Highest endurance ssd: Best SSDs 2023: SATA, NVMe, and Add-in Cards

Intel SSD 670p M.2 NVMe SSD Review: Scaling QLC to Higher Heights

When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Here’s how it works.

144 layers of QLC flash

(Image: © Tom’s Hardware)

Tom’s Hardware Verdict

Intel’s SSD 670p delivers on both speed and security with faster throughput and hardware encryption support. While Intel’s SSD 670p leverages QLC flash, it is tweaked and tuned where it matters, making it a stellar consumer-oriented PCIe 3.0 NVMe SSD.

Why you can trust Tom’s Hardware
Our expert reviewers spend hours testing and comparing products and services so you can choose the best for you. Find out more about how we test.

Intel’s SSD 670p rocks an updated PCIe 3.0 x4 controller and the company’s new 144-Layer QLC flash, offering up efficient and performant storage in a slim-yet-spacious M.2 package. It also comes with AES 256-bit hardware encryption support, making it a secure pick for those with sensitive data.  

Intel’s SSD 6-series M.2 NVMe SSDs brought Intel’s QLC flash to the mainstream market. With bargain price points and plenty of capacity, both the SSD 660p and SSD 665p have been excellent options for value seekers willing to accept less-than-mainstream levels of performance. However, while responsive, these SSDs couldn’t quite keep pace with the best SSDs on the market and lacked the endurance ratings we have grown accustomed to with TLC flash-based SSDs. 

While those SSDs have historically been good budget picks, Intel’s SSD 670p aims to take the SSD 6 series to another level. Intel’s SSD 670p is more than a simple revision — the low-cost M.2 SSD comes with the latest leading-edge NAND technology, improved endurance, and plenty of optimizations for office productivity and gaming.


Swipe to scroll horizontally

Header Cell — Column 0 SSD 670p 512GB SSD 670p 1TB SSD 670p 2TB
Pricing $89. 00 $154.00 $329.00
Capacity (User / Raw) 512GB / 512GB 1024GB / 1024GB 2048GB / 2048GB
Form Factor M.2 2280 M.2 2280 M.2 2280
Interface / Protocol PCIe 3.0 x4 / NVMe 1.3 PCIe 3.0 x4 / NVMe 1.3 PCIe 3.0 x4 / NVMe 1.3
Controller Silicon Motion SM2265 Silicon Motion SM2265 Silicon Motion SM2265
Memory Intel 144L QLC Intel 144L QLC Intel 144L QLC
Sequential Read 3,000 MBps 3,500 MBps 3,500 MBps
Sequential Write 1,600 MBps 2,500 MBps 2,700 MBps
Random Read (QD1) 20,000 IOPS 20,000 IOPS 20,000 IOPS
Random Write (QD1) 54,000 IOPS 54,000 IOPS 54,000 IOPS
Random Read 110,000 IOPS 220,000 IOPS 310,000 IOPS
Random Write 315,000 IOPS 330,000 IOPS 340,000 IOPS
Security AES 256-bit FDE AES 256-bit FDE AES 256-bit FDE
Endurance (TBW) 185 TB 370 TB 740 TB
Warranty 5-Years 5-Years 5-Years

The SSD 670p is available in capacities of up to 2TB with pricing that ranges from $0. 15-$0.17 per gigabyte. Intel tweaked and tuned the drives for low queue depth requests, making them snappy in everyday desktop PC tasks, and also focused on tuning for mixed read/write workloads to assure strong performance in more demanding workloads. 

The SSD 670p can deliver up to 3.5/2.7 GBps of sequential read/write throughput and sustain up to 20,000/54,000 random read/write IOPS at a queue depth (QD) of 1, an important metric to quantify snappiness during non-demanding tasks. Peak performance reaches up to 310,000/340,000 random read/write IOPS at a queue depth of 256. Notably, these specifications are based on the SSD’s dynamic SLC cache. Because cache performance is so important, Intel optimized the design to improve performance when the drive is nearly full.

(Image credit: Intel)

Like the SSD 665p, the 2TB SSD 670p’s cache measures up to 280GB when the device is empty, but the dynamic cache remains available until the drive is 85% full, an improvement over the 75% threshold with the older drive. At that point and beyond, the drive will operate with only a static SLC cache that measures 6GB per 512GB of capacity.  

Intel’s SSD 670p features global wear-leveling and supports robust LDPC error correction capabilities, end-to-end data path protection, and DRAM ECC and SRAM ECC for data reliability. These, in conjunction with the new flash’s enhancements, enable Intel to back the Intel SSD 670p with a five-year warranty and improve its write endurance over its predecessor. The 670p’s write endurance rating is 185 TBW for every 512GB of capacity, but the drive is only overprovisioned by 7% from the factory (2% less than Samsung drives, on average). 

While Intel has improved the SSD 670p’s endurance rating over its predecessors (endurance jumps from 100-150TBW per 512GB to 185TBW), the drive still can’t entirely overcome the endurance penalties associated with QLC flash. For instance, the Adata XPG Gammix S50 Lite comes with TLC flash and features 370TBW per 512GB of capacity, while the TLC-powered Samsung 970 Evo Plus comes with 300TBW per 512GB of capacity. The SSD 670p trails these drives in endurance but most consumers will write roughly 60-160TB of data in five years, meaning the 670p should provide plenty of endurance for a typical user. 

Software and Accessories

Image 1 of 3

(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)

Intel supports the SSD 670p with the Intel Memory and Storage Tool (Intel MAS). This software allows you to monitor drive health, run diagnostic tests, update the firmware, and manually clear the SLC cache. Additionally, Intel provides an NVMe driver for its consumer SSDs, but at the time of publication, the latest downloadable version (version will not install on the SSD 670p. 

A Closer Look

Image 1 of 3

(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)

Intel’s SSD 670p comes in an M.2 2280 single-sided form factor for compatibility with the latest thin and light devices. Aesthetically, the SSD 670p’s green PCB and the white sticker aren’t the most attractive, but that only matters if you’re going to place the drive inside a new desktop build with a see-through panel and leave it exposed without a heatsink.

Image 1 of 2

(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)

The SSD 670p uses a custom Silicon Motion’s SM2265 controller, one of the company’s latest NVMe SSDs controllers specifically optimized for use with Intel’s latest 144-Layer 3D QLC flash. The SM2265’s architecture is similar to the SM2267 that powers the Adata XPG Gammix S50 Lite, but it lacks the higher-bandwidth PCIe Gen4 interface, employing a Gen3 PHY instead.  

The SM2265 leverages two Arm Cortex R5 CPU cores for I/O processing and interfaces with a single 2Gb Nanya DDR3L-1866 DRAM chip to buffer FTL metadata. It’s produced on a 28nm process node for cost-effective production and cool thermals. The drive also supports power-saving features, including ASPM, APST, and L1.2 sleep (rated at just 3mW of consumption), along with hardware-accelerated AES 256-bit encryption with support for Pyrite 2.0 for the security-conscious.

(Image credit: Tom’s Hardware)

Our 2TB sample comes armed with sixteen dies of Intel’s latest 144-Layer QLC flash, with eight dies per package. 2) and layer heights the company has ever achieved. To reach 144 layers, Intel has moved to a 3-deck stack (48+48+48 layers) design, an industry first for mass-produced flash.

(Image credit: Intel)

In this block-by-deck architecture, Intel separates each deck with a dummy layer, and each deck can operate as either SLC or QLC. For more efficient block erases, each deck can be erased without touching the data stored on the other decks. Intel says this approach helps tremendously with garbage collection and boosts quality of service (QoS) significantly. 

The flash architecture also incorporates CMOS under the array (CuA) tech to boost density and features quad-plane access to enhance parallelism. Intel uses a floating gate cell design to optimize die space and boost data retention. Intel also claims the design can handle more parallel data operations.

Image 1 of 3

(Image credit: ISSCC 2021)(Image credit: ISSCC 2021)(Image credit: ISSCC 2021)

Intel also implemented a new independent multi-plane read operation (IMPRO) technique to double the number of read operations by splitting the four planes into dual two-plane groups that can be read asynchronously, allowing the SSD to simultaneously read from the TLC and QLC portions of the flash. The asynchronous nature of IMPRO can create noise coupling. To mitigate that effect, Intel configures the charge-pumps, wordline/bitline regulators, and drop-out (LDO) regulators to drive separate loads in each plane group. 

Additionally, to address the sensitivity of QLC technology and reduce first-pass program penalties, the flash features a 4-16 multi-pass programming algorithm and a 1-2-6-6 Gray code. The cells are optimized via a quad-level dynamic start technique that first programs the cell to a 4-level state, and then after the data is read from the cells, the cells are programmed into the final 16-state level.


MORE: How We Test HDDs And SSDs

MORE: All SSD Content

  • 1

Current page:
Features and Specifications

Next Page 2TB Performance Results

Sean is a Contributing Editor at Tom’s Hardware US, covering storage hardware.

I have no interest in mining Chia but new super-long endurance SSDs have caught my attention

When you purchase through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission. Here’s how it works.

(Image credit: Sabrent)

Audio player loading…

Chia mining has the potential to create a storage shortage, which is a real drag considering that certain CPUs, GPUs, and even some power supply units are almost always out of stock. But if looking at the proverbial glass as being half full, Chia mining could also lead to SSD makers putting a greater effort towards making drives that are rated to last longer.

A lot longer, in fact—Sabrent’s new Plotripper and Plotripper Pro SSDs are the latest example of this, with endurance ratings that put most consumer models to shame.

These are not yet available, but it looks like Sabrent will be releasing at least three models, with endurance ratings ranging from 10,000 terabytes written (TBW) to 54,000 TBW.

(Image credit: Sabrent)

As the company is quick to point out, the highest end model is built to last 18 times longer than a typical SSD that leverages triple-level cell (TLC) NAND flash memory chips.

In some cases, that is a conservative estimate. For example, the 2TB model of WD’s SN850, one of the best SSDs for gaming , has a 1,200 TBW. Compared to that drive, Sabrent’s 2TB Plotripper Pro is a whopping 45 times more durable.

Smaller capacities have lower endurance ratings because they fill up faster (memory cells wear out after repeated write operations), and Chia mining can wreck a typical 512GB SSD in as little as six weeks . Still, a standard 2TB SSD might only last 160 days.

This is prompting SSD makers to focus on drive endurance. TeamGroup had already been doing that with its T-Create Expert SSDs for creators, which offer an endurance level of up to 12,000 TBW. More recently, TeamGroup pivoted to pitching its T-Create Expert SSDs as being ideally suited for the «new crypto craze,» and now Sabrent is following suit with its Plotripper and Plotripper Pro lines.  

It would not surprise me if other drive makers followed suit. The bigger question is, will high endurance SSDs become the norm if and when Chia mining loses its luster? I hope so.

We may find out soon enough. Chia launched four weeks ago with an initial price of just under $1,600, then quickly lost half its value on the same day. It then spiked to nearly $1,700 a couple weeks later before dropping again (it’s every bit as volatile as other popular cryptocurrencies), and for the time being has settled at around $700.

What about performance? Sabrent has not yet provided any speed ratings, or information on pricing or availability either (only that these drives are «coming soon»). However, endurance does not necessarily have to come at the expense of fast read and writes. Those T-Create drives are rated to deliver up to 3,400MB/s of sequential reads and 3,000MB/s of sequential writes—very good good numbers for a PCIe 3.0 drive.

Here’s hoping Chia miners won’t be the only ones to benefit from the recent focus on SSD endurance.

Sign up to get the best content of the week, and great gaming deals, as picked by the editors.

Contact me with news and offers from other Future brandsReceive email from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors

Paul has been playing PC games and raking his knuckles on computer hardware since the Commodore 64. He does not have any tattoos, but thinks it would be cool to get one that reads LOAD»*»,8,1. In his off time, he rides motorcycles and wrestles alligators (only one of those is true).

Synology SAT5200

SSD | Servers, graphics and workstations. Data storage and archiving systems

SATA SSD, Synology SAT5200, ideal for mixed and intensive 24/7 workloads while delivering consistent I/O performance, low latency and minimal downtime. These drives are available in capacities up to 1.92TB and are specifically designed for maximum compatibility and optimization in Synology NAS systems. The company also released the M.2 2280 (SNV3400) model for the M. 2 slots used for caching.

The drive uses a Phison PS3112-S12DC for the SSD controller. Random reads and writes are expected to reach 98000 IOPS and 60000 IOPS respectively for the 1.92TB model. What stands out about this release is the promise of long, low latency. Unsurprisingly, the SAT5200 also features high endurance and reliable performance: 1145TB for TBW, 1.3 DWDP, and 1.5 million hours for MTBF.

In addition, Synology’s new drive features end-to-end data protection to ensure further data integrity and consistency in data transfer, as well as a power loss protection circuit design, which means that it has special capacitors that provide enough power to reset the input data during unexpected power losses.

With a 5-year warranty, the Synology SAT5200 SSD is available in 480GB, 960GB, and 1.92TB capacities for $180, $350, and $600, respectively.

Synology SAT5200 Specifications

SAT5200-480G SAT5200-960G SAT5200-1920G
General Capacity 480 GB 960 GB 1. 92 TB
Shape factor 2.5″ 7mm 2.5″ 7mm 2.5″ 7mm
Interface SATA 6Gb/s SATA 6Gb/s SATA 6Gb/s
Capacity Sequential Read (128 KB, QD32) 530MB/s 530MB/s 530MB/s
Sequential write (128 KB, QD32) 500MB/s 500MB/s 500MB/s
Random Read (4KB, QD32) 95,000 IOPS 98,000 IOPS 98,000 IOPS
Random write (4 KB, QD32) 55,000 IOPS 67,000 IOPS 60000 IOPS
Endurance and reliability Terabyte written (TBW) * 1145 TB 2290 TB 4581 TB
Drive writes per day (DWPD) 1.3 1.3 1.3
Mean time between failures (MTBF) 1. 5 million hours 1.5 million hours 1.5 million hours
Uncorrectable bit error rate (UBER) <1 sector in 10 17 read bits <1 sector in 10 17 read bits <1 sector in 10 17 read bits
Power loss protection
Warranty* 5 years 5 years 5 years
Power input Supply Voltage 5 V (± 10%) 5 V (± 10%) 5 V (± 10%)
Active Read (typ.) 2.6 W 2.9 W 3.1 W
Active write (typ.) 4.2 W 4.6 W 5.1 W
idle 1.4 W 1.5 W 1.6 W
temperature Operating Temperature 0°C to 70°C (32°F to 158°F) 0°C to 70°C (32°F to 158°F) 0°C to 70°C (32°F to 158°F)
Storage temperature -40°C to 85°C (-40°F to 185°F) -40°C to 85°C (-40°F to 185°F) -40°C to 85°C (-40°F to 185°F)
others Size (height x width x depth) 7 mm x 69. 85 mm x 100 mm 7 mm x 69.85 mm x 100 mm 7 mm x 69.85 mm x 100 mm
  • FCC
  • CE
  • BSMI
  • VCCI
  • RCM
  • KC
  • RoHS



Copyright © 2015 — Tiscom

Samsung’s fastest and most capacious 2TB SSDs

The company introduced the latest SSD drives — Samsung 960 PRO and 960 EVO M.2

Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. over the past two decades, has introduced its latest Solid State Drives (SSDs), the Samsung 960 PRO and 960 EVO.

These V-NAND M.2 SSDs feature market-leading Memory Express (NVMe) SSD non-volatile memory technology. With the release of such a powerful, resilient and powerful floating drive, equipped with the new and more reliable Samsung Magician software package, Samsung is once again accelerating the march of the NVMe era across the planet.

Samsung pushes the boundaries of laptop and PC performance

The revolutionary 960 PRO and 960 EVO SSDs set new frontiers in computing performance. In particular, this is due to the new controller, which raises the bar for SSD performance for the average user. The 960 PRO achieves a maximum data transfer rate of 3500MB/s sequential read and 2100MB/s write, and random read and write speeds up to 440,000 and 360,000 IOPS, respectively.

Features of Samsung’s new SSDs

Packed with more technology and innovation than ever before, these SSD models are designed for users who are looking for faster, smaller storage solutions. The presented drives are capable of processing significant amounts of any data, downloading games and transferring large files, as well as displaying 4K video, analyzing information of various formats on ultra-thin laptops and desktop computers with high bandwidth and minimal latency.

Both models use the Peripheral Component Interconnect Express (PCIe) Gen. 3 x4 interface, which is highly compatible with NVMe specifications. This interface provides efficient use of the high-speed PCIe bus and optimizes the performance of both hardware configurations and software products, allowing you to fully use all the advantages of NVMe technologies for SSDs. The boards support Samsung Dynamic Thermal Guard technology, which manages the performance of the drive during periods of extreme load.

According to Un-Soo Kim, SVP of Samsung Electronics Application Development and Memory Product Planning, for more than 30 years, the Korean IT giant has continued to meet the growing needs of consumers by innovating to push the boundaries of new memory models. NVMe-based V-NAND storage technology is currently the most advanced solution of the NVMe era that has come into its own.

Specifications SSD 960 EVO

960 EVO is available in 250GB, 500GB and 1TB capacities and provides users with the performance of a new generation of computing systems. For the first time on the 960 EVO, Samsung’s innovative Intelligent TurboWrite technology maximizes sequential read speeds up to 3200MB/s and write speeds up to 1900MB/s. The EVO board’s random read speed is up to 380,000 IOPS, while the random write speed is capable of overclocking up to 360,000 IOPS. Fee 9The 60 EVO comes with a three-year limited warranty and up to 400 Terabytes of Recording (TBW) for 1TB media.

In addition to the industry-leading performance, power, and proven reliability guarantee of the 960 SSDs that the company offers, Samsung also provides a brand new and completely refurbished Magician software interface with an updated user interface that allows users to manage various SSD settings, including firmware upgrades. applications.

Detailed specification SSD 960 EVO

  • 960 EVO ideal for casual NVMe users looking for next generation PC performance
  • Available in 250GB, 500GB and 1TB capacities
  • Samsung’s first board to integrate Samsung Intelligent TurboWrite technology for faster sequential reads and Write
  • Sequential Read <=3200MB/s
  • Sequential Write <=1900MB/s
  • 3-year limited warranty up to 400 TBW for 1TB capacity
  • Dynamic Thermal Guard technology to adjust performance levels and prevent overheating
  • M. 2 form factor ideal for ultra-thin laptops and personal computers.
  • PCIe Gen.3 x4 interface
  • Compatible with all NVMe specifications.

Specifications SSD 960 Pro

The 960 PRO is the world’s fastest M.2 SSD. This NVMe-SSD also offers 2 terabytes of capacity. Such a large parameter is the highest capacity available for purchase among M.2 NVMe SSDs, along with 512GB and 1TB versions.

The 960 PRO’s capacity upgrade is made possible by Samsung’s V-NAND technology and external redesign. As user demand for more power continues to grow, the new 960 PRO with high power is ready to meet the increased storage needs of personal data and information. For the 960 PRO boards, the manufacturer promises additional reliability and endurance, a five-year limited warranty, and up to 1.2 Petabytes of write capacity for 2TB media.

Detailed specification SSD 960 PRO

  • Available in 512GB, 1TB and 2TB capacities
  • Samsung’s highest-end NVMe consumer SSD (2TB) latest generation, pro-level performance and endurance with new innovative PCB design
  • Sequential read speed <= 3500 MB/s
  • Sequential write speed <= 2100 MB/s
  • Five-year limited warranty up to 1.