the analysis of pure performance in SYSmark 2001, which determines the system’s response time to user commands. Aside from a forgivable loss in Web content creation (due to an unfortunate WME glitch), the Mission 728 was almost an absolute winner. In terms of performance in office applications, it leaves competitors far behind. Due to this advantage in the average SYSscore, it also comes out on top, despite lagging behind the TravelMate 272XC in terms of ICC.

      Thanks to its unparalleled battery capacity, the Mission 728 also outperformed all competitors in its class in terms of continuous active use (note in parentheses that the continuous DVD playback time was 145 minutes — a third more than the average of the twenty laptops we tested). It’s just a pity that at the same time it lost a little in performance to P4, but in the more up-to-date automatic mode, Athlon XP is again ahead in terms of performance and lifetime. In terms of computing headroom, the MaxSelect laptop is generally among the top three laptops we have ever tested, standing on a par with the ASUS M2 and L3. And the efficiency of using battery resources is quite high for systems of this class.

      In 3D gaming tests, the core built into the chipset behaved rather strangely. It is quite possible that the VIA/S3 drivers are still far from ideal (although how long can we wait!). How else to explain that in some tests the Mission 728 is slower than the Presario 705? Note also that scaling resolutions below the physical resolution of the matrix leaves much to be desired. It is reassuring that in the sum of 3Dmarks, MaxSelect on the DDR chipset still outperformed Compaq’s outdated SDR solution. However, the level of the SiS315 core integrated into the SiS650 will never be reached by the overgrown offspring of the S3 Savage. For those who like to play simple games from time to time, the advice is this: wait for an ASUS L2 series laptop on SiS740 or MaxSelect U1 on ATI Radeon IGP 320M. 2763 1377 1712 1952 MaxSelect Mission 728 (Athlon XP 1700+, VIA KN266) 1435 594 802 1012 Compaq Presario 705EA (Athlon 4 1000, VIA KN133T, int ProSavage4) 1219 409 675 889 Compaq Presario 1215EA (Athlon 4 1000, VIA KT133A, ATI M1) 440 — 800x600x16(high), fps 640×480,(normal quality), fps 800×600,(high quality), fps Acer TravelMate 272XC (P4-M 1600, SiS 650) 42,6 21,3 31 16 Compaq Presario 705EA (Athlon 4 1000, VIA KN133T, int ProSavage4) 30 16 14 8 MaxSelect Mission 728 (Athlon XP 1700+, VIA KN266) 25.8 13,5 14 4,5 Compaq Presario 1215EA (Athlon 4 1000, VIA KT133A, ATI M1) 21 12 10 6

      Как It has already been noted that the integrated graphics chipset installed in the Mission 728 does not allow the Athlon XP processor to reveal all its capabilities, especially in terms of graphics processing speed. If you are mainly interested in modern games or the ability to work with two video outputs is important, then you should pay attention to other models. The NPD Group released market research results showing that in the US, for the first time, AMD has overtaken Intel in the mobile retail market. (The report does not take into account batches sold through corporate sales departments. To be fair, the corporate notebook market brings manufacturers more profit.) The share of laptops based on the AMD platform reached 48 percent. Moreover, since the range of models based on AMD processors still leaves much to be desired, seven out of ten top-selling laptops are powered by Mobile Athlon XP processors.

      There is a clear trend in demand among those who buy laptops for home or small office and do not plan to often move it from the workplace. All models in the «TOP 10» belong to the «desktop alternative» class and weigh about three kilograms or more.

      The MaxSelect Mission 728 left an ambiguous impression: it’s good, but it could be even better. In terms of performance with active work in serious applications, it still has no equal among integrated solutions on the Russian market, but the layout does not give them unconditional admiration. On the one hand, even a commendable battery does not justify the weight of 3.4 kilograms for a dual-spindle laptop without an external (relative to the chipset) graphics subsystem. On the other hand, it is impossible not to note the excellent combination of high performance and long battery life.

      Fortunately, the market position of the MaxSelect Mission 528 (same, but with a 14.1-inch screen) and Mission 728 notebooks is far from extreme — the suggested retail price of both models is about two hundred dollars lower than what is asked for similar notebooks on Pentium 4M. Compare: in Moscow retail Mission 528 (14.1″/AthlonXP1700+/30/256/DVD) costs from $1277, Mission 728 (15.1″/AthlonXP1700+/30/256/DVD) — from $1346, and prices for Acer TravelMate 272XV (14.1″/P4-M 1.6/20/256/DVD) start at $1450. For more information on available configurations, visit the manufacturer’s website. For overview discussion and additional questions, welcome to our forum.

    • 2.4 Large L2 cache is not everything
    • 2.5 Recommended reading

    Nevertheless, I offer you a brief account of my impressions. Why short? Well, firstly, the laptop was really an engineering one, so it’s premature to talk about it as a laptop itself — rather, it acted as an aggregate carrier. Secondly, I do not consider myself a processor specialist, so I have no right to talk at length about the merits of the architecture. For those who are interested, it is better to read the opinion of professionals.

    So the usual structure of our reviews will be broken. It’s more about the first acquaintance with the new mobile processor.

    The laptop looks fairly standard for Mitac platforms both outside and open.

    All necessary connectors are present (4 USB 2.0 ports, IEEE1394 port, RJ-45 and RJ-11 connectors, parallel port, infrared port, external monitor output, audio connectors, card reader, PC Card slot). An optional wireless network is provided, however, it was not on this sample. Inside, there is a fairly standard QSI SBW-242 DVD/CD-RW drive and a Fujitsu MHT2060AT hard drive.

    But the most interesting thing is hidden under the cover in the upper right corner (pictured):

    Under a powerful cooling system with a centrifugal fan:

    mirror image of the fingerprint.

    One thing is clear to me personally from the marking — the processor is also an engineering model :).

    Notebook weight approx. 2.5 kg. Judging by the powerful battery and, especially, the powerful ventilation system, the new processor from AMD will not compete with the Intel Pentium M. Perhaps you can’t put it in “thin and light” laptops. However, the mobile Athlon 64 differs from the desktop Athlon 64 only in a metal cover on the chip, so, for example, the Mobile Athlon 64 3000+ version can consume up to 85 W, while our copy consumes 81.5 W. As a result, the AMD Mobile Athlon 64 niche is powerful desktop replacement (DTR) and all-in-one laptops, i. e. those models that basically work in stationary conditions, but, if necessary, allow the user to function offline. So, the main competitor is Intel Pentium 4-M.

    We continue the research turn on the laptop (for the sake of fairness, it must be said that in fact the “preparation” was carried out at the end of testing in order to avoid, as they say). What’s with the video card? We are all right with the video card here is the ATI RADEON M9600 64MB the most powerful «mobile» graphic controller today. In combination with a 15-inch matrix with a resolution of 1400×1050, a good frame for the processor is obtained. And what do we have, by the way, for the processor?

    So, AMD Mobile Athlon 64 2200+. Oh, those ratings! On the one hand, it is clear what to compare with, but on the other hand, what is the actual clock frequency? We start CPU-Z (power mode Portable / Laptop, mains power, OS Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP1).

    The first feeling is deep surprise mixed with envy. Set a rating of 2200+ for a processor with a clock speed of 800MHz. What will be the rating of the promised 1.8GHz processor? Also noteworthy is the low frequency of the memory bus. In fact, what did you want from an engineering sample? In reality, the mobile Athlon 64 went into the series with an initial clock speed of 1800 MHz (3000+ rating) and 1 MB L2 cache. Well, okay, let’s see the processor in action. We run tests. As if specially recently I also had an engineering sample of a laptop based on Pentium 4-M with ATI RADEON M9 graphics in my hands.600 64MB (SiS M651 chipset). True, the frequency is more 2.5 GHz. Naturally, we take his results for comparison. Well, for the sake of order, let’s take the results of the ASUS L4H laptop with an Intel Pentium 4-M 2.2GHz processor. True, it has graphics integrated into the SiS M650 chipset. So what happens?

    Surprisingly, the results really confirm the rating. That’s just when working offline, the clock frequency for some reason does not decrease (although much further :-)). Let’s try to figure it out. Let’s work with the CPU-Z utility running. Disk access. So, what is this? Frequency jumped to 900MHz. And if you run the application more seriously? 1200, 1700, 1800MHz. This is what happens? AMD engineers are so fond of their Cool’n’Quiet technology (dynamically changing the frequency and voltage to reduce heat generation and reduce fan speed) that it works even when the laptop is powered from the mains. It turns out that this is how it should be, i.e. Yes, Cool’n’Quiet technology always works, even when plugged in. Moreover, this technology is available in all processors with the AMD64 core (but support from the BIOS is also required, otherwise it will not work). However, saving energy is now a global slogan. As a result, it turns out that our engineering sample of the mobile Athlon 64 differs from the serial processor only in the size of the L2 cache. Switching power supply to Home/Office Desk mode:

    That’s right, that’s right. True, the FSB frequency of 450MHz and the memory bus frequency of 300MHz are somewhat confusing, but let’s put it down to the software (perhaps it does not interpret the system operation quite correctly). At least you can be sure about the clock speed the AMDClk utility confirms this. So we have the same 1.8GHz. This is less science fiction now, so you can breathe a sigh of relief. But everything needs to be tested again! There’s nothing to be done here. Thank God, the results of graphic tests, as expected, remained practically unchanged (for reasons unknown to me, they even decreased quite a bit, within the measurement error, but steadily decreased), but the SYSmark results, as expected, also changed, and decently:

    When operating at the maximum frequency, our Athlon Mobile 64 confidently outperforms the Intel Pentium 4-M 2.5GHz in the test, which was criticized quite recently by AMD representatives as being adapted for Intel processors.

    But back to our laptop. Battery life (naturally, in Portable / Laptop mode) in the Productivity workload model of the MobileMark 2002 test 189 minutes, in the Reader workload model 201 minutes. The results are solid, but don’t forget the powerful battery Battery Capacity 97680 MWh according to the same test. As a matter of fact, that’s why I do not give comparative results the batteries of competitors are much weaker. But offline performance can be compared.

    Original results. In general, offline performance is determined by the BIOS settings, so here the «engineering» of the samples can affect (and, apparently, affects) significantly. In any case, the results of a laptop with an AMD processor are on par.

    So, the laptop with AMD Mobile Athlon 64 processor feels great. And what about entertainment? Let’s start with 3DMark benchmarks. Here, of course, the results of ASUS L4H should not be taken into account.

    At low resolutions Athlon 64 is ahead, at high resolutions loses a little. In general, the results can be described as equal the difference is very small.

    But in the 3DMark03 Pro test, the clear advantage of the Intel processor. At the same time, the low CPU Score value for the AMD processor is about 176 against 422 for Intel. What’s the matter here? To be honest, I don’t know. I can only state a fact. For those who want to find the truth I give detailed results.

    Now for the actual games:

    Mobile Athlon 64 a little, but ahead. And if you go down a little to low resolutions, then the advantage will be even more significant (at a glance, at least :)). However, the situation is similar to desktop processors.

    But in the Serious Sam 2 game, the results of the new AMD processor are simply terrifying, apparently the reason is in the Mobile Athlon 64 processor sample itself, because in the case of desktop options, the picture is different. Moreover, the mobile Athlon 64 differs from the desktop Athlon 64 only in the absence of a metal cover covering the processor die from above.

    Well, there can’t be a double advantage, it can’t. Reinstalling drivers (CATALYST Windows XP 3.7) does not help. Installing another version too. All OpenGL settings speed. Nothing helps. In the end, that’s what an engineering sample is for, so that something does not work.

    Grand total. Conclusions

    I can honestly say that my first impression of the laptop based on the AMD Mobile Athlon 64 processor was very positive. To be honest, before that I was somewhat pessimistic about mobile solutions from AMD. Now I will wait for the release of a product model on this processor an interesting thing turned out.

    Description

    This is a Newark architecture notebook processor primarily aimed at office systems. It has 1 core and 1 thread and is manufactured using 90nm process technology, the maximum frequency is 2600, the multiplier is locked.

    In terms of compatibility, this is a processor with a TDP of 62W.

    It provides weak performance in tests at 1.22% of the leader, which is AMD EPYC 7742.

    Mobile 64-bit computing: Athlon64 laptop

    64-bit power in a laptop: Mobile Athlon64 3000+

    After numerous delays, the first 64-bit processors for the mass market Athlon64 FX-51 and Athlon64 3200+ finally came out at the end of September.

    Then, after the debut of AMD’s desktop Athlon64 processors, laptop manufacturers got the opportunity to test the mobile version of Athlon64, the Mobile Athlon64 3000+.

    The Mobile Athlon64 processor, like the desktop model, is based on the x86 architecture with 64-bit extensions. Therefore, the Mobile Athlon64 processor has the advantage of supporting both conventional 32-bit operating systems and applications and future 64-bit operating systems/applications.

    And today it is the only mobile processor for laptops with an integrated memory controller (not counting the Transmeta Crusoe, of course). Depending on the application, the architecture promises measurable performance gains as the integrated memory controller speeds up access times compared to a traditional design.

    One of the first Mobile Athlon64-based laptops, the Q8M Power64 XD from Yakumo, arrived in our lab, and we didn’t miss the opportunity to test it in the lab.

    Mobile Athlon64 vs.

    desktop Athlon64 and competitors

    Like its predecessor, the Athlon XP-M, the Mobile Athlon64 is a derivative of the desktop processor.

    Desktop Athlon64 and its mobile counterpart are based on the same chip design. The difference begins after the creation of the crystal — at the stage of testing, validation and packaging. The top model of the Mobile Athlon64 is the 3200+ with a core clock of 2 GHz.

    AMD Athlon 64 3200+ (2.00 GHz) AMD Athlon 64 mobile 3200+ (2.00 GHz) AMD Athlon 64 mobile 3000+ (1.80 GHz) Intel Pentium-M 1.70 GHz Intel Pentium4-M 2.6 GHz
    Processor frequencies 2. 00 GHz/ 800 MHz 2.00 GHz/ 800 MHz 1.80 GHz/ 800 MHz 1.70 GHz/ 600 MHz 2.60 GHz/ 1.20 GHz
    Package type Pin Lidded O-Micro-PGA Pin Lidless O-Micro-PGA Pin Lidless O-Micro-PGA Micro FCPGA Micro FCPGA
    Number of transistors 105.9 million 105.9 million 105. 9 million 77 million 55 million
    FSB frequency 200 MHz 200 MHz 200 MHz 100 MHz 100 MHz
    L1 cache 64kb/64kb 64kb/64kb 64kb/64kb 32kb/32kb 12K micro-Ops/8K
    L2 cache 1024 kb 1024 kb 1024 kb 1024 kb 512 kb
    L2 cache frequency 2. 00 GHz 2.00 GHz 1.80 GHz 1.70 GHz 2.60 GHz
    Bus/core ratio 10 10 9 17 26
    Core voltage 1.50V/ 1.30V 1.50 V / 1.10 V 1.50V/ 1.10V 1.484V/ 0.956V 1. 30V/ 1.20V
    Power output 89 W/ 35 W 81.5 W/ 19 W 81.5 W/ 19 W 24.5 W/ 6 W 35 W/ 20.8 W
    Manufacturing process 0.13 µm 0.13 µm 0.13 µm 0.13 µm 0.13 µm
    Crystal size 1406 mm² (heat spreader size) 193 mm² 193 mm² 83 mm² 132 mm²

    If the mobile Athlon 64 uses Socket 754, unlike the desktop processor, it is not equipped with a heat spreader. Both options use different mechanisms to protect the core from overheating, which prevents damage to the crystal if the cooling system fails. At the hardware level, the processor supports immediate shutdown when the THERMTRIP# signal is given. The processor uses this mechanism to prevent thermal damage — it simply turns off if the temperature of the crystal reaches a certain value. In addition, the mobile Athlon64 uses throttling. As you know, this technology allows you to significantly reduce the clock frequency of the processor, which ensures that the temperature of the crystal remains at an acceptable level. Probably not worth mentioning that when throttling performance is significantly reduced.

    Two names for the same technology: PowerNow and Cool & Quiet

    Interestingly enough, both the Mobile Athlon64 and desktop Athlon64 use the same power management mechanism to ensure minimal power consumption and, depending on temperature, low noise levels. This technology is called PowerNow for the mobile processor and Cool&Quiet for its desktop equivalent.

    The principle of the technology is simple and has already shown itself in the «old» Athlon XP-M. For a laptop or PC, maximum performance is not always needed. Therefore, in some cases, with a low load on the processor, it is quite reasonable to reduce the clock frequency and supply voltage. This approach helps to save energy and increase the battery life of the laptop.

    In addition, the reduction in heat generation leads to a reduction in noise levels. Today, a similar technology has become possible for the desktop PC. If the application needs high processing power, then the processor raises the supply voltage, and then the frequency. If the demand disappears, then both values ​​are reduced, therefore, the energy consumption is also reduced.

    Windows XP Power Plans Mains power (frequency example — mobile Athlon 64 3000+) Battery powered (example by frequency — mobile Athlon 64 3000+)
    Home/Office Desktop PC No (always 1800 MHz) Adaptive (800-1800 MHz)
    Portable/Notebook Adaptive (800-1800 MHz) Adaptive (800-1800 MHz)
    Presentation Adaptive (800-1800 MHz) Reduced (800 MHz)
    Always on None (always 1800 MHz) None (always 1800 MHz)
    Minimum energy management Adaptive (800-1800 MHz) Adaptive (800-1800 MHz)
    Maximum battery life Adaptive (800-1800 MHz) Reduced (800 MHz)

    In addition to selecting a power plan, the processor’s behavior is automatically controlled by the operating system and BIOS without user intervention. At the same time, the operating system measures the load on the processor and, through the driver, communicates with the processor to perform dynamic changes in frequency and voltage values.

    On operating systems such as Windows 2000 and older that do not have built-in support for PowerNow, you must use the PowerNow utility, which switches between processor states.

    Set points
    Mobile Athlon 64 3000+ Mobile Athlon 64 3200+ LV Mobile AMD Athlon-XP-M 1600+
    2000 MHz/1.50 V
    1800 MHz/1. 50 V 1800 MHz/1.40 V
    1600MHz/1.40V 1600MHz/1.30V
    1400 MHz/1.250 V
    1200 MHz/1.200 V
    1066 MHz/1.150 V
    933 MHz/1. 100 V
    800 MHz/1.10 V 800 MHz/1.10 V 800 MHz/1.050 V
    733 MHz/1.050 V
    667 MHz/1.050 V
    533 MHz/1.050 V
    400 MHz/1. 050 V

    The 800 MHz «hole» between the lower operating point of 800 MHz/1.1 V and the next point of 1600 MHz/1.4 V is immediately apparent from the operating state table. Then, after the 1600 MHz point, we observe an increase in frequency at 200 MHz. This means that the Mobile Athlon64 only has four operating points, called P-states. We can only speculate why the Mobile Athlon64 has such a small number of operating points compared to its predecessor, the Mobile Athlon XP. This may be because frequent switching between a maximum of nine average states is not possible because, according to the requirements of the operating system, the frequency that should follow the switching between different operating points exceeds the technically achievable frequency between two points (about 2 kHz). In addition, as our testing has shown, frequent switching does not have a very good effect on battery life.

    Perhaps the choice of a small number of operating points for the Mobile Athlon64 is due to the fact that in the past, as we know, the BIOS developers did not always program all the operating points of the Mobile Athlon XP. Of all the laptops we tested, only half met technically feasible processor levels.

    But there is still a difference between PowerNow and Cool&Quiet. According to AMD specifications, a processor in a desktop PC initially boots as Cool&Quiet requires in the maximum P-state, that is, it runs at the maximum core frequency. The mobile processor in a laptop, on the other hand, boots at the minimum core frequency (800 MHz).

    If we compare the Pentium 4-M or Pentium-M with the Mobile Athlon64, then the 4-M, like the AMD Mobile Athlon64, can be found in desktop replacement notebooks with 1.7 GHz. But we chose the Pentium-M processor for comparison, thanks to the L2 cache, also 1 MB, and a similar clock speed (1.8 GHz for the Mobile Athlon64 3000+).

    Large L2 cache isn’t everything

    Looking at the theoretical maximum heat dissipation at maximum clock speed gives the following picture:

    The Mobile Athlon64 3000+ is three times higher than the 1.7 GHz Pentium-M. At first glance, this fact may surprise you, since both processors operate at similar supply voltages (1.50 V/1.484 V) and similar frequencies (1.8 GHz/1.7 GHz).

    But consider the following formula:

    This expression describes the relationship between CPU clock speed, supply voltage, total capacitance and power consumption P.

    If you consider that Athlon64 has almost 106 million transistors, 38% more than the Pentium-M, it will become clear that Mobile Athlon64 is behind in terms of power consumption. The more transistors, the more gates, the more capacitance.

    You should also remember that Pentium-M’s L2 cache uses a special switching mechanism — then it will become clear why the maximum power dissipation of Mobile Athlon64 is so much higher. The Pentium-M has only 1/32 of the L2 cache constantly active, while the Mobile Athlon64 has the entire L2 cache always active.

    EA SPORTS ™ FIFA Online 4

    EA SPORTS ™ FIFA Online 4

    Main page

    Team of the Season
    is waiting for you

    Add TOTS players to your roster.

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    EA Sports’ FIFA game is available for free on your PC! Download FIFA Online 4 right now and start your winning story

    Create a dream team

    Write your own football history! Over 17,000 current players and stars from the past, plus over 600 teams from over 30 football leagues, will give you the most authentic gaming experience.

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    The voices of the legend of sports journalism — Vasily Utkin and one of the brightest commentators on Russian sports television — Dmitry Shnyakin

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    Build your dream team

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    The best comment

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    EA Sports’ FIFA game is available for free on your PC! Download FIFA Online 4 now and start your winning story

    Build your dream team

    Write your own football story! Over 17,000 current players and stars from the past, plus over 600 teams from over 30 football leagues, for the ultimate gaming experience

    Get ready for a challenge

    Compete with thousands of the strongest opponents and become the first in the standings

    The best commentators

    The voices of the legend of sports journalism — Vasily Utkin and one of the brightest commentators on Russian sports television — Dmitry Shnyakin

    * Contains in-app purchases. Requires a permanent internet connection and an account on the appropriate platform. Age restrictions apply 0+

    Club Heroes player level 84+

    The Club Heroes class includes 240 of the most famous representatives of their teams. The user will receive a random player of this class with level 84 or higher.

    Invite a friend

    World Hero Debut player level 61+

    The World Hero Debut class includes more than 200 players who have successfully debuted at the World Cup. The user will receive a random player of this class with level 61 or higher.

    Invite a Friend

    Match Simulation Coupon

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    SVIP (7 days)

    This item gives you a premium SVIP for 7 days. With this status, the player receives:
    — 30% discount on transfers;
    — 20% bonus to manager experience;
    — 50% bonus to player experience after matches;
    — 15% bonus to the number of coins in rewards for matches played.

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    VIP (3 days)

    This item gives you a premium VIP for 7 days. With this status the player gets:
    — 10% discount on transfers;
    — 10% bonus to manager experience;
    — 30% bonus to player experience after matches.

    Invite a friend

    Random set of coins (from 1 million to 3 million)

    Set of coins from 1 million to 3 million. For coins, the user can purchase players through transfers from other users.

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    5,000,000 coins

    5,000,000 coins. For coins, the user can purchase players through transfers from other users.

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    Tabs

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    Take to the field with friends

    Hit the pitch with your friends

    Share FIFA Online 4 and earn unique rewards.

    TO INVITE A FRIEND

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    Join our communities, participate in regular contests and get rewards

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    What is FIFA Online 4?

    FIFA Online 4 is a free-to-play football game in Russian, developed specifically for PC and retaining all the advantages of the popular series, with even more advanced online functionality and a social component.
    High-quality optimization, sophisticated management and dedicated servers will provide a comfortable gaming experience for the maximum number of users from Moscow to Vladivostok.

    What are the system requirements for the game?

    Minimum configuration required for a comfortable game:
    Operating system: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 10-64 bit
    Processor: Intel Core i3-2100 3.1 GHz, AMD Phenom 7950 Quad-Core or AMD Athlon II X4 620
    RAM: 4 GB
    Hard disk space: 20 GB
    Video card: Geforce GT 730 or ATI Radeon HD 7570, 1 GB
    DirectX: 11.0

    The following parameters are recommended:
    Operating system: Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows 10-64 bit
    Processor: Intel Core i5-2550K 3.4 GHz or AMD FX-6350 Six-Core
    RAM: 8 GB
    Hard disk space: 20 GB
    Video card: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 460 or AMD Radeon HD 6870, 3 GB
    DirectX: 11. 0

    How to install the game?

    The client can be downloaded in the 101XP Game Center or directly from the main page of the site by clicking on the «Download client» button.

    What modes are available in the game?

    The list of available modes, as well as their description, can be found in the corresponding section.

    Where can I find a list of playable classes and the players they represent?

    This information is available in the guides section at the link.

    Will I be able to continue playing with the roster built during the Closed Beta? Will the statistics of matches played and overall progress be saved?

    With the release of the game, statistics, lineups and progress were reset to zero so that all users start on an equal footing

    When will I receive the contents of previously purchased club packs?

    The contents of the packs will be credited to your account within 48 hours after the first login to the game.

    Can I get rewards for inviting my friends to the game?

    Yes, when you register a friend on the site and confirm your email, you will both receive valuable rewards. More FIFA Online 4 Friends Invited, More Prizes!

    You can find your personal registration link on the «Invite a Friend» page.

    It also stores information about friends who have already joined the game, as well as the progress of each of them and the total rewards earned.

    Is it possible to transfer my club and profile from the Asian version of the game? Why are player ratings different?

    The game does not provide the ability to transfer an account between regions.

    Please note that the content of the Russian version of the game, including the rating of players and the characteristics of items, is up-to-date at the time of the launch of FIFA Online 4 in Russia.

    I can’t figure out the game, its modes or functionality.