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Intel Xeon Silver 4208 vs Intel Pentium 4 631 Benchmarks, Specs, Performance Comparison and Differences

Intel Xeon Silver 4208 vs Intel Pentium 4 631

Comparison of the technical characteristics between the processors, with the Intel Xeon Silver 4208 on one side and the Intel Pentium 4 631 on the other side. The first is dedicated to the server sector, It has 8 cores, 16 threads, a maximum frequency of 3,2GHz. The second is used on the desktop segment, it has a total of 1 cores, 2 threads, its turbo frequency is set to 3,0 GHz. The following table also compares the lithography, the number of transistors (if indicated), the amount of cache memory, the maximum RAM memory capacity, the type of memory accepted, the release date, the maximum number of PCIe lanes, the values ​​obtained in Geekbench and Cinebench.

Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above.

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Specification comparison:


Intel Xeon Silver 4208

Intel Pentium 4 631
Market (main)



x86-64 (64 bit)

x86-64 (64 bit)

Cascade Lake

Core name

Cascade Lake-SP


Xeon Silver 4200

Pentium 4
Part number(s), S-Spec











Release date

Q2 2019

Q1 2006

14 nm

65 nm

188. 000.000




Base frequency

2,1 GHz

3,0 GHz
Turbo frequency

3,2 GHz

High performance cores

8 Cores 16 Threads @ 2,1 / 3,2 GHz

1 Core 2 Threads @ 3,0 GHz

Cache memory

11 MB

2 MB
Max memory capacity

1 TB

2 GB
Memory types



Max PCIe lanes



85 W

86 W
Suggested PSU

600W ATX Power Supply

600W ATX Power Supply
GPU integrated graphics




Compatible motherboard

Socket LGA 3647 Motherboard 

Socket LGA 775 Motherboard 
Maximum temperature


64. 1°C
AI accelerator

Deep Learning Boost

Crypto engine

AES New Instructions


Trusted Execution Technology,

Execute Disable Bit,

Mode-based Execute Control

Execute Disable Bit

CPU-Z single thread


CPU-Z multi thread


Cinebench R15 single thread


Cinebench R15 multi-thread

1. 087

PassMark single thread


PassMark CPU Mark


Geekbench 4 single core


Geekbench 4 multi-core


(Linux | Windows)
Geekbench 5 single core


(Linux | Windows)
Geekbench 5 multi-core


GFLOPS performance

246,7 GFLOPS

(Multi-core / watt performance)
Performance / watt ratio

162 pts / W

13 pts / W


Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above.

We can better compare what are the technical differences between the two processors.

Suggested PSU: We assume that we have An ATX computer case, a high end graphics card, 16GB RAM, a 512GB SSD, a 1TB HDD hard drive, a Blu-Ray drive. We will have to rely on a more powerful power supply if we want to have several graphics cards, several monitors, more memory, etc.

Price: For technical reasons, we cannot currently display a price less than 24 hours, or a real-time price. This is why we prefer for the moment not to show a price. You should refer to the respective online stores for the latest price, as well as availability.

The processor Intel Xeon Silver 4208 has more cores, the maximum frequency of Intel Xeon Silver 4208 is greater, that the PDT of Intel Xeon Silver 4208 is lower. The Intel Xeon Silver 4208 was designed earlier.

Performance comparison with the benchmarks:

Performance comparison between the two processors, for this we consider the results generated on benchmark software such as Geekbench.

CPU-Z — Multi-thread & single thread score
Intel Xeon Silver 4208


Intel Pentium 4 631



In single core, the difference is 387%. In multi-core, the differential gap is 1895%.

Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above. These scores are only an
average of the performances got with these processors, you may get different results.

CPU-Z is a system information software that provides the name of the processor, its model number, the codename, the cache levels, the package, the process. It can also gives data about the mainboard, the memory. It makes real time measurement, with finally a benchmark for the single thread, as well as for the multi thread.

Cinebench R15 — Multi-thread & single thread score
Intel Xeon Silver 4208


1. 087
Intel Pentium 4 631



In single core, the difference is 100%. In multi-core, the differential gap is 2165%.

Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above. These scores are only an
average of the performances got with these processors, you may get different results.

Cinebench R15 evaluates the performance of CPU calculations by restoring a photorealistic 3D scene. The scene has 2,000 objects, 300,000 polygons, uses sharp and fuzzy reflections, bright areas, shadows, procedural shaders, antialiasing, and so on. The faster the rendering of the scene is created, the more powerful the PC is, with a high number of points.

PassMark — CPU Mark & single thread
Intel Xeon Silver 4208


Intel Pentium 4 631



In single core, the difference is 90%. In multi-core, the differential gap is 1239%.

Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above. These scores are only an
average of the performances got with these processors, you may get different results.

PassMark is a benchmarking software that performs several performance tests including prime numbers, integers, floating point, compression, physics, extended instructions, encoding, sorting. The higher the score is, the higher is the device capacity.

On Windows:

Geekbench 4 — Multi-core & single core score — Windows
Intel Xeon Silver 4208


Intel Pentium 4 631



In single core, the difference is 202%. In multi-core, the differential gap is 1141%.

Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above. These scores are only an
average of the performances got with these processors, you may get different results.

Geekbench 4 is a complete benchmark platform with several types of tests, including data compression, images, AES encryption, SQL encoding, HTML, PDF file rendering, matrix computation, Fast Fourier Transform, 3D object simulation, photo editing, memory testing. This allows us to better visualize the respective power of these devices. For each result, we took an average of 250 values on the famous benchmark software.

On Windows:

Geekbench 5 — Multi-core & single core score — Windows
Intel Xeon Silver 4208


Intel Pentium 4 631



In single core, the difference is 297%. In multi-core, the differential gap is 1859%.

Note: Commissions may be earned from the links above. These scores are only an
average of the performances got with these processors, you may get different results.

Geekbench 5 is a software for measuring the performance of a computer system, for fixed devices, mobile devices, servers. This platform makes it possible to better compare the power of the CPU, the computing power and to compare it with similar or totally different systems. Geekbench 5 includes new workloads that represent work tasks and applications that we can find in reality.


Intel Xeon Silver 4208 AMD equivalentIntel Pentium 4 631 AMD equivalent

See also:

Dual Intel Xeon Silver 4208

Intel Pentium 4 630

Intel Xeon Gold 6230 vs Intel Pentium 4 1.9

Comparative analysis of Intel Xeon Gold 6230 and Intel Pentium 4 1.9 processors for all known characteristics in the following categories: Essentials, Performance, Memory, Compatibility, Peripherals, Security & Reliability, Advanced Technologies, Virtualization.
Benchmark processor performance analysis: PassMark — Single thread mark, PassMark — CPU mark.

Intel Xeon Gold 6230

Buy on Amazon


Intel Pentium 4 1.9

Buy on Amazon



Reasons to consider the Intel Xeon Gold 6230

  • CPU is newer: launch date 17 year(s) 8 month(s) later
  • 19 more cores, run more applications at once: 20 vs 1
  • Around 105% higher clock speed: 3.90 GHz vs 1.9 GHz
  • A newer manufacturing process allows for a more powerful, yet cooler running processor: 14 nm vs 180 nm
  • 160x more L1 cache, more data can be stored in the L1 cache for quick access later
  • 80x more L2 cache, more data can be stored in the L2 cache for quick access later

Launch date 2 April 2019 vs August 2001
Number of cores 20 vs 1
Maximum frequency 3. 90 GHz vs 1.9 GHz
Manufacturing process technology 14 nm vs 180 nm
L1 cache 1.25 MB vs 8 KB
L2 cache 20 MB vs 256 KB

Reasons to consider the Intel Pentium 4 1.9

  • Around 81% lower typical power consumption: 69.2 Watt vs 125 Watt

Thermal Design Power (TDP) 69.2 Watt vs 125 Watt

Compare benchmarks

CPU 1: Intel Xeon Gold 6230
CPU 2: Intel Pentium 4 1.9

Name Intel Xeon Gold 6230 Intel Pentium 4 1. 9
PassMark — Single thread mark 2107
PassMark — CPU mark 44697

Compare specifications (specs)

Intel Xeon Gold 6230 Intel Pentium 4 1.9
Architecture codename Cascade Lake Willamette
Family Xeon Gold
Launch date 2 April 2019 August 2001
Launch price (MSRP) $1894, $1900
Place in performance rating 461 not rated
Processor Number 6230
Series 6200 Legacy Intel® Pentium® Processor
Vertical segment Server Desktop

64 bit support
Base frequency 2. 10 GHz 1.90 GHz
Bus Speed 4 × 8 GT/s 400 MHz FSB
L1 cache 1.25 MB 8 KB
L2 cache 20 MB 256 KB
L3 cache 27.5 MB
Manufacturing process technology 14 nm 180 nm
Maximum case temperature (TCase) 87 °C 73 °C
Maximum frequency 3. 90 GHz 1.9 GHz
Number of cores 20 1
Number of threads 40
Number of Ultra Path Interconnect (UPI) Links 3
Die size

217 mm2
Maximum core temperature

Transistor count

42 million
VID voltage range

1. 570V-1.75V
ECC memory support
Max memory channels 6
Maximum memory bandwidth 131.13 GB/s
Maximum memory size 1 TB
Supported memory frequency 2933 MHz
Supported memory types DDR4-2933 DDR1, DDR2
Sockets supported FCLGA3647 PPGA478, PPGA423
Thermal Design Power (TDP) 125 Watt 69. 2 Watt
Low Halogen Options Available

Max number of CPUs in a configuration

Package Size

53.3mm x 53.3mm
Max number of PCIe lanes 48
PCI Express revision 3.0
Scalability 4S
Execute Disable Bit (EDB)
Intel® Run Sure Technology
Intel® Trusted Execution technology (TXT)
Mode-based Execute Control (MBE)
Enhanced Intel SpeedStep® technology
Instruction set extensions Intel SSE4. 2, Intel AVX, Intel AVX2, Intel AVX-512
Intel 64
Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX)
Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions 2 (AVX2)
Intel® AES New Instructions
Intel® Hyper-Threading technology
Intel® Optane™ Memory Supported
Intel® TSX-NI
Intel® Turbo Boost technology
Intel® Volume Management Device (VMD)
Intel® vPro™ Platform Eligibility
Speed Shift technology
Turbo Boost Max 3. 0
FSB parity

Idle States

Intel® Demand Based Switching

Intel® Virtualization Technology (VT-x)
Intel® Virtualization Technology for Directed I/O (VT-d)
Intel® VT-x with Extended Page Tables (EPT)


Choose a CPU

Compare processors

Compare Intel Xeon Gold 6230 with others

Xeon Gold 6230


EPYC 7371

Xeon Gold 6230


Xeon Gold 6152

Xeon Gold 6230


Xeon E-2278G

Xeon Gold 6230


EPYC 7402P

Xeon Gold 6230


EPYC 7272

Xeon Gold 6230


Xeon Gold 6122

Hot Pentium 4 and people’s love / Sudo Null IT News For different reasons.

Dead-end architecture, high heat dissipation, proprietary and expensive RAM for first-generation processors. Now this processor is somewhere in the middle between the categories of «old trash» and «warm nostalgic retro». But it is easily located, everywhere and for a penny, except for rarities and topchik. If something else can be squeezed out of computers based on the next Intel Core 2 desktop architecture in modern software, then on the “fourth stump” without a chance, it will not take off. In general, I had to take it, I decided, and the very next day I became the owner of two motherboards, three processors, a deck of RAM sticks, coolers, power supplies: it was really easy.

I will assemble a computer based on Pentium 4 according to the best recommendations of 15 years ago a little later (advice on proper assembly in the spirit of the time is welcome). This article is an attempt to place timestamps in the Pentium 4 era, to determine what was wrong with this processor, and what was wrong. Plus the results of experiments with real hardware, some impressions from the present and memories from the past. And benchmarks, of course, where without them.

I keep a diary of a collector of old pieces of iron in Telegram.

Willamette and RDRAM
Announcement : November 2000, 20 years ago
Process technology : 180 nanometers
Frequency : 1.3-2.0 GHz
TDP : 50-75 Watts
L2 cache size : 256 KB
System bus frequency : 100 MHz, 3200 MB/s

Special thanks to the IXBT site for preserving the archive of articles with original links. Shortly before the official announcement, it published (in two parts) a detailed description of the new NetBurst architecture based on the Pentium 4 and a comparison with previous Pentium III processors based on the P6 architecture. Important innovations in NetBurst are a «long» computational pipeline of 20 levels, support for a new set of SSE2 instructions, a system bus that performs four transactions per clock, the operation of arithmetic logic units at double the frequency. On November 20, 2000, processors with a frequency of 1.4 and 1.5 GHz are produced. For comparison, the maximum frequency of the Pentium 3 Coppermine processor at that time was 1.13 GHz. On the same day, IXBT publishes photos of the processor and test results with a general verdict: ¯\_(ツ)_/¯.

Pentium 4 1.4 is compared with Pentium 3 1GHz and these two systems show approximately the same result — in one benchmark the old processor is slightly ahead, in the other — a slight advantage of the new one. In general, it was not very clear where the breakthrough was. Obviously, the Pentium 4 was faster only in the audio data compression test. In the first year of its life, Intel’s new flagship was a dubious choice, especially since the third Pentium was re-released in 2001 on a new 130nm process technology and increased the frequency to 1.4 GHz. A feature of the Netburst architecture and that very “extra-long” pipeline was the potential for a further increase in frequency. In August 2001, the frequency of Pentium 4 processors was increased to 2 GHz. As for the advantages in benchmarks and real software, as a rule, everything depended on the desire of developers to optimize software for a new architecture.

In the same August of 2001, I buy a Pentium III computer with only a vague idea of ​​what’s going on in the personal systems market. I focus on advertising posters (drawing paper, felt-tip pens) on the Savelovsky market, which, as it were, is not an objective source of information. One thing is clear: I can’t afford the “fourth pentium” with all my desire — it’s too expensive. My previous PC is a 386, and compared to that, any new hardware is better. The incomprehensible RDRAM memory, with which the P4 went on sale a year earlier, is confusing: the press writes about excessive heating and small advantages compared to SDRAM memory. In 2020, the combination of a dead-end processor with a dead-end memory standard is a worthy reason to build a retro PC, but I have other priorities.

Announcement : January 2002, 18 years ago
Process technology : 130 nanometers
Frequency : 1. 6-3.4 GHz
TDP : 38-80 Watts
L2 cache size : 512 KB
System bus frequency : 100-200 MHz, 3200-6400 MB/s

With frequencies of 2 GHz or more, the Pentium 4 of the second generation should be compared not with the outdated Pentium 3, but with AMD’s competitor, the Athlon XP processor. AMD consistently lagged behind Intel in terms of the maximum frequency of its processors, which did not prevent them from showing decent results in benchmarks. It was difficult to convince the average consumer, who is used to evaluating computers by processor frequency, that everything is somewhat more complicated. AMD actively uses Performance Rating — this is when a processor with a frequency of 2100 MHz is called «Ahtlon XP 3000+». This rating hinted at the frequency of the Pentium 4 processor with similar performance, although AMD has never officially acknowledged this connection.

With Northwood processors, Intel is ditching Rambus DRAM. The new chipsets work with DDR SDRAM. The frequency of the system bus is growing, and with it the speed of working with RAM: in May 2002, processors with an FSB frequency of 133 MHz are produced, a year later — 200 MHz. In November 2002, another innovation appears: Hyper-Threading technology, which makes it possible to additionally load the computing pipeline due to the virtual second processor core. In my computer reality of the same year, for some time I am left without a computer at all, and then I assemble an outdated, but quite suitable for any tasks desktop based on Pentium II.

In December 2020, I buy a set of Asus P4PE motherboard, Pentium 4 Northwood 2.4 GHz processor (SL6EU, 133 MHz FSB) and 1 gigabyte of DDR RAM.

This is not the most budget motherboard, but not «premium» either. i845 chipset, integrated audio and 100 Mbit network interface. The board provides space for a SATA controller, but it is not soldered, so I connect a 320 gigabyte IDE hard drive to the board.

Video card slot — AGP 4x standard, and there are none in my collection yet. But there is a strange but working solution: GeForce 6200 512 MB with PCI slot and passive cooling. The blue slot on the board is a place to install a WiFi module, which Asus sells as a load to the board.

I did not set myself the task of conducting a scientific study of the performance of the old processor: for this, many variants of motherboards and CPUs would have to be mined. But I wanted to make an impression, so I’ll choose a relatively modern Geekbench 4 benchmark. Here are the results:

The processor does not yet support Hyper-Threading, the results in the multitasking test are slightly worse than in the single-tasking test. For now, let’s remember these figures, and at the same time note the time frame: mid-2002. In any case, this is not bad progress in two years: we started with 1.7 GHz, and at the end of 2002 we already crossed the line of 3 GHz. Already in 2000, technical publications write about reaching a frequency of 10 gigahertz by 2005. I did not find official statements from Intel with such a figure, apparently the forecast was voiced behind the scenes. But most likely this was the plan: if the process technology of 130 nanometers allows 3 gigahertz, then 90nm will make six, and so on. A simple and understandable scheme for improving productivity.

Hot Prescott
Announcement : February 2004, 16 years ago
Process technology : 90 nanometers
Frequency : 2.4-3.8 GHz
TDP : 84-115 Watts
L2 cache size : 1024-2048 KB
System bus frequency : 133-200 MHz, 4256-6400 MB / s (rare models up to 266 MHz)

You won’t be able to just take and change an Intel processor for a new one at the beginning of the 2000s. First, Socket 423 changes to Socket 478. Both Northwood and Prescott processors are produced in this design, but Prescott does not work on my Asus P4PE board of an early revision, although it supports a system bus frequency of 200 MHz. AMD is doing better with backwards compatibility. In February 2004, IXBT analyzes the innovations in the Pentium 4 Prescott: it’s not just a new process technology. Increased conveyor length from 20 to 31 stages in an attempt to find overclocking potential. The second level cache has been increased to one megabyte, later processors with two megabytes of cache memory will appear. Implemented new SSE3 instructions. EM64T technology is added — 64-bit OS can now be installed on processors. AMD is moving to 64 bits early and will be the first to release dual-core consumer CPUs. In the same article, the processor is compared with Northwood of the same frequency and AMD Ahtlon 64 3400+. The results are the same as in 2000: somewhere better than its predecessor, somewhere worse. Overall verdict: « Prescott core is generally slower than Northwood «.

If the situation of 2000-2002 were repeated, then this would not be a problem: we quickly reach the 4-5 gigahertz line, and leave old processors and competitors far behind. But no: even according to the official Prescott specifications, they turned out very hot. And the frequency at the end of 2004 was increased to 3.8 gigahertz: this record will be delayed for several years. The planned Pentium 4 580 with a frequency of 4 gigahertz was canceled. No 10 gigahertz and close It didn’t happen. I would like to say: they ran into physical limitations, but this is not entirely true. Until the early 2010s, the Pentium 4 was a favorite toy of overclockers. On the HWBot website, the Intel Celeron D 352 based on the NetBurst architecture is still in 5th place in terms of maximum frequency — 8543 megahertz A full-fledged Pentium 4 was able to overclock to 8179megahertz. But overclocking and the ability to solve user tasks are completely different things. The user does not need liquid nitrogen cooling, he does not want to learn how to remove the thermal distributor cover from the processor. And it was such a simple plan.

At the end of 2004, another event happened: Intel processors switched to the new Socket 775. For the first time, processors were deprived of legs, they moved to the mating socket on the motherboard. Socket 775 lasted surprisingly long on the market, and is now more associated with the Intel Core 2 platform. I buy another set: an Asus P5GD1 motherboard, a Pentium 4 processor, and three gigabytes of RAM with four DDR1 modules. This is almost modern: a PCI Express slot for a video card, built-in sound with the ability to connect multi-channel acoustics (it was fashionable in the mid-2000s), a slightly more convenient cooler with four mounts. The board is again a budget one, but there is already SATA, an additional IDE controller, connectors for USB ports and audio on the front panel. No overclocking options, none. But we don’t need to yet.

The board came with a 2006 Intel Pentium 4 generation Cedar Mill processor. This is the «last forgiveness» of the NetBurst architecture AKA the «Normal Man’s Prescott»: 65 nanometer process technology, 2 megabytes of cache, TDP within reason, frequencies from 3 to 3. 6 GHz. But I get a real, the same fiery Prescott with a frequency of 3.4 gigahertz. At the same time, I will change the video card to a “normal” GeForce 6800. It has a terribly evil small cooler that I want to immediately change to something more decent.

When assembling a Pentium 4 as a retro system, I want to portray something like that, and find if not the most powerful, then some rare processor of this model. The choice is large. First, we can mention the Intel Pentium D: the latest development of Prescott in a dual-core version. On it you can build the hottest Pentium 4 with an official TDP of 130 watts for models with a frequency of 3.2-3.6 gigahertz. It will be as close as possible to modern computers, and at the same time it will heat your office well in winter. Secondly, this is the same Pentium 4 with a historically maximum frequency of 3.8 GHz. Finally, there is the Pentium 4 of the Extreme Edition series: they appeared every time when AMD was ready to introduce the next flagship, and Intel, at least by half a centimeter, tried to overtake the competitor. The early P4EEs were based on the 130nm Gallatin core, borrowed from the Intel Xeon. Of particular interest are Pentium 4 EE with a system bus frequency of 266 MHz — there were only two of them. Finding any extreme Pentium is not easy enough, retailing for ~$1,300 compared to ~$500 for a «regular top». There were few people willing to exchange money for heat. Proof of this is this lot on eBay:

I probably won’t go after rare modifications — it doesn’t make much sense anyway. I plan to stick with late Pentium 4s with normal heat dissipation, and maybe even try moderate overclocking — it will most likely be possible to achieve those same 3.8 GHz (or high FSB bandwidth) much easier and cheaper. But this is not certain, you may have to suffer.

Everything repeats
I thought for a long time about what to compare the performance of the Pentium 4 to. When I examined the 2007 Sony VAIO TZ subnotebook, I had an assumption that its performance was on par with that of the Pentium 4. And so it happened: an economical, light and thin laptop shows in Geekbench 4 778 points in the single-threaded test and 1241 points in the «multi-core» test. The first result is slightly better than the 2002 Pentium 4 2.4. The second is higher than the Prescott 3.4, with incomparable power consumption. Another interesting comparison from my collection is the 2004 IBM ThinkPad T40 Pentium M 755 2GHz laptop. Its result in Geekbench is 876 points, which roughly corresponds to the Pentium 4 of the same year of release with a frequency of 2.8-3 GHz. It was then that it finally became clear that it was not only the processor frequency that mattered: it would be great to increase it further indefinitely, this is understandable for buyers. But it didn’t.

Another «game» is an adapter from Socket 479 (mobile Pentium M) to Socket 478 (desktop motherboards). Overclocking such a semi-stationary PC showed excellent results. My slowly aging but still modern ThinkPad T480 laptop with the eighth generation Core i7 gives out more than 5000 points in Geekbench 4, at a maximum frequency of 4 GHz. It will be correct to compare with the results of good desktop processors, and this is about 10 thousand points. 10 times performance increase (per core, and there are now many of them) from 2005 to 2020. Compare that to a 300x gain (by my own measurements) of 1992 to 2001.

In 2005, Intel «had problems»: something went wrong with the NetBurst architecture, competitors are coming, both external and internal — in the form of that same mobile Pentium M, the successor to Pentium Pro processors from the nineties. In July 2006, the company releases Intel Core 2 processors, which also have the ancient P6 architecture as a relative. The starting frequency by the standards of Netburst is ridiculous — 1.87-2.67 GHz, but the performance is higher, the power consumption is noticeably lower. In 2007, the first quad-core processors are released. In 2005, I still buy my computer based on Pentium 4, for which my tech-savvy friends criticize me — I bought it in vain, it’s too late. And they were right, of course.

Although the Pentium 4 became a dead end branch of the processor industry, providing a dubious increase in performance from generation to generation, it was at this time that computers finally acquired modern features. Became truly multimedia, cracking down on video and music content without any problems. The volumes of hard drives have grown from units to hundreds of gigabytes, the first solid-state drives have appeared. Finally, in the era of my retro video card GeForce 6800, iconic games were released that I personally still play: Half-Life 2, Far Cry, GTA San Andreas. Not only the capabilities of the processor are important, but also the performance of all peripherals, the availability of high-speed Internet. The rapid development of the entire computer ecosystem, still revolving around a personal computer, more often a desktop than a portable one, happened just at the beginning of the 2000s. This is an interesting era.

About love. In my telegram channel, I conducted a survey about the subjective attitude to the Pentium 4. And the majority still classified it as a “pleasant retro”. As time goes on, soon Core 2-based systems will move into this category, and they even run the modern web. And one more thing: Intel has «problems» even now. And with the transition to a new process technology, and an increase in productivity compared to previous generations. All this was already 15 years ago, and then Intel managed. True, then the traditional x86 markets for desktops and servers were not threatened by the ARM architecture.

I’m starting to enjoy building a retro computer from retro components. In the next article: a slightly more elite Pentium 4 configuration, more benchmarks, and an attempt to bring back my 2005.

Comparison Intel Pentium 4 2.26 vs Intel Xeon 3.06 which is better?



Desktop Server

Architecture code name

Northwood Gallatin


A large number of cores improves performance in multi-threaded applications.
At the moment, increasing the number of processor cores is one of the priorities for increasing performance.

1 1


More threads help the cores process information more efficiently. Real performance will be noticeable in very specific tasks (video editing, databases).

1 1


130 nm 130 nm

Chip size

146 mm2 237 mm2

Number of transistors

55 million 286 million

231 million (420%) better than

Maximum frequency

Higher clock speed processors perform more calculations per second and thus provide better performance.

2.26GHz 3.07 GHz

Better than

at 0.

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