P 4 northwood: Review: Pentium 4 Northwood 2.4GHz — CPU

Review: Pentium 4 Northwood 2.4GHz — CPU

4 Northwood 2.4GHz Review


Another month passes and we
hear another announcement from Intel with respect to their Pentium 4 processors.
It seems like only yesterday when the new 0.13u ‘Northwood’ processors
were officially announced. Now we have before us the latest and greatest
Northwood in the form of the 2.40GHz Northwood Pentium 4 processor.

For those of you who need
to brush up a little on their Pentium 4 knowledge, or for those of you
who are potential P4 owners, let’s take a moment and reflect on the Pentium
4’s origins. This should give us a valuable insight into how Intel have
managed to release a x86 processor capable of running at 2.4GHz at a scant
1. 5v.

The Pentium 4 was born from
the need to replace the ageing Pentium 3 architecture, one that was quickly
coming to the end of its scalability at 1Ghz. Remember the debacle surrounding
the ill-fated 1.13GHz P3 ?.

Intel quickly realised that
another approach was needed if the P3 replacement was to scale effectively.
Thus, the P4 employs a group of features known under the umbrella term
as Intel® NetBurst™ Micro-architecture.

One of the major constituents
of NetBurst is hyper-pipelined technology. The P3 and Athlon processors
have a 10 stage pipeline, the P4 on the other hand is blessed with an
extra-deep 20 stage pipeline. What this effectively means is that the
P4 is able to ramp up clock speeds rather easily, that is one reason we
now see a desktop 2. 4GHz processor today.

The downside of a 20-stage
pipeline is that it inherently accomplishes less work per clock cycle
when compared with a shorter pipeline. This is due the narrowness and
length of pipeline, as any given instruction will take longer to reach
completion. For argument’s sake, if we say that the Athlon XP and P4 can
push an instruction through 4 stages of their respective pipelines per
clock cycle, it would take the P4 twice as long to process the same number
of instructions as the Athlon XP (due to its double-length pipeline),
or would need to be at clocked at twice the basic clock speed as the Athlon
XP. This is purely for illustrative purposes, our benchmarks show that
the Athlon accomplishes roughly 40% more work than the P4 on a clock-for-clock

Other benefits under the heading
of Netburst include the use of a 100FSB quad-pumped to 400FSB between
CPU and memory controller, giving a potential 3. 2GB/s bandwidth, the highest
of any desktop PC. Level 1 Execution Trace Cache is also included in the
form of 12k decoded micro-ops. This increases performance by removing
the decoder from the main execution loop, and also helps reduce the time
required to recover from branch mis-prediction,.

Branch mis-prediction occurs
when the CPU makes a mistake with which way a branch is supposed to go.
It then needs to ‘flush’ the instructions from its pipeline before it
can start processing them again on the correct program branch. As you
can no doubt gather, branch mis-prediction is especially costly in a deep
pipeline as it takes 20 clock cycles to recover from any error. This is
why Intel’s engineers have spent a vast amount of time, effort and transistors
in ensuring that instructions are mis-predicted as little as possible.

The P4 also boasts two arithmetic
logic units (ALUs) that run at twice the speed of the core processor,
so 4.8GHz in this case. These ALU handle the basic arithmetic duties such
as add and subtract. These units are kept busy by the tremendous flow
of data afforded by the quad-pumped FSB.

The Northwood Pentium 4’s
are differentiated from their Willamette counterparts by firstly being
manufactured on a smaller die, 0.13u compared to 0.18u for the Willamette.
The smaller die allows smaller transistors, which in turn produce less
heat. This culminates in Intel having the ability of lowering operating
voltage from 1.75v to 1.5v.

The extra room allowed by
smaller transistors has been put to good use, as Intel have wisely raised
the on-die advanced transfer cache (L2) from 256kb to 512kb. The extra
cache helps keep the processor saturated with data, and should help in
ensuring that the massive bandwidth on offer is effectively utilised by
the CPU. For better conductivity, Intel have finally switched over to
using copper interconnects, replacing the not so efficient aluminium interconnects
found on Willamettes. We must note that AMD incorporated this manufacturing
change some time ago.

The deep pipeline and 0.13u
manufacturing process have ensured that Intel feel confident about releasing
a processor at a clock speed of 2.4GHz, operating at only 1.5v, an impressive
feat of engineering. Now that we have gleaned some idea of how a Pentium
4 operates, and how it has been able to hit such high speeds with relative
ease, let’s now focus on the particular processor for review.

The 2. 4GHz Northwood Pentium
4 is the latest in the line of Northwood processors, the current range
spanning from 1.6GHz to 2.4GHz in 200MHz increments. It shares the same
microPGA form factor as its brethren, indeed the same form factor as any
S478 P4. The only method of determining the exact speed of the processor
is to look at the marking on the slug. Our particular sample was an engineering
model, one whose actual clock speed was not displayed on the integrated
heat spreader. Our processor’s speed is derived from the fact that it
sports a mammoth 24x multiplier coupled with the as yet standard 100FSB,
how long before we see the Northwood ‘B’ incarnations, running on a 133FSB
(533FSB QDR) bus ?.

CPU Specifications in detail

  • Intel® Pentium IV Northwood
    2. 4GHz (24x100FSB (Quad-pumped))

  • Intel® NetBurst™ Micro-architecture

  • 0.13 micron manufacturing
    process, 131 / 146mm² die sizes

  • 8kb of L1 data cache,
    12kb of L1 trace execution cache

  • 512kb of L2 advanced transfer

  • Copper interconnects

  • 100FSB, Quad-pumped to

  • 55 million transistors
    (12.2 million added for an extra 256kb cache)

  • 1. 5v operating voltage

  • Integrated heat spreader

  • S478 microPGA form factor

Benchmarking Notes

The Pentium 4 is currently
blessed with at least five viable motherboard platforms. For performance
reasons, we can rule out Intel’s own I845 platform, that leaves us with
a choice of either Intel’s flagship I850, their promising I845D, SiS’
excellent 645 chip set and Via’s enhanced P4X266A. After preliminary testing,
we decided to conduct our suite of benchmarks with the Intel I850 platform
in the guise of the Abit TH7II-RAID motherboard. Intel have naturally
touted the RAMBUS-equipped I850 Tehama chip set as their preferred performance
solution. It’s amongst the fastest performing at stock speeds, and its
memory bandwidth scales well when the CPU is pushed beyond its rated speed.

We’ve also limited the benchmark
comparison to AMD’s current flagship processor, the XP2100, running on
a Via KT333 chip set motherboard. The reasoning is simple. Potential owners
of either CPU are looking for nothing other than maximum performance,
these two respective setups are best placed to give them what they desire.
On a side issue, motherboards may need a BIOS update to correctly identify
the new processor.

System Setup

  • Intel Pentium IV 2.4GHz ‘Northwood’
  • Intel Pentium IV 2.4GHz overclocked
    to 2.891GHz / 120FSB.
  • Abit TH7-II RAID I850 ‘Tehama’ Motherboard
    (38 BIOS)
  • 256MB PC800 Samsung PC800 RAMBUS RIMMS
    (2 x 128MB)
  • Thermal Take Volcano S478 cooler
  • AMD Athlon XP2100 (1733 MHz)
  • MSI KT3 Ultra-ARU, run in asynchronous
    memory mode for maximum performance
  • 256MB Samsung DDR 2700, run at CAS2,
    strictest timings.

Common components

  • Leadtek Geforce 3 Ti 500 at 240/500
    (stock speeds)
  • 120GB Western Digital 120JB hard drive
    with 8MB cache, 7200rpm
  • Liteon 32x12x40 CDRW
  • Liteon 16x DVD
  • Samcheer 420w PSU
  • 21″ Sony G500 FD monitor


  • Windows XP Professional Build 2600.xpclient.010817-1148
  • Nvidia Detonator XP 23.12 drivers
  • Sisoft Sandra 2002 Professional
  • Pifast v41
  • Lame v3.91 MP3 encoding with RazorLame
    1.15 front-end
  • XMpeg 4.2A DVD encoding, Div3.11 codec
  • Ocuk SETI Benchmark.
  • PC Mark 2002
  • 3DMark 2000
  • 3DMark 2001SE
  • Serious Sam 2 Demo
  • Quake 3 v1. 30

All benchmarks were conducted at 1024x768x32
100Hz with vertical sync’ disabled. Benchmarks were run 3 times consecutively,
an average score was taken. Both systems were configured for maximum performance.
A fresh installation of Windows XP was used in both instances.


We were very intrigued to see just how
efficient Intel’s 0.13u manufacturing process and yields had recently
become. The very fact that they were confident enough to release a CPU
at a speed of 200MHz greater than its immediate predecessor, the 2.2GHz
NW P4, gave us initial hope.

Our expectations were duly fulfilled when
we started raising the FSB (remember, all P4’s are multiplier-locked).
We eventually managed a rock-solid 2891MHz / 120.46 FSB with an under-load
voltage of 1. 67v (set to 1.75v in BIOS). Our FSB was actually set at 120
in BIOS, the TH7II slightly overclocks the FSB at any given speed. It
must be noted that we managed to gain 1.75v voltage by using a simple
voltage regular modification in the form of a removable micro-grabber.
Our TH7II BIOS only gave us the option of using a maximum 1.625v. We felt
that an increasing number of ‘boards offered at least 1.75v, without modification,
to P4 NWs, so it was only fair that we applied at least that level of
voltage to our test CPU

At speeds greater than 2891MHz, we would
run the risk of the CPU throttling due to unacceptably high temperatures.
We’re adamant that extra voltage, coupled with better cooling, would have
seen us stable at the magical 3GHz barrier.

Perhaps even more pleasing than the ultimate
overclock was the fact that we could reach 2600MHz at default CPU voltage,
this speaks volumes for Intel’s manufacturing process. The deep-pipeline
that we alluded to earlier, really does show its usefulness at higher
clock speeds. Here is a WCPUID shot that shows our overclocked speed.

We’ll include the P4’s overclocked benchmarks,
just like we included the AMD Athlon XP’s overclocked benchmarks in its
review. Your overclocking mileage may vary, at least you may glean an
idea of what kind of numbers you should expect to get at around 2900MHz.
For the sake of brevity, we’ll refer to our overclocked 2.4GHz P4 as a
2.9GHz CPU.


As is our customary tradition, we’ll start
the suite of benchmarks with SiSoft’s synthetic yet useful benchmarking
tool, Sandra. Firstly, let’s examine how Sandra sees our new CPU
in relation to its immediate competition.

Here is our first surprise. Even the Pentium
4, clocked at 2400MHz, cannot surpass the benchmarks laid down the by
Athlon XP2100, one that has a true running frequency of 1733MHz. The explanation
for these seemingly erroneous results lies in our discussion regarding
pipeline length and work done per cycle.

The Pentium 4’s deep pipeline makes it
difficult for CPU instructions to pass through the complete pipeline quickly,
as they have 20 stages to navigate before completion. The Athlon’s shorter
pipeline ensures that even if the same amount of work is done per cycle,
the instruction will be ultimately processed more quickly.

The sheer, mammoth clock speed of the P4
at 2.9GHz overcomes its pipeline deficiency, it outdistances the Athlon
XP comfortably. The P4’s drystone benchmark is impressive, however.

Let’s now focus on memory bandwidth, something
that is crucial in keeping the CPU fed with data. The greater the memory
bandwidth, the more efficient a processor can become.

If you cast your mind back
to our little P4 discussion, you’ll remember us talking about the Pentium
4’s unique quad-pumped FSB. The bus effectively gives the P4 a 400MHz-capable
path, or 3.2GB/s, from CPU to memory controller. Contrast this with the
double-pumped Athlon FSB, one that can only deliver 266MHz, or 2.1GB/s.
The fruits of the quad-pumped bus are evident from out memory benchmarks.

The P4 takes a commanding
lead at default speeds and simply extends that lead when overclocked to
2.9GHz. Although the P4’s lead looks impressive, it is actually quite
inefficient at extracting potential bandwidth from its RAMBUS memory system.
We only manage to extract 78% efficiency with RAMBUS compared to the Athlon’s
impressive 96% utilisation from DDR, albeit both in a buffered state.

We’ve seen the Athlon XP defeat
the default 2.4GHz NW in the synthetic benchmark and we’ve seen the NW
gain revenge in the memory benchmarks. As pure CPU speed and memory subsystem
bandwidth largely dictate performance, we should be in for a close battle.
Let’s investigate how we fare in practical benchmarks.

As usual, our first practical
benchmark is Pifast. For those of you who don’t yet know, Pifast
calculates the constant Pi to X million decimal places using the fastest
method possible. We’ve previously seen that it’s quite responsive to changes
in the CPU and memory subsystem employed. Should be interesting.

Our theoretical data predicted
a close result, that is exactly what we got. The P4’s extra memory bandwidth
quite overcome the impressive floating point power of the Athlon XP. The
results at stock speeds are within 2% of each other. The sheer muscle
of the overclocked P4 puts daylight between itself and the Athlon, impressive.

Let’s turn our attention to
MP3 encoding. We know that many of you are keen to ‘rip’ your personal
CD collection onto your hard drive to listen to in MP3 format. Here were
encoding a custom 481MB WAV file into MP3 128 kb/s format. MP3 encoding
has historically been a CPU-intensive activity with little regard for
memory bandwidth. Let’s see if this still holds true.

The Pentium
4’s enhanced bandwidth seems to play no part in this test. The Athlon
XP, with its superior FPU, comfortably beats out the stock P4. LAME has
always been an activity that the XP has excelled in, no change there.
Again, the sheer might of the overclocked P4 outpaces the XP by brute
MHz. Rather obviously, 110 seconds is the fastest time we’ve ever seen
for this benchmark.

If you’ve
ever seen Intel’s processor advertisements, you’ll know that they quite
strongly focus on its ability at all thing media related. Let’s see if
we can substantiate their claims of it being a media maestro.

We’re using Xmpeg 2.0, a derivative
of the popular Flask encoder, coupled with the Div X 3.20 codec. We’ve
found this combination to be the most stable in our stress tests, although
we are planning on using the recently released DivX 5.0 codec in the very
near future.

Three Kings is the DVD of
choice, its mixture of action and dialogue make it an excellent benchmarking
test. The DVD is encoded in full-screen format into YUV2 format. The black
borders are cropped to save unnecessary encoding time. The lo-motion codec
is used with the bit rate set to 1500 KB/s. We calculate the average FPS
after 20,000 frames have been encoded.

It seems as
if Intel’s claims are not totally without justification. The P4, at its
native 2.4GHz, manages to outpace the XP 2100 by just a shade under 5
frames per second. a difference that would shave just over 14 minutes
of encoding time on a 2 hour movie. The Pentium 4, at 2.9GHz, simply blazes
a trail that no single-CPU system can compare with. If DVD encoding is
your hobby, and you don’t have access to a dual-CPU machine, the Intel
Pentium 4 is the next best thing.

We next ran the Ocuk SETI
(Search for Extra Terrestrial Intelligence) benchmark, a rather tough
work-unit with an angle ratio (AR) of 0. 417. This one takes a while to
complete, as it sifts through huge chunks of data in the hope of finding
some inkling of Extra Terrestrial existence. One advantage in this benchmark
is its ability to display results to within 1/10000th of a second, we’ve
rounded the results up to the nearest second for the sake of brevity.

We knew it was going to be
close, we didn’t realise just how close. Imagine our surprise when we
found that the P4 2.4GHz trailed the Athlon XP 2100 by 33 seconds over
the course of a benchmark that lasts over 3 hours, talk about close !.
SETI is a activity that truly revels with bandwidth. It appears as if
the superior pure CPU power is almost perfectly allayed by the superior
memory throughput of the P4.

We’re finding it increasingly
difficult to distinguish these two processors when run at their native
speeds. It seems that they bring something to the table that is slightly
lacking in the other. The awesome power of the 2.9GHz P4, benefiting from
both an increased clock and memory speed, is there for all to see, quite
simply the fastest time we’ve ever seen for this particular benchmark.

A new addition to the benchmarking-suite
is recently released PCMark 2002 from MadOnion. It consists of a series
of tests that represent common tasks in home and office programs. The
benchmark is split into three constituent parts which focus on the CPU,
memory and hard drive(s) respectively.

PCMark 2002 seeks to do for
home and office applications benchmarking what 3DMark does for video card
benchmarking. You’re given a final score for each part mentioned above.

It’s quite evident that PCMark
shows a particular liking to Pentium 4 processors. We ran the benchmark
a number of times and came up with very similar results each time. The
only consistent factor between the benchmarks are the hard drive scores,
this is to be expected as hard drives naturally aren’t very responsive
to changes in CPU and / or memory.

We’re somewhat mystified by
the Athlon XP’s relatively poor showing in this benchmark, it seems to
contradict our other benchmarks. We’d be interested to hear how other
Athlon XP owners got on with this particular test. This benchmark involves
everyday activities such as JPEG compression, MPEG encoding, text analysis
etc, something the Athlon should be proficient at. We’d have fully expected
the Athlon XP to keep some sort of parity with the P4 2.4GHz, puzzling
to say the least.

Our benchmarks thus far have
highlighted the Athlon XP’s impressive work per clock cycle, it certainly
packs a lot of punch per MHz. The P4 on the other hand, shows that at
2.4GHz, it can more or less stand toe-to-toe with the Athlon XP. Its slightly
inferior work, due in part to its narrow and deep pipeline, is adequately
offset by its superior memory throughput (courtesy of effectively a 400MHz
bus). Let’s now focus on gaming and see if our theories hold true.

We’ll start off with 3DMark
2000, a synthetic benchmark from the folk over at Madonion. Although being
a Direct X 7 driven benchmark, we feel that its importance in gauging
gaming performance is just as relevant today, after all, many popular
titles utilise DX7. The benchmark was conducted at its default resolution
setting of 1024x768x16.

Here’s a slight surprise.
The Athlon XP manages to pull away from the P4 2.4GHz by almost 500 marks,
a not inconsiderable amount. We’d have expected it to be closer. This
was tempered by the prior knowledge that the P4 has historically been
relatively poor at 3DMark 2000, indeed, only since the inception of the
cache-enhanced Northwood P4, have we seen it get close to the scores posted
by AMD’s XP processors. We can hazard that 3DMark isn’t too dependent
on memory bandwidth, relying more on pure CPU speed. By now it should
come as no surprise to see the P4 2.9GHz headed the charts once again.

Let’s now move on to the DX8.1
compliant 3DMark 2001SE, a benchmark characterised by its reliance on
both CPU speed and memory bandwidth. It’s more complex tests place a burden
on the memory subsystem to a greater degree.

Our results from 3DMark 2000
seem to be almost mirrored in 3DMark 2001SE. This time the P4 manages
to close the gap somewhat, but can’t quite bridge it. We’re slightly perplexed
as to why the P4 isn’t closer to the Athlon in this of all benchmarks,
we feel that the Detonator XP 23.12 drivers used for the Ti500 are perhaps
more partial towards the Athlon XP. You can, by now, guess who is going
to be leading our benchmarks.

Let’s now turn out attention
to a game that has been grabbing our attention of late, Serious Sam 2,
The Second Encounter. The superb visuals, coupled with an excellent benchmarking
mode, means that it is a joy to use. We’re using the highly CPU / memory
dependent Valley of the Jaguar timedemo. This should show us how well
each subsystem is able to service the graphics card. Even our benchmarking
settings of 1024x768x32 (Normal preferences) can be considered to be reasonably
CPU / memory limited.

This came as something of
a surprise. The previously dominant Athlon XP is upstaged by a default
clocked P4 for the first time in our tests. The margin is literally negligible
but consistent. The greater memory bandwidth of the P4 is put to practical
use here, the 512kb of on-board L2 cache ensures that the available bandwidth
is translated into tangible performance by the CPU.

Although, by now, it doesn’t
need reiterating, we can’t help but be impressed by the spectacular performance
of the overclocked Pentium 4. The debilitating effects of a deep pipeline
are negated by sheer MHz.

Could we ever complete a CPU
review without visiting the venerable Quake 3 ?, surely not. Quake 3,
even today, remains one of the most consistent benchmarks available. Very
few benchmarks have stood the test of time as well as ID’s excellent first-person
shooter. We’ll run the benchmark modes in 512 fastest and 1024 quality.
Point release v1.30 was used in both instances.

And now 1024 Quality setting,
one that is more likely to be used in real gameplay.

If you know your Quake 3 benchmarks,
you’ll already know that the Pentium 4 is the king-of-the-hill at this
test. The fastest P4 ever released simply reinforces that view. The 2.9GHz
P4 demolishes any previous records. It must be noted that the P4’s lead
over the Athlon XP is largely immaterial, I’d challenge anyone to discern
the difference between 232 and 242 FPS respectively. Today’s advanced
graphics cards and powerful processors simply relegate Quake 3 to almost
synthetic benchmark status, such is their prowess in this test. 384 FPS
at 512 fastest is slightly mind-numbing, though.


The Pentium 4 2.4GHz Northwood
has proved itself to be an excellent processor. We all knew that it would
only be truly effective against the current line up of Athlon XP processors
once clock speeds were raised to 2GHz and beyond. Intel have deliberately
designed a processor that will ensure no radical architectural modifications
are needed in the near future. We also knew that the extra-deep pipeline
would scale well, the reduction to a 13 nanometer manufacturing process
has further ensured that relatively high clock speeds are attainable without
undue difficulty. That is how we today have a x86 processor capable of
2.4GHz with effectively 1.4v under load.

The fact that our sample,
one manufactured over a month ago, could hit almost 2. 6GHz with default
voltage, speaks volumes for Intel’s fabrication efficiency. The Athlon
XP, in its present format, is close to nearing its frequency headroom.
AMD’s last iteration of XP’s, the 1733MHz XP2100, only increased its immediate
predecessor’s clock speed by a shade under 4%. The Pentium 4 2.4GHz is
over 9% faster than the 2.2GHz CPU that it displaces as Intel’s flagship
desktop processor. In recent days we’ve heard talk of Intel reducing the
core size from the present 146mm² to 131mm², this should help to reduce
manufacturing costs and perhaps improve yields further.

Our benchmarks have shown
that 2.4GHz CPU’s performance is roughly comparable to AMD’s XP2100. The
slight lack of comparative CPU throughput is mostly offset by the increased
memory bandwidth on offer, courtesy of its quad-pumped front side bus.
Although we’ve previously hinted at the fact that its quad-pumped FSB
is one of its major assets, we still feel that the imminent move from
a 100 to a 133FSB (533 QDR) will really show the true worth of the Pentium
4, especially if paired with the upcoming I850E / PC1066 RAMBUS solutions.

Can we whole-heartedly recommend
the Pentium 4 2.4GHz processor ?, the answer is probably no. The adoption
of the newest technology is an inherently expensive business. We expect
the 2.4GHz CPU to retail at around £550, a figure that is prohibitively
high for the majority of people. We’ve illustrated that the XP2100 from
AMD offers comparable performance at stock speeds, it currently retails
for around 50% of the proposed P4 2.4GHz’s price. We’ve mentioned
that the 133FSB equipped Northwood ‘B’s are just around the corner, the
provisional date for launching of the 2. 53GHz / 133 FSB P4 being brought
forward to May 6. That’s the one we’re really looking forward to.

We can’t help but feel that
the introduction of the 2.4GHz P4 is merely a stop-gap between Northwood
revisions, and simply launched to counteract the excellent performance
of AMD’s XP2100. Yields appear to have sufficiently improved for Intel
to manufacture 2.4GHz CPUs with the minimum of fuss. We couldn’t let our
2.4GHz P4 off without finding out just how far it could go. We placed
it on a DDR motherboard, raised the voltage to 1.85v, and were mildly
shocked to see it comfortably surpass the 3GHz barrier. The following
WCPUID shot isn’t one of a stable system, sure looks impressive, though.

Both Intel and AMD have still
to play their trump cards. Intel will shortly be moving on to an official
133 FSB platform for their P4 processors. AMD will be hoping to dramatically
increase their processor’s clock speed by moving down to a 13 nanometer
manufacturing process. We should see the first of these Athlon ‘Thoroughbreds’
in the very near future. We’ll call the present fight a draw, ding ding,
onto round 2.

Northwood — The Pentium 4 loses weight

by Anand Lal Shimpion January 7, 2002 4:16 AM EST

  • Posted in
  • CPUs



IndexAMD’s Athlon XP 2000+ Making 66MHz seem like a whole lot moreNorthwood — The Pentium 4 loses weightTesting the RivalsContent Creation PerformanceOverall PerformanceCAD PerformanceCAD Performance continued…3D Rendering Performance3D Animation PerformanceMedia Encoding Performance3D Gaming PerformanceFinal Words

Northwood — The Pentium 4 loses weight

Intel’s release makes today a bit more interesting than your average speed
bump story. 2. On the current 200 mm wafers (see
below), Intel can now produce approximately twice as many Pentium 4 processors
per wafer than they could on the 0.18-micron process. And although that still
makes it larger than the current Athlon XP core, the fact of the matter is that
the core could have actually been smaller had it not been for one important
performance improving characteristic of the new core.

Click to Enlarge

The Pentium 4 has always been geared for what Intel has been calling the «future»
of computing. While people will argue about exactly what that future will be,
one thing is for sure, programs are constantly growing in size and the discrepancy
between memory speed and CPU speed plays an even more important role as software
becomes larger. Intel’s decision was a simple but effective one; the Northwood
core now features a 512KB L2 cache instead of the original 256KB cache. The
addition of the extra cache raises the transistor count on the Pentium 4 to
55 million, up from the 42 million of the Willamette core.

The size of the execution trace cache has not been changed nor have any of
the other units of the Pentium 4 core, but the increase in L2 cache will provide
a tangible performance increase for most applications especially newer ones.

At the beginning of this article we mentioned that the 0.13-micron die shrink
will also provide the Pentium 4 with more frequency headroom. The smaller transistors
can switch faster and produce less heat than their older counterparts, paving
the way for a 3GHz Pentium 4 before the end of the year. The current Northwood
based Pentium 4s run at 1.50V and can already overclock beyond 2.5GHz with conventional
air cooling, as the yields improve it shouldn’t be too far fetched to see some
near-3GHz speeds without much effort. Another aid in this effort to increase
clock speeds is the fact that all 0. 13-micron CPUs use Copper interconnects
which as you may already know, AMD has been employing for some time now.

The Northwood core will eventually make it down to the mobile market as well,
although at much lower clock speeds. There are still a few more pieces of the
puzzle that must fall into place before this will be made a reality, such as
the introduction of the i845G chipset (845 with integrated graphics).

Today Intel is releasing the first 0.13-micron Pentium 4 CPUs at two clock
speeds: 2.0GHz and 2.2GHz. In order to differentiate the 2GHz CPUs from their
older 0.18-micron 2GHz counterparts the new Northwood processors will be called
the Pentium 4 2A; the 2.2GHz CPUs will simply be known as Pentium 4 2.2s. The
Northwood will only be available in a Socket-478 variety (see above).

Since the processor has not changed much architecturally, we’ll point you back
at some previous articles for any further information you desire about NetBurst
and the Pentium 4:

Pentium 4 2. 0GHz: The clock strikes two

Pentium 4 One Page Architecture Summary


AMD’s Athlon XP 2000+ Making 66MHz seem like a whole lot more
Testing the Rivals
IndexAMD’s Athlon XP 2000+ Making 66MHz seem like a whole lot moreNorthwood — The Pentium 4 loses weightTesting the RivalsContent Creation PerformanceOverall PerformanceCAD PerformanceCAD Performance continued…3D Rendering Performance3D Animation PerformanceMedia Encoding Performance3D Gaming PerformanceFinal Words



Intel Prescott P4 3.4GHz & Northwood P4 3.4GHz

Pentium 4 3.4GHz «Prescott»
And Pentium 4 3.4GHz «Northwood»

Dave Altavilla
March 22, 2004

Last week AMD launched
their latest «enthusiast» class processor, with the
unveiling of the Athlon 64 FX-53.   Today, Intel
returns the volley with the launch of two 3.4GHz Pentium 4
CPUs based on their Prescott and Northwood cores.  In
our FX-53 piece, it was obvious that Intel has some
catch-up work on their hands, as AMD’s new flagship
defiantly manhandled even the Pentium 4 Extreme Edition in
more than a few instances of our benchmark suite. 
What was perhaps more impressive was the way the FX-53
took the lead position, while maintaining a tepid 43ºC
temp under the load of our continuous testing.  In
addition it overclocked like nobody’s business, clicking
up another 250MHz beyond stock clock speeds, which told us
the core has bit more headroom behind it, even with AMD’s .13
micron technology.  For certain, the performance bar
was raised another notch by the introduction of this
latest CPU from AMD but it also is targeted at a different
market segment perhaps, than the two new Intel processors
we’ll be looking at today.

For starters, Intel’s
Pentium 4 Extreme Edition, although significantly more
expensive, is more of an appropriate yard stick to compare
the Athlon 64 FX-53 against.   The 3.4GHz variant of
Intel’s 90nm Pentium 4, aka Prescott, is priced about $300
less, more in line with the Athlon 64 3400+. 
Regardless, Intel plans to ramp the clock speed of their
new 90nm built P4 to compete across the board, so it’s
hard to say where the end of the line will be for the
Extreme Edition, code named «Gallatin», flavor of Intel’s
P4.  The moral of the story is, we may be pitting
Prescott based P4s against Athlon 64 FX processors in the
near future, but for now there are very distinct brandings
and price points for the myriad of P4 core types on the
market today.  Prescott is a much more approachable
«mainstream» product, at least from a cost perspective,
versus either the Athlon 64 FX or the Pentium 4 EE.

And while we’re at it, why
not throw in another speed bin for our good friend
Northwood?  Today, we’re bringing you a horse race of
sorts, with Intel’s 3.4GHz Pentium 4 processor line-up,
Prescott, Gallatin and Northwood, against the top Athlons,
64 and 64 FX, that AMD has to offer.

Specifications of the Intel Pentium 4 Processor

Larger caches, optimized branch prediction,
deeper pipeline and a 90nm process

  • Clock speeds starting at 3.4GHz, 3.2GHz, 
    3GHz, and 2.8GHz
  • New .09 micron «Strained SI» manufacturing
  • Improved Hyperthreading Technology
  • 1MB on chip, Full Speed L2 Cache
  • Increased 16KB L1 Data Cache
  • Streaming SIMD Extensions — SSE2 and 13 new
    SSE3 Instructions
  • 31 stage «Hyper Pipelined» Technology for
    extremely high clock speeds
  • 800MHz «Quad Pumped» Front Side Bus
  • Rapid Execution Engine — ALU clocked at 2X
    frequency of core
  • 128bit Floating Point/Multimedia unit
  • Intel «NetBurst» micro-architecture
  • Supported by the Intel® i875P and i865G
    chipsets, with Hyperthreading support
  • Intel® MMX? media enhancement technology
  • Memory cacheability up to 4 GB of addressable
    memory space and system memory scalability up to 64
    GB of physical memory
  • 1. 25 — 1.4V operating voltage range
  • 89 — 103 Watts TPD (Thermal Design Power)

Pentium 4 Prescott

478 Pin
mPGA Package

Specifications of the Intel Pentium 4 3.4GHz
Processor (Northwood)

Increased Core Clock Speed in .13 micron

  • Clock speeds of 3.4GHz
  • .13 micron manufacturing process
  • Hyperthreading Technology
  • 512kB on chip, Full Speed L2 Cache
  • 8KB L1 Data Cache
  • Streaming SIMD Extensions — SSE2 Only
  • 20 stage «Hyper Pipelined» Technology
  • 800MHz «Quad Pumped» Front Side Bus
  • Rapid Execution Engine — ALU clocked at 2X
    frequency of core
  • 128bit Floating Point/Multimedia unit
  • Intel «NetBurst» micro-architecture
  • Supported by the Intel® i875P and i865G
    chipsets, with Hyperthreading support
  • Intel® MMX? media enhancement technology
  • Memory cacheability up to 4 GB of addressable
    memory space and system memory scalability up to 64
    GB of physical memory
  • 1. 525 — 1.6V operating voltage range
  • 89 Watts TPD (Thermal Design Power)

Pentium 4

478 Pin
mPGA Package

If you’ve read

our debut Prescott article back in February, two words
say it all for both of these new processors, «speed bump». 
We invite you to brush up on Prescott’s architecture a bit
with our February article, as Intel has made

significant changes and enhancements to its P4 core
architecture.  Beyond that, what is a little
surprising is that Intel’s Northwood core has also ramped
beyond our initial expectations to 3.4GHz, allowing it to
take position next to its brethren Prescott and Gallatin
(P4EE) cores, in terms of top end clock speed.

Thermals And A Bit Of

Pentium 4 ‘Northwood’ 2.2GHz vs. Athlon XP 2000+

TODAY BOTH Intel and AMD are unleashing brand-new processors on the world, and both companies aim to claim the title of “fastest PC processor.” The most significant advances come from Intel. The company is launching its Pentium 4 “Northwood” chip at 2.2GHz. With higher clock speeds and a larger L2 cache, Northwood might just give the Pentium 4 a decisive performance lead for the first time ever. AMD isn’t standing still, however, and its Athlon XP 2000+ is primed to defend its turf. Will it succeed, or with Northwood’s stratospheric clock speeds finally make the competition succumb? Read on to find out.

Pentium 4 Northwood
The chip code-named Northwood is Intel’s second incarnation of the Pentium 4 processor. The Pentium 4 “Northwood” isn’t fundamentally different from the original Pentium 4 “Willamette,” but there are a couple of significant changes to the chip.

The Pentium 4 “Northwood” 2.2GHz

First, Intel has changed the manufacturing process used to fabricate the chip. The first Pentium 4 chips were manufactured using Intel’s 0.18-micron fab process, which used conventional aluminum for the chip’s interconnects. Northwood is made on Intel’s new 0.13-micron process, which features copper interconnects with a low-K dilectric material that reduces crosstalk. Intel claims its 60-nanometer transistors are the world’s smallest and fastest in volume production, as well. The Pentium III made the conversion to this new manufacturing process a number of months ago, and the Pentium 4 is just now making the move.

A wafer of Willamette (left) and a wafer of Northwood (right)
Though the wafers were pulled at different stages of production, you can see
(if you squint) that quite a few more Northwood chips fit on a wafer

Extreme close up: the Northwood die

This so-called die shrink does several things for the Pentium 4. Northwood is smaller, runs cooler, and requires less power than Willamette. The Pentium 4’s die size shrinks from 217 square millimeters to 145 square millimeters. Because Intel can fit more chips on a wafer, Northwood should be cheaper to manufacture. The process shrink should also enable Northwood to run at even higher clock frequencies with ease.

The die shrink also made room for Intel to increase the size of the Pentium 4’s on-chip level 2 cache from 256K to 512K. This extra cache takes the Pentium 4 from 42 million transistors to 55 million. The jumbo-sized L2 cache ought to help Northwood tackle the Pentium 4’s big bugaboo: low clock-for-clock performance. A larger cache should help keep the P4’s deep instruction pipelined fed, increasing the number of instructions per clock (IPC) the chip can execute.

Intel is introducing Northwood at two initial clock speeds: 2.0GHz and 2.2GHz. In order to differentiate the Northwood 2GHz from the older Pentium 4 “Willamette” 2GHz, Intel is calling the Northwood 2GHz the “Pentium 4 processor at 2. 0 ‘A’ GHz.” The “A” designation will conjure up warmly remembered visions of the Celeron 300A for old-timers like me, while the rest of you will probably be wondering why Intel couldn’t come up with a better name than “2.0 ‘A’ GHz.”

The Athlon XP 2000+
The Athlon XP 2000+ is simply AMD’s latest speed ramp of the Athlon XP. Like all Athlon XPs, this new one gets a model number that’s independent of its clock speed. The previous top speed for the Athlon XP was the 1900+ model, which runs at 1.6GHz. (We reviewed the 1900+ here.) The Athlon XP 2000+ runs at 1.67GHz.

The Athlon XP 2000+

A close-up of the Athlon XP 2000+ core

The Athlon XP hasn’t yet undergone the die shrink to 0.13 microns. Like Northwood and unlike Willamette, however, that Athlon XP is made with copper interconnects, which AMD has been using on Athlon chips for quite some time now. AMD has plans to take the Athlon line to 0.13 microns this quarter; that chip is code-named Thoroughbred. However, even without the die shrink, the Athlon XP is only 128 square millimeters. Because Athlon XPs are made up of only 37.5 million transistors, they’re much smaller than the Pentium 4—even smaller than die-shrunk Northwood. All other things being equal, Athlon XPs ought to be cheaper to make, as well.

Don’t be fooled by the Athlon XP’s relatively pokey 1.67GHz clock speed. There’s a reason AMD puts that model number label on its CPUs; they perform quite a bit better, clock for clock, than the Pentium 4.


What to watch for in the test results
I’ll tell you now that this is going to be a very tight contest, so it’s important to keep the relative benchmark scores in perspective. All of the processors we’re testing today are exceptionally fast, so they’re often held back by other components in our test system, like memory, video cards, or hard drives. Not only that, but the processors themselves perform quite similarly, which should be no great shock given the healthy competition right now between Intel and AMD. All told, you’ll see a lot of tests where the results are within a few percentage points of one another—or less.

Although we run our tests multiple times and average the results in order to limit variability, many of these results are close enough that the differences may not matter. Either the variance between the results is within the margin of error, or, more commonly, the real-world difference between one score and another is negligible. Keep that in mind.

That’s not to say that none of the differences matter. They often do. Some of the performance differences are rather pronounced. And every bit of performance counts, especially in a grudge match like this one.

That said, there are a few interesting matchups here. For starters, you’ll want to keep an eye on how the Pentium 4 Willamette 2GHz stacks up against the 2GHz Northwood. The Northwood ought to be faster in many tests thanks to its larger L2 cache, but in other places, that extra cache may not help much. Some software routines won’t fit into a 256K L2 cache, but they’ll fit fine into Northwood’s 512K L2 cache. Those routines should run faster on Northwood.

Next, we’ve tested the Pentium 4 chips with both DDR SDRAM and RDRAM. These two types of RAM are vying for supremacy on the Pentium 4 platform, and the odds are very good that DDR SDRAM will win that battle in terms of sales. You may want to keep an eye on how those two types of memory perform.

Finally, there’s the main event: the Athlon XP 2000+ versus the 2.2GHz Northwood. Can the Northwood’s extra speed and cache help the Pentium 4 finally overcome the Athlon? We’ll see.

Our testing methods
As ever, we did our best to deliver clean benchmark numbers. Tests were run at least twice, and the results were averaged.

Our test systems were configured like so:

  Athlon XP Pentium 4 DDR Pentium 4 RDRAM
Processor AMD Athlon XP 1800+
AMD Athlon XP 2000+
Intel Pentium 4 2. 0GHz
Intel Pentium 4 2.0″A”GHz
Intel Pentium 4 2.2GHz
Intel Pentium 4 2.0GHz
Intel Pentium 4 2.0″A”GHz
Intel Pentium 4 2.2GHz
Front-side bus 266MHz (133MHz double-pumped) 400MHz (100MHz quad-pumped) 400MHz (100MHz quad-pumped)
Motherboard Epox EP-8KHA+ Abit BD7-RAID Intel D850MD
Chipset VIA KT266A Intel 845 Intel 850
North bridge VT8366A 82845 MCH 82850 MCH
South bridge VT8233 82801BA ICh3 82801BA ICh3
Memory size 256MB (1 DIMM) 256MB (1 DIMM) 256MB (2 RIMMs)
Memory type Micron PC2100 DDR SDRAM Micron PC2100 DDR SDRAM Samsung PC800 Rambus DRAM
Graphics NVIDIA GeForce3 Ti 500 64MB (Detonator XP 21. 83 video drivers)
Sound Creative SoundBlaster Live!
Storage IBM 75GXP 30.5GB 7200RPM ATA/100 hard drive
OS Microsoft Windows XP Professional
OS updates None

The test systems’ Windows desktops were set at 1024×768 in 32-bit color at a 75Hz screen refresh rate. Vertical refresh sync (vsync) was disabled for all tests.

We used the following versions of our test applications:

  • SiSoft Sandra Standard 2001te
  • Compiled binary of C Linpack port from Ace’s Hardware
  • ZD Media Business Winstone 2001 1. 0.2
  • ZD Media Content Creation Winstone 2001 1.0.2
  • POV-Ray for Windows version 3.1g (multiple compiles)
  • Sphinx 3.3
  • ScienceMark 1.0
  • LAME 3.90
  • SPECviewperf 6.1.2
  • MadOnion 3DMark 2001 Build 200
  • Quake III Arena 1.30
  • Serious Sam v1.05

All the tests and methods we employed are publicly available and reproducible. If you have questions about our methods, hit our forums to talk with us about them.


Memory performance
We’re going to start off with memory tests because, well, that’s how we generally start things off. Also, these tests are a little more theoretical than the rest, so we’ll get them out of the way before we move on to the real contest.

First up is the modified version of the Stream memory benchmark that’s included in SiSoft’s Sandra. This test measures memory bandwidth, which is one component of memory performance.

The results break down nicely into three separate groups. As expected, the RDRAM systems are fastest here. The Pentium 4 DDR systems are next, and you can see there’s no difference between Willamette and Northwood here; they’re all talking to the same memory over the same bus, so the memory bandwidth is nearly identical. Finally, the Athlon XP systems can’t transfer quite as much data to memory as the Pentium 4 systems. On some memory-intensive tasks, the Pentium 4 will have the advantage.

However, that’s only half the story. As you can see on this page of our recent chipset review, RDRAM memory’s extra bandwidth comes at a price of higher memory latencies. DDR-based systems are much quicker accessing memory in smaller chunks, which helps them compare well against RDRAM-based systems despite the bandwidth disparity.

The more interesting test here is Linpack, which can give us a nice visual look at Northwood’s L2 cache in action. Here’s how the results look:

If you’re not familiar with a Linpack graph, watch closely. The X axis is the size of the data matrix Linpack is processing, and the Y axis is the calculation speed measured in megaflops. If data fits into a processor’s cache, the CPU can process that data much faster. As the size of the data matrix grows, the calculations will get progressively slower.

This graph shows us several things. First, you can see that Northwood’s L2 cache is quite a bit larger than Willamette’s. Willamette’s performance begins to drop off once we get into matrices of about 192K in size, while Northwood peaks at about 384K. Not only that, but the extra cache helps Northwood’s peak performance climb much higher than Willamette’s can.

Next, notice that the Athlon XP’s effective cache size is greater than 256K. Although the Athlon XP has a 256K L2 cache, its L2 cache doesn’t replicate the contents of the L1 data cache like the Pentium 4’s does. You can even see that the Athlon XP’s 64K L1 data cache is much faster than its L2 cache. The Athlon XP’s exclusive L2 cache gives it an effective cache size of 320K. However, the Athlon XP’s L2 cache is measurably slower than Northwood’s.

Now the intriguing bit: the Athlon XP shows us all of its 256K L2 and 64K L1 data cache in Linpack. Performance doesn’t drop off sharply until the matrix size hits 320K. The Northwood, however, peaks at about 384K—well below its 512K L2 cache size. I expect the difference here has something to do with the way these two chips manage their respective caches.


Business Winstone 2001
Business Winstone has been around forever, and this latest version still does a decent job showing us how a system performs in common office applications.

Did I mention that we had some very close results? The Northwood at 2.2GHz is fastest all around, but only when paired with RDRAM. Of the DDR-equipped systems, the Athlon XP 2000+ is fastest—but just barely.

Content Creation Winstone 2001
Business Winstone’s companion test is a little more intensive. It measures performance in applications like audio editing, page design, and image processing.

Here the Athlon XP takes a decisive lead. Northwood is just a tick faster than Willamette, though.


POV-Ray 3D rendering
POV-Ray is a freeware software ray-tracing program that creates high-quality 3D scenes. It’s also a very useful measure of a processor’s performance, particularly on floating-point math. Our POV-Ray tests use the original release of POV-Ray 3.1, plus Steve Schmitt’s recompiled versions, just to see what difference the various compilers and compiler settings can make.

This time out, we’re using an updated version of Steve Schmitt’s recompiled POV-Ray. Although there two flavors of recompiled POV-Ray, including one specifically optimized for the Pentium 4, we’re only using the generic “PIII” version, which runs fine on both the Athlon and the Pentium 4. Unfortunately, some folks have reported getting buggy output from the P4-specific binary, so we’ll have to skip it.

The Athlon XP dominates in POV-Ray, finishing the render a full 80 (and a half) seconds before the 2.2GHz Northwood—and the gap’s over two minutes with the unoptimized binary. Athlons have always excelled in floating-point math, so this result is not a big surprise.

LAME MP3 encoding
LAME is the encoder of choice around Damage Labs for high-quality output, so this test holds some interest for me. More speed for MP3 encoding is always good.

It’s mighty close yet again, but the Athlon XP 2000+ comes out on top.


Quake III Arena
The crown for Quake III performance changed hands when we tested the Athlon XP 1900+ a while back. Before then, Quake III was definitely Pentium 4 territory. Can Northwood recapture the crown?

Most definitely. Three different Northwood configurations outpace the Athlon XP 2000+. However, the older Willamette 2GHz can’t beat the Athlon XP 1800+.

Serious Sam
If Quake III seems old and musty to you, Serious Sam ought to be more up your alley.

The Athlon XP takes this one in a walk. Serious Sam has always run especially well on an Athlon, and the newest, fastest Athlon XP is no exception.

3DMark 2001
This test’s top spot has changed hands more often than most Euro notes. It seems like every time a new NVIDIA driver, chipset, or processor hits the streets, we’ve got a new 3DMark leader. The Pentium 4 2GHz held the lead last time out. Can the Athlon XP pull into the lead?

Not exactly. Northwood at 2.2GHz is faster, but it’s extremely close overall. The big story is how much faster Northwood is than Willamette—about 500 points at the same clock speed.


SPECviewperf workstation graphics
Viewperf measures performance in workstation-class 3D applications like CAD/CAM and 3D modeling tools. Some of these tests are limited almost entirely by our GeForce3 graphics card, but a few of them are still interesting.

This should come as no surprise: in those tests where the graphics card isn’t the performance bottleneck, it’s a toss up. The Athlon XP is faster in some, and the Pentium 4 systems are faster in others.

Speech recognition
The Sphinx speech recognition tests came to us via Ricky Houghton, who works in a speech recognition effort at Carnegie Mellon University. They’re based on Sphinx 3.3, which is an advanced system that promises greater accuracy in speech recognition. However, our past tests have shown that Sphinx 3.3 still can’t quite run fast enough on a standard PC to handle tasks in real time; it seems to be limited primarily by memory bandwidth, but faster CPUs do help performance, as well.

What we’re after here is for our speech recognition test to execute faster than real time, which would help make Sphinx 3.3 workable in real-world applications. For a while now, I’ve hoped that Northwood might take us past that threshold.

Unfortunately, not even Northwood at 2.2GHz can take us into the Promised Land. Regardless, all of these processors are very close. Maybe we can make it happen yet with a little tweaking, eh?


On to Tim Wilkens’ computational benchmark, ScienceMark. This suite of tests measures number-crunching ability by running some computationally intensive scientific equations. Like 3DMark, ScienceMark then spits out a composite number denoting a system’s overall score in the suite.

The Athlon XP 2000+ is an absolute monster in scientific computing—Godzilla in a lab coat. However, the individual tests show the Pentium 4’s strength, as well.

The Athlon XP is fastest in the QMC and Liquid Argon tests, but Primordia is dominated by the Pentium 4.


As you’ve already seen, the Pentium 4 2.2GHz and the Athlon XP 2000+ are the fastest x86 processors on the planet. They have achieved benchmark scores that have never been seen before. They have forever upped the ante in the performance market. Virtually any power user would be completely satisfied with the power of these just-announced chips.

Naturally, we had to try to overclock the rot out of them.

Of course, overclocking isn’t as easy as it used to be. Granted, Intel has had their multiplier lock in place for ages, but AMD always gave you a pretty easy out. With the Slot A Athlons it was the Golden Fingers cards (R.I.P.) and with the Socket A Thunderbird Athlons, a mechanical pencil was all you needed to achieve overclocking bliss.

The Athlon XP, however, changed all that. While it’s still technically possible to unlock the Athlon XP, it’s much more difficult, and as a result it’s likely that even many enthusiasts will now give up on multiplier control and pursue an easier overclocking method.

That method, of course, is bus overclocking. Many enthusiast’s boards allow for bus speed control via the BIOS. Although it is less versatile with out multiplier control, bus overclocking can still reap substantial rewards. This is because when you raise the bus speed, you’re overclocking not only the processor, but also the RAM, PCI bus, AGP bus . . . you get the idea. The downside is that when you overclock a large number of components, there’s a higher chance that one of them will hit a wall and stop your fun.

We overclocked both the 2.2GHz Pentium 4 and the Athlon XP 2000+ to the highest stable speed we could find. The Pentium 4 tests were conducted with the Abit BD7-RAID, while the Athlon XP tests used the Epox EP-8KHA+. First we’ll go over the speed increases we realized, then we’ll take a look at a subset of our earlier benchmarks, comparing “stock” speed to top stable overclocked speed.

The Pentium 4, unsurprisingly, was an overclocking beast, topping out with a top stable bus speed of 118MHz (stock is 100MHz). That gives us a processor speed of 2596MHz, nearly a 400MHz gain. The Athlon XP didn’t get quite that large a jump, but it still nailed down a pretty impressive increase of its own, going from 133MHz bus to 142MHz bus. Processor speed went from 1667MHz to 1775MHz.


Now let’s see what that extra speed will get you. We’ll start with the Sphinx speech recognition test.

Pushing the 2.2GHz Pentium 4 to the limit finally breaks the real-time barrier for the Sphinx speech recognition test. And not by a little bit, either; we can see that the increase in bus speed really allows the Northwood to stretch its legs and blast through the magic 1. 0 mark. The Athlon XP, meanwhile, posts miniscule gains here. It’s likely that some other component is creating a bottleneck here, as the extra hundred or so megahertz provide hardly any benefit.

Once again, we see the Pentium 4 utilizing its increased bus speed to great effect, gaining nearly 35 frames per second. The Athlon XP does better with its increased bus, but not to the same extent. Of course, it’s important to remember that the Pentium 4 system—both in bus speed and processor speed—gained relatively more than the Athlon XP.

The trend continues in the final test, as the Pentium 4 gains a lot of performance from its overclocked bus. The Athlon XP scores are basically a draw; though the overclocked system technically scored lower, the differences are statistically insignificant.


Performance-wise, it’s a toss-up. I would like to declare one or the other of these processors the clear winner, but that’s just not possible. The Athlon XP 2000+ and Pentium 4 2. 2GHz are locked in a dead heat for the title of “fastest x86 processor.”

Pentium 4 2.2GHz (left) and Athlon XP 2000+ (right)

That’s significant progress for Intel, because AMD has held an almost-constant performance lead for well over a year now. With the introduction of the 845 chipset with support for DDR memory and now Northwood, the Pentium 4 platform has finally come into its own. The die-shrunk Pentium 4 is primed for Intel to crank up the clock, and our overclocking exploits show Intel has the headroom to do so at will. The P4 platform’s high-speed bus and ample memory bandwidth will allow significant performance gains as clock speeds ramp, too.

As for AMD, they have managed to hang on to a share of the performance title even as Intel has introduced a much-improved Pentium 4. AMD’s ability to compete with Intel over the past few years has been unprecedented and impressive. However, AMD is facing significant challenges ahead. The Athlon XP will have to transition to 0. 13-micron production before too long, and more importantly, the Athlon XP needs a faster system bus in order to take advantage of faster forms of memory, like DDR333. As consistently as AMD has executed on its plans, however, I find it hard to doubt they will meet these challenges. Heck, there’s probably enough headroom in the current, 0.18-micron Athlon XP for clock speeds as high as 1.8GHz.

Finally, there is the little matter of price. Intel’s pricing for the new P4 chips is like so:

Pentium 4 2.2GHz – $562
Pentium 4 2.0 “A” GHz – $364

AMD’s prices, meanwhile, are a little more modest:

Athlon XP 2000+ (1.67GHz) – $339
Athlon XP 1900+ (1.60GHz) – $269
Athlon XP 1800+ (1.53GHz) – $223
Athlon XP 1700+ (1.47GHz) – $190
Athlon XP 1600+ (1.4GHz) – $160

Obviously, the Athlon XP offers the better price-performance ratio. For enthusiasts looking to build their own PCs, the Athlon XP is probably still the way to go. For those of you looking to buy a PC from a large OEM like Gateway or Dell, it’s hard to say. AMD’s lower prices might let you get more PC for the money. However, Intel traditionally offers steep discounts to OEMs, so shop carefully. 

Intel Prescott: the benchmarks | ZDNET

Intel’s new ‘Prescott’ Pentium 4 has double the L1 and L2 cache of its ‘Northwood’ predecessor. An extended 31-stage pipeline accounts for the fact that the new chip is mostly slower than the CPU it replaces.

Although Intel’s new processor has larger L1 and L2 caches and an enhanced set of multimedia instructions (SSE3), the company has resisted the temptation to call the Prescott chip the ‘Pentium 5’. You can identify a Prescott Pentium 4 by the ‘E’ that follows the clock speed — as in, ‘Pentium 4 Processor with HT Technology 3.40E GHz’.
There are four new Pentium 4 processors with the Prescott core (see table below). However, the 3.4GHz version will not be available in large quantities at launch, which is why Intel did not send this variant to testers. A 3.4GHz Pentium 4 with the older Northwood core will also available — although, again, it’s not currently available for test.

Intel is also releasing another variant of the gaming-orientated Pentium 4 Extreme Edition, a 3.4GHz processor that will cost nearly $1,000. This Northwood-core chip has little relevance to business users, though: for more than the double cost of an equivalent desktop processor, the Extreme Edition delivers only 10 to 15 per cent more performance.

Intel’s new processors



HT support


Pentium 4 2. 8E GHz (Prescott)




Pentium 4 3.0E GHz (Prescott)




Pentium 4 3.2E GHz (Prescott)




Pentium 4 3.4E GHz (Prescott)




Pentium 4 3.4 GHz (Northwood)




Pentium 4 EE 3.4 GHz (Northwood)




Caches, pipelines and power dissipation
The new Prescott CPU has more cache memory than its Northwood predecessor: both the L1 and the L2 caches are now twice as large as before, at 16KB and 1MB respectively. The Prescott chip also supports SSE3, which includes 13 extra PNI (Prescott New Instructions) commands. However, no applications yet support the new Prescott instructions, so they are currently irrelevant in practice.
Larger L1 and L2 caches should boost Prescott’s speed. The fact that this is mostly not the case — Prescott is sometimes slower than previous Pentium 4 variants — is because the chip’s command pipeline has been extended. Think of the pipeline as an assembly-line with several stages: the more stages assembly line has, the faster can it run, in theory. But if the parts (instructions and data) on the assembly-line are not in the correct order, the line must be stopped, corrected, and restarted.
Intel tries to balance this disadvantage with larger caches, which offer faster access to instructions and data than conventional main memory. But larger caches also mean that the power dissipation of the chip rises. The following tables give the results from a variety of PC systems.

Power dissipation (Watts, with Radeon 7000 GPU)

Motherboard CPU

(no load)

(full load)

Cool ‘n’ Quiet

Asus P4C800 P4 3.2E GHz




Asus P4C800 P4 3.2 GHz (Northwood)




Intel D875PBZ P4 3.2E GHz




Intel D875PBZ P4 3. 2 GHz (Northwood)




Asus K8V Deluxe Athlon 64 3400+




Asus K8V Deluxe Athlon 64 3200+




Fujitsu Siemens D1607 Athlon 64 3400+




Fujitsu Siemens D1607 Athlon 64 3200+




A PC with standard components and the new Intel Prescott chip dissipates nearly 50 Watts more under full load than the same system with the previous-generation Northwood chip. In Idle(no load) mode, the Prescott system still uses nearly 35 Watts more.

Power dissipation (Watts, with Radeon 9800 Pro GPU)

Motherboard CPU

(no load)

(full load)

Cool ‘n’ Quiet

Asus P4C800 P4 3. 2E GHz (Prescott)




Asus P4C800 P4 3.2 GHz (Northwood)




Intel D875PBZ P4 3.2E GHz (Prescott)




Intel D875PBZ P4 3.2 GHz (Northwood)




Asus K8V Deluxe Athlon 64 3400+




Asus K8V Deluxe Athlon 64 3200+




Fujitsu Siemens D1607 Athlon 64 3400+




Fujitsu Siemens D1607 Athlon 64 3200+




A high-end system with a 256MB Radeon 9800 Pro GPU and Prescott CPU dissipates nearly 250 Watts under full load. At nearly 200 Watts, the same system with the Northwood Pentium 4 uses considerably less power. AMD’s Athlon 64 3200+ under full load dissipates nearly 80 Watts less than the Prescott system. But the Athlon 64 has a disadvantage: motherboard manufacturers do not yet support all of the AMD chip’s power saving modes, which explains the comparatively small differences between no-load operation and full load. Only if AMD’s Cool ‘ n ‘ Quiet mode is activated does the Athlon 64’s power dissipation drop significantly.

Application performance
Business and Content Creation Winstone are application-based benchmarks that carry out typical tasks like a converting video files or creating a PowerPoint presentation. The following applications are used (version numbers in the new Winstone 2004 releases are in brackets):

Content Creation Winstone 2003 (2004)

  • Adobe Photoshop 7.0 (7.0.1)
  • Adobe Premiere 6.0 (6.50)
  • Macromedia Director 8.5.1 (MX 9. 0)
  • Macromedia Dreamweaver 4 (MX 6.1)
  • Microsoft Windows Media Encoder (9.0)
  • Netscape 6.2.3 (Internet Explorer)
  • NewTek’s LightWave 7.5 (7.5b)
  • Sonic Foundry Sound Forge 6.0 (Steinberg WaveLab 4.0f)

Business Winstone 2002 (2004)

  • 5 Microsoft Office 2000 (Office XP) components (Access, Excel, FrontPage, PowerPoint, Word)
  • Microsoft Project 2000 (Project 2002)
  • Lotus Notes (MS Outlook)
  • WinZip 8.0 (8.1)
  • Norton AntiVirus (version 2003)
  • Netscape Communicator (Internet Explorer)

AMD’s Athlon 64 processors are faster than their Intel counterparts under both of the new 2004 Winstone benchmarks. Despite its extended pipeline, Intel’s Prescott is slightly faster than its Northwood predecessor.

Internet performance
As far as Internet performance is concerned, AMD’s processors are ahead of Intel’s Pentium 4. The Athlon 64 3200+ is particularly impressive compared to the 3.2GHz Pentium 4 in the JavaScript and JavaScript/XML W3C tests, delivering 50 per cent better performance. The Northwood Pentium 4 scores well with the Java VM and Acrobat Reader tests, while the new Prescott chip is somewhat slower than its predecessor in all Internet benchmarks except the XML test.

3D performance: Unreal Tournament
3D games do not expose performance differences between the CPUs — especially if image-quality-enhancing features such as anti-aliasing and anisotropic filtering are activated. Under these circumstances, the performance of the graphics card is the limiting factor.
The results show that the AMD processors are slightly faster than the Pentium 4 chips if no anti-aliasing or anisotropic filtering is activated. With higher resolution and better image quality, the performance differences are less apparent. The Intel CPUs deliver better results than the Athlon chips, which possibly points to a more effective AGP interface at higher resolutions with this test. Intel’s new Prescott Pentium 4 core is somewhat slower than its predecessor in this test.

3D performance: Comanche 4 / Splintercell
When tested with the 3D games Splintercell and Comanche 4, the new Prescott Pentium 4 lags behind its Northwood predecessor. With Comanche 4 the performance difference between the old and the new Pentium 4 is as much as 15 per cent. AMD’s Athlon 64 3400+ delivers the best performance with Comanche 4. If the image quality enhancements are activated with Splintercell, hardly any differences between the processors are evident. Here the graphics card is the limiting factor. With lower image quality settings the Athlon 64 beats its Intel competition.

3D performance: F1 Challenge 99-02
In the F1 Challenge 99-02 test, the processors from Ferrari sponsor AMD and Toyota sponsor Intel are as close as the respective cars are on the track. At 1,024 by 768 resolution, AMD noses in front. At higher resolutions and with anti-aliasing and anisotropic filtering activated, the processors are equally fast.

Load times: Racing Simulation 3
Processor performance is important for more than just gaming performance. Application startup times, loading of saved games and replays can also be affected by processor speed.
Ubisoft’s Formula 1 simulation, Racing Simulation 3, exposes particularly large differences in this respect. With this test, the time for the game to load completely is determined (1st start). The procedure is then repeated to determine the influence of the buffers (caches). Afterwards, the first replay is loaded (replay load). Finally, this procedure is repeated (2nd replay load). The results show that the AMD platform is clearly faster than its Intel competition.

Load times: F1 Challenge 99-02
The second load test, with F1 Challenge 99-02, also shows up performance differences, although not as dramatically as Racing Simulation 3. AMD’s processors are clearly faster when loading replays, while Intel’s new Prescott Pentium 4 outperforms its Northwood predecessor. Obviously here the advantages of Prescott’s larger caches outweigh the disadvantages of its longer pipeline.

The 3.2GHz Prescott Pentium 4 is slightly faster in some tests than its 3.2GHz Northwood predecessor, but mostly it is slightly slower. This should come as no surprise, since all new Intel desktop processors tend to be slower than their predecessors at the same clock speed. This was particularly true of the first Pentium 4, which only overtook the 1GHz Pentium III when its clock speed reached 1.5GHz.
‘What is Intel up to?’, one might well ask. The answer is simple: as far as Intel’s marketing department is concerned, ‘megahertz sells’. By contrast to the mobile market (where the Pentium M that drives Centrino notebooks is approximately as fast at 1.8GHz as the Pentium 4 at 2.4GHz), traditional thinking applies in the desktop space. With its extended 31-stage pipeline, the Prescott Pentium 4 is generally slightly slower than its predecessor, despite having double the cache. But the longer pipeline means that Intel can continue to drive up Prescott’s clock speed.
Remember, though, that at 3.2GHz no other desktop processor requires as much power as the Prescott Pentium 4, which should reach 4GHz by the end of 2004. ‘Megahertz sells’? We shall see.

Test environment


AMD Athlon 64

Intel Pentium 4


Asus K8V Deluxe

Asus P4C800 Deluxe


VIA K8T800

Intel 875P


512MB Infineon DDR400 (CL25)

2 x 256MB Memory Solution DDR400 (CL25)

Hard drive

2 IBM DTLA 307030 (Raid 0 on Promise Fasttrack 100)

2 IBM DTLA 307030 (Raid 0 on Promise Fasttrack 100)

Graphics card

ATI Radeon 9800 Pro 256 MB, Catalyst 3. 10

ATI Radeon 9800 Pro 256 MB, Catalyst 3.10

Operating system

Windows XP Professional SP1

Windows XP Professional SP1

Intel Pentium 4 2.8 GHz Processor Review

Intel Pentium 4 2.8 GHz Processor Review

Intel Pentium 4 processor has come a long way in the last two years. These
days, if you want a top of the line system, it’s going to have a Pentium 4
inside. Yes, AMD’s AthlonXP 2700+ and 2800+ processors are just as
its just that they’re almost impossible to find for
retail sale while the P4 2.8 GHz has been easily available since its’

Ever since the
Northwood core was been introduced, Intel
has been in front in terms of performance,
and perhaps more importantly, availability. What makes the Intel Northwood P4 so attractive is
that Intel has doubled the size of the L2 cache. With 512KB of L2 cache
the performance penalty for having a long CPU pipeline has been dramatically reduced. To
top things off, Northwood Pentium 4’s are great overclockers. Many 1.6A and
1.8A P4’s have no problem hitting 2.4 GHz+ with retail cooling!

So what’s new with the P4 2.8 GHz processor other then clock speed? The CPU
is based on the new C1 core which uses the new enhanced, shrunken, Northwood core
which has a surface area of only 131 mm2. Non-enhanced B0 steeping
Northwoods are 145mm2 in size.

C1 stepping Northwood P4’s
also run on a higher voltage of 1.525V as opposed to 1.5V for the B0
based Northwood’s. Looking at the bottom of the processor we see that
Intel is using larger resistors.

Overclocking to 2.8GHz P4:

Even though I’m currently playing with the fastest (retail-available)
processor in the world, it’s still not fast enough for me. =)

Using the retail
cooler (temperatures never exceeded 50 degrees celsius during testing) we began
to up the FSB slowly. Unfortunately I hit the wall at 147 MHz FSB which only
gives us 3.09 GHz while using 1.6V. No matter what voltage I gave the CPU, I
couldn’t go above that mark. I think the limitation may be due to other hardware; namely
the PSU.

Unfortunately we recently had to swap out the trusty Antec 400W PSU
for a 300W version recently. Using Antec’s 300W PSU I’ve been noticing problems overclocking
previously tested components to the same level as tested before.

test system specs:

computer hardware:


AthlonXP 2700+
Pentium 4 2. 66 GHz
Pentium 4 2.8


13 x 166 MHz = 2.16 GHz (XP 2700+)
20 x 133 MHz = 2.66
GHz (P4)
21 x 133 MHz = 2.8 GHz (P4)

21 x 147 MHz = 3.09 GHz

Motherboards: Albatron PX845E Pro*
Epox 8K3A+
Chipset: Intel i845E

ATi Radeon 9700 Pro


256MB Corsair XMS3200 CAS2

40GB Samsung SP4004H

Panasonic 1. 44MB Floppy Drive

Heatsink: Retail Intel HSF
Thermalright SK-6
w/40 CFM YS Tech
PowerSupply: Antec 300W PSU
WindowsXP Build 2600
Intel INF
VIA 4in1 4.43V
ATi Catalyst 2.3

SysMark 2002
Business Winstone 2002
Content Creation
Super Pi
SiSoft Sandra 2002
3DMark2001 SE
Quake III

* — The Albatron PX845EPro enables a
3/4 memory divider by default at 133 MHz.

© 2022 PCSTATS. com

Next Page >


Contents of Article: Intel Pentium4 2.8GHz

 Pg 1. 
— Intel Pentium 4 2.8 GHz Processor Review
 Pg 2. 

Benchmarks; Sysmark 2002, Winstone 2002
 Pg 3. 

Benchmarks; SuperPI, POVRay
 Pg 4. 

Benchmarks; Sandra Pro
 Pg 5. 

Benchmarks; PCMark 2002, 3DMark 2001
 Pg 6. 

Benchmarks; QIII Arena & Conclusions

stress test / Processors and memory

Intel Pentium4 on Northwood stepping C

AMD’s unprecedented activity at the beginning of 2003 attracted increased attention from overclockers. The very first models of Thoroughbred processors on the core of revision A appeared, which had an unlocked multiplier (we immediately conducted the appropriate stress testing). Subsequently, T-bred processors with revision B core appeared, which, in addition to changing the multiplier, allowed a significant increase in the operating frequency of the processor (the most typical example is overclocking from 1466 MHz (XP1700) to 2000 MHz (XP2400) 2083 MHz (XP2600)). And finally, the release of processors with the new Barton core, with L2 cache increased to 512KB (which we have already tested).

In addition, the release of boards based on the nVidia nForce II chipset made overclocking AMD processors a very interesting activity, and allowed the latter to reach their full potential.

And in the midst of this celebration of life, Intel processors look completely inexpressive. The golden age of Pentium4 1.6A and 1.8A processors, which showed miracles of overclocking (a typical example of overclocking 1. 6 GHz -> 2.6 GHz), has already passed. And the overclocking of new processor models (including those with a 133(533QP) MHz bus) did not allow overcoming the 2.8 GHz bar.

However, more and more often information about Pentium4 processors began to appear on the net, which easily overcame the 3GHz threshold at the nominal voltage. And when the voltage (Vcore) increased, the processors worked at frequencies of ~ 3.5 GHz, while some instances took the mark of 4 GHz.

Actually, there is nothing surprising in this. Last summer, Intel began transferring production lines to the production of processors with a new stepping — C1. The main difference between stepping C1 and the previous B0 is the ability to work at higher frequencies and minor core changes.

Quite naturally (from the point of view of economic feasibility 🙂 not only older processor models (2.8GHz, 3.06 GHz) were transferred to the new stepping, but also younger models — all up to 1.8A (model 1.6A has already been discontinued). As a result, we can expect stable operation at frequencies of ~ 3 GHz from any processor of this stepping, regardless of its initial frequency.

The question immediately arises — how to distinguish processors with the new C1 stepping from the old ones with the B0 stepping. The easiest way is to build the system and run the Wcpu (or CPU-Z) utility. If the processor has stepping B0, then the value of «Stepping ID»=4. Example:

But if you come across a processor with C1 stepping, then its value «Stepping ID»=7.

And the Cpu-Z utility even specifies the stepping.

However, it is very unlikely that when buying a processor you will be told the processor stepping or given the opportunity to test it with a program. Therefore, it is necessary to distinguish processors in appearance.

There are two options: by marking or by the location of the capacitors.

So, before you is a table with series numbers of Northwood processors of stepping C. I must say right away that the table is not final and can be expanded with new batches/series.

Processor Model Series
1.8A SL6LA
2.0A SL6GQ
2.2 SL6GR
2.26 SL6DU
2.4 SL6GS
2.4V SL6DV
2. 50 SL6GT
2.53 SL6DW
2.6 SL6GU
2.66 SL6DX
2.8 SL6K6
3.06 SL6K7

Another way to distinguish stepping is to look at the location of the capacitors. If their location matches the location of the capacitors on the P4 3.06GHz processor, then this is definitely a stepping C processor.

Reverse side of the test processor There are processors of stepping C, in which the arrangement of capacitors differs from the above. One way or another, the choice of processor is a kind of lottery. After all, even among the C-stepping processors there are unsuccessful (in terms of overclocking) instances.

So, for a closer acquaintance, I purchased a Pentium4 2.4B processor of the SL6DV series (Costa Rica) with a supply voltage of 1.525V.

Actually, I bought this processor only because of the 133 (533) MHz bus. The vast majority of motherboards based on i845PEGE chipsets do not allow using DDR333 memory when installing a processor with a 100MHz bus. I have talked about this more than once in reviews of motherboards.

And to achieve maximum overclocking, it makes sense to look for a processor with a lower multiplier. A good example is the P4 2.26GHz model with a multiplier = 17, and with this processor the frequency FSB=200(800QP)MHz becomes quite real. In this case, the resulting frequency will be 3.4 GHz.

But models with a 100(400QP) MHz bus have multipliers of 18 or more, and their overclocking to a 200 MHz bus is very unlikely.

Overclocking and heat dissipation

For overclocking experiments, we chose the Abit IT7-MAX2 v2.0 board based on the Intel 845PE chipset. Let me remind you that in the review of this motherboard it was concluded that this motherboard is not suitable for extreme overclocking due to the small range of voltage changes on the processor (maximum Vcore = 1.7V). However, as it turned out in the latest BIOS, Abit programmers expanded this range to a more acceptable value = 1.85V.

And keeping in mind the company’s statements about the stable operation of the board at frequencies of 200 MHz and higher, it was decided to test overclocking on this particular board.

The overclocking result turned out to be somewhat ambiguous — the P4 2. 4B processor was overclocked from the stock frequency of 133 MHz to 180 MHz. As a result, the clock frequency was 3.24 GHz.

On the one hand, this is an excellent result — the frequency is much higher than the top model 3.06 GHz (frequency increase 840 MHz). At the same time, we get a solid increase in performance due to the higher frequency of the processor bus. But about performance a little later.

On the other hand, I came across not the most successful copy of the processor. Quite often I came across information about overclocking a 2.4B (C1) processor to a frequency of 3.6GHz. Those. a potential increase in frequency of 1.2 GHz or 50% (by the way, my last P4 1.8A overclocked exactly by 50% :).

Typical heat dissipation at this frequency should be at least 85W, and the maximum power consumption should be more than 100W.

From this we logically conclude that a more efficient cooling device is needed. Let me tell you that Intel itself plans to release new «boxed» coolers with a copper plate at the base. In the meantime, I used the Zalman 6500Cu-B cooler, which, according to our tests, is the most efficient air cooler.

However, given that the CPU voltage was slightly increased, we could have managed with a weaker cooler. However, it is worth remembering that when the Pentium4 processor overheats, the overheating protection is activated in it. As a result, the temperature increase slows down/stops, and at the same time the level of performance drops significantly.

And finally, a few words about the next stepping of Pentium 4 processors. We are talking about the D1 stepping.

I’ll start with the fact that the new stepping has «Stepping ID»=9, which will allow you to easily determine it with Wcpu utilities. And the main difference from stepping C is that the processor bus frequency will be equal to 200(800QP) MHz. In addition, for older models, the operating voltage will be slightly increased (up to 1.55V).

And now about the sad part — the first processors with the new stepping will appear at the end of spring and these will be expensive models (3GHz and higher). And the younger models (2.4GHz, 2.6GHz and 2.8GHz) will appear on open sale only in the middle of summer (just in time for the game Doom3 :). However, there is good news — it is very likely that the listed models will include support for HyperThreading technology, which increases performance in multi-threaded applications.

Let’s move on to performance tests of the overclocked processor.


To test performance, we assembled a system based on Abit IT7-MAX2 v2.0 boards (based on Intel 845PE chipset) and a system based on Asus P4G8X boards (based on Intel E7205 Granite Bay chipset). Thus, we will once again compare the performance of these two chipsets both in stock and overclocked modes. In addition, we will also overclock the RAM on the Abit board.

I would like to point out one important point right away. On a system with an Asus P4G8X board, the memory worked at a frequency of 180 MHz with minimum timings of 2-2-5-2. But in a system with an Abit IT7-MAX2 v2.0 board, the memory worked at frequencies of 166 MHz and 177 MHz at the minimum (2-2-5-2), and when the memory worked at a frequency of 225 MHz (which corresponds to DDR450), then there were higher timings 2.5-3-6-3.


Processor Processor Intel Pentium4 (Northwood-C) ; 18×180=3.24GHz
Motherboard Abit IT7-MAX2 v2.0 based on Intel 845PE chipset

Asus P4G8X based on Intel E7205 Granite Bay
Video card Ti4200(315600) on NVidia GeForce4 64Mb chip
nVidia Detonator v40.41
Sound card
HDD IBM DTLA 307030 30Gb
Memory 256MB PC3200 DDR SDRAM by Samsung

256 MB PC3200 DDR SDRAM, Kingstone based on Samsung chips
Housing Inwin506 with PowerMan 300W PSU
OS Windows XP SP1

So, the tests used a familiar set of applications.

First, let’s look at the results of synthetic tests.

We have only synthetic applications that demonstrate theoretical performance. A purely synthetic Sandra memory bandwidth test shows Granite Bay’s advantage over i845PE by almost 25-30%. But the PCMark test shows almost equal results.

Now tests of real applications.

less is better (sec.)

And finally, tests of game programs.

The performance of the game Id Quake3 directly depends on the bandwidth of the memory subsystem. Therefore, when testing an overclocked processor, I expected a significant increase in speed. Actually, that’s how it happened.

But the Serious Sam game is very inconvenient for the Pentium4 processor. In this application, there is practically no dependence on the speed of the memory, and the code is poorly predictable (with a large number of transitions). Usually processors with a powerful FPU unit, such as Athlon XP, show the best results in this game.

Another couple of tests, this time using DirectX. But in general, the situation repeats itself: the system based on the GraniteBay board outperforms the system with the i845PE board, both in standard modes and in overclocking mode.

Video card Ti4200 (working frequencies 315600 🙂

i845PE vs E7205 Granite Bay

So, on which chipset do the boards look more attractive? Let’s try to understand this issue.

If all components work under normal conditions, then the answer is simple — the highest performance can only be achieved on a motherboard with a GraniteBay chipset.

The next question is more subtle, which chipset is better for overclocking?

The answer, oddly enough, lies in the amount of memory required by the user. If the system will be used for gaming and other home applications, then quite a reasonable amount for these tasks is 512MB. As a result, you can purchase one memory bar of very high quality, which can operate at a frequency = 43 (or 54) of the processor bus frequency. Moreover, depending on the quality of the memory and the voltage on it (Vmem), manipulations with timings are possible.

So, for this variant, the best solution is an i845PE board with support for multipliers 43 and 54 i845GE)).

Asus P4PE

Abit IT7-MAX2 v2.0

180225 with minimal timings will show a speed comparable to GraniteBay (I remind you that in my tests the memory on the i845PE works with timings of 2.5-3-6-3).

But if your system is a workstation and the amount of memory is more than 512 MB, then the most successful solution is a motherboard based on the GraniteBay chipset. There is no need to buy expensive RAM — a high-quality DDR400 is enough.

However, overclocking on working computers is very, very rare, because in this area reliability is much more important than performance. For example, one failure while solving a multi-hour task can completely offset any positive effect of overclocking. Home computers are another matter. The game hung — we had a fight, rebooted the system, loaded the level again and continued to destroy monsters;)

A separate discussion deserves purely computational tasks, in which the main role is played by the processor power, and not the memory bandwidth (a typical example is 3D Studio MAX). In this case, the winner is the board whose chipset is more loyal to overclocking.

So, if I came across a more successful copy of the processor that could operate at FSB = 190 MHz or even 200 MHz, then when it was overclocked on the Granite Bay board, I would not encounter any problems — the memory would work synchronously at a frequency of 200 MHz. But on an i845PE board, I would encounter the impossibility of memory operation in asynchronous mode (200 * 54 = 250 MHz — Kingstone memory cannot operate at such a frequency even with increased timings). To be honest, only memory modules manufactured by 2-3 companies will be able to operate at this frequency.

Yes, of course, the probability that such a overclockable instance of the processor will come across is very small. However, in the spring there will be new Intel processors with stepping D, which initially operate at a frequency of FSB=200 MHz. As a result, overclocking will be carried out already from this mark — and all owners of i845GE-based boards will be left «with a nose» 🙂 — on their system, the memory will be able to work only in synchronous mode, which means a significant performance loss. But owners of motherboards based on dual-channel chipsets (Granite Bay SiS 655) will be able to continue experimenting with overclocking without losing performance.

Asus P4G8X : Granite Bay

Gigabyte 8INXP : Granite Bay

And the last fact — the cost of a bundle (boards on i845PE + expensive memory) is approximately equal to the cost of a bundle (expensive board on Granite Bay + regular memory). Those. the board on the E7205 Granite Bay looks more attractive. However, keep in mind that simultaneously with the announcement of Pentium4 processors with 200(800QP) MHz bus, Intel is going to introduce new chipsets: i865PE (Springdale-PE) and i875P (Canterwood).

Both new chipsets are dual-channel, supporting DDR400 and DDR333 memory. In addition, the i875P chipset has a special «Turbo mode» to increase performance. Both chipsets will also support AGP8X (Granite Bay already supports AGP8X) and will be equipped with a new southbridge — ICH5 with integrated SerialATA support. By the way, ICH5 will increase the number of USB ports from 6 to 8 and integrate Gigabit Ethernet support. The south bridge will be connected to the north bridge via the Hub Link v1.5 bus with a bandwidth of 266 MB per second.

As a result of all the above arguments, I cannot unequivocally say which chipset is better — i845PE or E7205 GraniteBay.


So, the main conclusion is the following. Northwood’s C stepping processors have great potential for overclocking and demonstrate very high performance on both the i845PE and E7205 systems.

So what happens — you need to grab the money and run to the nearest store for Pentium4 stepping C :)) ? You can, but I want to make a couple of comments 🙂

First of all, quite recently (February 24), Intel has carried out a massive price cut for its line of processors. In particular, P4 2.4B fell in price from $193 to $163 and became the cheapest processor based on the Northwood core (models 2.26 and 2.13 cost the same). However, prices in our stores remain at the same level and will remain so until the purchase of a new batch of processors. Therefore, it makes sense to wait for a real price reduction for the 2.4B model.

Secondly, if the upgrade can take several months, then it makes sense to wait for D1 stepping processors with a nominal FSB=200 MHz and boards based on the new i865PE and i875P chipsets (although I repeat once again: many boards based on i845PE and GraniteBay will be able to work with new processors).

ABIT BH7 (i845PE) with unofficial support for FSB 800MHz

And finally, if you hesitate between choosing an Intel or Amd platform, then you should know that in the near future we plan to compare the processors of both companies in a face-to-face fight :)))

Additional Materials

AMD Athlon XP. Thoroughbred vs Barton
AMD Thoroughbred Athlon XP. Stress test
Abit IT7-MAX2 v2.0 : i845PE
Abit BE7-RAID : i845PE
Asus P4G8X Deluxe : Granite Bay
Asus P4PE : i845PE
Gigabyte 8INXP : Granite Bay

Fallout 4 Far Harbor locations

This article contains non-localized illustrations.

Menu items or dialog texts in the illustrations for this article are not translated into Russian. You can improve the quality of Vault articles by uploading localized images.

See also: List of articles with non-localized illustrations

You can enter the mine through an inconspicuous gray door, next to which there are a lot of bog eggs. Inside, the Survivor also expects a warm welcome, because the trappers do not intend to part with their ill-gotten gains.


Below is a complete list of loose items* in this location.


  • Cleaver — 2 pcs.
  • Help
    • Screw
    • Cooked Breakfast
    • Dirty Water — 2 pcs.
    • Wild Mutfruit
    • Bog Bog Meat
    • Soft-shell Bog Bog Meat
    • Rad Deer Meat
    • Beer — 5 pcs.
    • Squirrel Soup
    • Carrot Flower
    • Swamp Egg — 15 pcs.
    • Rage
    • Aluminum can — 2 pcs.
    • Aluminum can — 2 pcs.
    • Can — 2 pcs.
    • Paint can — 2 pcs.
    • White bottle
    • Bolt — 3 pcs.
    • Tibia
    • Alarm clock
    • Beer bottle x 2
    • Antifreeze bottle
    • Chest
    • Wooden spoon
    • Wooden cube
    • Pre-war money
    • Tin can
    • Yellow paint
    • Toy car
    • Electrical tape — 2 pcs.
    • Canister
    • Saucepan — 4 pcs.
    • Acid
    • Adhesive
    • Ladle — 2 pcs.
    • Pelvic bones — 2 pcs.
    • Rat poison
    • Dishtowel — 3 pcs.
    • Shovel — 2 pcs.
    • Oil can — 2 pcs.
    • Metal pail — 2 pcs.
    • Garden gnome
    • DIY battery — 4 pcs.
    • Bundle of skins — 3 pcs.
    • Broken Thigh Bone
    • Dog Bowl
    • Salt Shaker
    • Tablespoon
    • Fuel for Mr. Helper
    • Lantern — 5 pcs.
    • Pro-Snap Camera
    • Jawless Brahmin Skull
    • Brahmin Hide
    • Enamel Bucket — 3 pcs.

    Game objects

  • Wooden box — 2 pcs.
  • Ammo Box — 6 pcs.
  • Box of explosives — 3 pcs. (1 light lock, 1 medium lock)
  • Drug box — 3 pcs. (1 with easy lock)
  • Lunchbox
  • Metal box
  • Bag
    ** Items in containers can be randomly generated
    *** Items can be extracted from some traps, they are not duplicated in the corresponding section above, unless otherwise noted


    appears only in the Fallout 4 add-on Far Harbor .


    0230 2017 (rating)


    9,00067 9000 9000. [4] In 2000, 3,640 people, 1,347 households and 1,000 families lived in the city. The population density was 130.1 people per square mile (50.2 / km 2 ). There were 1,905 housing units at an average density of 68. 1 per square mile (26.3/km). 2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 97.53%. White, 0.30% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population.

    There were 1,347 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder living with no husband present, and 25.7% don’t have a family. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.70, and the average family size is 3.07.

    Maple farm in 1912

    In the city the population was spread out, with 27.1% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 25.2% 45 to 64 years old and 9.0% aged 65 years and over. older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 women, there were 100. 3 men. For every 100 women aged 18 and over, there were 99.3 men.

    The median income for a household in the city was $50,675, and the median income for a family was $53,953. Men had a median income of $36,161 compared to $27,721 for women. The per capita income for the city was 21 491 dollar. About 1.5% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.0% of those aged 65 and over.

    Famous people

    • Bruce Hodgdon, former state representative
    • Ella Knowles, suffragist, lawyer and politician; born in Northwood (1860)


    Northwood is home to Camp Yavne, a Jewish summer camp founded in 1944 by Lucas Pond, and Wah-Tut-Ca Scout Booking, a Boy Scout camp run by the Spirit of Adventure Council. 9 «US Census Website». US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

    further reading

    • Bailey, J. (1992) Guide to the history and old dwellings of Northwood, New Hampshire, second edition , Peter E. Randall Publisher, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 305 pp.
    • external link

      • City of Northwood official website
      • Northwood Historical Society
      • New Hampshire Economics and Labor Market Information Office profile


      st. Izmailova

      Residential quarter Norwood

      LCD Norwood

      Reliable new buildings
      Russia 2022




      Relaxation 9000 9000

      Coziness and comfort



      Enjoy the moment, enjoy simple things, be in harmony with yourself and the world around you — all this is about the future residents of our new project.


      For comfortable family life

      4 minutes
      to the city center

      10 minutes until a nursery

      7 schools
      and 6 schools

      15 minutes
      to the
      Health path 9000

      20 minutes to open
      swimming pool



      Shopping centers





      Gas station


      Square and boulevard

      The new quarter combines all the best to become an alternative city center. Here is a place of interesting acquaintances and meetings of old friends, a place of events and new stories.

      The ideology of the Scandinavian style is broadcast in the beautification of the square and the boulevard. Its main components: natural materials, functionality, conciseness and beauty of forms. Warm and light color palette gives a feeling of freshness and purity.



      It was important for us to create a safe yet airy space. The ensemble of the complex is a composition of six houses of variable height, which allows more light to enter and flood the entire courtyard with rays.

      Art Gallery
      with figures of

      with an amphitheater



      Here in a cozy patio you can communicate with neighbors, and events are waiting for you and over the corner pleasant meetings at the «Voices of Nature» square. Choose between lazy breakfasts in bed and a morning walk along the boulevard with a glass of cappuccino in hand.









      Implementation and yard

      Here we follow your interests, mood, desire to know this world. Green yards for every member of the family. Sensory garden for the little ones.

      A specially organized eco-space for communicating with nature. Quiet relaxation areas for soulful conversations and meditation.

      Developing public and private spaces for recreation, we created a map of movement and paths using a neural network. As a result, we received popular routes for residents in the Norwood quarter, which formed the basis of the improvement and helped to make it as thoughtful, conscious and comfortable as possible.



      Safety system of the new generation «Risan»

      Bez Barrier environment

      High-speed elevator

      Wi-Fi network

      Carriage 9000
      Management company

      930 it is easier to build your own cozy nest, strike a balance between work and leisure, pleasure and benefit. Turn your home into a place where you can show your «I» and enjoy peace and comfort.

      More than 50 layout options

      In the Norwood quarter, you have a rare
      opportunity to find a truly
      apartment for you. Choose the scale for your lifestyle.

      and dressing room

      Windows up to 2.4 m

      Designing doors

      Baskets for
      conditioners *

      BASS for
      air conditioners * 9000,

      and dressing rooms

      Windows up to 2.4 m

      Designing doors

      Baskets for
      air conditioners *

      and dressing rooms


      Select the apartment

      ,0005 , m2

      43. 0


      Download house plan

      Choose a house

      st. Izmailovaul. Angarskaya

      Number of rooms

      area, m2



      area, m2

      Download plan of the house



      Two multi-level, 8-storey, remote from courtyards. They create a barrier between a noisy city and a quiet calm quarter.

      Family and




      Augustius Aurhuyaprelmartfernavar

      930 9000 10 9


      September 27, 2022

      Norwood Scandi Quarter construction video

      At our facilities, the processes are, as always, according to the construction schedule. The new Norwood Scandinavian quarter at the GPP is no exception.

      — At the 1st building, work is underway to install a monolithic reinforced concrete frame and brickwork. Installed window structures, roofing.
      — On the 2nd building, work continues on the arrangement of the 10th floor.
      — On the 3rd building, work is underway on the monolith of the basement.

      Watch the new report video to see what’s happening on other buildings: https://youtu.be/yrnzLedVUhE

      And follow our news to keep up to date with all the progress on the residential complexes that interest you.

      September 15, 2022

      About your security system in the first person

      The head of Risan’s security service, Andrey Kataev, became a guest of one of the Risan Podcasts.
      If you want to learn more about the new security system that our company has created and already implemented, we recommend listening to it.

      It is this security system, but in a modified form, that will be implemented in the Norwood quarter.

      You will learn under what conditions surveillance cameras work for security, why a rapid response team is more effective than a guard post and how innovations affect the cost of a new system for residents.

      Enjoy listening: https://vk.com/wall-143968047_5440

      September 05, 2022

      Public spaces in the Scandi Quarter

      Norwood Scandi Quarter at GPZ-24 has comfortable amenities for modern family life that will give each walk a special European atmosphere.

      The open boulevard and the «Voices of Nature» square will make the quarter an alternative city center where you can make new acquaintances and meet old friends.

      For fans of outdoor activities and romantic stargazing — the roof of a multi-level parking lot. It will be a full-fledged space for different types of activity, including a court, a running track, table tennis tables, a yoga area and a sun-protected relaxation area.

      Find out more at a free consultation with the sales department. Sign up for it by phone: 51-51-51

      Send a message:

      Your name




      Specialized developer «Parus». You can familiarize yourself with the project declaration on the website of our.dom.rf.

      [Page 7/22] — Manual: GIGABYTE Motherboard GA-8ID533 (REV. 1.0), GA-8ID533 (REV. 1.1)

      (free manual download)

      File Format: PDF

      Availability: Free of charge, like all manuals on the site. Without registration and SMS.

      Additional: Reading Instruction online

      — 7 —

      Equipment installation


      To configure the computer, the following actions must be performed:

      Step 1- Install the central processor (CPU)
      Step memory modules
      Step 3- set expansion boards
      Step 4 Step 2

      Step 4

      Step 3

      Step 4

      Step 4

      Step 1

      Step 4

      Step 1

      ( 7 of 22)
























      Manual table of contents

      • Page 1 of 23
        GA-8ID533 P4 Titan-SDRAM Motherboard USER’S MANUAL Pentium®4 Processor Motherboard Rev. 1001
      • Page 2 of 23
        English Contents Scope of delivery ………………………………………. ………………….. 3 WARNING! …………………………………………. ….. 3 Chapter 1 Introduction …………………………………… ……………………………. 4 Mainboard Specifications
      • Page 3 of 23
        GA-8ID533 Series Mainboard User Manual IDE Device Cable x 1/ System Drive cable x 1 GA-8ID533 CD with drivers and utilities for system board series board Quick guide installation System board settings label
      • Page 4 of 23
        English Chapter 1 Introduction Motherboard specifications Form factor 4-layer board, 20.1 cm x 29.5 cm, ATX form factor. CPU Intel® Micro FC-PGA2 Pentium® 4 Processor for Socket 478 Support for Intel® Pentium® 4 Processors (Northwood, 0.13µm) FSB
      • Page 5 of 23
        PS/2 keyboard interface and PS/mouse interface 2 Licensed AWARD BIOS, 2Mbit Flash ROM Q-Flash support Additional features PS/2 keyboard wake-up with password Overclocking without use Wake-up on PS/2 STR (Suspend-to-RAM) mouse signal Power failure recovery
      • Page 6 of 23
      • Page 7 of 23
        To set up your computer, you must complete the following steps: Step 1- Install the central processing unit (CPU) Step 2- Install memory modules Step 3- Install expansion cards Step 4- Connect data cables, wires from chassis and power supply Step 5- Perform BIOS setup Step 6-
      • Page 8 of 23
        English Step 1: Installing the Central Processing Unit (CPU) Step 1-1: Installing the CPU Raise the lever to 650 1. Raise the processor socket lever to 650, then continue to the CPU socket lever 2. Lock the lever to the 900 position. raise lever 900 until you hear a click.
      • Page 9 of 23
        2. Secure the heatsink on the other side. 1. Fix the radiator on one side first with the bracket. Use only fans certified by Intel. Thermal tape is recommended for better heat transfer between the processor and heatsink. (Radiator can
      • Page 10 of 23
        English Step 2: Install Memory Modules The system board has 3 DIMM memory slots, but a maximum of 6 memory banks are supported. The BIOS automatically detects the amount and type of memory installed. To install a memory module, insert the module into the slot. Presence of two keys on the module
      • Page 11 of 23
        1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Before installing the card, read the documentation associated with the card. Remove the housing cover, remove screws and connector plugs. Install the expansion board into the slot on the system board. Make sure the pins on the board are actually in the connector. To secure the board
      • Page 12 of 23
        English Step 4: Connecting the data cables, wires from the chassis and power supply Step 4-1: Description of the inputs/outputs on the rear panel PS/2 keyboard and mouse connectors The connectors are used to connect the standard PS/2 keyboard connector 2 PS/2 keyboards and PS/2 mice. (6-pin female)
      • Page 13 of 23
        Parallel port (25-pin female connector) COMA COMB Serial port (9-pin male connector) Game/MIDI port Connector block contains 2 standard COM port connectors and 1 connector parallel port. You can connect, for example, a printer to the parallel port; to serial
      • Page 14 of 23
        English Step 4-2: Description of connectors and jumpers 4 3 10 1 11 12 6 9 2 14 5 7 13 IDE1/IDE2 FDD PWR_LED F_PANEL GA-8ID533 Series Mainboard 8 9) BATTERY 10) F_AUDIO 11) CD_IN 12) AUX_IN 13) F_USB1 14) CI — 14 —
      • Page 15 of 23
        +12V Control/GND Control 1 2 ) SYS_FAN (System Fan Connector) GND 1 +12V/Control Please note that proper CPU fan installation is essential to maintain proper CPU operation and protect it from damage due to overheating.
        2023 © All rights reserved

    Far Harbor

    Locations Azalia • Cranberry-Alenda swamp • Bowling Biver-Crick • Grand Hotel «Harbor» • Doki Kranberry-Alend • Docks Frinjo » Eagles Cove • Spring of the Atom • Northwood Ridge Quarry • Paradise Places Cinema • Cranberry Island • Zephyr Ridge Camp • Rock Point Camp • National Park Camp • Echo Lake Lumber Mill • Brooks Lighthouse Head • Acadia National Park • Aquarium • Huntress Island • Mount Desert Island • Cliffs Edge Hotel • Kitteridge Pass • Pine Crest Cave • Ruined Radio Tower • Ruined Church • Nakano Residence • Rayburn Point • Horizon Flight 1207 • Glowing Grove • Shrine of the Children of the Atom • Sanctuary of the Radiant Peak • Waves Cross Orphanage • Cranberry Island Warehouse • Wind Farm Service Building • Briney’s Tackle and Bait • Aldersea Spa • Old Pond House • DiMA Cache • Tourist center natio National park • Lemonade factory «Vim!» • Far Harbor • Dalton Farm • Longfellow Cabin • Haddock Cove • National Park Headquarters • Southwest Harbor • Core
    Characters Survivor • Old Man Longfellow • Nick Valentine • Ellie Perkins
    Allen Lee • Andre Michaud • Archchemist • Astaire • Burt Riggs • Boxer • Brother Devin • Brother Kane • Brookster • Grand Zealot Tekt • Gilda Brosko • Grun • Debbie • Dezhen • Jared Gresham • Jule • Julianne Briggs • DiMA • Dotty • Douglas • Uncle Ken • Zealot Tail • Zealot Ware • Captain Avery • Kasumi Nakano • Keith McKinney • Cog • Cole • Kenji Nakano • Cassie Dalton • Mike Machete • Maxwell • Little Bertha • Miranda • Mitch • Sailor • Naveen • Slob • Pearl • Phantom Figure • Ray Nakano • Sandra Lee • Santiago Avida • Sister Gwyneth • Sister May • Sister Oberth • Teddy Wright • Teena • Tony • Hold • Faraday • Chase • Avery Lee • Ezra Parker • Erickson
    Creatures Wolf • CRUB-LEAD • RADROLKIK • RADKURYNI • Mistyer • Killer of ships • Yao-Gai (irradiated • Yao-haai-gul)

    Atomic Justice • Harpoon Launcher • December Child • Reaper • Meat Hook • Bear Trap (Bloody Bear Trap) • Radium Carbine • Stryker • Spikes (Poisoned Spikes)
    Clothing and Armor Atom’s Bastion • Shore Armor • Marine Armor • Trapper Armor • Marine Wetsuit • Inquisitor’s Hood • Trapper’s Leather Garb • Rescue Suit • Harbor Legend • High Confessor’s Mantle • Atom’s Servant’s Vestment • Super Mutant Bearskin Attire • Hunter’s Hood • Hunter’s Hood cloak • Hide hunting clothes • Pirate cocked hat • Fisherman’s hat • Fisherman’s jumpsuit • Fisherman’s suit • Old fisherman’s hat • Marine tactical helmet • Sophisticated gentleman • Chase uniform • Captain’s cap • Woolen fisherman’s hat • High Confessor’s helmet • Lobster trap helmet • Shield of Acadia

    «subway» Headquarters «subway» • Old Northern Church • Tikondorog • Setator • Station Merus • Station August
    arrows 9 RISTICS • GREARITEK DECHES • GRETEKS DE Mass Pike • Vault 75 • Vault 95
    Raiders Concord • Liberty Museum • Beantown Brewery • Combat Zone • Corvega Assembly Facility • Boston Eastern Federal Food Drillers warehouse • Libertalia • Quincy Quarries • Ticket Quarry • Olivia Air Force Satellite Station • Walden Pond • Revere Beach Station



    Bikon-Hill Cabot House • Boston Bushegl building • Regional headquarters «Volttek» • Little Knight 904 • • Tauer APARMEN

    Back Bay Boston Public Library • Leighton Towers • Darmouth Office Building • Trinity Tower • Vault 114 • Hubris Comics • Trinity Church • Wilson Atomatoys Corporation Headquarters • House of Cook Latimer House House Mirny MO MO MO KRONINA House Pembrokov House Polly House of Solomona Earl Sterling’s House Colonial Bar Flyswatters Meat Store Community Events Commonwealth Weapons Choice Chops
    Cambridge Campus Law Office • College Administration Building • Kendall Hospital • Greentech Genetics • Institute • Campus Cafe • Cambridge Police Station • College Square • Cambridge Polymer Laboratories • Cambridge Polymer Laboratories Monsignor Plaza • Post Office 115 • Institute Ruins • Ticonderoga • Cambridge Raider Base Cambridge Building Site Cambridge Church

    Back Street Ramp • Diamond City • Parkview Apartment Building • Fens Street Sewers • Main Base • Hangman’s Lane • Police Station #8 • Klokot Wreck • Diamond City Market • Housekeeping • Bridgeway Trust Brookline Building Anna’s Cafe The Fens Cafe South Fence Tower Subway Station (Fens) Jar Tunnel • Van Founder’s Triangle 9017 Eweek8 -Way
    9026 Underground Headquarters
    Boston Common Massachusetts State Capitol • Boylston Club • Swan Pond • Park Street Station • Old Granary Cemetery • Vault 117 • 9017 Cheers! • Super Mutant Hotel Wreck
    Boston Harbor Clover Bar • Customs Tower • Harbormaster Hotel • Yangtze • Christopher Long Wharf Christopher Long Wharf0178
    Harvesting Bobby House • House of Resphor • Warehouses • Old Capitol • Third Rails
    Theater District News Feed Bar • Combat Zone • Highway Mountain • Hester’s Home Robots • Oakwood Residential Pearwood Residential Lane Camp • Massachusetts Bay Medical Center • Central Boston Polytechnic School • Medical Center Station • Medical Center Station North

    Hub 360

    Financial District Good Neighbor • Mass Fusion Building • Old Corner Bookstore • Post Square • Collapsed Walkway • Garden Terrace • Haymarket Shopping Center • Faneuil Hall • Verkhi high-rise building Destroyed skyscraper Sandwichs Joe Residential House Water Street
    South Boston 9 Plants » • South Boston Police Department • Gwinnet Restaurant • Four Leaf Fish Factory • Andrew Station • South Boston School • University Point
    Zone 9024 Commonwealth Coast


    Zone 1
    Lexington & Commonwealth Northwest
    Drumlin Diner • Quarry Ticket • Old Robot Cemetery • Suntides Community • Concord • Lexington Apartments • Lexington • Liberty Museum • Lone Chapel • Starlight Restaurant • US Air Force Satellite Station Olivia • Bedford Station • Red Rocket Truck Stop • Supermarket • Sanctuaries • Mystery Pines • Tenpines Bluff • Vault 111 • Walden Pond • Abernathy Farm • Gorski’s Hut • Ranger’s Hut • Wicked Shipping Boat Storage • • basement
    Zone No. 2
    Medford and the central north of the Commonwealth
    Alliance • Breikhart-Banks • Irish Pride Industiza • Radio Potks • Dark-Holloe-Snip Country Crossing • Old Throat Karst • Wildwood Cemetery • Lynn Woods • Tuffington Boathouse • Malden Center • Parsons Oil Mill • Med-Tech Research • Medford Hospital • Tucker Bridge • Quannapowitt Lake • Bravo Lookout Post • Sweatshop • Parsons Asylum • Radio Tower 3SM-U81 • Intelligence Bunker Theta • Skylanes Flight 1981 • Relay Tower 0MC-810 • Mass Fusion Warehouse • Saugas Ironworks • Revere Beach Satellite Dish • Malden High School (Vault 75) • Greentop Greentop • National Guard Training Grounds • Poseidon Turbine #18 • West Everett • Finch Farm • Zimonja Outpost • Slocum Joe Corporation Headquarters • Bunker (Greenbriar Radio Signal) Complex Malden Malden Sewers Malden Police Station • • Operations • Rocky Narrows Park • Beantown Brewery • Zetan Cave • Chestnut Hillock Reservoir • Relay Tower 1DL-109 • Jalbert Brothers Junkyard • Mass Pike Station • Bunker (raider radio signal) • Oberland Station • Yader-Mir Transit Center (nw) • Fiddlers Green Trailer Park • Vault 81 • Boston Mayor’s Refuge • Watts Electronics • Federal Food Depot • Greygarden Farm • Fort Hagen • Gas Station Fort Hagen Base Station • Massachusetts Blood Transfusion Center • Relay Tower 0BB-915 • Fort Hagen Base Satellite Dish • Fort Hagen Base Hangar (aut) • Fort Hagen (Base) • Tractor Storage Arcjet Engine Transport
    Boston Airport • Boston Junkyard • Nahant Shipyard • East Boston • Reeb Harbor • Dunwich Drillers • Nahant Sheriff’s Department • Crater House • Rook Family House • Hugo Hole • High City • Big Lukowski Cannery • Cottage on the beach • Libertalia • Mechanist’s Lair (aut) • Kingsport Lighthouse • Salem Witch Museum • Nahant • Nordhagen Beach • Nahant Oceanological Society • Krup Family Mansion • RobCo Sales and Service Office (aut) • Lynn Pier Parking • Gibson Point Pier • East Boston Preparatory School • East Boston Police Station • Prydwen • Revere • Nakano Residence (fh) • Boston Airport Ruins • Mahkra Fish Factory • Salem • Sandy Coves Sanitarium • Revere Beach Station • Fort Strong • Nahant Chapel • 95 • Atlantic Offices • Federal Warehouse 84NE • Skylanes Flight 1665 • Relay Tower 0DB-521 • Mass Fusion Burial Site • Scrap Palace • Cutler’s Bend • Electronics Club • Robotics Pioneer Park • WRVR Radio Station • Westing Manor • Somorville-player • split statue
    zone No. 6
    Queens and the south of the Commonwealth
    Hospital «Milton» • Military checkpoint • Hydev Park • Garage of nuclear-mansh. • Wilson Atomatoys Plant • Riflemen Building • Quincy Quarries • Neponset Park • Coast Guard Pier • Quincy Police Station • Fairline Hill Estate • Poseidon Energy • Egret Tours Wharf • Broken North Star • Relay Tower 0SC-527 • Quincy Ruins • Lanky John’s Junkyard • NH&M Warehouse • Spectacle Island • West Roxbury Station • Murkwater Construction Site • Mass Pike Tunnel East • Mass Pike Tunnel West • Refuge 88

    The Tunnels • Colonial General Store • Terminals and Holotapes, oh my God • CombatZone02 • Airport Alternate Locker • Brotherhood of Steel Alternate Locker • House of the Rose • Brotherhood of Steel Cell • Minutemen Cell • zUnusedTheater46A • ZUnusedTheaterLaundromat • Breakheart Banks (Cave) • Memories

    9002 VAUL Tec Workshop

  • 2.2 Years of the Isle of Wight Council (1929- 2010)
  • 2.3 Northwood House Charitable Trust Co Ltd (2010 to present)
  • 3 References
  • 4 external link
  • rent for events, conferences and special occasions.

    These are the Ballroom, Dining Room, Living Room, Morning Room, Library, Rotunda and House Bar. Wedding ceremonies can be held in the first six of these rooms, and the ballroom can accommodate 120 people. [3]

    There are other smaller rooms in the house that can be rented or rented out for longer periods. There is also a converted stable block on the grounds, now known as the Community Hall. [4] The 26-acre estate is not only reserved for private events, but also hosts a number of community events each year, and the original tennis and bowling alleys are still there.

    The original Glacier still remains, half buried on the grounds of Northwood House. It is believed that about fifteen glaciers remained on the coast. Isle of Wight. There is also a war memorial on the grounds dedicated to those who died in the First World War. It was originally located at the intersection of High Street and Market Hill, but was itself damaged by an air raid during World War II. The remains were moved to Northwood Park and it now stands as a memorial to both wars.

    The tarmac area around the original entrance to the house has been converted into paid short-term parking for public use.


    The Ward family owned the estate for six generations from 1793 to 1929. The road that runs in front of the house is named Ward Avenue in their honor. However, they also owned vast amounts of land on the Isle of Wight and also resided on the Weston estate in Freshwater. The successive owners of the estate are:

    The Ward family

    George Ward (1793 — 1829)

    In 1793 George Ward Esq., a very successful merchant banker from Broad Street in the City of London, bought at auction the Coase estate in Bellevue, which consisted of the Belle View mansion and seventeen acres earth. [5] The house was described as a «modern brick dwelling» with four rooms per floor and an excellent wine cellar. [6]

    In 1799 he largely demolished Belle View House and built Northwood House in its place, and the area was renamed Northwood Park. [2] The only part of Belle Vue that still exists are the large cellars under Northwood House, which are said to have been originally built to store smuggled goods. [7] By this time, Ward had also purchased more land in Cowes, including Deburn Farm, which increased the estate to 217 acres. [8] The path leading to the house was by then almost a mile long. [9] The alterations to the house were designed by John Nash, the famous London architect. Nash also designed Buckingham Palace as well as many other properties on the island, including East Cowes Castle, IW County Club and St Mildred’s Church, Whippingham.

    The walls surrounding the estate were built of Bembridge limestone taken from Brading Harbour. [10]

    Ward’s wealth came from his grandfather, John Ward, and his father, also named John Ward. Both were very successful businessmen. However, in addition to this, in 1783 his father also won a half share of the £20,000 state lottery winnings. Today it is worth over a million pounds. [11] George Ward was also the elder brother of Robert Plumer Ward, lawyer, politician and writer, who was MP for Cockermouth between 1802 and 1806. [12]

    Among other things, George Ward made his fortune by lending money to the government during the Napoleonic Wars at very favorable interest rates. With his own money, he bought more and more land on the Isle of Wight, eventually amassing about 20,000 acres, said to be a fifth of the island’s area. [13] Due to the vast amount of land he owned by that time, he was nicknamed «King Ward». Ward was also director of the East India Docks in London. [14]

    In 1798 George Ward was appointed new Sheriff of the Treasury Court [15]

    In 1803 a daughter was born in the home of his wife Mary. [16] Unfortunately, however, she died of a paralytic stroke in 1813. [17]

    In 1813 George Ward opened the first steamboat service between Cowes and Southampton. [18] The Isle of Wight Royal Mail Steam Packet Company would eventually become the company now known as the Red Funnel. [19]

    «In memory of John Sutton, who died in a duel near this city on December 10, 1817, at the age of 22.»

    In 1817, a duel took place at Northwood House between Major Orlando Locker and Lieutenant John Sutton after Lockyer was offended by Sutton’s comment when both were drinking the same night. On the morning of the duel, it was said that Sutton apologized and informed Locker that he would not return fire on him. Lockyer still asked for the signal to fire, and when the handkerchief fell, he shot Sutton in the heart, while Sutton did not even remove his gun. Before he died, Sutton stepped forward and held out his hand, which Lockyer took. Lockyer and his seconds fled the scene. [20] At the Coroner’s inquest, the jury returned a verdict of «premeditated murder» to Locker and his two seconds, who at that time had not yet been apprehended. [21] In their subsequent trial at Winchester Assisi, they were charged with murder. Lockyer said he was the most flagrant provocation and asked Sutton to make a concession that would have made the duel unnecessary, but Sutton refused and persisted to the last. The defendants were found guilty of manslaughter and sentenced to three months’ imprisonment each. [22] John Sutton is buried in the house next door. Church of St. Mary Cemetery.

    In 1821, to celebrate the coronation of George IV, a grand feast was held at Northwood House for the poor inhabitants of Northwood and Cowes. A feast was prepared for 2,000 people, and they saw it as an opportunity to testify their devotion and joy to the new king. In addition to using his estate, Ward donated 50 guineas totaling 200 guineas for food and entertainment. [23]

    In 1823, Ward was noted for his «generosity» by distributing six oxen and ten chaldrons of coals among the «poor and worthy objects» of Coes. [24]

    George had a famous and talented cricketer son, William Ward. Following in the family footsteps, William was also a well-known financier. But as a cricketer he hit first class double century for the first time and his score of 278 for MCC against Norfolk in 1820 remained the highest ever first class score for 56 years until finally beaten by W. G. Grace in 1876 ​​with a score of 344. Ward’s ball is held by the MCC Museum and is considered the oldest in existence.

    You can also thank William Ward for rescuing the famous Lord. The cricket ground was sold to a developer in 1825. He stepped in and bought out the rent to prevent that from happening. [25] In 1817 William was elected director of the Bank of England and was an expert on foreign exchanges. In 1826 William Ward became an MP for the City of London. William Ward did not inherit the estate for only three months and died shortly before his elder brother George Henry Ward. However, instead of him, the estate was inherited by his son.

    George Ward died at the age of 78 in 1829, leaving behind an estate worth over £700,000. [26]

    George Henry Ward (1829 — 1849)

    In 1829, after the death of George Ward, his firstborn son George Henry Ward inherited the estate. In 1837 he extensively refurbished the house, including a new west wing, an entrance pavilion, and a classically styled side wall. [2] He inherited not only the estate, but also his father’s nickname — «King Ward».

    Ward ran for the Isle of Wight Member of Parliament in 1835 but was defeated by Sir Richard Simeon, both important landowners of the Isle of Wight. Sir Richard Simeon ordered his tenants to vote for anyone. However, it has been said that you will not find a single person on the estate of George Ward who would dare to vote against him. It was a very violent campaign with some violent outbursts. During the official nomination, events escalated strongly and another fight broke out. One voter asked Ward if it was true that he had promised a local family to arrange for several of their family members to be released from prison in exchange for them voting for him. Ward replied that he would not answer that question. [27]

    Ward was described as a man of «retirement age who seldom took part in Coase’s affairs.» In fact he was also a County Magistrate, although he refused to act in that capacity. [28]

    In 1845, Prince Albert and Sir Edward Boater visited Northwood House and spent two hours touring the house and grounds. J. H. Ward recently spent £20,000 on «decorations by foreign artists» and spared no expense in landscaping. They were considered to contain the finest collection of evergreens in England. [29] In 1846 he entertained Sir George Hamilton Seymour, minister at Brussels. Sir George was the son of Lord George Seymour, who owned nearby Norris Castle. [30]

    George Henry Ward married Mary Saunders, daughter of Esq. Richard Saunders. However, she died in 1938 without issue, leaving George Henry Ward without an immediate heir. Next in line to the homestead was William George Ward, son of George Henry Ward’s younger brother, the famous cricketer, William Ward. [31] William Ward just did not inherit the estate himself, as he died June 30, 1849, only three months before his elder brother George Henry Ward, who died September 29, 1849. This did not stop his son from inheriting the estate as he is still next in line.

    William George Ward (1849 — 1882)

    After the death of his uncle the estate passed to William George Ward, a theologian and mathematician. In 1834 he was awarded an open fellowship to Balliol College, Oxford, for his work in mathematics. He also published many articles on ethics, religion and moral philosophy, having converted from the Church of England to the Roman Catholic Church in 1845.

    In 1851 he became professor of moral philosophy at St Edmund’s College Ware and in 1863 he became editor of the Dublin Review, a Catholic periodical.

    In 1852, Northwood House was reported to have been leased for ten years to be used as a Catholic building. seminary. [32] However, by 1853 it was written that the house was occupied by Robert White-Esq. as an educational institution. Later, by 1858, the house was reoccupied by its rightful owner, William George Ward. [33]

    In 1858, William Ward donated part of the property to the people of Cowes for use as a public walk and playground. It was proposed to use the lower part for walking, and the upper part as a cricket ground. His father, of course, was an outstanding first class cricketer. [34] In 1858, Ward was visited by the Cardinal Sage. [35]

    By 1864 the house was occupied by Mr. Stevenson, [36] but it must have been for a relatively short period. By 1867 it was occupied by James Dunkin Lee, who had been empty for a long time. [37]

    In 1871 Ward moved the family seat in Totland, Weston Manor and Headon Hall building, to Alum Bay. His nickname was «Perfect» Ward. [38]

    Edmund Granville Ward (1882-1915)

    After the death of his father, the estate passed to his eldest son, Edmund Granville Ward. He married Gertrude Jane Mary Dormer, daughter of the Hon. Hubert Francis Dormer May 28, 1885 However, in 1896 the marriage was annulled. He died on September 2, 1915. [39] However, Edmund’s family home was Egypt House, Egypt Hill, Cowes, and so the house was empty for several years. [40]

    However, shortly after its acquisition, Edmund allowed the use of the house of the Royal Yacht Squadron in 1882 to host a grand ball in honor of His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, who had recently been appointed Commodore of the Squadron. His wife, the Princess of Wales, and many of the nobility of the day were present. The guest list included marquesses, viscounts, earls, lords, earls, knights, many men of military rank and their associates. Entertainment provided by The Hungarian Band [41] and all men present were required to wear blue cloth navy jackets with brass buttons, blue trousers, white waistcoats with black ties. This shape is considered to be a revival of an even older fashion which was said to be «very suitable for men who are not too square». [42]

    In 1884 Northwood House was used by Lord Petre to house forty to fifty boys from his Woburn School, after the school at Weybridge was sold. [43] Shortly thereafter, in 1885, a football match was played at Northwood House between the boys from Woburn House and the Cowes Football Club, resulting in a 1-1 draw. [44] . The school failed shortly thereafter, as had his Weybridge school before.

    In 1886 the Royal Yacht Squadron again held their annual ball at Northwood House, and the Hungarian Orchestra again provided music. It was truly a royal event. Participants included The Prince and Princess of Wales, the Crown Prince and Princess of Germany, Princesses Victoria, Margaret and Sophia of Germany, Duchess of Edinburgh, Princess Louise, Princess Henry of Battenberg, Prince Albert Victor, Prince George, Princesses Louise, Victoria and Maud Wales, Princess Irene Hessian and Maharaja of Cooch Behar. [45]

    In 1889 the Isle of Wight County Council sold the remaining tenement houses. The Northwood House toll house was sold to the Western Council local council for £30. [46] Granville Ward also generously provided all tenants of his Ward estate with a 15% rent reduction. [47]

    In August 1889, a grand garden party was held at Northwood House, again attended by the Prince and Princess of Wales, as well as Princesses Victoria and Maud. It was held to raise money for the organ and vestry fund of the Coase family. Church of the Holy Trinity. Other participants included Princess Louise, the Marquis of Lorne, Prince Hermann of Saxe-Weimar and his wife, and many lords and ladies of his day. The music was provided by the Oxfordshire Light Infantry. Lord Colville’s Black Poodle received much praise for raising money for the conversion, as he roamed invitingly among the guests with a piggy bank around his neck. Unfortunately, the party was abruptly cut short when heavy rain ruined the work. [48]

    In 1891 Northwood House was placed at the disposal of Prince Henry of Battenberg and his wife Beatrice, daughter of Queen Victoria. There they held a grand ball, which was attended by several members of the royal family and 300 nobles of the Isle of Wight. Those present included the Duke and Duchess of Connaught and the Duke of Clarence, once rumored to be a Jack the Ripper candidate. Others included the Marquis of Lorne, the Count of Mensdorff and the Lord and Lady Tennyson. The event has been described as the most colorful gathering ever to take place on the island. [49] The purpose of the event was to celebrate the name of Prince Henry. Governor of the Isle of Wight and Keeper of Carisbrook Castle, after the late Viscount Eversleigh. [50] Although she did not attend the event, Queen Victoria visited the house in advance to witness the preparations. The event was supposed to take place in Osborne House, but because the new banquet hall was not completed there. [51]

    But from 1901 to 1906, Northwood House became a monastery for 80 people. Benedictine nuns expelled from France when the new law was passed. The law allowed the French government to close any religious institutions that were Jesuit, Dominican or Benedictine. Among the many interior alterations, the ballroom was converted into a chapel, becoming the largest hall in the building. Their life in Northwood was very closed, and they were said to never leave it except in an emergency. [52]

    One of the nuns was Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, widow of the Duke of Braganza, who died in 1866. The princess’ generosity allowed the nuns to move into their former home in Solesmes, France. [53] Around the same time in 1901, the Benedictine monks also settled at Appuldurcombe House on the Isle of Wight before moving to Quarr Abbey where they still reside.

    The nuns at Northwood House were visited by the new King and Queen in 1902 while traveling on the Isle of Wight. [54] They visited the new convent and its chapel there. In 1905 more members of the royal family visited the nuns. Queen of Saxony. [55] Then in 1906 Princess Ena, who was soon to be married to the King of Spain, was a regular visitor, attending Mass with the nuns. [56]

    In 1906 the nuns opened Ryde College as their permanent home and left Northwood House. [57] Later, in 1909, Northwood Park was converted into a nine-hole golf course.

    Wilfrid Philip Ward (1915-1916)

    Due to the absence of an heir, the estate passed for a short time to Edmund’s younger brother, Wilfrid Philip Ward, publicist and biographer. At that time he was a lecturer at the Lowell Institute, Boston and, like his father, he also became editor of the Dublin Review. He also wrote at least four biographies, including those of his father, Cardinal Sage, Aubrey Thomas de Vere and Cardinal Newman. He was also one of the founders of the «Synthetic Society», a Knowledge Society that was formed as a result of a dinner conversation he had with former Prime Minister Arthur Balfour in 1896 year. The community discussed issues such as agnostic tendencies and religious beliefs. [58] Ward has been described as one of the «two leading secular English Catholic thinkers of his generation». [59] and was a prominent member of the Oxford movement. [60]

    Wilfrid Ward was married to Josephine Mary Hope-Scott, daughter of James Hope-Scott and Lady Victoria Howard, daughter of the Duke of Norfolk. [61] While living at Weston Manor, Totland, he was said to be a neighbor and close friend of Lord Tennison. [62] He died in 1916, leaving an estate worth £10,658. [63]

    During the First World War, Northwood House was requisitioned by the War Department and it was used as a Red Cross military hospital. [64] In 1915, Princess Louis of Battenberg and her daughter Princess Louise, who later became Queen of Sweden, visited a Red Cross hospital to visit sick and wounded soldiers. [65] Later that year Princess Henry of Battenberg and Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll visited the soldier. [66] From 1914 to 1919, when the hospital closed, 1,894 patients were treated there. [67]

    Captain Herbert Joseph Ward (1916-1929)

    After the death of his father, the estate passed to Captain Herbert Joseph Ward, who, like many of his predecessors, preferred to live elsewhere. Captain Ward lived at Egypt House, Cowes; and so, since the closure of the Red Cross Hospital in 1919, Northwood House has stood empty. In 1919, Ward began selling off much of the family’s land. [68] and in 1929 he made the decision to transfer the house and the remaining 29 acres of land to the people of Cowes, to be administered by the Cowes Borough Council. The house was to be used as a town hall and municipal offices, and the land was to be converted into amusement parks for the people of Cowes. [69]

    Captain Ward died in 1967.

    Isle of Wight Council Years (1929 — 2010)

    In 1929, Capt. Herbert Joseph Ward, JP and chairman of the council donated the house and estate to Cowes Borough Council. Property deeds received by Her Royal Highness Princess Heinrich of Battenberg on 4 September 1929 years as Royal Governor of the Isle of Wight. [2] She, in turn, gave them to Mr. F. W. Becken, Chairman of the Cowes Borough Council. Tennis courts were built for public use the following year.

    During World War II the house was also used as a Red Cross First Aid Station and as a base for Air Raid Wardens. Parts of the land were used to grow vegetables as part of the Dig for Victory military campaign, and there was also a bomb shelter on the site. A bomb was reportedly dropped on the tennis courts. [70] In 1940, a charity event was held at Northwood House to raise money for the Spitfire Foundation. The captured Messerschmitt was put on display for the event. [71] Later in 1941, a concert was held at Northwood House to entertain the soldiers, although unfortunately only five soldiers showed up and the concert was cancelled. [72]

    In 1947, a bowling alley was added to the estate. The current pavilion was built in 1983/84 when the existing one burned down. [73]

    In August 1965, over 800 guests attended the Royal Yacht Squadron’s annual ball at Northwood House. Among the guests were Prince Philip and the Spanish Ambassador. [74]

    In 1998, the Isle of Wight Council received an offer from a developer who planned to convert the house into a hotel. However, a community group calling itself the Friends of Northwood House was formed and opposed the proposal. They won and the idea was shelved. [2]

    Back in 2002, a charity program was created in which local residents were appointed as «trustees». Thus, while the Council continued to use the building, including its use as a registrar’s office, it was jointly looked after by the Council and volunteers. [2]

    In 2004, the Isle of Wight Council refurbished the ground floor rooms and moved the Island Registrar’s office to Northwood House.

    Northwood House Charitable Trust Co Ltd (2010 to present)

    In 2010, the Isle of Wight Council withdrew entirely from Northwood House, and the Registrar’s office and other council functions were relocated. This left the use and maintenance of the property entirely in the hands of the charity’s volunteers.

    However, the governance structure was changed in 2012 when the original trust was replaced by the Northwood House Charitable Trust Co. Ltd. [75]

    The estate is still dependent on volunteers for its maintenance and operation. Occupations required for the home include craftsmen, cleaners, upholsterers, and restorers. For their home garden, they need gardeners, arborists, and landscape designers. 9 «Welcome to Northwood House…».

    external link

    • Northwood House & Park website

    Northwood, New Hampshire

    For the television series featuring the New Hampshire fish and game department, see North Woods Law.

    Northwood is a city in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population at the 2010 census was 4,241. [1]


    (April 2012) (Learn how and when to delete this message template)

    Automatron Fort Hagen Base Hangar • Mechanist’s Lair • RobCo Sales and Service Office • Jackson Caravan
    Far Harbor Azalea • Acadia • Beaver Creek Bowling • Grand Harbor Hotel • Dubilge Kouwhatom Dockey’s Fringe Coove • Northwood Ridge Quarry • Paradise Places Cinema • Cranberry Island • Cranberry Island Swamp • Cranberry Island Docks • Cranberry Island Warehouse • Zephyr Ridge Camp • Rock Point Camp • Lumber Mill Echo Lake • Brooks Head Lighthouse • Acadia National Park • National Park Camp • National Park Visitor Center • National Park Headquarters • Aquarium • Red Death Island • Mount Desert Island • Huntress Island • Cliffs Edge Hotel • Refuge 118 • Kitteridge Pass • Pine Crest Cavern • Ruined Radio Tower • Ruined Church • Nakano Residence • Rayburn Point • Horizon Flight 1207 • Luminous Grove • Shrine of the Children of the Atom • Sanctuary of the Radiant Peak • Waves Crest Orphanage • Wind Farm Service Building • Briney’s Tackle and Bait • Aldersea Spa • Kawaketak Station • Old Pond House • DiMA Cache • Pump control • Lemonade factory «Vim!» • Far-Harbor • Bait Last shelter • Farm Daltonov • Longfello hut • Haddok-KOUV • South-Western Harbor • Nucleus • Nuclear Control Center vessel
    Shelter 88 • Pharmacy «Universiti-poont»


    «Volt-Te-Tex» • «Krasnoye Rake» Safari — home of primates • Safari — home of reptiles • Bradburton Amphitheater • RobCo Arena • Yader Mobile Arena • Bradburton • Wixon Shovel Museum • Galaxy • Mount Fizztop • Fizztop Grill • Children’s Kingdom • Morton’s House • Evan’s House • Mr. Cap’s Treehouse • Bottling Distillery • Grandchester Mystery Mansion • Yader King’s Castle • Dry Gulch Staff Area • Bradburton’s Office • Mr. Cap’s Cafe • Starlight Cinema • Ferris Wheel • Hubology Camp • World of Freshness • Pavilion of Laughter • Yader Town Market • Salon • Dock Phosphate Saloon • Safari • Yader-Mira Landfill • Northern Dam • Yader-Mir Station • Dry Gorge • Dry Gorge Theater • Technical tunnels • Dunmore Farm • Nuka-Mira Power Plant • Bradburton Flyover • Nuka-Arcade • Nuka-Galaxy • Nuka-Spaceport • Nuka-Mir • Nuka-Town, USA • Nuka Town Rear Stage Nuka King Castle Tower Mad Mulligan Carts Fizztop Grill Verandah Nuka King Yard • Nuka 17 Castle Roof 90 King’s Bear’s Lair Secret Beverage Lab Yader-Mir Service Room Nuka-Mir Technical Tunnels Visitor Center Mad Mine MulliganNorthwood House — Northwood House

    This article is about the country house in Cowes on the Isle of Wight. For Hunter House (also known as William Northwood House or Northwood — Hunter’s House), see Hunter House (Detroit, Michigan).

    For the Australian home, see Northwood House, Northwood.

    View of the house from the southeast.

    Northwood House is a country estate in Cowes on the Isle of Wight in the United Kingdom. The current building dates from 1799 years old and was built for London by businessman George Ward, who has remained in the family for five generations. It is a Grade II listed building and is said to have a ground floor area of ​​approximately 15,000 square feet. [1]

    In 1929, Northwood House and its 26-acre «amusement park» known as Northwood Park were donated by the Houses to Cowes Borough Council. The gift was given on the condition that the house be used as council offices and the grounds «as amusement gardens for the people of Cowes». [2]

    In 2010, after 81 years as council offices, the council withdrew and transferred the house and estate to a charitable trust. Today, the Georgian mansion is maintained and managed by the Northwood House Charitable Trust Co. Ltd. Their goal is to preserve the building and surrounding area for the enjoyment of future generations. Its grounds are open to the public and its buildings can be rented or leased to the general public as an event center. This usually happens at weddings, parties and conferences.


    • 1 current use
    • 2 History
      • 2.1 Family Ward
        • 2.1.1 George Ward (1793 — 1829)
        • 2.1.2 George Henry Ward (1829 — 1849)
        • William George Ward (1849 — 1882)

        • 2.1.4 Edmund Granville Ward (1882-1915)
        • 2.1.5 Wilfrid Philip Ward (1915-1916)
        • 2.1.6 Captain Herbert Joseph Ward (19416-1919)

    East Northwood c. 1910

    First settled in 1763, Northwood was incorporated on February 6, 1773. Colonial Governor John Wentworth when a large tract of land called «Northern Forest» was separated from Nottingham. Around 1800 Portsmouth to Concord A turnpike was built and the city began to prosper. Numerous taverns fitted sledges and stage passengers. In due time [ when? ] there were about twelve sawmills in the city, five of which were replaced by shoe factories in the second half of the 19th century. [ citation needed ] However, by 1920 the last shoe factory had closed. Recently, [ when? ] The town used to be a popular holiday destination, with nine lakes and many antique shops. [ citation needed ]

    The four Northwood neighborhoods along Highway 4 are considered historic districts of the city. [ citation needed ] From east to west, these are East Northwood, Northwood Ridge, Northwood Center and Northwood Narrows. The city is home to Coe-Brown Northwood Academy, founded in 1867.


    According to the US Census Bureau, the city has a total area of ​​30.0 square miles (78 km 2 ), of which 28.0 square miles (73 km 2 ) is land and 5.4 km 2 ) water, which makes up 6.89% of the city’s area. Northwood is well known for its lakes, where you can live both seasonally and all year round. Larger lakes and ponds include Bow Lake, which is part of the Piscataca River drainage basin, and Northwood Lake, Pleasant Lake, Jenness Pond, Harvey Lake, and Long Pond, which drain into the Suncook River, a tributary of the Merrimack River. Northwood’s highest point is Saddleback Mountain at 350 m (1,150 ft) above sea level.

    Neighboring Municipalities

    • Strafford, New Hampshire (North)
    • Barrington, New Hampshire (East)
    • Nottingham, New Hampshire (Southeast)
    • Deerfield, New Hampshire (South510)
    • , New Hampshire (West)
    • Pittsfield, New Hampshire (Northwest)


    Northwood has a diverse ecosystem with many different flora and fauna. Northwood’s climate is a temperate, humid continental climate, with warm summers and cold, snowy winters. Some of the flora and fauna that can be seen in Northwood are as follows.

    1800 950 27.7%
    1810 1,095 15.3%
    1820 1,260 15.1%
    1830 1,308 10.7%
    1860 1,502 14.8%
    1870 1,430 −4.8%
    1880 1,345 −5.9%
    1890 1,478 9.9%
    1900 1.304 .8%0046

    1910 1,059 −18.8%
    1920 891 −15. 9%
    1930 872 −2.1%
    1940 873 0.0041

    1970 1,526 47.6%
    1980 2,175 42.5%
    1990 3,124 43.6%
    2000 3.640 16.5%


    4.289 [2] 1.1%
    Tenal Census of the US population [3]