Boot nvme: How to Set NVMe as Boot Drive

Was sind PCIe-SSDs und wie werden sie als Startlaufwerk für einen Dell PC verwendet?

Artikelnummer: 000132410


Dieser Artikel enthält eine Anleitung zu den verschiedenen SSD-Typen (Solid State Drive), die in den PCIe-Anschluss Ihrer Hauptplatine passen. In dieser Anleitung wird auch erläutert, wie Sie solch ein Laufwerk als Hauptstartlaufwerk auf einem Dell PC verwenden.

Zusammenfassung:
Dieser Artikel enthält eine Anleitung zu den verschiedenen SSD-Typen (Solid State Drive), die in den PCIe-Anschluss Ihrer Hauptplatine passen. In dieser Anleitung wird auch erläutert, wie Sie solch ein Laufwerk als Hauptstartlaufwerk auf einem Dell PC verwenden.
Dieser Artikel enthält eine Anleitung zu den verschiedenen SSD-Typen (Solid State Drive), die in den PCIe-Anschluss Ihrer Hauptplatine passen. In dieser Anleitung wird auchWeitere Informationen

Artikelinhalt


Symptome

Inhaltsverzeichnis:

  1. Einführung
  2. Was ist eine PCIe-SSD und wie funktioniert sie?
  3. Kann ich ein Betriebssystem darauf installieren?
  4. Weitere Informationen:

Einführung

 

Dieser Artikel enthält Informationen zu den PCIe-SSDs (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), die ursprünglich nur für Dell Server verfügbar waren, jetzt aber auf anderen Systemen angeboten werden. Wir zeigen Ihnen, was eine PCIe-SSD (Solid State Drive) ist und wie sie funktioniert. Wir werden auch erläutern, was erforderlich ist, um eines dieser Laufwerke als Startlaufwerk mit einem installierten Windows-Betriebssystem zu verwenden, und alle anderen relevanten Informationen durchgehen, die beim Umgang mit diesem Gerätetyp hilfreich sind.

Zurück zum Anfang


Ursache

Was ist eine PCIe-SSD und wie funktioniert sie?

 

PCIe-SSDs sind Solid-State-Laufwerke, die nicht die SATA-Chipsatz-Schnittstelle der Hauptplatine für die Kommunikation zwischen der SSD und dem Windows-Dateisystem verwenden.

In die SSD ist ein eigener Speichercontroller integriert, der nicht mit dem Standard-SSD-Controller-Chip verwechselt werden darf, den alle SSDs verwenden. Der Speichercontroller in PCIe-SSDs verwendet einen Treiber, der entweder vom Hersteller oder vom Betriebssystem selbst bereitgestellt wird. Er muss vom SSD-Nutzer installiert werden.

PCIe-SSDs sind keine SATA-Laufwerke, obwohl einige eine oder mehrere Gemeinsamkeiten mit SATA-Laufwerken haben.

Es gibt verschiedene Möglichkeiten, eine PCIe-SSD an eine Hauptplatine anzuschließen:

  • Ein Standard-PCIe-Steckplatz (mindestens x4)
  • Ein M.2-Steckplatz

Hinweis: Nicht alle SSDs mit einem M.2-Anschluss sind PCIe-SSDs.

  • Eine U.2-Adapterkarte und ein Kabel, das an einen M.2-Steckplatz angeschlossen ist, oder eine Hauptplatine mit integriertem U.2-Anschluss (für einen 2,5″-Formfaktor mit einer PCIe-Schnittstelle).
  • M.2-PCIe-SSDs können mit einer M.2-zu-PCIe-Steckplatzadapterkarte verwendet werden.

Hinweis: Wenn Sie eine PCIe-Adapterkarte mit mehreren x4-SSDs verwenden, denken Sie daran, die Karte in einen Steckplatz mit gleicher oder größerer Kapazität als die Gesamtzahl der Karten einzubauen. (Zum Beispiel: Wenn 2 x4 SSDs mit Adapter eingebaut werden sollen, ist ein x8-PCIe-Steckplatz oder höher erforderlich. Für diese Karten wird x16 empfohlen, das bis zu 4 x4 SSDs aufnehmen kann. ) Andernfalls werden Laufwerke möglicherweise nicht erkannt.

PCIe-SSDs erhöhen die Leistung, indem sie statt der SATA-Schnittstelle (die bisher maximal 10 Kanäle hat) PCIe verwenden. (Was derzeit maximal 25 Kanäle hat.) Dies eignet sich besonders für das Zwischenspeichern und Cachen von Anwendungen. PCIe ist ein Mehrzweckbus, der alle Arten von Daten an den Prozessor weiterleitet. Die mangelnde Spezialisierung erschwert jedoch die Programmierung. Dies bedeutet, dass Sie eventuell einen Kompromiss zwischen Interoperabilität und Leistung in Kauf nehmen müssen.

Es gibt zwei Arten von nicht-physischen Schnittstellen. AHCI und NVMe.

AHCI

(Advanced Host Controller Interface) ist das gleiche Protokoll, das auch von SATA-SSDs verwendet wird.

NVMe

(Non Volatile-Memory Express) ist ein Protokoll, das speziell für SSD-Festplatten entwickelt wurde. Es hat nichts mit SATA gemeinsam und ersetzt AHCI durch eine bessere Methode für den Umgang mit Festkörperspeichern. PCIe-NVMe-SSDs verfügen außerdem über einen eigenen NVMe-Speichercontroller, der in das Laufwerk integriert ist.

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Lösung

Kann ich ein Betriebssystem darauf installieren?

 

Unterstützte Windows-Betriebssysteme

Sie können Windows 7, 8, 8.1 und 10 verwenden. (Einige Laufwerkshersteller sagen, dass sowohl 32- als auch 64-Bit-Versionen funktionieren. Andere geben an, dass nur die 64-Bit-Versionen ordnungsgemäß funktionieren.)

Die Installation unter Windows 7 kann schwierig sein, insbesondere bei einem PCIe-NVMe SSD-Laufwerk. Für dieses Problem steht ein Windows 7-Hotfix unter folgendem Link zur Verfügung:

  • Aktualisierung zum Hinzuzufügen systemeigener Treiberunterstützung in NVM-Express unter Windows 7 und Windows Server 2008 R2 (nur Englisch)

Unterstützte BIOS-Typen

Das UEFI-BIOS ist derzeit das einzige, das diese Geräte unterstützt.

Achten Sie immer darauf, dass Sie die neueste Version Ihres BIOS installiert haben.

Achten Sie auch darauf, dass Ihr BIOS für die Verwendung des EFI-Bootloaders konfiguriert ist.

Anweisungen vor der Installation

Hier sind einige verschiedene Methoden, um eine PCIe-SSD für eine Windows-Installation vorzubereiten.

Normalerweise ist der am häufigsten beschrittene und einfachste Weg, um auf einem Dell PC in das BIOS zu gelangen, das schnelle Tippen auf die Taste <F2> am Dell Begrüßungsbildschirm während des Systemstarts. Dies sollte Sie auf den meisten Systemen direkt in das BIOS führen.

  • Methode 1
  • Methode 2
  • Methode 3

Methode 1

  1. CSM (Compatibility Support Module) ist standardmäßig auf dem Start-Bildschirm in Ihrem BIOS aktiviert. Klicken Sie auf CSM, um weitere Optionen anzuzeigen.

  2. Suchen Sie nach der Option Launch Storage OpROM Policy im CSM. Ändern Sie die Standardeinstellung von Legacy Only in UEFI.

  3. Im Bildschirm Storage Configuration ist der SATA-Modus standardmäßig auf AHCI eingestellt, der in RAID oder IDE geändert werden kann. (Verwenden Sie NIEMALSIDE.) In den meisten Fällen bleibt es AHCI, da Sie möglicherweise zusätzliche SATA-Treiber verwenden oder eine AHCI-PCIe-SSD haben.

  4. Speichern und beenden Sie das BIOS und kehren Sie dann zurück.

  5. Ihr PCIe-SSD-Laufwerk wird möglicherweise nicht im Bildschirm Storage Configuration oder der Liste der Startreihenfolge angezeigt, aber achten Sie darauf, dass Ihre Windows-Installationsmedien (USB oder optisches Laufwerk) in der Liste der Startreihenfolge angezeigt werden.

  6. Sie sollten UEFI sehen: Eintrag <Installationsmedien-Gerätename> in der Liste. (Wobei <Installationsmedien-Gerätename> das Gerät ist, auf dem das Installationsmedium ist.)

  7. Wenn Sie etwas mit einem AHCI-Präfix sehen, ignorieren Sie es. Sie müssen den mit dem UEFI-Präfix verwenden.

  8. Nachdem Sie den UEFI-Eintrag ausgewählt haben, speichern und beenden Sie das BIOS erneut. Die Installation von Windows sollte beginnen.

  9. Die Windows-Installation läuft normal ab. Befolgen Sie eine Anleitung für die zu installierende Version.

  10. Sobald Windows installiert ist, sollte das Startlaufwerk in der BIOS-Liste der Startreihenfolge als Windows Bootloader oder Windows Bootloader: <SSD-Name> angezeigt werden, je nach BIOS-Version.

  11. Denken Sie daran, wenn Sie eine PCIe-NVMe-SSDverwenden, den Treiber vom Hersteller des Laufwerks zu installieren.

Methode 2

  1. CSM (Compatibility Support Module) ist standardmäßig auf dem Start-Bildschirm in Ihrem BIOS aktiviert. Klicken Sie auf CSM und setzen Sie es auf Disabled.

  2. Dies hat in Launch Storage OpROM Policy dieselbe Auswirkung wie das Ändern der Standardeinstellung auf UEFI Only.

  3. Für diese Methode muss die Videoquelle Ihres PCs GOP-kompatibel (Graphics Output Protocol) sein. (Eine vollständig genutzte UEFI-Firmware erfordert dies, da es sich um ein EFI-Grafikprotokoll handelt.)

  4. Im Bildschirm Storage Configuration ist der SATA-Modus standardmäßig auf AHCI eingestellt, der in RAID oder IDE geändert werden kann. (Verwenden Sie NIEMALSIDE.) In den meisten Fällen bleibt es AHCI, da Sie möglicherweise zusätzliche SATA-Treiber verwenden oder eine AHCI-PCIe-SSD haben.

  5. Speichern und beenden Sie das BIOS und kehren Sie dann zurück.

  6. Ihr PCIe-SSD-Laufwerk wird möglicherweise nicht im Bildschirm Storage Configuration oder der Liste der Startreihenfolge angezeigt, aber achten Sie darauf, dass Ihre Windows-Installationsmedien (USB oder optisches Laufwerk) in der Liste der Startreihenfolge angezeigt werden.

  7. Sie sollten UEFI sehen: Eintrag <Installationsmedien-Gerätename> in der Liste. (Wobei <Installationsmedien-Gerätename> das Gerät ist, auf dem das Installationsmedium ist.)

  8. Wenn Sie etwas mit einem AHCI-Präfix sehen, ignorieren Sie es. Sie müssen den mit dem UEFI-Präfix verwenden.

  9. Nachdem Sie den UEFI-Eintrag ausgewählt haben, speichern und beenden Sie das BIOS erneut. Die Installation von Windows sollte beginnen.

  10. Die Windows-Installation läuft normal ab. Befolgen Sie eine Anleitung für die zu installierende Version.

  11. Sobald Windows installiert ist, sollte das Startlaufwerk in der BIOS-Liste der Startreihenfolge als Windows Bootloader oder Windows Bootloader: <SSD-Name> angezeigt werden, je nach BIOS-Version.

  12. Denken Sie daran, wenn Sie eine PCIe-NVMe-SSDverwenden, den Treiber vom Hersteller des Laufwerks zu installieren.

Methode 3

  1. Stellen Sie sicher, dass die neueste kompatible Version eines UEFI BIOS auf Ihrem PC installiert ist.

  2. Richten Sie die Liste der Startreihenfolge im BIOS so ein, dass die Medienquelle für die Windows Installation an erster Stelle ist. (Sei es ein USB-Stick oder ein optisches Laufwerk.)

  3. Speichern und beenden Sie das BIOS und die Windows-Installation sollte beginnen.

  4. Auf dem Bildschirm Wo soll Windows installiert werden?:

    • Wenn die SSD aufgelistet ist, wählen Sie sie aus und klicken Sie auf Weiter.

    • Wenn das SSD-Laufwerk nicht aufgeführt wird:

      1. Klicken Sie auf Treiber laden.

      2. Navigieren Sie zum Speicherort, an dem Sie die Datei vom Hersteller gespeichert haben.

      3. Wählen Sie die Datei aus und laden Sie sie.

  5. Ihre SSD sollte nun aufgelistet sein, wählen Sie sie aus und klicken Sie auf Weiter.

  6. Folgen Sie den restlichen Installationsanweisungen, bis die Installation abgeschlossen ist.

  7. Stellen Sie im BIOS die SSD als Gerät unter Primary Boot ein.

  8. Speichern Sie die Einstellungen und verlassen Sie das BIOS.

  9. Starten Sie Windows und öffnen Sie den Geräte-Manager für Ihre Betriebssystemversion.

  10. Suchen Sie unter Speichercontroller das Gerät, klicken Sie mit der rechten Maustaste darauf und wählen Sie Treibersoftware aktualisieren.

  11. Navigieren Sie zu dem Ort, an dem Sie die neueste Version gespeichert haben, und laden Sie sie.

  12. Starten Sie Ihren PC neu, um die Installation abzuschließen.

Hinweis: Für die Installation eines Windows-Betriebssystems empfiehlt es sich, während der Installation nur das gewünschte Startlaufwerk mit Strom zu versorgen.

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Weitere Informationen

Weitere Informationen:

 

M.2-SSDs

Beachten Sie bei der Identifizierung Ihres Laufwerks, dass es verschiedene Laufwerke gibt, die bestimmte Merkmale aufweisen. Zum Beispiel: M. 2-SSDs sind SATA-Laufwerke, die weit verbreitet sind und häufiger als PCIe-SSDs verwendet werden. Während diese Laufwerke die M.2-Schnittstelle gemeinsam nutzen können, weist der Teil des Laufwerks, der mit dem M.2-Steckplatz verbunden ist, je nach Laufwerkstyp eine andere Laufwerkskonfiguration auf. M.2-SATA-SSDs haben zwei Steckplätze im Schnittstellenanschluss, M.2-PCIe-SSDs haben nur einen Steckplatz im Schnittstellenanschluss.

Nicht standardmäßige PCIe-SSDs

Es gibt einige PCIe-SSDs, die nicht die M.2-Schnittstelle verwenden. Sie verwenden in der Regel eine x8-PCIe-Steckplatzschnittstelle, nicht die standardmäßige x4-Schnittstelle. Diese Laufwerke werden in der Regel auch als RAID 0-Arrays konfiguriert, wobei zwei Sätze von NAND-Chipgruppen mit ihren eigenen SSD-Controllern verwendet werden. Es gibt auch andere, noch seltenere Laufwerkstypen, die Sie wahrscheinlich nicht nutzen werden.

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Desktops & All-in-Ones, Laptops, Tablets, Workstations

Letztes Veröffentlichungsdatum

03 Jun 2021

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Use M2 SSD NVME as an external drive to boot Windows 10


Asked


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1 year, 3 months ago


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I have a *Samsung M2 SSD NVME * drive with Windows 10 on it. Can I use this drive in combination with an external enclosore (like this ICY BOX) to boot into Windows 10 on a ThinkPad x230?

Edit: It’s not about the enclosure but if it’s possible to boot into Windows 10 from an external drive on a ThinkPad x230 through USB. (I need a workaround because the x230 doesn’t come with an USB-C port or internal adapter for a M2 SSD NVME drive)

  • windows-10
  • ssd
  • external-hard-drive
  • samsung-ssd






3

I have a *Samsung SSD NVME * drive with Windows 10 on it. Can I use this drive in combination with an external enclosure (like Icy Box 1817M-C31) to boot into Windows 10 on a ThinkPad x230?

You do understand you will be connecting an NVMe SSD to a USB 3.2 Gen 1 port. USB 3.2 Gen 1 is also known as USB 3.1 Gen 1 and also USB 3.0. This will obviously come with huge performance costs. However, a USB enclosure that specifically indicates supports NVMe can be used with your machine.

Outside of Windows To Go, it’s extremely tough to boot Windows on an external drive on any device. Windows to Go was discontinued over 2 years ago by Microsoft because its performance was abysmal. Windows To Go required specific storage devices to event install through the built-in capabilities of Windows 10 Enterprise.

When booted from an external device, Windows will most likely be considered a Windows To Go installation. Rufus continues to support the creation of Windows To Go devices. Sadly, I will be unable to confirm if Rufus will treat an NVMe device connected through that adapter as a removable drive.

It’s not about the enclosure, but if it’s possible to boot into Windows 10 from an external drive on a ThinkPad x230 through USB. (I need a workaround because the x230 doesn’t come with a USB-C port or internal adapter for an SSD NVME drive)

It’s doubtful that you will be able to install Windows to the device and boot from it. I suspect due to it being an external device, WinPE will not even offer the device, as something Windows can be installed to. This is due to the fact Windows does not like being installed on external removable storage devices. Windows To Go was the solution to that problem, which was discontinued since the performance was abysmal.

Even if you are able to install Windows and boot to the installation contained on the device, you will find that the Windows will be extremely slow. You shouldn’t have a problem using it as an external SSD storage device.






1

Short answer: yes.

You can install Windows on the drive that you connect via the enclosure.

However if your laptop has an SSD inside I would recommend sticking with that. While this would work I don’t think you’re going to see any great performance with your boot disk over USB even if it is NVME due to the USB constraints.

You can use an external samsung T5 (540MB/s) or an internal ssd drive (go for sata 2.5″) with a decent USB enclosure (might be cheaper).

It is used by Mac computer users to install windows with Bootcamp on external drive with decent performance (Think playing Rocket League type of performance).

Remind 5 years ago, most of people were still cursing Windows, Microsoft and Bill Gates altogether for the slowness of Windows, even with a 8 core CPU, because it was installed on an internal high-end 7500RPM HDD maxing 80MB-160MB/s at write and read speed (fresh Windows install before inevitable fragmentation occurring over time).

With a samsung T5 or similar drive on par with USB 3 transfert rate, you will never get fragmentation issues and your external SSD will be at worse 3.5x faster than the best HDD ever made in human history.

There is videos and tutoriels indicating how to install windows on external drive on Mac computer demonstrating overall acceptable disk performance. All you need is rufus or WinToUsb (Pro version if you want to install Windows Pro), a windows computer, native or virtual machine, and a usb key and your external drive.

Here a video for mac Bootcamp on external drive:
https://9to5mac.com/2020/07/14/install-windows-mac-external-ssd-drive-boot-camp-2020-video/


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How to boot Windows 10 from NVMe based PCIe storage, featuring Samsung 950 PRO M.

2 SSD in a Supermicro SYS-5028D-TN4T |

Posted by Paul Braren on Nov 5 2015 (updated on Jul 18 2017) in

  • Storage
  • Virtualization
  • ESXi
  • HomeServer
  • HomeLab
  • HowTo
  • How to boot from NVMe (Non-Volatile Memory express). Why is that a thing to learn? Well, consider that it’s an entirely new storage technology. The issue is not so much about the tiny M.2 2280 form factor, or PCIe or U.2 connections. It’s everything to do with leaving legacy SATA/AHCI behind, which I’ve been wanting to do since well before my April post. This is not your slower Surface Book or Macbook air NVMe. This 950 PRO is faster than both of those, much faster. Especially for writes. Current the fastest consumer SSD in the world, and my initial tests sure seem to confirm this, partially because it’s paired with a SuperServer that allows it to shine, with 4 lanes of PCIe 3. 0 goodness.

    Available now on Amazon in 256GB and 512GB sizes, 1TB not expected until early next year.

    This is a very exciting day for me, the arrival of the final piece of my home lab storage strategy. And it seems to exceeed the high expectations of 2500MB/s reads and 1500MB/s writes. See also:

    • 950 Pro review: Samsung’s first PCIe M.2 NVMe SSD is an absolute monster
      Oct 22 2015 by Orestis Bastounis

    You have some BIOS tweaks to do even if you use a PCIe card, like the recently tested Intel 750 Series PCIe NVMe. The YouTube video’s commenter Dan L sums up the 750’s intended use-case nicely:

    Intel 750 is considered enterprise drive whereas Samsung 950 Pro is designed for client users. The reason why I didn’t buy Intel 750 is because it mainly focus on higher queue depths such as data center, web server, and file server. In addition, it draws maximum power of 22watts and boot time was incredibly slow, though Intel released the new firmware update but boot time was still slower than Samsung SM951 and even Samsung 950 Pro.

    (above image from page 5 of Booting from an NVMe PCIe Intel Solid-State Drive — Technology Brief)

    Whatever NVMe drive you buy, you’ll still likely need to meet all of the following requirements, if you plan to also use it as a boot device:

    • a newer system, such as the Xeon D-1540 or Skylake chipsets (2015 or later)
    • modern OSs have the NVMe driver built-in, like Windows 8.1/10 or Windows Server 2016 (the Microsoft NVMe driver is generally slower, replace it with vendor provided driver once Windows is installed)
    • a UEFI BIOS that supports boot from NVMe (not something you can assume)
      (on this system’s X10SDV-TLN4F motherboard, BIOS 1.0a or 1.0b both allow boot from NVMe)
    • an M.2 PCI-E x4 slot (as in 4 lanes, key to obtaining the maximum speeds)
    • BIOS in UEFI boot mode (nice bonus is that it allows your bootable device to be larger than 2TB, since Windows will use GPT rather than legacy MBR)
    • some mobos also require CSM (Compatibility Support Mode) be turned on, read ASRock example here, this Supermicro mobo has CSM Enabled by default
    • a willingness to do any required BIOS upgrades and/or BIOS configuration changes (varies by motherboard manufacturer)

    Sounds a little like a hassle. The below video will demonstrate that it’s really not, at least with this system, using Windows 10 that has built-in NVMe support.
    Feb 8 2016 Update — With the benefit of hindsight, I’ve since learned that BIOS 1.0a may have needed the tweaks outlined below, but for BIOS 1.0b, all that’s really required is to be sure you have the BIOS in UEFI mode when doing the install to NVMe, which lays down a GPT (not MBR) partition. The steps needed for other motherboard vendor BIOS configuration may be quite different.

    What’s the benefit of going through a bit of extra effort to be able to boot from NVMe? The convenience of one C: drive in Windows combined with an increased speed and reduced latency versus traditional 2.5″ SATA SSDs, illustrated below.

    Source: Intel

    1. From Download Windows 10, use the Download Tool 64-bit link to get MediaCreationToolx64.exe
    2. Insert a USB 3.0 flash drive such as the SanDisk Ultra Fit and create the bootable install media
    3. insert this flash drive into one of the blue rear USB 3. 0 ports of the Supermicro SYS-5028D-TN4T
      The default is Legacy, change these [and BIOS boot mode] to EFI
    4. power up
    5. press Del to get into BIOS
    6. set BIOS to defaults, reboot
    7. set BIOS to UEFI mode
    8. go to SATA Configuration
    9. change all SSDs you have from Hard Disk Drive to Solid State Drive
    10. press ESC, then select PCIe/PCI/PnP Configuration
    11. select M.2 PCI-E 3.0 X4, change from default [Legacy] to [EFI]
    12. select SLOT 7 PCI-E 3.0 X16, change from default [Legacy] to [EFI]
    13. optionally, for better speed, select Onboard Video Option ROM, change from default [Legacy] to [EFI], this allows you to do the next step
    14. press ESC, select Security, select CSM Support, change from default [Legacy] to [EFI]
    15. press ESC, select Boot Settings, Boot Mode Select, change from [Dual] default to [UEFI]
    16. press ESC, Save Changes and Reset
    17. if you have no data on any drives, your system will likely automatically boot from the USB drive (if not, press F11 at boot time to manually select USB UEFI)
    18. perform a normal Windows 10 installation, you’ll have a GPT drive type, and if you clone it someday to a >2TB drive, it will still be bootable
    19. for this drive, the speed is slower with Windows 10’s Microsoft NVMe driver, from Samsung’s SSD site, download and install the Samsung NVMe Driver Installer, then reboot when prompted

    That’s it, you now have an incredibly fast boot time, and an amazing performer. Just a normal Windows 10 PC, only much faster.

    Thorough step-by-step look at the above steps, and more, including some basic ATTO, Crystalmark, and AS SSD benchmarks.Brief unboxing, followed by simple installation into a Supermicro SYS-5028D-TN4T.Samsung 950 PRO M.2 NVMe SSD installed, with 128GB of Samsung DDR4 in the background.


    work-in-progress…

    Nov 07 2015 Update — Benchmark Results are in! See:

    • World’s fastest consumer SSD — Samsung 950 PRO M.2 NVMe benchmark results

    Everything below is a peek at some early attempts to create a baseline of expected performance, before I head over to VMware ESXi 6.0 to perform these same tests again, but with Windows 10 then «living» as a VM on a VMFS datastore on this 950 PRO.

    ATTO Disk Bench under Windows 10 on SYS-5028D-TN4T. Intel 750 Series NVMe 400GB versus Samsung SM951 128GB versus Samsung 950 PRO 512GB.Yep, that just happened, the world’s fastest consumer SSD, running in my home. I’m pretty darn excited about this leap forward in speeds. Especially shines where it’s needed most, at that 4K transfer size. Click twice for full zoom.


    Thanks to YouTube commenter Dan L yet again! He’s mentioned above, and added another tip, mentioning BIOS’s CSM setting. Being a tinkerer, I headed back into the BIOS, and turned CSM off. What do you know, performance increased! Not a big change, but noticable, as you look over this image carefully. The above procedure has now been tweaked accordingly, and the video has been annotated.

    Dan L goes on to give more excellent advice:

    Keep in mind that some PCIe slots are connected directly to PCH (Platform Controller Hub) which runs in PCIe Gen2 Lanes instead of PCIe Gen3 lanes. So I encourage people to refer to user’s manual as well as UEFI BIOS to check which PCIe slots are directly connected to PCIe Gen3 lanes.

    Now compare this to yesterday’s run. The ONLY change was turning off CSM in the BIOS. Click the picture above twice to get to the full resolution, then use your left and right arrow keys to toggle/compare. Yep, it’s even faster!This shows consistency between runs. Click the image twice to really zoom in, so you can pan around.


    Well that was unexpected! Turns out the 950’s built in thermal protection was likely the reason the speeds dropped toward the end of these very first ATTO Disk Benchmark runs I did yesterday.

    Silly me, after recording the installation of the M.2 drive, I had failed to put the PC’s cover back on. Yep, this server is running far from me in my basement. Given months of experience with all the other components and drives in this system barely going up a degree with the lid off, even under heavy stress tests. So usually heat is a non-issue with this system, at all.

    Now let’s think about the tiny surface area of M.2 for moment. If it’s using using up to 7 watts when under heavy load, well, that heat has to go somewhere. Given the small surface area, well, it’s no surprise that airflow certainly matters. You’ll even see that on Nov 4th in my older 950-related post, where I already had the nifty thermal video displayed there, so it didn’t take me long to figure out. I’ll publish my «tinkering» video with the 2nd M.2 in the PCIe slot soon, and revisit whether CSM really matters. This is just preliminary findings, as I actually like finding out stuff from accidents. It’s called tinkering. And it’s certainly nice to see even faster speeds now.

    Nov 05 2015 PC cover OFF.Nov 06 2015 PC cover ON.

    All the basic benchmarks and observations will belong in a new post, here at TinkerTry. Stay tuned!

    Meanwhile, here’s a convenient copy of the thermal tests:


    Turning the fan higher and leaving the lid on resolves any minor issues with thermal protection kicking in. At the expense of fan noise, of course. That D: drive on the Lycom PCI adapter held up a little longer (ran a little cooler) than the motherboard M.2 slot does, when put under heavy stress. Seems unlikely that you’d have an issue with it in normal use.

    Here’s a first run of ATTO test, with BIOS default system fan speed, and cover back on the stock SuperServer 5028D-TN4T.Cover on, CSM off, Fan Max — first run of each test, >30 seconds cool-off between each of the 3 tests.


    I’ve since learned that 1.0a really needs all those BIOS tweaks above, but BIOS 1.0b does not. In fact, other than turning on UEFI mode in the BIOS, the rest of the tuning is optional. Boot from NVMe will «just work»! See also:

    • You can boot from a Samsung 950 PRO NVMe M.2 SSD in a PCIe slot — tested with Supermicro 5028D-TN4T & Lycom DT-120 M.2 to PCIe adapter
      Jan 27 2016

    • Recommended BIOS Settings for Supermicro SuperServer SYS-5028D-TN4T
      Jan 15 2016

    • Benchmark Optimized BIOS Settings for Supermicro SuperServer SYS-5028D-TN4T
      Jan 13 2016

    • New Windows 10 NVMe driver 1.4.7.16 released for Samsung SSD 950 PRO M.2

    I also plan to do some thermal testing of my various SSDs, see also my newly-published video:

    I’m just warning up, more videos featuring thermal imaging to come!It looks like you have JavaScript disabled. Click here to view the video above.Video and Audio sped-up 4X, showing Samsung SSD 950 PRO M.2 NVMe during initial power-up and boot. You’ll even hear the BIOS speaker beep at the end of POST.


    This article and video, and my articles about the Intel 750 Series NVMe SSD, wouldn’t have been possible without the temporary loan of a second Samsung 950 PRO and a second Supermicro SuperServer Bundle 2 by Trond Eirik Haavarstein aka Eric @xenappblog of xenappblog.com

    You might even spot a familiar name among the presenters at xenappblog’s upcoming virtual expo. Be sure to sign up early, because hundreds typically attend his events 😉


    Note that the 950 PRO can work on both BIOS and UEFI systems, details below, here’s an excerpt:

    Samsung says this is backwards compatible with Legacy BIOS systems so long your system can initialize IDE devices (like most chipsets), it can use this SSD. Your ONLY requirement is a free PCIe x4 slot and a modern OS with the appropriate NVMe driver. — SkOrPn


    • World’s fastest consumer SSD — Samsung 950 PRO M.2 NVMe benchmark results
      Nov 07 2015

    • How to install Samsung 950 PRO M.2 SSD in a PCIe slot — tested with Supermicro 5028D-TN4T & Lycom DT-120 M.2 to PCIe adapter
      Nov 05 2015

    • World’s Fastest Consumer SSD — Samsung 950 PRO NVMe M.2 SSD 256GB/512GB available for pre-order now, arriving Oct. 30
      Oct 22 2015

    • Intel 750 Series NVMe PCIe SSD supported by ESXi 6.x out-of-the-box, install Intel’s VIB for full speed
      Sep 29 2015
    • Superguide: SuperServer home virtualization lab storage tiers, platinum through bronze, how many efficient drives fit inside this tiny chassis?
      Sep 25 2015
      Here’s where I talk about my plans to use the 950 PRO for both VMware ESXi 6 read cache and VMFS datastore duties, for my favorite VMs.
    • Supermicro Superserver 5028D-TN4T UEFI BIOS 1. 0.b and IPMI 02.14 released — improves boot from M.2 or NVMe support
      Sep 23 2015

    • Samsung announces 950 PRO V-NAND NVMe M.2 SSD, 512GB 2.5 GB/s version arrives in October, 1TB next year
      Sep 22 2015

    • Detailed assembly and configuration instructions for Supermicro SuperServer Workstation Windows 10 Pro bundle
      Aug 19 2015

    This Dell article added Jul 18 2017:

    • What are PCIe SSDs and how to use them as a boot drive for a Dell PC?
      by Dell:

      This article provides information on the PCIe SSD’s which were initially available on Dell servers, but are now being offered on other systems. We will take you through what a PCIe SSD is, does and how it does it. We will also cover what’s needed to use one of these drives as your boot drive with a Windows Operating System installed and go over any other relevant information that would be useful to know when dealing with this type of device.

      Note : Best Practice for a Windows operating system Install is to only have the desired boot drive powered during installation.

    • Booting from an NVMe PCIe Intel Solid-State Drive — Technology Brief
      Apr 2015 by Intel

    • Samsung 950 PRO 256GB and 512GB M.2 NVMe PCIe SSD Review
      Oct 22 2015 by Allyn Malventano at PC Perspective

    • Samsung 950 Pro M.2 NVME SSD Review (256/512GB) – The NVMe Effect
      Oct 22 2015 by Les Tokar at The SSD Review

    • The Samsung 950 Pro PCIe SSD Review (256GB and 512GB)
      Oct 22 2015 by Billy Tallis at AnandTech

    Install and boot from an NVMe SSD on a Dell OptiPlex 9020, 7020 or 3020

    In this post I will show you how you can modify the BIOS of your Dell OptiPlex 9020, 7020 or 3020 so that they can support an NVMe SSD drive as a boot device. These machines have a UEFI BIOS, but they do not contain an NVMe driver. By adding the driver into the BIOS you can boot from a PCIe NVMe SSD.

    I managed to achieve these speeds:

    Drive Speed result for OptiPlex 7020 Drive Speed result for OptiPlex 3020

    The speed results above are from the same SSD. ( Samsung 970 EVOPlus )

    It took me quite a bit of research to figure out how to do this modification. But it is actually very easy and provides an immense boost in speed. Here is the card and SSD installed and working in OptiPlex 7020.

    Warning

    This blog post contains instructions on how to modify your BIOS.

    You could easily break your machine. Proceed at your own risk!

    Required Hardware

    In order to carry out this upgrade, you will need a few things:

    • An NVMe SSD. I used a 512Gb Samsung 970 EVOPlus
    • An NVMe to PCIe Adapter, I used this one from Amazon.
    • A Dell OptiPlex 9020, 7020 or 3020 to upgrade.

    I have personally tried this procedure on the 3020 and 7020 Small Form Factor and a 9020 Minitower. It works for every variant of the machine. There are slight variations in the procedure for each machine.

    Procedure Overview

    This process involves five steps:

    • Upgrade your current BIOS if required.
      • A18 for the OptiPlex 7020.
      • A20 for the OptiPlex 3020.
      • A25 for the OptiPlex 9020.
    • Backup your current BIOS.
    • Add NVMe driver support into the BIOS backup.
    • Writing the modified BIOS back to the system.
    • Install the PCIe NVMe SSD and Adapter.
    • Optimise BIOS settings.

    Machine Preparation

    Before starting the the physical installation of the NVMe SSD you can do all of the required preparation while the machine is running on your existing drive.

    Upgrade your BIOS

    The first step, is to upgrade your current BIOS:

    • A18 for the OptiPlex 7020.
    • A20 for the OptiPlex 3020.
    • A25 for the OptiPlex 9020.

    Just download the BIOS update from the Dell website and run the update. Before the update runs it will show your current version and the version that you will be updated to:

    Install Intel Management Engine Components

    Next install the Intel Management Engine Components from Dell. These management components will allow you to access the BIOS in order to back it up. Reboot once after installation of the management tools.

    Download Intel Management Engine Tools

    Now download Intel ME System Tools and extract the Zip file to your machine. For the purposes of this blog post I will assume that it has been extracted to: C:\Intel ME System Tools v9.1 r7.

    The Intel ME System Tools will be used to backup the BIOS and write the modified image back to the machine.

    Backup your current BIOS

    Parts of the BIOS are protected and cannot be read to or written from. In order to get a complete backup the machine must be put into service mode.

    • Switch the machine off completely.
    • Disconnect it from the mains Power.
    • Move the jumper from the two pin PSWD connector, to the two PIN SERVICE_MODE connector. It is located between the Power Supply and the PCI Slot closest to it:

    Note: If you have a spare jumper you could leave the password jumper in place.

    Service Mode pins for Dell OptiPlex 7020 SFFService Mode Pins for Dell OptiPlex 3020 SFFService Mode Pins for Dell OptiPlex 7020/9020 Mini Tower

    Once the machine is in service mode, turn it back on, you will receive some warning notifications:

    First a warning informing you that the password has been disabled. Don’t worry about this as you will be putting the password jumper back where it should be soon. It will show this message:

    Next, you will also receive a message notifying you that service mode is enabled:

    Press F1 to continue and continue to boot normally

    When your machine is booted up again you can take a backup of your existing firmware. Open a command prompt as administrator:

    Run the following commands:

    cd "\Intel ME System Tools v9.1 r7\Flash Programming Tool\WIN64"
    fptw64.exe -d backup.bin

    The example above is from an OptiPlex 7020, the output from the 3020 will look slightly different as it only has a single flash device and will give output such as:

    Platform: Intel(R) H81 Express Chipset
    Reading HSFSTS register... Flash Descriptor: Valid
        --- Flash Devices Found ---
    	MX25L6405D    ID:0xc22017    Size: 8192KB (65535Kb)
    	
    	
    - Reading Flash [0x800000] 8192KB of 8192KB - 100% complete.
    Writing flash contents to file "backup. bin"...
    Memory Dump Complete
    FPT Operation Passed

    You will now have a file named backup.bin which contains a full backup of your BIOS. Leave the command prompt open as we are going to use it again to write the modified BIOS back.

    Modify the BIOS Image

    Download and open UEFITool 0.28.0 to modify your BIOS (Direct link to version I used).

    Open the backup.bin from the previous step in UEFI Tool and expand it like so:

    Scroll to the bottom of this section and you should see an area that looks like this:

    Now, download this NVMe Express Driver and save it to your machine. Next, right click on the final DXE Driver before the Freeform entries. Specifically these is IDs:

    • D95D6B4F-92FA-4E78-9C48-C68C0813688E for the OptiPlex 7020 or 9020
    • 6C58FC74-64DA-4D83-8BCD-9FD574C97316 for the OptiPlex 3020

    Right click the item and choose Insert After:

    Choose the file NvmExpressDxe_Small. ffs that you just downloaded and you will see it appear right after the item that you selected:

    Now go to File -> Save Image File and save the file as nvme.bin.

    Write the new BIOS to the machine

    You are now ready to write the new file back to the machine. Go back to the command prompt session. Type the following command:

    fptw64.exe -bios -f nvme.bin

    You should get output like this:

    Shut down the machine and take the jumper off the service pins and move it back to the password reset pins if you took it from there.

    Install the PCI NVMe SSD

    If you have not yet installed your SSD into the machine, you can do it now. For the 7020 use the blue PCI slot, it is approximately twice as fast as the smaller black one.

    For the 3020 you need to install it into the PCI Slot closest to the Power Supply.

    Optimise BIOS Settings

    Now that you have written the new BIOS, restart the machine.

    You should be able to see the adapter in the BIOS:

    If you are not going to have any SATA drives connected you need to disable them in the BIOS, here you can see I have disabled all of the ports that do not have a drive connected:

    Disabling the un-used ports prevents an error on startup.

    Finally, if you want the maximum possible speed from your new drive, consider disabling C-States in the BIOS. This makes it marginally faster, but I doubt you would notice much difference:

    Conclusion

    Upgrading a Dell Optiplex 9020, 7020 or 3020 with PCI NVMe Solid State drive is a brilliant upgrade, and completely transforms the machine. Especially if you are upgrading from a hard drive.

    Again, here is the PCI adapter that I used:

    • 512Gb Samsung 970 EVOPlus
    • NVMe to PCI Adapter (The adapter comes with a heatsink also)

    If you try it, I would love to know how you got on and what your results were.

    Data Center DC1000B – M.2 (2280) NVMe Server Boot Drive (SSD) – 240GB and 480GB

    Search Kingston.com

    To get started, click accept below to bring up the cookies management panel. Next, tap or click on the Personalization button to turn on the chat feature, then Save.

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    DC1000B

    • Intro
    • Reviews
    • Specifications
    • Resources
    • Datasheet

    Buy

    Kingston’s Data Center DC1000B is a high-performance M.2 (2280) NVMe PCIe SSD using the latest Gen 3.0 x 4 PCIe interface with 64-layer 3D TLC NAND. DC1000B offers data centers a cost-effective boot drive solution with the reassurance they are purchasing an SSD designed for server use. The DC1000B is ideally suited for use in high-volume rack-mount servers as an internal boot drive(s) as well as for use in purpose-built systems where a high-performance M. 2 SSD is needed that includes on-board power loss protection (PLP).

    • M.2 (2280) NVMe PCIe SSD Gen 3.0 x 4, performance
    • NVMe for server boot workloads
    • Application optimised capacities (240GB — 960GB) keep costs low
    • On-board (PLP) Power Loss Protection
    • Self-Encrypting Drive (SED) with AES-XTS 256bit

    Enterprise Data Centre NVMe Boot SSD
    M.2 NVMe SSDs are evolving within the data centre providing efficiencies in booting servers to preserve valuable front-loading drive bays for data storage. Whitebox and Tier 1 Server OEMs are beginning to equip server motherboards with one or sometimes two M.2 sockets for boot purposes. While the M.2 form-factor was originally designed as a client SSD form-factor, its small physical size and high performance make it attractive for server use. Not all SSD are created equal and using a client SSD in a server application may result in poor inconsistent performance.

    Applications
    Boot drives are used primarily for booting an OS, but in many use cases today the boot drive has a secondary purpose; logging application data and/or configured as a high-speed local cache drive. Therefore, the DC1000B was designed with added endurance (0.5 DWPD for 5yrs) to handle the OS workload as well as the extra write workload of caching and data logging. In addition to being designed for long term reliability the DC1000B is designed to deliver enterprise level performance consistency and low latency features typically not found on client SSDs. Available in 240GB and 960GB capacities1.

    M.2 (2280) NVMe Performance

    Incredible speeds of up to 2.6GB/s and 200K IOPS.

    Optimised Server Boot Drive

    Enhanced for boot workloads as well as caching and logging applications.

    On-board (PLP) Power Loss Protection

    Reduce the possibility of data loss and/or corruption on ungraceful power-off.

    Maximise Drive Bays

    Move boot drives internally frees up front loading drive bays for additional data storage.

    • Specifications
    Form Factor M.2, 22mm x 80mm (2280)
    Interface PCIe NVMe Gen3 x4
    Capacities1 240GB, 480GB, 960GB
    NAND 3D TLC
    Self-Encrypting Drive (SED) AES 256-bit Encryption
    Sequential Read/Write 240GB – 2,200MBs/290MBs
    480GB – 3,200MBs/565MBs
    960GB – 3,400MBs/925MBs
    Steady-State 4k Read/Write2 240GB – 111.000/12.000 IOPS
    480GB – 205.000/20.000 IOPS
    960GB – 199.000/25.000 IOPS
    Latency Read (Avg) 161µs
    Latency Write (Avg) 75µs
    Power Loss Protection (Power Caps) Yes
    SMART Health Monitoring and Telemetry SMART, Telemetry and other Enterprise Class Diagonistic capabilities
    Endurance 240GB — 248TBW (0. 5 DWPD/5yrs)3
    480GB — 475TBW (0.5 DWPD/5yrs)3
    960GB — 1095TBW (0.6 DWPD/5yrs)3
    Power Consumption 240GB: Idle: 1.82W Average Read: 1.71W Average Write: 3.16W Max Read: 1.81W Max Write: 3.56W
    480GB: Idle: 1.90W Average Read: 1.74W Average Write: 4.88W Max Read: 1.81W Max Write: 5.47W
    960GB: Idle: 1.29W Average Read: 1.67W Average Write: 4.25W Max Read: 1.78W Max Write: 5.73W
    Storage temperature -40°C ~ 85°C
    Operating temperature 0°C ~ 70°C
    Dimensions 80mm x 22mm x 3.8mm
    Weight 240GB – 8g
    480GB — 960GB – 9g
    Vibration operating 2.17G Peak (7–800Hz)
    Vibration non-operating 20G Peak (10–2000Hz)
    MTBF 2 million hours
    Warranty/support

    Backup the existing BIOS

    Open a command prompt as an administrator and change to the directory where you extracted the Intel ME System Tools. Then navigate to the subdirectory \Flash Programming Tool\Windows64 (or Windows if you are on 32-Bit installation).

    Within that directly use the command:

    fptw64.exe -d backup.bin

    Modify the BIOS and Inject the NVMe Driver

    Next, open UEFI Tool and open the backup.bin file. Expand the sections as per the following screenshot:

    Scroll to the bottom of this section and you should see an area that looks like this:

    Next, right click on item with the name D95D6B4F-92FA-4E78-9C48-C68C0813688E and choose Insert After.

    Choose the file NvmExpressDxe_Small.ffs that you just downloaded earlier and you will see it appear right after the OemLinkDELLPwdLib section:

    Now go to File -> Save Image File and save the file in the same location as the flash tool as NVME.bin. Go back to your command prompt and run the command:

    fptw64.exe -bios -f nvme.bin

    Shut down the machine and remove the jumper from the service pins and move it back to the password reset pins if you took it from there.

    The BIOS modification is complete!

    Install the PCI NVMe SSD

    If you have not yet installed your SSD into the machine, you can do it now. If possible use the Blue X16 PCI slot, it is much faster than smaller black one.

    Optimise BIOS Settings

    Now that you have written the new BIOS, restart the machine. If you do not have any SATA drives connected you will receive a warning on start-up that says:

    Alert! Hard Drive not found

    You can fix this by going into the BIOS Setup and then System Configuration -> Drives. Untick all the SATA ports which do not have drives connected.

    Finally, if you want the maximum possible speed from your new drive, consider disabling C-States in the BIOS. This makes it marginally faster, but I doubt you would notice much difference.

    Conclusion

    Now you can install an operating system of your choice or clone one of your existing drives to your new NVMe drive and enjoy a decent performance increase.

    Upgrading the Dell Optiplex 7010 with PCI NVMe Solid State drive is a brilliant value upgrade, and completely transforms the machine. Especially if you are upgrading from a hard drive.

    Again, here is the PCI adapter that I used:

    • 512Gb Samsung 970 EVOPlus
    • NVMe to PCI Adapter (The adapter comes with a heatsink also)

    If you try it, I would love to know how you got on and what your results were.

    Using New NVMe SSDs as a Boot Disk on Legacy BIOS Legacy Systems (for any OS) Following in the footsteps of this post, where, in my opinion, the solution is not so elegant and not for all BIOS & OS.

    Problem

    Old BIOSes do not see new NVMe SSDs, unlike EFI (UEFI). Modern operating systems, as a rule, see these disks, and after loading the OS, you can work with the disk, but the old BIOS does not, therefore, you will not be able to boot from the new fast disk. Well, because you can’t give a command to load what you can’t see.

    Prelude

    An NVMe SSD drive, as a rule, has an M.2 connector, and works, as it were, directly with the processor, via the PCI-E bus.

    Therefore, if your motherboard does not have an M.2 connector, then first it is recommended to get a PCI-E >> M.2 adapter, or a PCI-E RAID controller for an M.2 SSD.

    There are few advanced NVMe SSD drives that have their own legacy device emulator. For example Samsung 950 Pro has an extra rom to boot as a Legacy device on older BIOSes. But the entire EVO series does not have such an opportunity.

    Solution

    A bit of history

    Many years ago, when Intel began supplying Apple with its processors and components for use in Macs, there was a need to pre-test hardware for compatibility with MacOS. Then Intel engineers wrote a tricky DUET bootloader, which is a UEFI emulator that boots on top of the Legacy BIOS and allows you to run operating systems that require UEFI (MacOS, for example).

    However, using DUET «directly» is not a very trivial task (example, or another, b-rrr…), requiring a lot of manual operations, depending on the specific hardware and OS, and understanding what exactly you are doing.

    Later, DUET was taken as the basis for several multi-loader projects. One of them is Hackintosh — a project to install the latest MacOS on any Intel, and later AMD machines. As a result of the development of Hackintosh, the multifunctional bootloader Clover (Clover) appeared, which, of course, is sharpened for loading MacOS and Intel, but now it can be successfully used to boot anything on almost anything. Here it is, Clover, we will use to solve our problem.

    Clover Configurator

    Clover itself is also tuned not anyhow, and in order to somehow facilitate the tuning process in the future, the Clover Configurator tuning utility was released, and many manuals for use.

    But the trouble is that Clover Configurator only works in MacOS, and on Windows you can only run it in VmWare at best.

    Clover Web Configurator

    Some users recommend using Clover Web Configurator instead of Clover Configurator. True, it is not a fact that the press for your MB will be on the list. And the documentation on Clover is voluminous and detailed. But, try, and suddenly.

    There are also rumors (in the comments) that the author of Clover himself (SergeySlice) does not recommend using Clover Configurator, but recommends editing the configuration file by hand.

    Let’s not go this way … we have paws and Mustday.

    Boot Disk Utility (BDUtility.exe)

    Especially for those who have paws, one Russian enthusiast wrote the BDUtility.exe utility, which itself downloads the latest release of Clover, makes the necessary minimal settings and writes the resulting image to a USB flash drive.

    Don’t be afraid of the outrageous site, the utility works perfectly 🙂

    To download the utility, click on the picture with the letters «Bu» and a blue arrow in the middle of the site 🙂

    Note

    To solve our problem, we will use an additional boot flash drive from which Clover will boot over the BIOS, identify your new fast NVMe SSD and give it a command to boot your brand new 64-bit Windows 10 (or any other).

    From now on, the flash drive will forever be installed in a free USB port on your computer, until you update the old hardware!

    Yes, those who have a laptop should take care that there are few free USB ports, and a long flash drive sticking out of the laptop all the time may not be aesthetic enough.

    On the other hand, now your flash drive is the coolest security key to your computer, because without it the computer simply won’t turn on, and guessing that a flash drive should BE, and even with Clover, is a task for true special services.

    If there is an extra SATA drive…

    Theoretically, you can try to put Clover on an extra SATA disk or even a memory card, if there are any in the system and booting from them is supported (I have no disks left, demolished everything, buzzing, and there was no option to boot from memory cards). In any case, the documentation for Clover allows this. However, in this case, you will have to manually conjure the boot area.

    Creating an installation flash drive

    If you managed to download the BDUtility utility, run it. It runs under Windows and with administrator rights, be careful.

    The happy owner of other operating systems should skip this step and return to Clover Configurator above.

    Run BDUtility.exe

    Next, you need to perform a series of settings so that the utility downloads the latest Clover distribution, configures it and writes it to your USB flash drive. The flash drive must be inserted into a USB port, and preferably cleanly formatted.

    Note

    BDUtility currently pulls Clover releases from sourceforge.net, which hosts releases up to version Clover_v2.5k_r5070.zip . After that, the development of Clover was moved to GitHub, where release Clover_v2.5k_r5097.zip is now hosted. Learn it at work. BDUtility can optionally use pre-downloaded releases of Clover (but compatible with BDUtility) if you need to use the latest release.
    We sent requests to the developers of Clover and BDUtility with a request to communicate with each other and switch BDUtility to GitHub.

    BDUtility setup:

    1. Make sure your flash drive is detected by the utility
    2. Go to utility settings Options => Configuration
    3. Check the Check at Startup checkbox to check for a new version of Clover on every boot
    4. Click the Check Now button to download the latest Clover release now
    5. (optional, recommended) Uncheck Boot Partition Size so that the entire volume of your flash drive is allocated to the Colver loader, otherwise you will see additional disks (unoccupied and unallocated partitions of the flash drive) in «My Computer» , which after a while will start to annoy you
    6. Press OK
    7. Press the button Format , examine the configuration of the bootloader being created and press OK
    8. Expect a positive outcome (sit on the stove, cheer up. ..)

    Now that the flash drive is ready, try booting from it. Don’t forget to set your BIOS to boot disk => your flash drive.

    If the download succeeds, the screen should appear something like this, with a list of current download options. You can try to find your boot entry and load the current OS.

    NVMe drivers

    If your NVMe SSD is already in your computer, don’t try to find it in Clover’s settings — it’s not there. The fact is that by default Clover does not load drivers for NVMe devices. Drivers must be included in the download manually.

    To do this, open the flash drive in the explorer.

    Go to the folder G:\EFI\CLOVER\drivers\off (where drive «G» is your flash drive, and folder «off» is the folder with unconnected Clover drivers).

    Find the file NvmExpressDxe.efi

    Press Ctrl + C to copy the file to the clipboard, and copy the file to the folders G:\EFI\CLOVER\drivers\BIOS and and EFI\CLOVER\drivers\UEFI . Just in case, we copy it to both folders so as not to figure out what BIOS you have now, the old BIOS or the old UEFI.

    We reboot the computer, boot from the Clover flash drive and observe the number of icons on the screen indicating boot options — there should be more of them, because now Clover sees your NVMe SSD.

    Half the battle is over!

    Installing a new OS on a new NVMe SSD

    Next, in order to take advantage of booting from a fast NVMe SSD, we need to actually put the system on it. And there is a nuance. In order to avoid problems in the future with attempts to boot from your NVMe disk from under Clover, it is highly recommended not to transfer your current system to a new disk, but to install a new system on the NVMe disk from scratch. The problem is rooted in the type of bootloader your operating system was chosen and used when it was installed on the computer. If you now have a system with a BIOS without NVMe support, then the current OS bootloader is focused on the BIOS, and not on the EFI.

    It is to this bootloader that Clover transfers control, and in EFI emulation mode. For reference, the clover loader of my Win64 is on the clover flash drive here G:\EFI\BOOT\BOOTX64.efi

    Transferring such an OS to an NVMe disk and using it to boot in EFI mode just won’t work, you will need to manually change the OS bootloader , and this is laborious, not quite justified and fraught, IMHO.

    Therefore, we boldly stock up on a license key for the new OS (well, or find where the old one is) and go to the Media Creation Tool download page to make a boot disk for your Windows operating system. The fact is that for some time now Microsoft has begun to include both BIOS and EFI bootloaders in the image created by the Media Creation Tool. And now this bootable flash drive can boot absolutely on any systems with Legacy BIOS, UEFI and EFI. And before, you had to process the resulting boot image and integrate Rufus into it to boot in EFI mode (for example, scroll to the middle).

    Note

    Yes, you will need a second bootable flash drive to install the OS on the NVMe SSD.
    No, you won’t be able to write a Windows distribution to a flash drive with Clover.

    OS installation

    Installing the operating system on the new NVMe SSD is quite regular and fast.
    You need to boot with two flash drives inserted, and boot from a clover flash drive, and not from a Windows distribution, do not mix it up.

    In the Clover interface, find the download from the flash drive with the distribution of your OS. Next, the installation of the OS should begin. At some point, the system will reboot (you are installing Windows), and you will have to choose to continue booting from your NVMe SSD, again, do not mix it up! Do not choose to re-boot from the OS distribution, otherwise the installation will simply start over, and we need it to continue from the SSD and, preferably, complete.

    After installing a new system on your new NVMe SSD, an entry will appear in Clover that a new OS was installed from under it. Also, the boot icon for the new OS should appear first in the list of downloads, and if I’m not confusing anything, then it will be called «Boot Microsoft EFI Boot from EFI» .

    And after the final installation of the OS, remove the USB flash drive with its distribution so that it no longer appears in Clover and in My Computer.

    And in your BIOS, the disk boot order should always start with a clover stick until you upgrade the hardware to support EFI.

    Then, and only then, can you proudly put your now aged NVMe SSD first! .

    That’s it, actually

    Now, every time you reboot, you will be taken to the Clover interface and press the Enter key (if your OS is listed first). But then enjoy the new system and fast SSD 🙂

    Unfortunately, in the absence of Clover Configuator, I was not able to configure Clover so that it automatically loads my OS, for example, after 5 seconds. inaction. To avoid pressing the Enter key every time. But of course there is such an option in Clover.

    I would be grateful if someone knows how to set up such a boot mode manually, without a configurator. The Clover settings file is usually located here G:\EFI\CLOVER\config.plist
    Tags are said to be responsible for this option:

     Timeout
    5
    and
    DefaultVolume
    LastBootedVolume 

    The first specifies the delay time before autoloading, and the second — the id of the disk from which we want to boot by default, or the LastBootedVolume value, which remembers the id of the last disk from which the boot was performed.

    But for some reason it doesn’t work for me 🙁

    There is a suspicion that with these values ​​there is some kind of lag in Clover on AMD. Either the timer does not count, or LastBootedVolume is not remembered, but I’m not sure.

    PS
    But if you initially paid a little more, and bought not a PCI-E >> M. 2 adapter, but a Raid controller for M.2 disks, then you would not have to read all of the above, and even more so to do all this … Because The raid controller has its own microsystem and emulates (or mimics) itself as a Legacy device, making available all the disks inserted into it in all BIOSes, old and new.

    UPD
    Users alpha_ds and walkman7 kindly added the DefaultVolume tag and a link to the Clover web configurator to the post.
    Thanks to igrblkv for the tip on CloverGitHub.

    How to boot from M.2 SSD Windows 10? Focus on 3 ways

    How Boot From M 2 Ssd Windows 10

    Summary :

    What is M.2 SSD? How to install Windows 10 on M.2 SSD? How to boot from M.2 SSD? This post from MiniTool will show you how to set up M.2 as your boot drive in three different ways. If you want to know how to install Windows 10 on an NVMe SSD and get the best performance, keep reading.

    Quick Navigation:

    What is an M.

    2 SSD?

    When it comes to improving computer performance, choosing the fastest storage device is the smart move. So, an M.2 SSD would be a good choice. M.2, also known as the next generation form factor, is an interface standard for ultrabooks or tablet computers that can be used to replace mSATA SSDs.

    M.2 SSD has more flexible physical characteristics, which allows you to use modules of different widths and lengths. Overall, it is smaller than an mSATA SSD.

    M.2 SSD supports PCIe 3.0, SATA 3.0 and USB 3.0 while mSATA SSD only supports SATA. The M.2 SSD delivers fast speeds and stores more data than most mSATA SSDs. M.2 SSD has a maximum speed of 4GB per second while SATA SSD can only handle 600MB per second.

    For more information about M.2 SSD, you can read the post: M. 2 SSD vs SATA SSD: which one is right for your PC? — Mini Tool

    With faster speed, more and more users would like to install M.2 SSD in their computers and ask if they can boot from M.2 SSD or set up M.2 as boot drive. Of course you can.

    In the next section, we will explain how to boot from an M.2 SSD or how to install Windows 10 on an M.2 SSD.

    3 ways to boot from M.2 SSD

    In this section, we will show you 3 ways to boot from M.2 SSD. If you don’t want to reinstall the OS on an M.2 SSD, you can try the first two methods. It will be much easier for them to install M.2 as their boot drive. If you want to clean install Windows 10, use the third method.

    Note: To boot from M.2 SSD, first check if your computer supports M.2 interface.

    Method 1: Clone OS to M.2 SSD via MiniTool ShadowMaker

    To install Windows 10 on M.2 SSD, you can clone the OS from the source drive to M.2 SSD and boot from it. In this way, you will not lose personal data, as well as save time and convenience.

    So, to clone OS on M.2 SSD, you can use the clone tool — MiniTool ShadowMaker, which will help you clone OS from HDD to SSD without damaging the original data.

    It is also a product of professional Windows backup software to keep your PC and data safe by creating backup images.

    So, with so many features, just download it using the following button or choose to buy the extended version.

    Now, here is a guide on how to install M.2 as a boot drive.

    Step 1 Install M.2 SSD on PC

    First you need to install M.2 SSD on your PC. You can read the post How to Install an M.2 SSD in a Desktop PC take the link.

    Step 2: Install and run MiniTool ShadowMaker

    1. After installing the M.2 SSD on your computer, you need to install MiniTool ShadowMaker.
    2. Then run it.
    3. Press Continue test .
    4. Click Connect to This computer continue.

    Step 3. Select clone source and destination

    1. After entering its main interface, go to tools page.
    2. Click Clone disk .
    3. Press Source module to select the disk clone source. Here you need to select the original system drive as the clone source.
    4. Press Destination module to select the destination drive. Here you need to select M.2 SSD as the target drive. Then press End to continue.

    Step 4 Start cloning OS to M.2 SSD.

    1. After selecting the source and destination disks to clone, click OK on the Clone Disk page, then MiniTool ShadowMaker will start cloning the disk.
    2. Do not interrupt this process until it is finished.

    When the disk cloning process is completed, you will receive the following warning message. It tells you that the source and destination drive have the same signature, so delete either one. If you want to boot from the target drive, first change the BIOS settings.

    Step 5. Set M.2 SSD as boot drive

    1. After cloning OS to M.2 SSD, you need to set M.2 as boot drive to boot from it.
    2. So, restart your computer to enter the BIOS. Start your computer and press a hotkey such as F2 (it may differ depending on the make of your computer) to enter the BIOS.
    3. Then go to Downloads tab to change the boot order. You need to install an M.2 boot drive as the first boot sequence.

    When all steps are completed, you can boot your computer with M.2 SSD. Thus, setting M.2 as a boot drive is very easy.

    Method 2: Clone OS to M.2 SSD using MiniTool Partition Wizard

    To install Windows 10 on M.2 SSD and boot from M.2, we will show you the second method. So you can also clone OS to M. 2 SSD.

    MiniTool provides another tool to clone an operating system to an M.2 SSD. This is the MiniTool Partition Wizard. is a partition magic designed to optimize partition and disk usage, such as extending a partition, performing data recovery, partition repair and so on.

    With so many features, download it right away to have a try.

    Now we will show you how to clone OS to M.2 SSD and how to boot from M.2 Windows 10 boot disk.

    Step 1. Install M.2 SSD in your computer

    First you also need to install M.2 SSD in your computer. For detailed operating instructions, you can use the first method listed above.

    Step 2 Start cloning OS to M.2 SSD.

    1. After installing the M.2 SSD on your computer, install the MiniTool Partition Wizard and run it.

    2. After entering the main interface of MiniTool Partition Wizard, select the source system disk and select Copy from context menu to continue.

    3. Select the target drive. Here you have to select M.2 SSD as the target drive. Then press next .

    4. Select the available copy options. Then press next .

    • For SSD users, option Align partitions to 1MB is recommended as it may improve disk performance.
    • If you choose option Use GUID partition table for target disk , target disk will be converted to GPT and this is a paid feature.

    buy now

    5. Then carefully read the note about changing the boot order if you want to boot from M.2 SSD. Then press End to continue.

    6. Finally, you can review the changes and click Apply to execute them.

    Step 3: Change Boot Order in BIOS

    After cloning OS to M.2 SSD, you need to enter BIOS settings to change boot order and set M.2 SSD as default boot drive. For detailed operating instructions, use the first method listed above.

    After you have completed all the steps, you can successfully boot your computer with M.2 SSD.

    In addition to the disk clone function, MiniTool Partition Wizard also provides Move OS to SSD function that allows you to move OS to M.2 SSD.

    Method 3: Install Windows 10 on NVMe SSD

    In the above part, we showed you how to set up a Windows 10 M.2 boot disk in two ways. In this part, we will show you the third way.

    If you don’t want to use the original operating system and want to install a new one, try this method. Before reinstalling the OS, please back up your important files.

    Here’s a guide to installing Windows 10 on an M.2 SSD.

    Step 1: Create your Windows 10 9 installation media0263

    1. To install Windows 10 on an M.2 SSD, you first need to create Windows 10 installation media.
    2. Click here to download the Microsoft Media Creation tool.
    3. Then run it on your computer. You can read the post Windows 10 Media Creation Tool Complete Guide: How to Use to learn how to use it to create Windows 10 installation media.0263

      Then you need to install the M.2 SSD on your computer. For detailed instructions, refer to the first method above.

      Step 3: Start installing Windows 10 on M.2 SSD.

      1. Connect the Windows 10 installation media to your computer and boot from it.

      2. After booting the computer from the installation media, select the language, time, and keyboard. Then press next to continue.

      3. Then click Install now to continue.

      4. Next, you need to enter your Windows license key. You can also select option I don’t have product key and sign in later.

      5. Then accept the license terms and press next to continue.

      6. You need to choose which type of installation you want. Here we take the last one — Custom: install only Windows (advanced) For example.

      7. Select the disk to install Windows 10. Here you need to select the M.2 SSD. Then press next to continue.

      8. Then you need to wait for the Windows 10 installation to complete.

      9. After the process is complete, enter the BIOS to change the boot order and boot the computer from the M.2 SSD. For detailed instructions, refer to the first method above.

      After completing all the steps, you can successfully boot from the M.2 SSD.

      From the information above, this publication provides 3 ways to install Windows 10 on an M.2 SSD and also shows you how to boot from an M.2 SSD. If you want to use the original operating system, you can clone the OS to M.2 SSD. If you want to reinstall Windows 10 on M.2 SSD, you can try the third solution.

      After installing Windows 10 on M.2 SSD, you can get better performance because M. 2 SSD provides high transfer speed.

      Using NVME SSD as system drive on computers with older BIOS and Linux OS

      If configured properly, you can boot from NVME SSD even on older systems. It is assumed that the operating system (OS) is able to work with NVME SSD. I am considering booting the OS, because with the drivers available in the OS, the NVME SSD is visible in the OS after booting and can be used. Additional software (software) for Linux is not required. For OS of the BSD family and other Unixes, the method is most likely also suitable.

      To boot from any storage device, the bootloader (BOP), BIOS or EFI (UEFI) must contain drivers for this device. NVME SSD drives are quite new devices compared to BIOS, and there are no such drivers in the firmware firmware of older motherboards. In EFI without NVME SSD support, you can add the appropriate code, and then it becomes possible to fully work with this device — you can install the operating system and boot it. For old systems with so-called. «legacy BIOS» booting the OS is unlikely to do this. However, this can be bypassed.

      How to

      I used openSUSE Leap 15.1. For other Linux, the steps will be about the same.

      1. Prepare the computer to install the operating system.
      You need a PC or server with a free PCI-E 4x slot or longer, no matter which version, PCI-E 1.0 will suffice. Of course, the newer the PCI-E version, the faster the speed will be. Well, actually, NVME SSD with M.2 adapter — PCI-E 4x.
      You also need some kind of drive with a capacity of 300 MB or more, which is visible from the BIOS and from which you can load the OS. It can be an HDD with IDE, SATA, SCSI connection. S.A.S. Or USB flash drive or memory card. It won’t fit on a floppy disk. A CD-ROM will not work and will need to be rewritten. DVD-RAM — no idea. We will conditionally call this thing a “legacy BIOS drive”.

      2. Load Linux for installation (from an optical disk or a bootable flash drive, etc. ).

      3. When partitioning a disk, let’s distribute the OS among the available drives:
      3.1. Let’s create a partition for the GRUB bootloader at the beginning of the «legacy drive BIOS» with a size of 8 MB. I note that here the openSUSE feature is used — GRUB on a separate partition. For openSUSE, the default file system (FS) is BTRFS. If you place GRUB on a partition with a BTRFS file system, then the system will not boot. Therefore, a separate section is used. You can place GRUB elsewhere, as long as it boots.
      3.2. After the partition with GRUB, we will create a partition with part of the system folder (“root”), namely with “/boot/”, 300 MB in size.
      3.3. The rest of the goodness — the rest of the system folder, the swap partition, the «/home/» user partition (if you decide to create one) can be placed on the NVME SSD.

      After installation, the system loads GRUB, which loads files from /boot/, after which the NVME SSD becomes available, then the system boots from the NVME SSD.
      In practice, I got a significant speedup.

      Capacity requirements for «legacy drive BIOS»: 8 MB for GRUB partition is the default, and somewhere between 200 MB for /boot/. 300 MB I took with a margin. When updating the kernel (and when installing new ones), Linux will replenish the /boot/ partition with new files.

      Speed ​​and cost estimate

      The cost of NVME SSD 128 GB — from about 2000 rubles.
      The cost of an M.2 adapter — PCI-E 4x — from about 500 rubles.
      Also available are M.2 to PCI-E 16x adapters for four NVME SSD drives, priced somewhere from 3000 rubles. — if anyone needs it.

      Speed ​​limits:
      PCI-E 3.0 4x around 3900 MB/s
      PCI-E 2.0 4x 2000 MB/s
      PCI-E 1.0 4x 1000 MB/s MB/s
      We can assume that the achievable speed will be:
      PCI-E 3.0 4x about 3500 MB/s
      PCI-E 2.0 4x about 1800 MB/s
      PCI-E 1.0 4x about 900 MB/s

      Which is faster than SATA 600 MB/s. Achievable speed for SATA 600 MB/s is about 550 MB/s.
      At the same time, on older motherboards, the SATA speed of the onboard controller may not be 600 MB / s, but 300 MB / s or 150 MB / s. Here onboard controller = SATA controller built into the southbridge of the chipset.

      I note that NCQ will work for NVME SSDs, while older on-board controllers may not.

      I did the calculations for PCI-E 4x, but some drives have a PCI-E 2x bus. This is enough for PCI-E 3.0, but for older PCI-E standards — 2.0 and 1.0 — it is better not to take such NVME SSDs. Also, a drive with a buffer in the form of a memory chip will be faster than without it.

      For those who want to completely abandon the on-board SATA controller, I advise you to use the Asmedia ASM 106x controller (1061, etc.), which provides two SATA 600 ports (internal or external). It works quite well (after a firmware update), in AHCI mode it supports NCQ. Connected via PCI-E 2.0 1x bus.

      Its maximum speed is:
      PCI-E 2.0 1x 500 MB/s
      PCI-E 1.0 1x 250 MB/s
      The achievable speed will be:
      PCI-E 2. 0 1x 460 MB/s
      PCI-E 1.0 1x 280 MB /s

      This is enough for one SATA SSD or two hard drives.

      Noticed defects

      1. SMART parameters are not read from NVME SSD, there is only general data on the manufacturer, serial number, etc. Perhaps due to too old motherboard (mp). For my inhuman experiments, I used the oldest mp I could find, with an nForce4 chipset.

      2. TRIM should work, but it needs to be checked.

      Conclusion

      There are other options: buy a SAS controller with a PCI-E 4x or 8x slot (are there 16x or 32x?). However, if they are cheap, they support SAS 600, but SATA 300, and expensive ones will be more expensive and slower than the method proposed above.

      For use with M$ Windows, you can install additional software — a bootloader with built-in drivers for NVME SSD.

      See here:
      www.win-raid.com/t871f50-Guide-How-to-get-full-NVMe-support-for-all-Systems-with-an-AMI-UEFI-BIOS.html
      www.win-raid.com/t3286f50-Guide-NVMe-boot-for-systems-with-legacy-BIOS-and-older-UEFI-DUET-REFIND. html
      forum.overclockers.ua/viewtopic.php?t =185732
      pcportal.org/forum/51-9843-1
      mrlithium.blogspot.com/2015/12/how-to-boot-nvme-ssd-from-legacy-bios.html

      Does he need such an NVME SSD application, or would it be better to buy a new motherboard (+ processor + memory) with an existing M.2 PCI-E connector and support for booting from NVME SSD in EFI.

      Matt Mills
      hardware
      0

      Everyone knows by now that a PCIe NVMe SSD is much faster than a 2.5″ SATA 3 SSD, at least in theory. On this website, we have already analyzed the advantages of NVMe SSD in terms of gaming performance , what about the beginning a Windows PC ? We will talk about this in this article in order to understand whether it is worth making a system SSD. NVMe or SATA .

      We are in a market where there are practically no home PCs without an SSD, at least for the operating system and basic programs. Many users prefer to use an NVMe SSD for this purpose with another SATA 3 SSD like Mass Storage as they are still much cheaper but this is the best situation for best representation of ?

      How much time does an NVMe SSD save compared to a SATA SSD when booting a PC?

      When we made the «leap» from mechanical HDDs to the first SSDs at that time, the performance improvement of the whole system increased markedly, especially when we talk about boot time. However, already in the solid state ecosystem, when we moved from the SATA 2 interface to the SATA 3 interface, we did not notice too much improvement, although it is true that we did get more performance, especially in loading and transferring tasks. files.

      A priori, like solid state devices with a PCI-Express The NVMe interface and protocol have significantly better performance than the 2.5-inch format and the SATA 3 interface (on average, we are talking about multiplying the speed by 6), they should make PC boot much faster, right? However, we will see on empirical data how big this performance increase is, how much time it will save us and, of course, whether it is worth the change.

      Before proceeding with the tests, as always, it is necessary to clarify that each computer is different In fact, when we talk about the startup time of the Windows system, it largely depends on the programs that you have installed, and, in particular, on the residents that they start when you turn on the PC. This means that the results each user will get will be empirically different, but even so we are going to show you a comparison on the same hardware with an SSD clone on another (so the programs are the same on both) and so the performance increase figure will be accurate.

      However, for this comparison, we used a 3.0TB PCIe 220 NVMe Transcend SSD 1S SSD and compared it to a 512GB Corsair Neutron XTi, two «reasonable» SSDs in terms of performance and price. For testing, we used the MSI Z370 Gaming M5. motherboard along with Intel Core i7-8700K processor and 32GB Corsair Dominator Platinum RGB DDR3600 4MHz RAM.

      As we mentioned before, we cloned the contents of one SSD to another so that both have an exact Windows installation with all programs, so the data we would get with a clean Windows installation would be better, comparing the performance of both SSDs is completely credible . Note that Windows Fast Startup is enabled in the BIOS.

      We measured the time with a digital stopwatch from the moment we pressed the power button on the box until the Windows desktop appeared allowing us to work with it, but we also measured the POST time. Here is the result:

      From this comparison, we can draw two main conclusions: the first is that the POST time increases slightly (by only two tenths of a second) with a slower SSD, such as the SATA 3 interface option, and the second is that the total time that we save when fully loaded with the Windows 10 9 operating system0262 just over 3 seconds .

      The 3.3 seconds we save by installing the operating system on an NVMe SSD represents a improvement of 12.13% of in terms of total boot time and only 4.25% of POST time. Please note that according to our data, the total boot time with the SATA 3 SSD was 27.2 seconds, and with the NVMe device this time was reduced to 23.9 seconds.

      Should I install Windows on an NVMe device?

      We have already seen that, according to our own tests, the improvement when using an NVMe SSD to install the operating system is 12.13% compared to installing Windows on a SATA 3 SSD, an improvement that may seem quite significant, but in fact, with the values ​​we’re dealing with (going from having to wait 27. 2 seconds to 23.9 seconds) means just waiting 3.3 more than 9 seconds0003

      So is it worth buying an NVMe SSD to install the operating system? It will depend on each and their budget. We would tell you that if you are mounting a PC completely from scratch, choose NVMe for the operating system, because this is the most optimal option, as you will save time not only when starting the PC, but also when working with files, downloading games, etc. D. etc. . However, if you already have a SATA 3 SSD with operating system and plan to upgrade to NVMe, then update might not be worth it .

      You also have to keep one thing in mind: with a clean install of the operating system, the difference in performance (at least in terms of boot time, which we are talking about here) will be even smaller, since you will have to download fewer programs at the beginning. On the other hand, we used a PCIe 3.0 SSD for comparison, but the latest models already with a PCIe 4. 0 interface will give us better performance and therefore less time (which is obviously better). In short, boot times between NVMe and SATA SSDs are short, small but large in percentage terms, and one has to evaluate if it makes up for the jump and of course the price difference.

      Using new NVMe SSDs as a boot drive on older systems with Legacy BIOS (for any OS)

      A short tutorial on how to implement bootable NVMe SSD support on older motherboards with Legacy BIOS using Clover (for any OS). Following in the footsteps of this post, where, in my opinion, the solution is not so elegant and not for all BIOS & OS.

      Problem

      Old BIOSes do not see new NVMe SSDs, unlike EFI (UEFI). Modern operating systems, as a rule, see these disks, and after loading the OS, you can work with the disk, but the old BIOS does not, therefore, you will not be able to boot from the new fast disk. Well, because you cannot give a command to load something that is not visible.

      Prelude

      An NVMe SSD drive, as a rule, has an M.2 connector, and works, as it were, directly with the processor, via the PCI-E bus.

      Therefore, if your motherboard does not have an M.2 connector, then first it is recommended to get a PCI-E >> M.2 adapter, or a PCI-E RAID controller for an M.2 SSD.

      There are few advanced NVMe SSD drives that have their own legacy device emulator. For example Samsung 950 Pro has an extra rom to boot as a Legacy device on older BIOSes. But the entire EVO series does not have such an opportunity.

      Solution

      A bit of history

      Many years ago, when Intel began supplying Apple with its processors and components for use in Macs, there was a need to pre-test hardware for compatibility with MacOS. Then Intel engineers wrote a tricky DUET bootloader, which is a UEFI emulator that boots on top of the Legacy BIOS and allows you to run operating systems that require UEFI (MacOS, for example).

      However, using DUET «directly» is not a very trivial task (example, or another, b-rrr…), requiring a lot of manual operations, depending on the specific hardware and OS, and understanding what exactly you are doing.

      Later, DUET was taken as the basis for several multi-loader projects. One of them is Hackintosh — a project to install the latest MacOS on any Intel, and later AMD machines. As a result of the development of Hackintosh, the multifunctional bootloader Clover (Clover) appeared, which, of course, is sharpened for loading MacOS and Intel, but now it can be successfully used to boot anything on almost anything. Here it is, Clover, we will use to solve our problem.

      Clover Configurator

      Clover itself is also tuned not anyhow, and in order to somehow facilitate the tuning process in the future, the Clover Configurator tuning utility was released, and many manuals for use.

      But the trouble is that Clover Configurator only works in MacOS, and on Windows you can only run it in VmWare at best.

      Let’s not go this way … we have paws and Mustday.

      Boot Disk Utility (BDUtility.exe)

      Especially for those who have paws, one Russian enthusiast wrote the BDUtility.exe utility, which itself downloads the latest release of Clover, makes the necessary minimal settings and writes the resulting image to a USB flash drive.

      Don’t be afraid of the outrageous site, the utility works perfectly 🙂

      To download the utility, click on the picture with the letters «Bu» and a blue arrow in the middle of the site 🙂

      Note

      To solve our problem, we will use an additional boot flash drive from which Clover will boot over the BIOS, identify your new fast NVMe SSD and give it a command to boot your brand new 64-bit Windows 10 (or any other).

      From now on, the flash drive will forever be installed in a free USB port on your computer, until you update the old hardware!

      Yes, whoever has a laptop should take care that there are few free USB ports, and a long flash drive sticking out of the laptop all the time may not be aesthetic enough.

      On the other hand, now your flash drive is the coolest security key to your computer, because without it the computer simply won’t turn on, and guessing that a flash drive should BE, and even with Clover, is a task for true special services.

      Creating an installation flash drive

      If you managed to download the BDUtility utility, run it. It runs under Windows and with administrator rights, be careful.

      The happy owner of other operating systems should skip this step and return to the Clover Configurator above.

      Run BDUtility.exe

      Next, you need to perform a series of settings so that the utility downloads the latest Clover distribution, configures it and writes it to your USB flash drive. The flash drive must be inserted into a USB port, and preferably cleanly formatted.

      BDUtility setup:

      1. Make sure your flash drive is recognized by the utility
      2. Go to utility settings Options => Configuration
      3. Check the Check at Startup checkbox to check for a new version of Clover on every boot
      4. Click the Check Now button to download the latest Clover release now
      5. (optional, recommended) Uncheck Boot Partition Size so that the entire volume of your flash drive is allocated to the Colver loader, otherwise you will see additional disks (unoccupied and unallocated partitions of the flash drive) in «My Computer» , which after a while will start to annoy you
      6. Press OK
      7. Press the button Format , examine the configuration of the bootloader being created and press OK
      8. Expect a positive outcome (sit on the stove, cheer up. ..)

      Now that the flash drive is ready, try booting from it. Don’t forget to set your BIOS to boot disk => your flash drive.

      If the download succeeds, the screen should appear something like this, with a list of current download options. You can try to find your boot entry and load the current OS.

      NVMe drivers

      If your NVMe SSD is already in your computer, don’t try to find it in Clover’s settings — it’s not there. The fact is that by default Clover does not load drivers for NVMe devices. Drivers must be included in the download manually.

      To do this, open the flash drive in the explorer.

      Go to the folder G:\EFI\CLOVER\drivers\off (where drive «G» is your flash drive, and folder «off» is the folder with unconnected Clover drivers).

      Find the file NvmExpressDxe.efi

      Press Ctrl + C to copy the file to the clipboard, and copy the file to the folders G:\EFI\CLOVER\drivers\BIOS and and EFI\CLOVER\drivers\UEFI . Just in case, we copy it to both folders so as not to figure out what BIOS you have now, the old BIOS or the old UEFI.

      We reboot the computer, boot from the Clover flash drive and observe the number of icons on the screen indicating boot options — there should be more of them, because now Clover sees your NVMe SSD.

      Half the battle is over!

      Installing a new OS on a new NVMe SSD

      Next, in order to take advantage of booting from a fast NVMe SSD, we need to actually put the system on it. And there is a nuance. In order to avoid problems in the future with attempts to boot from your NVMe disk from under Clover, it is highly recommended not to transfer your current system to a new disk, but to install a new system on the NVMe disk from scratch. The problem is rooted in the type of bootloader your operating system was chosen and used when it was installed on the computer. If you now have a system with a BIOS without NVMe support, then the current OS bootloader is focused on the BIOS, and not on the EFI.

      It is to this bootloader that Clover transfers control, and in EFI emulation mode. For reference, the clover loader of my Win64 is on the clover flash drive here G:\EFI\BOOT\BOOTX64.efi

      Transferring such an OS to an NVMe disk and using it to boot in EFI mode just won’t work, you will need to manually change the OS bootloader , and this is laborious, not quite justified and fraught, IMHO.

      Therefore, we boldly stock up on a license key for the new OS (well, or find where the old one is) and go to the Media Creation Tool download page to make a boot disk for your Windows operating system. The fact is that for some time now Microsoft has begun to include both BIOS and EFI bootloaders in the image created by the Media Creation Tool. And now this bootable flash drive can boot absolutely on any systems with Legacy BIOS, UEFI and EFI. And before, you had to process the resulting boot image and integrate Rufus into it to boot in EFI mode (for example, scroll to the middle).

      Note

      Yes, you will need a second bootable flash drive to install the OS on the NVMe SSD.
      No, you won’t be able to write a Windows distribution to a flash drive with Clover.

      OS installation

      Installing the operating system on the new NVMe SSD is quite regular and fast.
      You need to boot with two flash drives inserted, and boot from a clover flash drive, and not from a Windows distribution, do not mix it up.

      In the Clover interface, find the download from the flash drive with the distribution of your OS. Next, the installation of the OS should begin. At some point, the system will reboot (you are installing Windows), and you will have to choose to continue booting from your NVMe SSD, again, do not mix it up! Do not choose to re-boot from the OS distribution, otherwise the installation will simply start over, and we need it to continue from the SSD and, preferably, complete.

      After installing a new system on your new NVMe SSD, an entry will appear in Clover that a new OS was installed from under it. Also, the boot icon for the new OS should appear first in the list of downloads, and if I don’t confuse anything, then it will be called «Boot Microsoft EFI Boot from EFI» .

      And after the final installation of the OS, remove the USB flash drive with its distribution so that it no longer appears in Clover and in My Computer.

      And your BIOS boot order should always start with a clover stick until you upgrade your hardware to support EFI.

      Then, and only then, can you proudly put your now aged NVMe SSD first! .

      That’s it, actually

      Now, every time you reboot, you will be taken to the Clover interface and press the Enter key (if your OS is listed first). But then enjoy the new system and fast SSD 🙂

      Unfortunately, in the absence of Clover Configuator, I was not able to configure Clover so that it automatically loads my OS, for example, after 5 seconds. inaction. To avoid pressing the Enter key every time. But of course there is such an option in Clover.

      I would be grateful if someone knows how to set up such a boot mode manually, without a configurator. The Clover settings file is usually located here G:\EFI\CLOVER\config.plist
      The tag is said to be responsible for this option:

       Timeout
      5 

      But for some reason it doesn’t work for me 🙁

      P.S.
      But if you initially paid a little more, and bought not a PCI-E >> M.2 adapter, but a Raid controller for M.2 disks, then you would not have to read all of the above, and even more so to do all this … Because The raid controller has its own microsystem and emulates (or mimics) itself as a Legacy device, making available all the disks inserted into it in all BIOSes, old and new.

      Windows 10 takes a long time to boot on nvme ssd

      SSD

    4. What to do if Windows 10 boots slowly on SSD
    5. Solution 1 – Disable ULPS
    6. Solution 2: Change Power Options to High Performance
    7. Solution 3: Disable unnecessary startup services
    8. Solution 4 – Enable fast startup
    9. Solution 5: Update the AHCI driver
    10. Solution 6: Disable the DVD drive
    11. Solution 7: Uninstall your graphics card drivers. Solution 8: Adjust your virtual memory settings0003

      In this guide, I will list a number of possible fixes to explain why your SSD may be slowing down when booting. These issues should fix load times, and in some cases they can improve overall performance.

      Because it can be difficult to pinpoint your problem, I will offer advice in order from easiest to hardest. Hopefully your SSD will be back up and running at full speed in no time. And if this does not help, you will have to contact the computer service.

      Full SSDs get slower

      The less space your SSD has, the slower it will run. However, things aren’t as bad as you might think these days. Old SSD technology had this problem, so unless you have an old SSD — we’re talking about 2010 — this won’t be a problem.

      However, if your SSD is 90% full or higher, you may notice some performance issues. It is at this point that you must clear the place.

      You can check your memory capacity by pressing the Windows key, typing PC and pressing This PC is .

      Turn on high performance mode

      Here’s a quick potential solution. Switch to high performance mode by following the instructions below.

      Reduce the number of startup applications

      By reducing the startup time for applications when the computer boots up, the computer boot time will improve. Even though SSDs can read and write data faster, dozens of running applications will still slow your downloads down.

      To reduce the number of applications that start on first boot, do the following.

      Check for viruses

      If viruses or malware are running in the background, your system resources may be excessive. Run a virus scan to completely eliminate all existing malware on your computer with antivirus software.

      Disable ultra low power

      Ultra Low Power, or ULPS for short, is a power saving mode that can affect performance and boot times. This is a feature for AMD graphics cards in Crossfire that can sometimes cause slow loading.

      Please note that if you are using NVIDIA or have one AMD graphics card, this will not cause you any problems.

      I will explain how you can turn it off below. Please follow the instructions carefully.

      It may take some time to find the EnableULPS registry key. Once it appears, double-click on the EnableULPS value and change it from 1 to 0.

      Summary

      This summarizes our view on how to fix SSD slow boot time in Windows 10. This is usually a software issue like one of listed above. Replies (7)
      Let’s disable fast computer startup for one session. This will clear the computer’s RAM of possible garbage.

      Press Start, Shutdown and hold down the Shift key, Shut down.

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      Check the controller mode in the BIOS of the computer. SSD needs AHCI.

      In the search, type Scheduler and open Task Scheduler. Disable all tasks in it. Press Win+R, in the field type taskmgr /0 /startup and press Enter. Disable everything that is in autoload. Restart your computer.

      See if the problem is gone.

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      Please try to check the system components of your copy of Windows: https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/929833

      Starting the command prompt as Administrator, run the command:
      Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth

      Then, after waiting for the previous command to complete, run the command: Please do not close the command line window until the verification is 100% complete. The results of the verification will be shown after the completion of this process.

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      9 Ways to Fix Slow Boot Times in Windows 10 on SSD

      We recently recommended that you get an SSD drive if you have problems with slow booting in Windows 10. But if your computer boots slowly even after how you got the SSD, this could be a problem. Fortunately, not a problem that we cannot solve.

      When it comes to boot speeds, SSDs are superior to HDDs, as some SSDs (when paired with the right hardware) can start a computer in a couple of seconds.

      And since we know how SSDs work, if your computer takes a little longer to boot up, you should know something is wrong and needs to be fixed.

      So, check out our solutions for slow booting in Windows 10 on a solid state drive.

      What to do if Windows 10 boots slowly on an SSD

      There are various issues that can occur with your SSD and in this article we will address the following issues:

      Solution 1 – disable ULPS is the most common and most effective solution to this problem, judging by the number of positive reviews.

      ULPS stands for Ultra Low Power and is a kind of power saver for your graphics card.

      For example, when your computer «goes to sleep», your video card will do the same, so you will have to wait a few more seconds at the next startup for your video card to «wake up».

      Disabling ULPS will improve both wakeup and startup performance, so this solution should be your first call.

      Here’s what you need to do to disable the ULPS feature in Windows 10:

      After doing this workaround, try restarting your computer and it will boot at least a little faster. On the other hand, if the download is still slow, try some of the solutions below.

      Can’t access Registry Editor? Everything is not as scary as it seems. Check out this guide and solve the problem quickly.

      Solution 2: Change power settings to high performance

      If disabling ULPS doesn’t work, try changing power settings to high performance. Here’s exactly what you need to do:

      This should change your meal plan, which will affect your next run and hopefully speed up boot time.

      Can’t find your power plans? Get them back by following the simple steps in this article.

      Solution 3: Disable unnecessary services at startup

      Now you can try to disable unnecessary services and programs and start.

      If you’re interested in how to add or remove startup apps in Windows 10, check out this simple guide.

      Can’t open Task Manager? Don’t worry, we have the right solution for you.

      Solution 4 – Turn on Fast Startup

      Fast Startup is a feature in Windows 10 that makes your computer boot faster. If you have problems with slow downloads, you can fix them by enabling this feature. To do this, simply follow these simple steps:

      Fast Startup is enabled by default, but sometimes some updates may disable it. If this feature is already enabled on your PC, disable it and check if that solves the problem.

      Can’t open Control Panel in Windows 10? Check out this step by step guide to find the solution.

      Solution 5: Update the AHCI driver

      Users have reported slow boot issues, and in order to fix them, you need to update the AHCI driver. This is relatively simple, and you can do it by following these steps:

      Windows can’t automatically find and load new drivers? Don’t worry, we will provide you.

      This is one of the easiest ways to update drivers, but it is not the most reliable. If you want to get the latest drivers, you need to download and install them manually.

      To do this, visit your motherboard manufacturer’s website and download the required drivers.

      After installing the latest drivers for your motherboard, slow boot problems should be completely resolved. Many users reported that updating their AHCI driver fixed the issue for them, so be sure to try this solution.

      Update drivers automatically

      If this method doesn’t work or you don’t have the necessary computer skills to manually update/fix your drivers, we strongly recommend that you do it automatically using the Tweakbit Driver Updater tool.

      This tool is approved by Microsoft and Norton Antivirus and protects your system from permanent damage caused by installing the wrong driver version.

      After several trials, our team concluded that this was the best automated solution. Below you can find a short guide on how to do this:

      Disclaimer : Some features of this tool are not free.

      Solution 6: Disable your DVD drive

      If you’re having issues with slow booting in Windows 10, you can fix this problem simply by disabling your DVD drive. According to users, this issue was caused by a faulty DVD drive, and after disabling it, the issue was resolved.

      To disable the DVD drive, you must turn off your computer and unplug it from the electrical outlet. Next, you need to open the computer case and disconnect the cables that are connected to your DVD drive.

      The problem should then be resolved. Keep in mind that opening the computer case will void your warranty, so you should probably skip this solution if your PC is still under warranty.

      Solution 7: Uninstall your graphics card drivers.

      If you’re having slow boot issues, the issue might be with your graphics card. Several users have reported that they are stuck on a black screen when trying to start Windows. According to users, the problem seems to be related to AMD drivers.

      To fix this issue, users are suggesting to uninstall AMD drivers from your computer. To do this, follow these steps:

      After uninstalling the driver, check if the problem is resolved. If you want to remove all files associated with your graphics card, we have already written a guide to using Display Driver Uninstaller, so be sure to check it out.

      After uninstalling the driver, Windows will use the default driver. The default driver may not provide the same performance so it is recommended to update it.

      If you are having problems with the latest version of the driver, be sure to install an older version and see if that solves the problem.

      Although AMD users have reported this issue, other brands of graphics cards can also cause this issue, so be sure to repeat this solution for them as well.

      To install the new GPU drivers, check out this article to help you get all the required GPU drivers.

      Solution 8: Adjust your virtual memory settings

      According to users, you can fix slow boot issues simply by adjusting the amount of virtual memory. To do this, follow these steps:

      After doing this, the problem should be resolved. Keep in mind that this is not a universal solution, so it may not work for you.

      If your virtual memory is too low, check out this guide to help you resolve the issue.

      Solution 9 – Reset Windows 10

      If you are still having slow boot issues on Windows 10, you may want to consider resetting Windows 10. This process will delete all files from your system drive, so be sure to make a backup first copy of important files.

      If you want to learn the easiest way to back up your data in Windows 10, check out this helpful guide.

      Alternatively, you can use the software backup. Here is a list of the best backup solutions available right now.

      It’s also worth mentioning that you may need a Windows 10 installation media to reset, so create it with the Media Creation Tool.

      To reset Windows 10, do the following:

      If you’re interested in how to create Windows 10 installation media, check out this step-by-step guide. The simple steps will help you create DVD/USB with Windows 10 on it in no time.

      Having trouble restarting your computer? Take a look at this article to help you solve them.

      After the reset is completed, check if the problem still occurs. If not, you just need to move your backup files and install all your apps again. Keep in mind that this is a radical solution, so you should only use it if other solutions don’t work.

      That should be all, I hope these solutions helped you with your problem. If you have any comments, questions and suggestions, or you may have some additional solutions, just refer to the comments section below.

      Source

      Why Windows 10 takes a long time to boot from an SSD and 9 ways to speed it up Compared to HDD drives, the performance of solid fuel drives is higher. But many users notice that the Windows 10 operating system takes a long time to boot from SSD disk storage. What factors affect the performance of the device, how to fix the situation, let’s try to figure it out.

      Possible causes of the problem

      Windows 10 booting slowly from an SSD occurs for various reasons. It is not always possible to identify the problem the first time. The main and main reason affecting the performance of a solid fuel device is the lack of free disk space. When the disk memory is full, the indicator notifies you by turning red. This occurs when there is less than 10% free space left on the disk. In this case, the user needs to clear the disk of excess garbage.

      The main reasons for the slow loading of the «tens» also include:

      Most of the problems described occur during the operation of a laptop or desktop computer. But slow booting Windows 10 from an SSD can happen on newer devices too. Here the reason lies, most likely, in a large number of loaded services at the same time as the system starts. Also, the computer may not fully meet the requirements of the operating system. Fixing the problem and rebooting the gadget usually helps restore drive performance.

      What to do if Windows 10 boots slowly on an SSD?

      In order for the non-volatile storage device to work without interruption, you need to use one of the instructions below.

      Disabling ULPS

      The very first method that can help the user troubleshoot a problem is to disable ultra-low power. The option acts as an energy-saving tool for the PC video card. When the device enters sleep mode, the video adapter will also go to sleep. When you turn on the gadget, the user will need to wait a few seconds for the component to activate again.

      Disabling ULPS will help improve performance when the device starts up, as well as when it wakes up. To disable the function, you need to follow the algorithm:

      After that, the user will have to check the download speed of the computer. If the setting remains unchanged and the gadget is still loading slowly, move on to the next method.

      Changing power settings to high performance

      Incorrect power settings can affect the performance of the SSD. To increase the download speed of Windows 10, the user needs to enable the high performance mode in the settings through the Control Panel:

      The next time you start the computer, changing the power settings should change the OS boot speed.

      Disable unnecessary services

      Device boot time can be affected by automatic startup of applications and programs. Disabling unnecessary utilities will help reduce PC boot time. To configure autorun applications, the user needs to open «Windows Settings», disable autorun applications that are not currently in use.

      It is advisable to carry out the procedure with all applications that greatly affect the PC boot time. It is not recommended to disable startup programs that are responsible for computer security. If the device still takes a long time to start, move on to the next method.

      Enabling fast startup

      The «top ten» has a quick startup option, which contributes to the rapid loading of the PC. You need to enable the function through the «Power Options» section, using the following instructions:

      The user will have to shut down the computer, then turn it on again. Download acceleration should occur due to the changed settings.

      Resetting the AHCI driver

      The procedure is simple, even an inexperienced user can handle this task. The main thing is to follow the instructions:

      The necessary drivers can be installed manually, you will need to download them from the official website of the manufacturer. Then install the drivers on the PC.

      Disconnecting the DVD Drive

      The problem of slow booting of a computer with an SSD may disappear if the user disconnects this device. To complete the operation, you will need to do the following:

      This troubleshooting option is only suitable for computer owners if the warranty period has already expired. Therefore, it is not recommended to open a PC with a guarantee.

      Uninstalling video card drivers

      A graphics adapter responsible for displaying information or graphics on the screen can affect the PC boot speed. If the video card malfunctions, the user needs to do the following:

      After completing all the points, the user needs to check if the problem has been resolved. After removing the video card component, Windows will apply the default items.

      Configuring virtual memory settings

      The gadget uses virtual data storage to increase the amount of available RAM. When there is not enough RAM, the computer runs a resource-intensive program that affects the performance of the device.

      Virtual memory is configured as follows:

      This option does not always solve the problem, and therefore is not suitable for all users. Perhaps the following method will help gadget owners to increase PC boot speed.

      Resetting Windows 10

      Using this method will cause all saved data on the computer to be deleted. Therefore, before starting actions, it is advisable to copy important documents by saving them to another device or removable media.

      You can reset the system as follows:

      After completing all the steps, the problem with the slow start of the PC should disappear. The user will have to transfer all the copied files back to the device.

      Slow SSD boot time in Windows 10 is solved by one of the suggested methods. Usually the problem is software in nature. The user is also advised to check the operating system for virus threats that can seriously affect a significant part of PC resources. As a result, this causes problems with the performance of the device and its components.

      Source

      Windows 10 takes a long time to boot from an SSD: Solutions

      SSDs are known to offer much better performance than HDDs. However, some users notice that the Windows 10 operating system installed on the SSD does not load as quickly as they would like.

      Today we will analyze the simplest ways to eliminate such a slowdown using OS settings. But first, let’s talk about another reason for the slow loading of Windows from an SSD — the lack of free space on the system drive.

      Checking how full the SSD is

      Open Windows Explorer, for example, using the hot keys «Windows» + «E», and click «This PC» on the left side of the window. Turn on the «Tile» icon display option in the «View» tab on the top panel and see how full your SSD is.

      The amount of free and used space is displayed on the indicator

      When there is little space left on the disk, the disk full indicator turns red. If the SSD is less than 10% free, performance issues may begin. In this case, clear the disk of unnecessary data. After freeing up space on the system SSD, the speed of its operation and, accordingly, the loading of the operating system should increase.

      Changing power options

      To increase the boot speed of Windows 10, turn on the high performance mode in the power options in the Control Panel.

      We are looking for the «Control Panel»

      Open the power settings

      Change the power plan to «High performance»

      We also recommend changing the setting, which will be discussed below.

      Turning on Fast Startup

      Windows 10 has a Fast Startup feature that allows your computer to boot faster. This option is enabled in the same Power Options window in the Control Panel.

      Select «What do the power buttons do»

      Click on the link «Change settings that are not currently available» Windows operating system, which inevitably increases the boot time of the computer. In order to achieve faster OS loading, we need to open the startup settings in Windows Settings and disable the autorun of as many applications as possible.

      Open «Apps and Features» from the context menu of the Start button

      Disable autorun programs with high impact a significant portion of PC resources, which cannot but cause problems with performance in general and with slow loading of Windows 10 from an SSD in particular.

      Source

      Video

      👉 Windows 10 takes a long time to start. The problem is in the Intel® Management Engine Interface. Solution #2

      Why does Windows take so long to boot? Everything you need to know about the speed of turning on the computer

      👉 Windows 10 takes a long time to start (dark screen).

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