Anandtech deals: AnandTech | Best Deals

AnandTech | Best Deals

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We know how hard it can be to make intelligent purchasing decisions, so we work hard every day to bring you reviews that help you make educated purchasing decisions. In an effort to take that one step further, we’d also like to start providing our readers with new tech deals so that buying a great product doesn’t need to empty out your wallet.

Our Top Picks

Acer Kh331Q Pbiip Monitor: was $199, now $149 @Amazon

The Acer Kh331Q Pbiip measures in at 23.6″ with a Full HD resolution of 1920 x 1080. The refresh rate can reach as high as 144 Hz. This model has one Display Port and two HDMI ports.


MSI GF63 Gaming Laptop: was $899, now $815 @Amazon

This gaming laptop from MSI is discounted 9%. It features a Full HD IPS display that measures 15.6″ across. It has an Intel Core i7-9750h CPU with operating speeds as high as 4.5 GHz. It comes with a 256 GB SSD and 8 GB of DDR4.


Apple iPad Silver: was $329, now $279 @Amazon

This iPad is one of the latest models. It has a 10.2″ Retina display and features a quad-core A10 Fusion processor. This edition has 802.11ac WiFi support and a battery that can last up to 10 hours.


Silicon Power Ace A55 SSD: was $69, now $61 @Newegg

Improve performance speed and lower your boot times with an SSD like the Silicon Power Ace A55. It can store up to 512 GB of data. This model has a 2.5″ form factor and connects using a SATA III interface.


WD Blue SN550 internal SSD: was $89, now $64 @Amazon

If you need to expand your storage without taking up too much space, check out this offer from Western Digital. This SSD measures in at just 3. 15″ x .87″ x .09″. It has a maximum capacity of 500 GB.


Samsung Galaxy Tab A: was $129, now $109 @BestBuy

This edition of the Samsung Galaxy Tab A has a total of 8 GB of internal storage. It can be expanded an additional 200 GB using a microSD card. It’s easily portable with a 7″ screen.


EVGA GeForce RTX 2060 XC Gaming GPU: was $379, now $347 @Amazon

The EVGA GeForce RTX 2060 XC graphics card can reach 1755 MHz when overclocked. It has 6 GB of GDDR6 and multiple video outputs—Dual-Link DVI, DisplayPort and HDMI. This model supports Real-Time Ray Tracing.



Mobile Devices / Phones / Tablets

Fire HD 8 Tablet: was $79, now $49 @Amazon

You can pick up the Amazon Fire HD 8 tablet on Amazon for 38% off. This deal is for every color variant of the 16 GB edition. The battery can last up to 10 hours on a single charge. This model has a quad-core processor and 1. 5 GB of RAM.


Apple iPad Silver: was $329, now $279 @Amazon

This iPad is one of the latest models. It has a 10.2″ Retina display and features a quad-core A10 Fusion processor. This edition has 802.11ac WiFi support and a battery that can last up to 10 hours.


Microsoft Surface Pro 4: was $799, now $449 @Newegg

This edition of the Surface Pro comes with specs comparable to modern laptops. It features an Intel Core i5 processor, 128 GB of storage on an SSD, and 4 GB of RAM. The 12.3″ display is a touchscreen with a resolution of 2736 x 1824.


Samsung Galaxy Tab A: was $129, now $109 @BestBuy

This edition of the Samsung Galaxy Tab A has a total of 8 GB of internal storage. It can be expanded an additional 200 GB using a microSD card. It’s easily portable with a 7″ screen.


Lenovo Smart Tab M10: was $149, now $97 @Amazon

This Lenovo Smart Tab measures 10. 1″ across with an HD resolution. It has 2 GB of RAM and a Qualcomm Snapdragon 429 2.0 GHz CPU. This edition has a 16 GB storage capacity but can support up to 256 GB using a microSD card.


Apple iPad 9.7″ Gold: was $599, now $349 @Newegg

This is a 6th generation iPad, originally released in November of 2018. It measures 9.7″ across and has a gold backplate. This unit has built-in WiFi support and 128 GB of internal storage.


Dragon Touch K10 Tablet: was $159, now $99 @Amazon

With a 10″ display, this tablet isn’t what you’d call pocket-sized. It supports 5GB WiFi and has a quad-core CPU. It comes with only 16 GB of internal storage but can support a total of 128 GB. The display is IPS with a resolution of 1280 x 800.




Storage / RAM / SSDs

Samsung 860 EVO 500 GB SSD: was $99, now $84 @Newegg

This low profile SSD from Samsung is ideal for anyone limited on space. It has a small form factor of just 2.5″. It has a 500 GB storage capacity and connects using a SATA III interface.


HyperX Predator DDR4: was $123, now $105 @Amazon

This HyperX Predator kid comes with two 8 GB sticks of DDR4. They can operate at speeds as high as 3200 MHz. RGB LEDs line the tops of each module.


Corsair Vengeance LPX 16 GB RAM: was $109, now $70 @Walmart

This deal from Walmart will save you over $30. This Corsair Vengeance kit comes with two 8 GB sticks of DDR4. These modules can reach speeds as high as 2400 MHz.


WD Blue 3D Nand 1TB Internal SSD: was $159, now $119 @Newegg

This Newegg offer is available for the 1 TB edition. The WD Blue 3D Nand internal SSD has read/write speeds up to 560/530 Mbps. It uses a SATA III connection.


Sabrent Rocket Q 1 TB SSD: was $189, now $129 @Newegg

The Rocket Q internal SSD from Sabret has an M. 2 2280 form factor. It comes with 1 TB of storage capacity with read/write speeds as high as 3200/2000 Mbps. This edition measures in at 2.25mm x 22mm x 80mm.


Corsair Dominator Platinum 32GB RAM: was $224, now $195 @Amazon

Expand your memory to 32 GB with this deal from Amazon. This purchase comes with two 16 GB sticks of DDR4. They have a timing of 15-15-15-36 and can reach speeds as high as 3122 MHz.


Western Digital SN750 SSD: was $229, now $149 @Newegg

The SN750 has read speeds as high as 3470 Mbps. This deal is only for the 1 TB edition. This model uses an NVMe M.2 interface to connect.




CPUs / Motherboards

AMD Ryzen 5 2600 CPU: was $199, now $119 @Newegg

This processor from AMD has a total of 6 cores. It can reach processing speeds as high as 3.9 GHz. The package includes a Wraith Stealth stock cooler from AMD. This chip uses an AM4 socket.


MSI MPG Z390M Gaming Edge AC Motherboard: was $199, now $179 @Newegg

The MSI MPG Z390M Gaming Edge AC Micro-ATX motherboard supports Intel processors with an LGA 1151 socket. It has four DDR4 slots with dual-channel support. Synchronize your RGB LEDs using Mystic Light Extension.


MSI MPG Z390 Gaming Plus LGA 1151 Motherboard: was $150, now $136 @Amazon

This gaming motherboard from MSI features an LGA 1151 socket for Intel processors. It uses DDR4 Boost technology to improve performance. This edition has built-in 802.11ac WiFi support.

MSI MPG X570 Gaming Pro Motherboard: was $259, now $239 @Amazon

The MSI MPG X570 Gaming Pro motherboard uses Mystic Light to sync certain connected RGB LEDs. It has dual-channel memory support and can use up to 128 GB of DDR4. This model features built-in WiFi support.


AMD Ryzen 5 3600X: was $249, now $195 @Amazon

This CPU from AMD can provide 100+ FPS performance speeds. If boosted, it can reach up to 4.4 GHz. This model has 12 threads and 6 cores. You will need a motherboard with an AM4 socket to use this processor.


Intel Core i5-9400 CPU: was $205, now $189 @Amazon

The Intel Core i5-9400 is available for 8% on Amazon. It has a total of 6 cores and 6 threads. When using Turbo settings, it can reach 4.1 GHz.


MSI Z390-A Pro Motherboard: was $149, now $119 @Amazon

The MSI Z390-A Pro motherboard is designed to support Intel CPUs using an LGA 1151 socket. It uses DDR4 RAM with four available slots. The whole unit weighs just 3.52 ounces. It’s currently on Amazon for 20% off.



Graphics Cards

Asus ROG Strix Radeon RX 578 GPU: was $279, now $143 @Amazon

The Asus ROG Strix Radeon RX 578 GPU can reach operating speeds as high as 1310 MHz. It connects using a PCIe x8 interface. This edition has programmable RGB LEDs that work with the Aura Sync RGB software.


XFX Radeon RX 580 GTS XXX GPU: was $379, now $169 @Amazon

The XFX Radeon RX 580 GTS XXX graphics card can operate at speeds as high as 1386 MHz. This GPU is VR-ready using 8 GB of GDDR5. This card has dimensions of 10.6″ x 1.6″ x 4.9″ and uses a PCIe x8 interface.


MSI Armor Radeon RX 580 GPU: was $189, now $174 @Amazon

This graphics card from MSI is available on Amazon for 8% off. It can reach speeds as high as 1366 MHz when boosted. It uses a PCIe x8 interface and features both HDMI and DisplayPort inputs.


MSI GeForce GTX 1050 Ti GPU: was $239, now $158 @Amazon

If you’re looking for an affordable GPU for a casual gaming rig, you might appreciate this deal from Amazon. This GPU has 4 GB of GDDR5 and operates around 7108 MHz. This module is 9.01″ x 1.54″ x 5.16″ in size.


MSI Radeon RX 5700 GPU: was $349, now $272 @Newegg

The MSI Radeon RX 5700 comes with 8 Gb of GDDR6—more than enough to tackle today’s gaming needs. It can reach 1750 MHz when boosted and has a normal operating speed of 1540 MHz. This model has three DisplayPort outputs and one HDMI output.


XFX Radeon RX 5700 XT GPU: was $889, now $558 @Newegg

The XFX Radeon RX 5700 XT is designed to handle today’s gaming needs. It has speeds up to 1605 MHz and can reach 1755 MHz when overclocked. This edition includes 8 GB of GDDR6.


EVGA GeForce RTX 2060 XC Gaming GPU: was $379, now $347 @Amazon

The EVGA GeForce RTX 2060 XC graphics card can reach 1755 MHz when overclocked. It has 6 GB of GDDR6 and multiple video outputs—Dual-Link DVI, DisplayPort and HDMI. This model supports Real-Time Ray Tracing.



Power Supplies

EVGA SuperNOVA 650 GA PSU: was $119, now $69 @Newegg

This deal requires both a promo code (ZXCVBAWA) and the included $20 rebate card. This power supply is completely modular and is 80 Plus Gold certified for efficiency. It has a 650-watt output.


Rosewill Hercules Gaming PSU: was $399, now $189 @Newegg

The Rosewill Hercules gaming power supply is currently marked down over 50%. This model is completely modular and has an 80 Plus Gold certification. It has an output of up to 1600 watts.


EVGA 450 BR Power Supply: was $49, now $29 @Newegg

Get this PSU for $29 by using promo code NBCKHUZ and the included $10 rebate card. The EVGA 450 BR is a non-modular PSU. It’s 80 Plus Bronze certified and has an output of 450 watts.


Corsair CX450 Power Supply: was $64, now $39 @Newegg

To get this offer, use the included $20 rebate card along with promo code 7BLDUMD8. The CX 450 is 80 Plus Bronze certified for energy efficiency. It has a maximum output of 450W.


EVGA SuperNOVA 850 G+ PSU: was $159, now $129 @Newegg

To get this offer, use the included $20 rebate card. The SuperNOVA 850 G+ from EVGA is fully modular. The top-mounted fan is 135mm across. This model is 80 Plus Gold certified with an output of 850 watts.


GameMax Power Supply 600W: was $79, now $59 @Amazon

This power supply from Game Max is 80 Plus Bronze certified. It’s guaranteed to operate with efficiency of up to 85%. It has a top-mounted fan with clear blades that glow using RGB LEDs. It has a 600 watt output.



Rosewill 1600W Hercules PSU: was $399, now $189 @Newegg

The Rosewill Hercules PSU has an output of 1600 watts. It’s 80 Plus Gold certified for optimal energy efficiency. This unit is modular, helping in the way of cable management. There’s a 135mm fan mounted to the top with a low noise profile.



Fans / Cooling / Cases

Aigo T240 Liquid CPU Cooler: was $109, now $79 @Newegg

The Aigo T240 liquid cooler is designed to work with both AMD and Intel processors. This model uses a 240mm aluminum radiator. It comes with two black 120mm fans.


Rosewill Cullinan V500 Blue Case: was $149, now $99 @eBay

The Cullinan V500 Blue case from Rosewill comes with blue LEDs on both the front and back fans. The tempered glass side panels are perfect for showing off the hardware inside. This model is listed on eBay for 33% off.


Rosewill RFA-120-BL Case Fan: was $24, now $12 @Newegg

The Rosewill RFA-120-BL features blue LEDs that glow within a clear frame. It has a low noise profile of 29.28 dBA but can reach speeds as high as 2000 RPM. This edition uses a sleeve bearing.


NZXT H510i Gaming Case: was $109, now $99 @Newegg

This deal is for the white and black edition of the NZXT H510i case. It can house Mini-ITX, MicroATX and ATX motherboards. This edition is designed to mount the GPU vertically. The case features tempered glass side panels for showcasing your hardware.

Cooler Master MasterBox Pro 5 Case: was $94, now $79 @Amazon

This gaming case from Cooler Master shows off your hardware with tempered glass side panels. It comes with RGB fans that can synchronize with most major motherboard RGB software. It supports motherboards with an E-ATX, ATX, Micro-ATX and Mini-ITX form factor.

Corsair LL Series: was $129, now $114 @Newegg

This offer is for a 3-pack of Corsair RGB fans. Each fan measures in at 120mm and can operate between 360 to 2,200 RPM. The RGB LEDs are programmable using iCUE software.


EVGA CLC Liquid Cooler: was $139, now $100 @Newegg

Use the $20 rebate card to get this deal from Newegg. This unit comes with two 140mm fans and measures 280mm across. This model comes with a bracket to support most modern Intel and AMD processors.



Desktops / Laptops

Acer Nitro 5 15″ Gaming Laptop: was $649, now $479 @Walmart

This Acer Nitro edition comes with 8 GB of RAM and a 1 TB hard drive. The processor, a Ryzen 5 2500U, can reach up to 2 GHz. It comes with an AMD Radeon RX 560X GPU.


HP Pavilion Gaming Desktop: was $579, now $537 @Amazon

This Pavilion gaming desktop from HP comes with a Ryzen 3 2200G processor. It uses a Radeon RX 550 GPU which comes with 4GB of GDDR5. This edition includes a 1 TB hard drive with Windows 10 Home installed.


Razer Blade 15 Gaming Laptop: was $1599, now $1499 @Amazon

This gaming laptop from Razer is available for $100 off on Amazon. It comes with an Intel Core i7 CPU and a GTX 1660Ti GPU. This model has a 1 TB HDD and 128 GB internal SSD. There is a pink edition listed for 25% off.


MSI GF63 Gaming Laptop: was $899, now $815 @Amazon

This gaming laptop from MSI is discounted 9%. It features a Full HD IPS display that measures 15.6″ across. It has an Intel Core i7-9750h CPU with operating speeds as high as 4.5 GHz. It comes with a 256 GB SSD and 8 GB of DDR4.


SkyTech Blaze II Gaming Desktop: was $829, now $749 @Amazon

This gaming desktop from SkyTech features a Ryzen 5 2600 CPU (a 3.4 GHz processor with 6 cores). It has an internal SSD with 500 GB of storage space and 8 GB of DDR4. It comes with an Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 Ti graphics card.


HP Pavilion Gaming Laptop: was $899, now $749 @Amazon

This HP Pavilion machine was designed for serious gaming. It uses an Intel Core i5-9300H processor and an Nvidia GeForce GTX 1650 graphics card. It has 256 GB of storage on an internal SSD and 12 GB of RAM.





Dell 27″ LED Monitor: was $599, now $469 @BestBuy

This LED monitor from Dell has a resolution of 2560 x 1440. The refresh rate can get as high as 144 Hz. This model comes with both DisplayPort and HDMI inputs.


Acer Kh331Q Pbiip Monitor: was $199, now $149 @Amazon

The Acer Kh331Q Pbiip measures in at 23. 6″ with a Full HD resolution of 1920 x 1080. The refresh rate can reach as high as 144 Hz. This model has one Display Port and two HDMI ports.


Acer Predator 35″ Curved Gaming Monitor: was $1099, now $439 @eBay

This deal is offered on eBay directly from Acer. This curved monitor is massive—spanning 35″ across. The refresh rate is normally around 144 Hz but it can reach 200 Hz if overclocked. You can pick up one today for 60% off.


Sceptre 22″ 1080p HD LED Monitor: was $129, now $99 @Walmart

The Sceptre E225W-1920 has a full HD resolution of 1920 x 1080. The monitor spans 22″ across. It’s an LED monitor with a refresh rate of 60 — 75 Hz.


Acer Nitro VG0 27″ Monitor: was $216, now $87 @eBay

This gaming monitor from Acer has a wide 27″ screen. It has a full HD resolution of 1920 x 1080 with a refresh rate of 75 Hz. It’s currently available for 40% off on eBay.


Acer Nitro VG270U IPS Monitor: was $369, now $341 @Newegg

This IPS display from Acer maintains visibility when viewed from various angles. This is the largest model, measuring 27″ across. The Nitro VG270U has a refresh rate as high as 144Hz.


Acer KG1 Gaming Monitor: was $199, now $149 @eBay

This gaming monitor has a Full HD resolution of 1920 x 1080. It has a refresh rate on the higher end reaching 144 Hz. It features a twisted nematic film (TN Film) display.





ASUS AC5300 WiFi Router: was $299, now $268 @Newegg

The AC5300 from Asus is a tri-band router supporting 802.11ac WiFi. It has one 2.4 GHz channel and two 5 GHz channels. You can pick it up on Newegg now for 15% off.


ASUS RT N-300 B1 WiFi Router: was $34, now $29 @Newegg

The ASUS RT N-300 B1 WiFi router comes with two 5 dBi antennas. It has four LAN ports on the back and can support up to three individual guest networks. It’s currently available for 14% off.


TP-Link AC1750 Smart WiFi Router: was $79, now $64 @Amazon

The TP-Link AC1750 Router is dual-band with speeds up to 1750 Mbps. It comes with four LAN ports and three long-range WiFi antennas. This edition supports 802.11ac WiFi.


Netgear Nighthawk AX300 WiFi 6 Router: was $199, now $109 @Walmart

If you’re ready to try WiFi 6 on your network, check out this offer from Walmart. The Netgear Nighthawk AX3000 can support up to 16 wireless devices at a time. It has two antennas for better network coverage.


TP-Link AC1300 PCIe WiFi PCIe Card: was $79, now $33 @Amazon

Add WiFi support to your machine with this card from TP-Link. It connects using a PCIe port and supports dual-band wireless (both 2.4G and 5G). It can reach speeds up to 867 Mbps.




Razer Cynosa Chroma Gaming Keyboard: was $59, now $44 @Amazon

The Razer Cynosa gaming keyboard features RGB backlit keys. It’s full-sized with a numeric pad and can be programmed with Razer Hypershisft to create macros. This edition is spill-resistant.


Razer Essential Wired Gaming Bundle: was $119, now $74 @BestBuy

The Essential Wired Gaming Bundle from Razer comes with matching Razer peripherals. You receive a gaming keyboard, mouse and mousepad. The package also includes a bonus keychain with a Razer keycap.


Logitech G233 Wired Gaming Headset: was $79, now $27 @Walmart

The G233 from Logitech is wired, coming with a 6.56-foot cable. The microphone is completely detachable and has a built-in pop filter. The whole unit weighs 9.14 ounces.


Razer DeathAdder White Gaming Mouse: was $49, now $29 @Amazon

The Razer DeathAdder gaming mouse has a DPI of 6400. This model uses an optical sensor and features 5 programmable buttons. Add custom macros using the Razer Synapse software.


Corsair VOID RGB Elite Headset: was $79, now $59 @BestBuy

This gaming headset from Corsair is wired, using a USB cable to connect. The headset is made from aluminum. It features RGB LEDs and has options to control volume/mute settings.


Logitech Z313 25 Speaker System: was $69, now $41 @Newegg

Bring more audio to your PC with this 2.1 Logitech speaker system. It comes with two satellite speakers and a subwoofer for serious bass. These units are 25 watts.


Rosewill Neon K54 RGB Gaming Keyboard: was $44, now $29 @Newegg

The Rosewill Neon K54 uses a membrane instead of mechanical switches. It features RGB backlit keys with 9 unique modes. This is a full-sized keyboard and includes a numeric pad.

AMD Ryzen 7000 vs. Intel Raptor Lake

This year, both AMD and Intel are launching their Ryzen 7000 and Raptor Lake processors, respectively, at around the same time. AMD is aiming to take back the single- and multithreaded performance crown from Intel, while Intel is looking to solidify its lead and hang on to the gaming crown it took back with its 12th-generation processors. Yet each company’s approach could not be more different. Although AMD’s Ryzen 7000 CPUs are equipped with a new architecture and process node, they do not feature an increase in core count. Meanwhile, Intel is sticking with its 10nm process for its Raptor Lake CPUs and doesn’t seem to be pursuing major architectural changes; instead, it’s adding more cores.


  • Pricing and availability
  • Architectures
  • Performance
  • Motherboards
  • AMD and Intel win some and lose some

Both Ryzen 7000 and Raptor Lake have been revealed, but so far, only reviews for AMD’s new chips are out. Still, we can get a pretty good idea of how things will go.

Pricing and availability

Ryzen 7000 launched on September 27, the very day Intel unveiled its Raptor Lake-powered 13th Gen CPUs, which will come out on October 20. Letting AMD have a month to itself might sound pretty bad for Intel, but things get more interesting when you look at the pricing for Ryzen 7000 and 13th Gen.

So far, AMD has announced four different processors for the midrange and high-end:

  • Ryzen 9 7950X, $699
  • Ryzen 9 7900X, $549
  • Ryzen 7 7700X, $399
  • Ryzen 7 7600X, $299

Ryzen 7000’s pricing structure is something of an improvement over Ryzen 5000’s, but it still doesn’t offer anything for buyers wanting something a little cheaper. Ryzen 7000 CPUs with 3D V-Cache are also not available yet, but AMD has confirmed they’re on the way. Hopefully, we’ll hear something about cheaper or V-Cache-equipped Ryzen 7000 CPUs at AMD’s CES 2023 presentation in January.

Jacob Roach / Digital Trends

Most of us expected 13th Gen CPUs would be more expensive than 12th Gen Alder Lake chips. Raising prices every single generation is just something Intel has done since 2017, and since Raptor Lake features many more cores than Alder Lake (thus increasing manufacturing costs), another round of price increases seemed likely.

Thankfully, most of us were wrong, and 13th Gen CPUs basically share the same pricing structure as 12th Gen CPUs. Intel, like AMD, has only launched its midrange to high-end CPUs, but we expect new models to come later.

  • Core i9-13900K, $589
  • Core i7-13700K, $409
  • Core i5-13600K, $319

But the thing is, Raptor Lake is adding core counts all across the board, and Intel isn’t skimping out, either. The end result of Intel’s pricing scheme is that the Core i9-13900K undercuts the Ryzen 9 7950X by over $100, and the 13900K could dethrone the 7950X’s short reign. The Core i7-13700K (which seems to be a supercharged Core i9-12900K) looks even more enticing as it’s about the same price as the Ryzen 7 7700X.



AMD is introducing the new Zen 4 architecture with its Ryzen 7000 CPUs, and the big-ticket upgrades are 1MB of L2 cache per core (double from Zen 3), new AI instructions, and the use of TSMC’s new, enhanced 5nm node. Thanks to all those improvements plus several smaller changes, Ryzen 7000 promises a 13% boost in instructions per clock (or IPC) and a massive clock speed boost, from 4. 9GHz on Ryzen 5000 to 5.7GHz on the top Zen 4 CPUs.

TSCM’s 5nm is particularly important because, compared to the older 7nm node, it offers up to either a 15% increase in clock speed for no additional power consumption or as much as a 30% reduction in power consumption at the same clock speed. Although these figures are often extremely optimistic, it certainly seems like Zen 4 is able to take full advantage of that potential boosted clock speed, as Ryzen 7000 is confirmed to run at 5.5GHz in moderately threaded applications like games, and potentially higher still when fewer cores are needed. However, Ryzen 7000 consumes much more power than Ryzen 5000 so that it can hit these frequencies.

Outside of the Zen 4 core itself, the IO die features an RDNA2 iGPU, bringing graphics to chiplet Ryzen CPUs for the first time. However, these graphics aren’t designed for gaming and are really aimed toward PC users that don’t want discrete graphics (like business PCs, for example) and also for use in high-end gaming laptops. Ryzen 7000 also supports DDR5 memory and PCIe 5.0 for both graphics and storage.

Jacob Roach / Digital Trends

Compared to last-generation Alder Lake CPUs, Raptor Lake is essentially bigger and more refined with three key improvements: higher clocked cores, more cores, and more cache. This has all been done without using a brand new process or a brand new architecture like AMD; Intel is still sticking with its Intel 7 process (also known as 10nm) and essentially the same cores we saw in Alder Lake.

When it comes to clock speed, Intel is claiming its Core i9-13900K’s P-cores can hit 5.8GHz out of the box, which is 600MHz more than the 12900K was capable of and 100MHz higher than what the 7950X is rated for. The E-cores, on the other hand, get a smaller boost of 400MHz, which is still pretty decent. This extra clock speed isn’t free, though, as it requires significantly more power, but more performance is more performance.

Raptor Lake also features a big increase in core count, but we’re talking about the smaller E-cores, which are more efficient but also much slower than the larger P-cores. That being said, it makes sense for Intel to add more E-cores since the P-cores are really there for single-threaded tasks; the E-cores are fine for multithreaded workloads.

But perhaps one of the most important changes is the cache, which can speed up several kinds of workloads, particularly games. The 13900K has double the L2 and L3 cache of the 12900K, with most of the additional cache coming from L2. This is very different from how AMD designs its CPUs; Ryzen CPUs have the bulk of their cache in L3, but Raptor Lake’s L2 cache is nearly as large as its L3. It’ll be interesting to see if Intel’s approach here is better than AMD’s.


We can’t be certain about the dynamic between Ryzen 7000 and Raptor Lake yet since the reviews for Intel’s new CPUs aren’t out yet, but we can get a pretty decent idea based on what we know so far.

At the Ryzen 7000 launch event, AMD claimed the Ryzen 9 7950X would have up to 29% higher single-threaded and 44% higher multithreaded performance than the Ryzen 9 5950X. This meant that against the Core i9-12900K, the 7950X would have a similar multithreaded performance advantage but just a 10% higher single-threaded performance. These claims were confusing since the 5950X is generally slower than the 12900K in multithreaded workloads, but it’s likely AMD based these claims off of Blender, which is very favorable to Ryzen 5000 CPUs.

In our review, we found that the 7950X was significantly faster than the 5950X, just like AMD said, but it was a different story with the 12900K. The single-threaded performance between both CPUs was about the same, with the 7950X being at most 6% faster, and the 7950X did win significantly in multithreaded benchmarks but by 30% or so, not 40%.

As for gaming, the 7950X was 13% faster than the 5950X and 8% faster than both the 12900K and the Ryzen 7 5800X3D. That’s lower than what AMD was claiming we should expect (the midrange Ryzen 5 7600X is apparently 11% faster than the 12900K), but in AMD’s defense, even slightly different testing methodologies can produce very different results in games.

Intel is also making some pretty big performance claims, saying the Core i9-13900K has 15% more single-threaded performance and 41% more multithreaded performance than the Core i9-12900K. Intel is basing this claim off of SPEC, though, a benchmark only Intel itself seems to use. However, Intel did show some benchmarks for content-creation applications, which are often multithreaded, and the results are interesting. On average, the 13900K was ~40% faster than the 5950X, which would put Intel’s new flagship up there with the 7950X.

It’s hard to evaluate gaming performance, but Intel claims the 13900K is about 10% to 20% faster than the 12900K on average. Compared to AMD CPUs, Intel says the 13900K has about a 25% lead against the 5950X and is about even with the 5800X3D. If we compare that against our own testing, then that implies the 13900K will be the fastest CPU for gaming, and that’s certainly possible when it has so much cache, but we’ll have to wait for the reviews to say for sure one way or another.

One big caveat with Raptor Lake is the E-cores. Having more is definitely better, but that doesn’t necessarily mean big performance gains. AnandTech tested what it would be like if the Core i9-12900K didn’t have any E-cores at all, and the publication found that Alder Lake’s eight E-cores improve performance by anywhere from 5% to 25% depending on the kind of work. That’s not a ton of extra performance, especially at the lower end, and it only helps for multithreaded workloads.

That being said, the clock speed and extra cache will definitely come in handy for all sorts of tasks, even if the E-cores don’t. Even in a worst-case scenario, the 13900K probably won’t be too far behind a 7950X in multithreaded performance and definitely has good odds for winning in single-thread, which is not as relevant as it used to be, but it’s still something.



AMD has announced three new chipsets to launch alongside Ryzen 7000: X670E, X670, and B650. The X670E chipset is for hardcore overclockers, X670 is for the typical high-end user, and B650 is for lower-end to midrange users. AMD hasn’t yet announced a successor to the A520 chipset, but A520 was a late addition to the 500 series, so that may come post-Ryzen 7000 release. For simplicity’s sake, since Intel’s current-generation boards are also the 600 series, we’re going to use socket names, so AM5 for AMD and LGA1700 for Intel.

All AM5 motherboards support DDR5, PCIe 5.0, up to 14 USB ports each at 20Gbps, Wi-Fi 6E, and Bluetooth 5.2. The maximum number of displays from the motherboard is also increased, from two on the 500 series to four on AM5. Overclocking support has not changed, and AM5 owners will be able to overclock on B650, X670, and X670E motherboards. AM5 motherboards are also compatible with AM4 coolers, which is great for any AMD user wanting to upgrade when Ryzen 7000 launches.

AMD is also introducing its EXPO memory overclocking feature, which is basically a fancy version of XMP. Unlike XMP, however, not all DDR5 kits will have support for EXPO, which is more of a feature for enthusiasts and overclockers than a new standard.

Raptor Lake will be compatible with last-generation Alder Lake motherboards and also next-generation motherboards using the Z790 chipset, but at the moment, the new chipset appears to just offer more PCIe 4.0 lanes and faster USB ports. Intel’s LGA 1700 motherboards (new or old) support DDR5 (and DDR4, unlike AM5), PCIe 5.0, Wi-Fi 6E, and Bluetooth 5.2, just like AMD’s Ryzen 7000 boards. On a feature level, neither AMD nor Intel has a particularly large advantage.

One point for Intel is that all of its chipsets and motherboards support PCIe 5.0 on the x16 slot for graphics. Even the lowest-end LGA1700 board can support a next-generation PCIe 5.0 GPU. Meanwhile, PCIe 5.0 graphics on AMD’s AM5 motherboards is exclusive to higher-end models.

AMD does have better support for PCIe 5.0 solid-state drives (SSDs), however. All the AM5 chipsets that AMD has announced so far support at least one PCIe 5.0 NVMe SSD, whereas no current Intel motherboards support PCIe 5.0 SSDs. Intel could launch new motherboards that support PCIe 5. 0 SSDs with its Raptor Lake chips, however, so we’ll have to wait and see what happens there.

Intel’s LGA1700 motherboards support DDR4, though, which means Alder Lake (and presumably Raptor Lake) users don’t have to buy expensive DDR5 memory if they choose not to. Meanwhile, AMD’s AM5 motherboards don’t support DDR4, so users will have to buy DDR5 RAM.

Generally, both AMD’s and Intel’s 600 boards offer similar features. Intel does have an advantage over AMD in that you can already buy Raptor Lake-compatible boards, but that’s only relevant to people who already have an Alder Lake CPU or are planning to buy one in the near future.

AMD and Intel win some and lose some

Before anything was officially known about Ryzen 7000 and Raptor Lake, it seemed possible that AMD might regain the multithreaded crown despite Raptor Lake having eight additional cores, while Intel could retain the single-threaded crown despite Ryzen 7000 coming with significant IPC gains and increased clock speeds. This seems to be exactly what’s happening, and you really have to enjoy the irony here.

But raw performance is just half the story; value is also really interesting. AMD’s brand new flagship might be unassailable, but the Core i7-13700K and the Core i5-13600K have the potential to make people wonder if the Ryzen 5 7600X and the Ryzen 7 7700X are really worth the money.

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Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra review

TechRadar Verdict

Our Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra review found a big, powerful, and attractive Android phone (if you like them monolithic). It’s super-versatile, ready for important work, hand-written notes, gaming, and casual big-screen web browsing – and the cameras are a clear highlight, with the Space Zoom capabilities taking you to infinity and beyond. And, yes, you’ll pay handily for all these features.

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    Incredible cameras and zoom

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    Excellent little S Pen

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Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: Two-minute review

If we were to judge the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra on nothing but its cameras and, in particular, the optical and digitally-enhanced zoom capabilities, we might call it the best smartphone ever.  

It’s not, of course – every handset is the sum of its design, features, components, utility, and value – but taken as a whole, this Samsung Galaxy Series-Galaxy Note hybrid is an excellent, albeit massive Android handset that not only ticks all the important boxes, but delivers more features than you may ever want or use.

  • Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra (Installments 128GB) for $0 upfront with 4GB of data for only $60.79 per month from Mint Mobile

The design is an echo of, but also more forward-leaning than, Samsung’s last Note device. It really is a hybrid. There will be no complaints about the ultra-high-resolution, 6.8-inch screen, which offers brilliant colors and smooth motion at 120Hz, but is smart enough to stop down all the way to 1Hz, when that’s all you need, to save on battery life.

The camera array is strong. Sure, it’s not a complete overhaul of the Galaxy S21’s camera system, but that was already pretty darn good. This is arguably better – the Optical and Space Zooms are simply marvels of modern technology.

We also love the thin and light S Pen, and we’re thrilled that it’s finally integrated – literally – into the Galaxy line. It does so many things so well, and for productivity-focused mobile users it could be a godsend.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra’s back is black, satin Gorilla Glass Victus+ (Image credit: Future)

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra Specs

Display: 6.8-inch, Quad HD+
Dimensions: 77.9 x 163.3 x 8.9 mm
Weight: 229G
Screen refresh: 120Hz
Screen brightness: 1750 nits
Glass: Corning Gorilla Glass Victus+
Water resistance: IP68
Selfie camera: 40MP resolution
Main camera: 108MP resolution
Telephoto camera: 2 10MP resolution sensors
Ultrawide: 12MP resolution
Battery: 5000mAh
Memory: 8GB or 12GB available
Storage: 128GB, 256GB, 512GB, or 1TB available

Samsung’s One UI 4. 1 software is mostly good, even if it does create some duplication of browsers, photos, and messages apps. Other tools, like Expert Raw, a freely downloadable Samsung app that gives you full access to all the camera controls and lets you capture and save RAW format photos, and the video-conferencing app Google Duo, which both do an excellent job of showing off the phone’s power and versatility, are the real highlights here.

Performance-wise, the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra’s 4nm Qualcomm Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 processor acquits itself nicely (no, it doesn’t beat Apple’s A15 Bionic). The point is, we couldn’t find a single app that was sluggish or disappointing on the mobile monolith.

Battery life was more of a mixed bag. We did get a full day of solid use (18 hours or so), but we thought we might get more out of the massive 5,000 mAh battery and high-performance, energy-efficient CPU.

Ultimately, though, this is the kind of device that can make you forget what’s come before it. If you were used to a smaller-screen device, you’ll feel cramped if you ever go back to it. If you struggled in the past to take photos of the moon, you’ll wonder why Apple hasn’t figured this out yet. If you wished that your device had just a little more power to complete those raw image-editing tasks, your wish has been granted.

Part of Samsung’s new S22 lineup, but looking nothing like its siblings, the Galaxy S22 Ultra is to the casual observer a Galaxy Note in a shiny, new coat. It does have a much bigger and bolder camera array (lifted pretty much intact from the S21 Ultra), but it’s otherwise a canny adjustment of the Note aesthetic or, as Samsung might call it, the “Note Experience.” Still, this adjustment leaves it as easily the best Samsung phone.

  • Read our hands on Samsung Galaxy S22 review
  • Read our hands on Samsung Galaxy S22 Plus review
  • Read our hands on Samsung Galaxy Tab S8 and S8 Plus review
  • Read our hands on Samsung Galaxy Tab S8 Ultra review

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: Release date and price

  • Starts at $1,199. 99 / £1,149 / AU$1,849 for 128GB storage and 8GB of RAM
  • Storage options up to 1TB, no microSD slot for expansion

 A device that combines the best of Samsung’s S Series and the Note’s more industrial design and capabilities doesn’t come cheap. The Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra starts at $1,199.99 / £1,149 / AU$1,849 for 128GB storage and 8GB of RAM.

There are naturally bigger storage options (that also include more RAM), which can take you all the way to a 1TB model ($1,599.99 / £1,499 / AU$2,449 ). 256GB will run you $1,299,99 / £1,249 / AU$1,999, and 512GB is $1,399.99 / £1,329 / AU$2,149. 

(Image credit: Future)

Choose your storage options wisely, because none of the Samsung Galaxy S22 phones come with a microSD card slot for upgrading your storage space.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra prices
Configuration US price UK price AU price
8/128GB $1,199. 99 £1,149 $1,849
12/256GB $1,299.99 £1,249 $1,999
12/512GB $1,399.99 £1,329 $2,149
12GB/1TB $1,599.99 £1,499 $2,449
  • The best Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra deals for pre-order

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: Design and display

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra’s AMOLED screen measures 6.8-inches diagonally. (Image credit: Future)

  • Screen is 6.8-inch OLED with WQHD+ resolution
  • Armor Aluminum frame with Gorilla Glass Victus+
  • S Pen housed in a silo in the phone

An inarguably beautiful device, the 6.8-inch Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra – owing to its Note roots – doesn’t look much like the Galaxy S22 Plus. It starts from the original Galaxy Note 10 design but takes it forward with even more premium materials.

The frame is a solid Armor Aluminum that rigidly resists bends. Polished on the outside to a near-chrome finish, the metal is sandwiched between two Corning Gorilla Glass Victus+ plates. The front glass is high-gloss, and the back is a warm satin finish; both do a decent job of repelling fingerprints. The phone’s IP68-rated body also handily resided the water we ran over it.

The above finishes come in seven color options: Phantom Black, Phantom White, Burgundy, Green, Graphite, Sky Blue and Red. The dark green is sexy, but we’ve fallen in love with the inky Phantom Black of our test device.

Image 1 of 2

(Image credit: Future)

(Image credit: Future)

Did we mention that this is a big phone? Its dimensions are 163.3 x 77.9 x 8.9mm, which is taller than a 6.7-inch Apple iPhone 13 Pro Max, but, somewhat surprisingly, at 229g, lighter than Apple’s biggest handset. Small hands will struggle with the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra. The curved edges make the Galaxy S22 Ultra comfortable to hold, but the lack of edges also makes it feel slippery as a fish – albeit a fish made of hard glass and metal.

There are two flat surfaces, on the top and bottom of the device. The top plane is a mostly unbroken slab of metal, with one tiny drill-through hole for a microphone. The bottom surface houses the SIM slot, USB-C charging port (the phone ships with a USB-C cable but no charging brick- BYOB is a thing now), speaker grille, and the S Pen.

If you’re in any doubt that this is a Note in S Series clothing, you need only to press that slight bump on the base and pop out the familiar and light S Pen. It’s all the things a Samsung S Pen should be, giving up nothing for its new Galaxy S22 Ultra home. More on the stylus later.

The 6.8-inch AMOLED screen is another highlight. It supports up to 3088 x 1440 pixels (WQHD+) resolution, which works out to 500 ppi. The iPhone 13 Pro Max, by contrast, has 458ppi on its 6.7-inch 2778 x 1284 screen. It’s worth noting that the S22 Ultra’s default resolution is 2316 x 1080 (FHD+), which Samsung says uses somewhat less battery life – although halfway through our testing we switched to WQHD+ and didn’t notice much, if any, battery performance loss.

Image 1 of 3

(Image credit: Future)

(Image credit: Future)
Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra wet screen (Image credit: Future)

Everything from games and videos to apps looks fantastic on the display, which now has the ability to smoothly shift from a 1Hz refresh rate all the way up to a butter-smooth 120Hz. Such adaptive technology can be hard to notice because, for instance, 1Hz might be used for the home screen or a word processor, while 120Hz might be called on for gaming.

The point is, when the imagery should be clean and smooth, it is. The lower refresh rates primarily help to conserve battery – there’s no need to update the screen more than a hundred times per second if nothing is moving.

With a peak brightness of 1750 nits and Samsung’s new Vision Booster technology, the screen does a decent job of maintaining visibility even in direct sunlight. Naturally, though, this means the brightness gets turned up to 100%, which will impact your daily battery life.

Hidden under the screen, roughly a third of the way up from the bottom edge, is the effective ultrasonic fingerprint reader. We found it easy to both register a finger and use it to unlock the phone. The other biometric security option is facial recognition, but Samsung warns that this isn’t as secure as other options, like a PIN or fingerprint.

There’s also a small drill hole through the screen for the 40MP front-facing camera.

Put simply, this is a lovely screen for viewing and writing.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: Cameras

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra camera array (Image credit: Future)

  • Main camera is 108MP with f/1.8 aperture and an 85-defree FOV
  • Two telephoto lenses with 10MP sensors, one ultrawide 12MP sensor
  • Optical zoom up to 10x, Space Zoom enhanced up to 100x

When people say, “So, it’s basically a new Samsung Galaxy Note, right?” we have to flip over the phone to show them the camera array, which is a dead ringer for the one on the Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra.  

Don’t worry, though – this is not some Frankenstein’s monster of smartphone design. Because Samsung has done away with the contour box that popped the whole thing up a millimeter or so above the back of the S21, the S22 Ultra’s array of five lenses looks perfectly at home.

The cameras don’t just look similar – they’re almost the same. There are two 10MP telephoto lenses: one is f/2.4 with a 36-degree field of view (FOV) and the other is f/4.9 with an 11-degree FOV. There’s also a 12MP ultrawide with a 120-degree FOV, and then there’s the 108MP main wide camera (f/1.8) with an 85-degree FOV. 

However, the technology backing these lenses has gotten an upgrade. While the image sensors haven’t changed since the S21 Ultra, Samsung has done some work on optical image stabilization, digital image stabilization (for a better Super Steady system), and image processing. The result is better performance from all the lenses, but especially in the zoom arena. 

The Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra’s zoom capabilities simply blow away anything we’ve ever seen before from a mobile phone camera. Obviously, the 3x and 10x optical zoom are not only solid but offer clear images of distant objects with enough clarity that you can crop in on details without seeing much pixelation.

The 30x and especially 100x Space Zoom is where, at least in previous iterations of Samsung’s technology, you’d see significant artifacts in your photos.

Image 1 of 5

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra 1x (Image credit: Future)

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra 3x (Image credit: Future / Lance Ulanoff)
Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra 10x (Image credit: Future / Lance Ulanoff)

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra 30x space zoom (Image credit: Future / Lance Ulanoff)
Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra 100x space zoom (Image credit: Future / Lance Ulanoff)

Now, however, these images are shockingly good, at least at first glance. Sure, you can’t crop in too much without the images breaking down into a Picasso-like mess, but untouched, these can be perfectly shareable images.

Part of this has to do with the stabilization, which at 100x, basically takes control of the lens and holds a subject (like the moon) in the frame. It can feel a little like you’re no longer in control of the lens, but it does do a good job of countering your shaky hands.

Wide and ultrawide images also benefit from some new pixel sorcery. With the Galaxy S22 Ultra, Samsung introduced Adaptive Pixel. This takes nona-binning (first introduced with the S21 Ultra), which takes nine pixels of information and combines them for better color and contrast, and combines it with the full resolution of the 108MP wide-angle original. That lens also gets an auto-focus assist from what looks like a fifth lens on the back of the phone — it’s actually a Laser Auto Focus sensor. If you look closely, you can see the little red laser light peeking out from behind the glass.

Virtually every image we shot looked great, even if we did detect a hint of over-saturation (it wouldn’t be Samsung if they didn’t over-saturate the image).

The front-facing camera, meanwhile, uses tetra-binning to combine four pixels into one for a high-quality 10MP image.

Image 1 of 3

(Image credit: Future)

(Image credit: Future)
(Image credit: Future)

Samsung’s lenses, stabilization, image sensors, and algorithms also make what the company calls ‘Nightography’ possible. While we don’t like the marketing term, the phone’s night-time and low-light photographic skills are clear. It can brighten a night sky to near daytime, capture the moon or your face in poor lighting, and has some long-exposure skills too.

The front and rear cameras do a nice job with portrait photography, courtesy of a Portrait mode that’s getting good enough to separate stray hairs from a bokeh background. Samsung told us this is due, in part, to its new depth map technology. The presets, which include the ability to create a virtual backdrop (a chromakey color is used so that you can easily substitute some other background later) are pretty good, as well.

You can also shoot some high-quality 4K video at 60fps, and up to 8K at 24fps. We were pleased with the results.

We were less impressed with the phone’s Portrait Video capabilities, which come nowhere close to the magic of Apple’s iPhone 13 line’s Cinematic mode video (it needs a face in frame to work). The auto-framing capability, which literally zooms the camera in and out to keep people in frame, doesn’t seem all that useful – we suspect it needs more refinement.

One thing we do appreciate about Samsung’s video shooting capabilities is that, unlike an iPhone, it lets you shoot video, hit pause, and continue shooting while keeping the entire shoot in one video file. Apple should add this feature ASAP.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: Camera samples

Image 1 of 10

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra Space Zoom photo of almost full moon (Image credit: Future)

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra Space Zoom shot of the moon through trees (Image credit: Future)
(Image credit: Future)

(Image credit: Future)
(Image credit: Future)

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra optical zoom test (Image credit: Future)
Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra front facing camera Portrait Mode test (Image credit: Future)

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra portrait mode test (Image credit: Future)
Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra Space Zoom photo Freedom Tower from 3 miles away (Image credit: Future)

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra Pro Camera test full control shutter speed ISO (Image credit: Future)
  • We took the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra’s zoom capabilities for a test drive. The results, especially from the 10x (optical) and 30x (Space Zoom), were incredible.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: S Pen

  • Very light and versatile
  • Take notes on the lock screen

Aside from the awesome cameras, the main reason you’d spend all that extra dough on a Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra is for the integrated S Pen. The light and versatile stylus is hidden inside the phone’s body; it’s small, thin, and feels so easy to lose that you’ll wish there were magnets in the S Pen and on the body of the S22 Ultra to hold these companions together when you don’t slip the stylus inside the phone.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra S Pen (Image credit: Future)

With the S Pen, you can take notes on a lock screen (they’re white ink on a black background), or open the phone and access a slide-in menu of eight customizable options. 

These include taking notes, viewing them, making smart selections of anything on the screen, drawing on a screen capture, live messages, doodling in augmented reality, translations, and PenUp, a community space where you can learn how to draw with the S Pen and share your creations with others.  

All of these features work as advertised, and offer fast ways of grabbing content, marking it up, and sharing with friends and coworkers.

Image 1 of 3

(Image credit: Future)

(Image credit: Future)
(Image credit: Future)

In our estimation, the S Pen is a wildly useful implement and, despite its small size (small for this reviewer’s hands anyway), it’s an effective drawing implement. We opened Sketchbook and had a great time drawing, especially because the pen and screen recognize pressure and angle.

The S Pen is also a solid productivity tool. We scrawled some notes in Samsung Notes and then let the system convert the scribbles to real text. It didn’t miss a word.

Overall, there’s a lot you can do with the S Pen, but it also follows the 80/20 rule – most of us will use 20% of the features, 80% of the time.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: Software

  • Android 12 with Samsung One UI 4.1
  • Some apps, like Messages, are duplicated with Samsung and Google versions

While the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra is an Android 12 phone — and one of the best Android phones at that — it’s also running One UI 4. 1, the latest version of Samsung’s Android interface software. Like most Android overlays, this one isn’t primarily there to enforce a bespoke design aesthetic on top of pure Android; rather, it duplicates some utilities, like the web browser and photos apps, and adds tons of smart software touches and useful tools, like Samsung’s new Wallet, that should enhance the Android experience

Samsung’s onboard photo and video-editing capabilities, for example, are strong. We especially like the ability to magically remove an object from a photo, which worked like a charm on a photo of a dozen donuts – instead of eating them, we just selected them one by one and removed them from the original image. The software did leave behind a few telltale artifacts, but you’d be hard-pressed to tell what was there before we digitally removed a donut.

There’s also a freely downloadable Expert Raw app, which gives you access to all the pro shooting tools (ISO, white balance, focus, shutter speed) and lets you shoot raw images, which we then edited on the phone in Adobe’s Lightroom app.

It’s not great, however, that there’s both a Messages app and a Samsung Messages app. The icons look similar, but they’re two distinct apps. It’s this kind of nonsense that will always keep the Android messaging system slightly behind iOS’s iMessage. We want one system – the new RCS (Rich Communication Services) is fine – and complete cross-app compatibility.

Samsung has made a lot of noise about Google’s updated Google Duo video conferencing utility, which makes its debut on the S22 Ultra, and it does work as advertised. We made a Duo call to a friend, which looked and sounded good on both sides, and then quite effortlessly shared views of our screen, apps like Twitter, and played a YouTube video that we were both able to enjoy.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra connecting phone to Windows 11 (Image credit: Future)

Samsung is also strengthening its partnership with Microsoft, and we had no trouble adding our Microsoft account, which includes OneDrive and the Office Suite. It was also easy to connect the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra to our Windows 11 PC. 

We started the process on the phone, and then we had to visit a URL on the PC (it was supposed to pop up automatically, but didn’t) where we found a QR code. We pointed the S22 Ultra camera at the code, and the phone then guided us through the rest of the set-up process.

With the connection complete, we were able to control our phone through the desktop using our mouse; we even ran Asphalt 9 for a hot second before the connection crashed.

While, in our tests, it wasn’t immediately clear how having these platforms blended in this way benefits the user, we think the ability to quickly access on-phone data, messages, and calls is surely part of the attraction.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: Specs and performance

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra with camera app open (Image credit: Future)

  • A 4nm processor, Qualcomm Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 in most of the world
  • UK and Australia get Samsung Exynos 2200 chipset

Over almost a week of intense testing, the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra never let us down. It’s a fast and powerful phone. The 4nm processor (in our test phone it’s the Qualcomm Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 chipset – UK or Australia will get Samsung’s own Exynos 2200 chipset.) doesn’t outperform Apple’s A15 Bionic in Geekbench benchmarks, but raw numbers never tell the full story.

For what it’s worth, here are the numbers for our device, which shipped with 12GB of memory and 256GB of storage). 

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra Geekbench benchmarks


Single Core: 1236
Multi-Core: 3417

OpenCL Score: 5866 

Apple’s numbers are better, but the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra didn’t feel any slower across all tasks. Perhaps the only situation where we detected a small stutter was on 8K video playback (that’s 8K video that we shot with the very same phone). 

This is also a gorgeous and quite powerful gaming phone, and handled my Asphalt 9 race through Barcelona without a single hiccup.

Call quality was generally excellent. We could hear our caller clearly, and they told us we were coming through equally clear. The 5G performance (we were on T-Mobile in the US) was, by turns, excellent and average – it seemed to depend on how close we were to a decent 5G tower.

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra: Battery life

  • Large 5,000 mAh battery and wireless charging
  • Could not meet our expectations for battery life

Like the Galaxy S21 Ultra, the S22 Ultra features a beefy 5,000mAh battery and wireless charging. In our tests, the battery was good for a full day of varied activity (roughly from 7am to 11pm) but not much more (this was the same for mid-range and high-resolution screen settings). 

We were a little surprised that such a large battery didn’t provide a day and a half of battery life. Perhaps the new 4nm chip isn’t as efficient as Samsung had hoped. 

(Image credit: Future)

The phone has a built-in vapor champer and heat-sync material. Even so, we detected some warmth on the back of the phone when performing a variety of tasks, including web browsing, photography, and gaming, for extended periods. We wonder if Samsung might be able to improve battery performance with some software tweaks.

As noted above, the phone doesn’t ship with a charger, just the USB-C cable to connect to one – a potential shock for people upgrading from the previous Note. Also, the in-the-box package no longer includes a set of earbuds, and while this at least makes some sense, as the phone no longer has a 3.5mm headphone jack, you start to feel like Samsung is asking for more money while giving you less.

The Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra is probably not for everyone. It’s giant, expensive, and might be overkill for people who simply want a nice screen, decent photos, and a good on-screen social media experience. For those who want more, say a phone that is ready to run Raw photo editing apps, mark up screens and images, create detailed works of art and take zoom photos that will make you the envy of all your iPhone-carrying friends, the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra is worth every dime.

Should you buy the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra?

Should you buy the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra?

(Image credit: Future)

Buy it if.


 You’re a productivity junkie
You will be hard-pressed to find a more capable mobile device than the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra.

You’re a compulsive note-taker or artist
If you love to take notes by hand, or you’re an artist who has brilliant ideas on the go, the S Pen is now always with you, and versatile enough to support scribble-to-text conversions, fine art creation, simple doodles, and markup. 

You love photography
The camera array here is excellent, and the zoom capabilities will finally let you capture what your eyes can see. 

Don’t buy if…

You thought you’d get two days of battery life
The phone’s 5,000 mAh battery is huge, but so is the phone. That screen and the powerful mobile CPU might be a little more power-hungry than expected. You will, though, get a very full day (sunrise to well-past sunset) of activities

You have tiny hands
This is a big phone. Even the curved edges don’t completely cut down on the size. Also, yes, it’s a slippery device. 

You’re a fan of wired headphones
If you still rely on 3.5mm, wired headphones, this isn’t the phone for you. Samsung removed the 3.5mm headphone jack from the device (and does not ship with a wired set of headphones). Naturally, the handset works like a charm with wireless, Bluetooth earbuds. 

Also consider…

Apple iPhone 13 Pro Max
As long as you’re looking at Samsung’s big-camera heavy hitter, you should probably give Apple’s biggest iPhone a look as well. It’s got the most powerful camera setup you’ll find on an Apple device, and can give Samsung’s Ultra a run for its money.
Check out our Apple iPhone 13 Pro Max review

Google Pixel 6 Pro
For Android fans, the company that makes the operating system also makes one of the best flagship phones you can buy. Google Pixel phones rely more on computational power than raw megapixels to deliver fantastic images, and the results must be seen to be believed.
Check out our Google Pixel 6 Pro review

OnePlus 10 Pro
OnePlus used to make bargain phones that killed flagships, now they make flagship phones as well. The OnePlus 10 Pro has an impressive camera setup and a slick design, and it breaks you out of the Apple-Samsung-Google triumvirate.
Check out our OnePlus 10 Pro review

If the Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra review has you curious about the fastest smartphones on the market, you can read our full roundup of the best phones you can buy. 

First reviewed: February 2022

Prices — Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra:▼

A 35-year industry veteran and award-winning journalist, Lance has covered technology since PCs were the size of suitcases and “on line” meant “waiting. ” He’s a former Lifewire Editor-in-Chief, Mashable Editor-in-Chief, and, before that, Editor in Chief of and Senior Vice President of Content for Ziff Davis, Inc. He also wrote a popular, weekly tech column for Medium called The Upgrade.

Lance Ulanoff makes frequent appearances on national, international, and local news programs including Live with Kelly and Ryan, Fox News, Fox Business, the Today Show , Good Morning America, CNBC, CNN, and the BBC. 

Category: AnandTech — Techcratic

Gavin Bonshor 2022-09-27 15:00:00 With a lot of news and info dropping on Intel’s latest Z790 chipset using the LGA1700 socket, NZXT has pulled the trigger and announced its …

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Ganesh T S 2022-09-27 08:30:00 Netgear has been at the forefront of the SDVoE (Software-Defined Video over Ethernet) initiative with multiple AV switches serving the growing market. The ProAV …

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Ryan Smith & Gavin Bonshor 2022-09-26 09:00:00 www. Back at CES 2022, AMD announced that its new Zen 4 core would be coming sometime in the second half of the …

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Gavin Bonshor 2022-09-20 15:00:00 Even though the main focus this month has been on AMD’s upcoming launch of its Ryzen 7000 desktop series processors based on the Zen 4 …

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Ryan Smith 2022-09-20 12:18:00 With NVIDIA’s fall GTC event in full swing, the company touched upon the bulk of its core business in one way or another in this …

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Ryan Smith 2022-09-20 11:45:00 Among the spate of announcements from NVIDIA today as part of their fall GTC 2022 event, the company is delivering a surprising shake-up to their …

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Ryan Smith 2022-09-20 08:00:00 Kicking off a bit later this morning will be NVIDIA’s GTC 2022 fall keynote, which should prove to be a very interesting event. Besides NVIDIA’s …

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Anton Shilov 2022-09-14 09:00:00 Micron this week broke ground on its leading-edge memory production facility near Boise, Idaho. The company will invest $15 billion in its new fab as …

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Gavin Bonshor 2022-09-09 16:00:00 In preparation for AMD’s Ryzen 7000 series processors, which will launch on September 27th, ASRock has announced that it has developed a new BIOS for …

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Gavin Bonshor 2022-09-08 18:00:00 Ahead of the launch of AMD’s latest Ryzen 7000 processors, which will hit retail shelves on September 27th, MSI unveiled pricing on four of its …

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Ryan Smith 2022-09-07 09:00:00 While all eyes are on the impending launch of AMD’s new Ryzen 7000 desktop processors, the chipmaker also has its wheels in motion for the …

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Gavin Bonshor 2022-08-30 15:00:00 www. During AMD’s ‘together we advance_PCs event, the company unveiled its latest Zen 4-based Ryzen 7000 processors to the world, as well as its AM5 platforms, including …

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Gavin Bonshor 2022-08-29 19:35:00 Over the last couple of months, the rumor mill surrounding AMD’s impending Ryzen 7000 processors for desktops has been in overdrive. Although Lisa Su unveiled Zen …

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E. Fylladitakis 2022-08-25 09:30:00 Cooler Master is a well-known brand among enthusiasts. The firm began as a maker of PC cooling systems and rapidly moved into cases and power …

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Anton Shilov 2022-08-19 09:00:00 Samsung on Friday broke ground for a new semiconductor research and development complex which will design new fabrication processes for memory and logic, as well …

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E. Fylladitakis 2022-08-11 08:00:00 Many businesses devoted to the design and delivery of liquid cooling systems for PCs were established when the trend of liquid cooling emerged in the …

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Ganesh T S 2022-08-05 08:15:00 The past few years have seen Intel and AMD delivering new processors in a staggered manner. In the sub-45W category, Intel’s incumbency has allowed …

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Ryan Smith 2022-08-04 11:00:00 Among the groups with a presence at this year’s Flash Memory Summit is the UCIe Consortium, the recently formed group responsible for the Universal Chiplet …

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Ryan Smith 2022-08-04 08:00:00 As the 2022 Flash Memory Summit continues, SK hynix is the latest vendor to announce their next generation of NAND flash memory at the show. …

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Ryan Smith 2022-08-01 17:00:00 www. With the 2022 Flash Memory Summit taking place this week, not only is there a slew of solid-state storage announcements in the pipe over the …

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Ganesh T S 2022-08-01 08:00:00 Storage bridges have become an ubiquitous part of today’s computing ecosystems. The bridges may be external or internal, with the former ones enabling a …

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Ars Technica

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  • «NASA is not able to share the number of bids.»

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    Kevin Purdy

  • The orbiter most definitely exceeded expectations.

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  1. Open source files for Google Japan’s latest joke concept are on GitHub.

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  2. Hack uses FreeBSD «race condition» exploit on older PS5 firmware.

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  9. First Optimus prototype walked onto stage, waved. Another one needed support and slumped over.

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Follow us

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Latest Ars Video >

Paul Sutter walks us through the future of climate change—and things aren’t great

Paul Sutter walks us through the future of climate change—and things aren’t great

This episode of Edge of Knowledge focuses on our rapidly transforming world.

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Nvidia Geforce GTX 770: Full Review With Specs, Price, and More

PC gaming is a popular pastime, and the previous generation’s games are still fun for many players. If you’re playing some of these older games, a brand-new graphics card is complete overkill. That’s where the Nvidia Geforce GTX 770 comes in. The 770 is an older card with a perfect mix of performance for last-gen games and just enough power to run newer titles too. Is this graphics card good enough? Or should you opt for something newer. Let’s explore Geforce GTX 770, delving into its features, specs, and pricing for answers.

Nvidia Geforce GTX 770: Best Deal Today

Finding the best deal can be challenging with so many different GPUs available. We’ve taken the guesswork out of finding the best deal on the GTX 770 by compiling the best sources for you here:

  • Founder’s Edition (NEWEGG) – $330
  • Founder’s Edition (AMAZON) -$149.99
  • title=”EVGA Superclocked Edition”] ( AMAZON) – $193.11

EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Superclocked with ACX Cooler 4 GB GDDR5 256-Bit Dual-Link DVI-I/DVI-D HDMI DP SLI Ready Graphics Card 04G-P4-3774-KR

  • Microsoft DirectX 12 API (feature level 11_0) Support
  • Base Clock: 1111 MHz
  • Boost Clock: 1163 MHz
  • Memory Clock: 7010 MHz Effective
  • CUDA Cores: 1536

Nvidia Geforce GTX 770: Overview

Nvidia has been in the graphics card industry since the 1990s. The company has continued to innovate and improve over the years, and the latest GPUs are marvels of technology. 

Release date and price

When looking at the GTX 770, you must understand that this card is almost ten years old. It was launched on May 30th, 2013. This GPU was impressive in its heyday, second only to the Geforce 780. Additionally, with a launch price of just $399, it was priced very competitively too. Fastforward, and the GTX 770 doesn’t match the features and performance of the 3000-series or even the 2000-series GPU. 

Different Models

Nvidia released the GTX 770 as a replacement for the older GTX 670 graphics cards from the previous year. The new card was a massive improvement over the previous generation, with higher clock speeds and faster memory. 

If you want a customized GTX 770, you’re in luck because this card was released in several different varieties by Add-in board (AIB) partners like MSI, EVGA, Inno3D, and Gigabyte. Each card variation comes with its own benefits ranging from thermal design to boost clock speed configuration. The most potent AIB cards offer up to 4GB of RAM and boost clock speeds up to 1200MHz.

The earliest version of the GTX 770 is known as the Founder’s Edition. It was originally produced and released by Nvidia on the launch date.


GTX 770 by Nvidia features 3D vision technology for an immersive and stereoscopic 3D gaming experience.

The Nvidia Geforce GTX 770 comes with plenty of features to satisfy PC gamers. Most games produced within the past ten years require DirectX 12 to run. Older GPUs with DirectX 10 or 11 are unable to run newer games. Luckily, the GTX 770 comes with full support for DirectX 12.

However, newer DirectX 12 titles may be problematic due to the cards’s older firmware. Even so, the GTX 770 is ideal for older games and less demanding titles. Additionally, with support for Open GL 4.6, you’ll be able to run the newest 3D programs and graphically demanding applications.

You get plenty of options for connecting gaming monitors and external displays. The GTX 770 comes with industry-standard display connections commonly found in newer graphics cards. Along the back of the card, you’ll find two DVI ports, one HDMI 1. 4a port, and one DisplayPort 1.2 connector.


Graphics Processor GK104
Cude Cores 1536
TMUs 128
ROPs 32
Memory 2GB
Memory Type GDDR5
Bus Width 256-bit
Process Size 28nm
Base Clock 1046MHz
Boost Clock 1085MHz
Memory Clock 1753Mhz

Nvidia Geforce GTX 770: Review

The Nvidia Geforce GTX 770 may have been top-of-the-line in its time, but how does it hold up today? With so many newer GPUs on the market, such as the RTX 2000-series and 3000-series cards, this GPU can barely compete. However, the GTX 770 will still meet your simple gaming needs.

The GTX 770 was a top performer and is still great to use as a video-editing card. This card will serve you well if you like to edit videos in 1080p on your favorite video production software. With older hardware, it won’t be up to editing 4k or 8k footage, but it will satisfy the beginner video editor.

Additionally, the GTX 770 is an ideal graphics card if you enjoy using multiple monitors. With the ability to connect up to four displays, the card lets you enjoy an immersive graphical experience across multiple monitors seamlessly. 

Gaming Performance

Older games like World of Warcraft, League of Legends, and Minecraft run superbly. Even titles like Counterstrike: Global Offensive and GTA V run well on lower settings. In short, this card is great if you don’t ask too much of it.

We compiled benchmarks from some of the most popular games to find out how well the GTX 770 holds up to gaming. Check out the table below for the average frame rates for titles running on medium settings at 1080p resolution.

Title Average Frames Per Second
Counter-Strike: Global Offensive 140+ FPS
Fortnite 79+ FPS
League of Legends 139+ FPS
Overwatch 78+ FPS
Battlefield 1 43+ FPS
Minecraft 136+ FPS
DOTA 2 100+ FPS
World of Warcraft 51+ FPS

Power Usage and Noise

The GTX 770 is not the most efficient GPU for the money. While newer graphics cards are known for energy-efficient performance, the GTX 770 requires much more power. 

With a TDP of 230 watts, the car requires a minimum of a 550-watt power supply. This allows the rest of your PC to have enough power to perform optimally. If your system contains multiple hard drives or graphics cards, get an even higher-wattage power supply.

Most users complain that the GPU’s fans generate a lot of noise. While the cooling system is sufficient to keep the temperature down for critical components, the fans and thermal paste can wear out over time. This might cause the fan to work harder to keep the card running cool. If you buy a used GTX 770, ensure you replace its thermal paste and clean the fans to keep the card running well.

Nvidia Geforce GTX 770: Pros and Cons


  • Affordable
  • Still enough for older games
  • Offers good connectivity


  • Low specs
  • Limited features

Nvidia Geforce GTX 770: Is It a Buy?

The Nvidia Geforce GTX 770 is an affordable graphics card, but it’s not for everyone. Make sure you know your gaming needs and demands before buying one.

Buy it if…

You play older games and less demanding titles. 

Since the GTX 770 is almost ten years old, it does not have the best specs. If you want to play the latest games on the highest settings, this is not the card for you. Additionally, if you are hoping to edit 4k videos and are using your PC for VR gaming, you should look for a more powerful graphics card.

If you want to edit light videos and do some basic graphic design.

This graphics card offers enough power for editing videos in 1080p and doing some editing work in Adobe Photoshop. You should get a more powerful GPU if you want to edit higher resolution footage or run more graphically demanding programs.

Don’t buy it if…

You play the latest games on ultra-settings.

The GTX 770 will only disappoint you if you’re looking for high performance. While it does offer sufficient power for older gaming titles and less demanding games, you won’t be able to crank the settings up. If you’re hoping to play newer demanding games like Flight Simulator or Red Dead Redemption 2, this GPU will not handle it.

You should look elsewhere if you want to edit videos in 4k or 8k.

The GTX 770 can’t handle high-resolution video editing. While you can edit videos in 1080p just fine, you’ll run into issues if you try to work on larger files. Unsurprisingly, an older card like this cannot handle the highest resolutions. For more demanding use, you should opt for a card like the RTX 2080 or 3080.

Last update on 2022-10-03 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Nvidia Geforce GTX 770: Full Review With Specs, Price, and More FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) 

Is the GTX 770 good for gaming?

The GTX 770 is insufficient for running the latest games but will play older games very well. It may be possible to run newer titles, but you will have to lower the graphics settings.

How old is the GTX 770?

The GTX 770 was released in May of 2013.

How much Vram does GTX 770 have?

The Founder’s Edition of the GTX 770 ships with 2GB of DDR5. Certain models come with up to 4GB of Vram.

What does GTX stand for?

GTX stands for Giga Texel Shader eXtreme. It is unique to Nvidia Geforce graphics cards.

How much power does GTX 770 use?

The GTX will use up to 230 watts of power under full load. It requires one 6-pin and one 8-pin power connector to work.

AnandTech — CNews


Index book CNews*

All categories 94214 ▼

ICT 82509
Organizations 6267
Department 1319
Association 674
Technologies 2941
Systems 17847
Persons 33461
libraries 1552
Events 821

by date
mentions in texts


Intel will launch large-scale processors for the company that deceived the whole world


03. 12.2021

Manufacturers of the first 20-terabyte hard drives unleashed a tough price war



A company that has been deceiving the whole world for years has created a superprocessor. Intel, AMD and Apple have no analogues



The company that deceived the whole world for years has captured almost half of the mobile processor market



Intel buys giant chip maker that split from AMD. This is the biggest deal in its history.



The flagship killer is caught in a new type of deception. OnePlus underestimates the performance of smartphones in tests



The company that deceived the whole world for years has become the largest supplier of smartphone chips



Intel revealed its strategy to rise from the dead



The main competitor of Xiaomi was caught cheating. He screwed up the results in performance tests



Intel voids warranty on all overclockable processors



Intel released the first discrete graphics card in years. She’s incompatible with almost everything.



A dishonest processor maker has become the world’s largest supplier of smartphone chips



The famous processor manufacturer has been deceiving the whole world for years. The reputation of Xiaomi, Oppo and Vivo suffered



Intel drastically reduced prices for super-expensive Xeons and sent cheap ones to scrap



Western Digital has found a revolutionary way to increase the capacity of hard drives up to 50 TB



Intel’s plans have been declassified. Unprecedented processors based on 1.4 nm technology are just around the corner



Nvidia has released a supercomputer the size of a credit card



AMD will pay customers $12 million for misleading ads



Rare Intel processor with unlimited price suddenly appeared in retail at 3 thousand euros



The complete uselessness of SSDs and record-breaking drives is substantiated


20. 02.2019

Intel releases a new budget chip with a record frequency



Intel’s record processor turned out to be «priceless». It can only be bought at the auction



ARM is about to overtake Intel in the laptop chip market. Interview



Intel Starts Selling ‘Incredibly Fast’ 3D XPoint Memory



Intel Closes 20 Years of Developer Mega Conference



Intel abandoned its famous tick-tock strategy



Created the fastest flash drive in the world



With a delay of a year and a half, AMD released the first ARM processors


02. 10.2015

Samsung TVs consume more than stated: The manufacturer falsified test data



From hatred to interest: the West is discussing the Russian processor «Baikal»



Samsung sues Nvidia for ‘world’s fastest processors’ Tegra K1



The new iPhone 6 and 6 Plus lost the battle for battery life to the main competitors



Smartphones Samsung and HTC expelled from the performance rating for fraud



Testers: The new iPad mini had problems with the display


03. 10.2013

Nearly all Android smartphone makers are caught fake tests



Nexus 4 smartphone discovered hardware support for LTE



Intel to Stop Releasing Motherboards



The new Samsung Galaxy will receive a 5-inch Full HD display



The hardware of the new MacBook Pro is too weak for the Retina display



Top managers run away from AMD


Publications — 68, references — 82

AnandTech is mentioned on CNews with the following persons and organizations:

  • Organizations
  • Offices
  • Associations
  • Technology
  • Systems
  • Persons
  • Geography
  • Articles
  • Press
  • IAA
  • Events
CPU — Central processing unit — CPU — Central microprocessor — Central processing unit


Smartphone — Smartphone — Communicator


ARM64 — Processor architecture


Notebook — Notebook — Laptop — Laptop


TDP — Thermal Design Power — Requirements for the processor cooling system


SSD — Solid State Drive


Motherboard — Mainboard — Main circuit board — Motherboard — Motherboard — System board


ARM — Advanced RISC Machine


Chip — Microchip — Chip implant — Integrated circuit


5G — the fifth generation of mobile communications


PCIe — PCI Express — Peripheral Component Interconnect Express


BIOS — Basic input-output system — Basic input-output system


DDR — Double data rate


Artificial intelligence (AI) — Artificial intelligence (AI) — Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)


RAM — Random Access Memory — Random Access Memory — Random Access Memory (RAM)


Interface — Interface — A set of tools for the interaction of two systems with each other


Gadget — Gadget — Device — a small device designed to facilitate and improve human life — digital goods


USB — Universal Serial Bus — universal serial bus (interface) for connecting peripherals


Data Center — Data Center — Data Center — Data Center


Intel Turbo Boost Technology


WWW — World Wide Web — Web — World Wide Web — Internet — Internet


ISP — Internet Service Provider — Internet Service Provider


Desktop computer — Desktop — Desktop computer


GPU — Graphics processing unit — Graphic processor — Video card, video adapter, video card, graphics adapter, graphics card, graphics card, graphics accelerator — vGPU — Virtual graphics accelerator


Tablet — Tablet computer — TabletPC — Tablet computer — «tablet»


HDD — HMDD — Hard (magnetic) disk drive


FTPS — FPS over SSL, similar to HTTPS


System Integration — System Integrator — IT Integrator


Server — server platforms — server hardware — server platforms server hardware


Full HD — FHD — Full High Definition — monitor screen resolution 1920×1080


SATA — Serial ATA — Serial data exchange interface with information storage devices


Bluetooth — Bluetooth Smart — Bluetooth LE — Bluetooth Low Energy


Ethernet — A family of packet data technologies


HyperTransport — Lightning Data Transport — bidirectional serial-parallel computer bus with high bandwidth and low latency


HDD HAMR — heat-assisted magnetic recording


OpenGL ES — GUI subset


SD (MicroSD) — Secure Digital — flash card format — Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) — SD Ultra Capacity (SDUC) — SD eXtended Capacity (SDXC)


MPEG — Moving Pictures Experts Group


NVMe — NVM Express — NVMHCI — Non-Volatile Memory Host Controller Interface Specification — Specification for SSD access protocols


Wi-Fi — Wireless Fidelity LAN — Wi-Fi 802. 11 Wave — IEEE 802.11 — Wireless standard



Gadget News — Shazoo



Leak: Pixel Watch smartwatch will cost 356 euros

Last week, Reddit users spotted Google’s Pixel Watch smartwatch page on Amazon Germany. The page was briefly available to the general public — it said that sales will begin on October 13 at a price of …



Developer: Valve has sold more than a million Steam Deck

A developer from the international KDE community behind the free KDE Plasma desktop environment revealed at Akademy 2022 that Valve has already sold over a million Steam Deck consoles. David Edmundson from KDE added that…



Retro Gadgets Building Game Announced — Demo Tonight

In recent years, the genre of repair, construction and assembly simulators has replenished with many interesting projects. There are pretty obvious ones, like the PC build simulator. There are games about decorating and maintaining your aquarium. But Retro Gadgets is different from most…



The company «Red Soft» is going to release a mobile OS compatible with applications for Android

Deputy General Director of Red Soft, Rustam Rustamov, in a conversation with TASS, said that the company intends to release a mobile operating system that will be compatible with Android applications. It is reported that the OS will be called «Red OS M» …



Razer, Qualcomm and Verizon are working on a 5G handheld console

Tonight, Verizon, Razer and Qualcomm announced they are collaborating on the Razer Edge 5G handheld gaming console. The device is based on the Snapdragon G3X Gen 1 gaming chip and supports fifth-generation connectivity. It is understood that…



Media: Apple changed its mind to increase production of the iPhone 14 due to low demand

Bloomberg, citing its own sources, said that Apple decided not to increase production of the iPhone 14 line due to low demand, although the original plans were different. Cupertino were going to increase production by at least 6 million …



Google showed the design of the Pixel 7 Pro smartphone in a video

Google has posted a short video on its YouTube channel showing the appearance of the flagship Pixel 7 Pro. The device will receive three colors: black, white and grayish green with gold. The edging of the camera module will not be made of…



Media: Apple will not hold a separate presentation of the updated iPad and Mac

Bloomberg journalist Mark Gurman in his Power On mailing list said that Apple most likely will not hold a separate presentation of the updated iPad and Mac in October, as originally planned. According to Gurman, Apple considered…



The network leaked a photo of the controller for the Xbox Series in the new Mineral Camo color

Recently, Twitter user Aggiornamenti Lumia reported that Microsoft is preparing to announce another version of the controller for the Xbox Series: this time the controller will receive a stylish blue Mineral Camo camouflage. The first image of the gamepad appeared on the website of the French …



Android has its own dynamic island, no worse than the iPhone 14 Pro

Since the iPhone 14 Pro was released last week and everyone was able to see the dynamic island in action, their versions of this design solution began to appear. However, so far the copy is noticeably inferior …



Sensor Tower: 93% of all mobile game revenue comes from 1% of publishers

Analytical company Sensor Tower analyzed the state of the mobile application market. It turned out that the same scheme works here as in any business in the rest of the world: most of the income flows into the hands of 1% of publishers. If…



Valve significantly speeds up Steam Deck production and is ahead of schedule

Valve shows that nothing is impossible in the market, even during the chip crisis and logistics problems that still persist. The company has announced that it has begun sending out Steam Deck pre-order invitations much faster than…



PSVR 2 won’t support PSVR games — and for a good reason

Sony has officially confirmed that the PlayStation VR 2 virtual reality device cannot be used to run games for the original PlayStation VR. Platform VP Hideaki Nasino revealed during a PlayStation Podcast that the new helmet does not feature…



Steam Deck turned into a portable retro PC

A Steam Deck owner modified a Valve device to turn it into a portable PC… But it’s basically a portable PC anyway. But the idea was to make it look like a portable PC…



Media: The iPhone 14 line in Russia is pre-ordered by 2.5 times more buyers than a year earlier

Kommersant’s sources in several large retail chains at once said that 2.5 times more buyers pre-order the iPhone 14 line in Russia than in the same period a year earlier. In MTS, for example, they say that more …

Help me laptop: Razer Blade Stealth or Microsoft Surface laptop?


Ah, spring — when a young man’s thoughts turn to… college. Forum member trioxlight is looking for laptops for college next year and is looking for a laptop that can process photos and videos.

Trioxlight currently owns a Microsoft Surface laptop (starting at $699. 99) but is concerned about how it will perform when editing videos with Vegas and Adobe Premiere due to the laptop’s dual-core processor. So now they are going to invest in a 13″ Razer Blade Stealth (from 119$9.99).

However, trioxlight has questions about display quality, especially with regard to Adaptive Content Lighting Control (CABC), which automatically adjusts the brightness of the display backlight to increase image detail and extend battery life.

We looked at both laptops to see which one is best suited to Trioxlight’s needs. But before we get started, here are the specs for each system.

Microsoft Surface Notebook Razer Blade Stealth (13″)
Processor Intel Core i5-7200U 2.7 GHz Intel Core i7-8550U 1.8 GHz
GPU Intel Iris Plus Graphics 640 Intel HD Graphics 620
RAM 8 GB 16 GB
Storage 256 GB SSD 512 GB PCIe m. 2 SSD
Display 13.5″ 2256 x 1504 pixels 13.3″ 3200 x 1800 pixels
Dimensions 2.8 lbs, 12.1 x 8.8 x 0.6 in. 2.8 lbs., 12.6 x 8.1 x 0.5 in.


Razer knows how to make a beautiful display, as evidenced by its 13.3-inch 3200 x 1800 touchpad. nit brightness. The Surface Laptop’s 13.5-inch 2256 x 1504 touch display is brighter and brighter at 135 percent and 361 nits, which definitely gives it an edge.

Trioxlight is concerned that CABC is changing the backlight and appearance of the image. It wouldn’t necessarily matter if you were just watching the movie, but considering they want to edit photos and videos, it’s worth considering. Luckily, Razer has a firmware update tool that allows you to disable this feature.

MORE: Best laptops for business and productivity

According to our sister site Anandtech, the Surface Laptop also has CABC, but it’s not as severe as other systems, only affecting brightness by 20-30 nits. And while you can turn off adaptive brightness on the system, there’s no easy way to do the same for adaptive contrast. This needs to be taken into account at Trioxlight.

Winner: Microsoft Surface Laptop.


I’ve been a fan of the design of Razer laptops for a long time. The CNC-machined obsidian aluminum boasts superb construction and just looks sexy. And if black isn’t a Trioxlight thing, they can get the laptop in an equally stunning dark gray, although that means they lose out to the charming Chroma keyboard with its individually lit RGB keys.

At 2.8 pounds and 12.6 x 8.1 x 0.5 inches, the Stealth is the lightest and thinnest notebook in the Blade family. In terms of ports, the system has a USB 3.0 port and a full HDMI 2.0 port on the right side, another USB 3.0 port, a Thunderbolt 3 port, and a headset jack on the left.

While Razer is betting on stately design, Microsoft is playing with color by offering the Surface Laptop in several colors including burgundy, platinum, cobalt blue and graphite gold. Color, however, comes at a cost. Except for the platinum you get for 69$9, you can only get other colors if you’re willing to shell out over $1,299.99 to get started.

Whatever color trioxlight chooses, they can run their fingers across the luxurious Alcantara keyboard. The Surface Laptop weighs the same as the Stealth but is slightly thicker at 12.1 x 8.8 x 0.6 inches. We were disappointed to learn that the Surface Laptop doesn’t have a USB Type-C or Thunderbolt 3 port. Instead, it has a full-size USB 3 port and a Mini DisplayPort with a proprietary connector that provides power, video, and data and is compatible. with Surface Dock for 19$9 in case you need more ports.

Winner: Microsoft Surface Laptop.


Unfortunately, we didn’t look at the Surface laptop’s Core i7 configuration (we looked at the Core i5 model), so we won’t compare apples to apples. It should also be noted that Microsoft has yet to release a Surface Laptop configuration with an 8th generation Intel processor.

When we ran our general benchmark test, Geekbench 4, the 2.7GHz Intel Core i5-7200U processor in the Surface Laptop scored 7157, while the 1.8GHz Intel Core i7-8550U Stealth processor scored 13694 points, which is almost ahead of its competitor. During a benchmark test in which both systems connected 20,000 names and addresses, the Stealth completed the task in 3 minutes and 21 seconds, while the Surface Laptop finished in 4:01.

MORE: Which laptop processor is right for you?

To test each laptop’s SSD, we asked them to copy a 4.97 GB media file. The Surface Laptop (256GB SSD) delivered a data transfer rate of 110.6MB/s, while the Stealth (512GB PCIe M.2 SSD) had an incredible 462.6MB/s.

While neither laptop will be playing Far Cry 5 anytime soon (unless you have an eGPU to use with Stealth), the integrated Intel HD Graphics 620 GPUs in both systems are powerful enough to handle light to moderate gaming and editing. The Stealth hit 53 fps during the Dirt 3 benchmark, while the Surface Laptop hit 68 fps.

Winner: Razer Blade Stealth

Battery Life

The Surface laptop certainly delivers consistent power at 9 hours and 2 minutes in our battery test. Despite the Stealth’s power and good looks, Razer still hasn’t figured out how to extend the laptop’s battery life. The laptop shut down after just 5:21.

Winner: Microsoft Surface Laptop.

Operating system

Instead of the full Windows 10, the Surface Laptop comes with Windows 10 S, an enhanced version of the Windows operating system. This stripped-down version of the OS only allows you to download apps from the Windows Store, which means no Google Chrome, Adobe Photoshop Premiere, or many other essential apps.

This also means that trioxlight has been relegated to using Edge as a browser and Bing as a search engine, which is far from ideal. However, these limitations provide better system performance and better system protection against malware that may come from third-party applications.

Stealth has a full version of Windows 10 that greatly expands the choice of applications. However, downloading apps and utilities from third-party sites can be tricky and can expose your laptop to all kinds of malware. However, you can download Chrome and you are not limited to the Windows Store.

Winner: Razer Blade Stealth

Bottom line

Ultimately, the Razer Blade Stealth offers more power in its sleek 13-inch frame than the Microsoft Surface Book thanks to its 8th Gen Intel processor. The laptop also offers faster transfer speeds and all the features of Windows 10. And while the Blade Stealth has CABC, Razer has included a way to disable this feature for the trioxlight. However, the rather poor battery life is an albatross around the neck of a great laptop.

The Microsoft Surface Laptop is available in a range of attractive colors and boasts a brighter, more vibrant display than the Stealth panel. But with this machine, the trioxlight should be fine without having to turn off CABC and not have a bit of a hassle doing it. They’ll also have to contend with a less powerful system with a slower SSD and Windows S, a limited version of the Windows 10 operating system. But the system has the advantage of running more than 9 hours on a single charge.

But since trioxlight already has a Surface Laptop, I wouldn’t recommend shelling out $1299 unless they need more power and access to better video editing tools.

Credit: Sean Lucas / Laptop Mag.

The legendary Intel Core i7-2600K: Sandy Bridge testing in 2019 (part 1) | Hi-Tech

Part 1>> Part 2 >> Part 3

One of the most popular processors of the outgoing decade was the Intel Core i7-2600K. The design was revolutionary, as it offered a significant jump in performance and efficiency from a single-core processor, and the processor itself was also highly overclockable. The next few generations of Intel processors didn’t look as exciting, and often didn’t give users a reason to upgrade, so the phrase «I’ll stay with my 2600K» became ubiquitous on the forums and resounds even today. In this review, we dusted off the box of old processors and ran the veteran through a set of 2019 benchmarks.years, both factory and overclocked, to make sure it’s still a champion.

Core i7 Family Photo

Why the 2600K Defined the Generation

Sit in a chair, lean back and imagine yourself in 2010. That was the year you looked at your aging Core 2 Duo or Athlon II system and realized it was time for an upgrade. You are already familiar with the Nehalem architecture, and you know that the Core i7-920 accelerates well and beats competitors. It was a good time, but suddenly Intel changed the balance of the industry and created a truly revolutionary product. Echoes of nostalgia for which are still heard.

Core i7-2600K: the fastest Sandy Bridge (up to 2700K)

This new product was the Sandy Bridge. AnandTech released an exclusive review and the results were almost unbelievable, for many reasons. According to our tests at the time, the processor was simply incomparably superior to anything we had seen before, especially considering the thermal monsters of the Pentium 4 that had been released a few years earlier. The core upgrade based on Intel’s 32nm process was the biggest turning point in x86 performance, and we haven’t seen a similar breakthrough since. It will take AMD another 8 years to get their moment of glory with the Ryzen series. Intel, on the other hand, managed to take advantage of the success of its best product, and take the place of the champion.

In this basic design, Intel did not skimp on innovation. One of the key elements was the micro-op cache. This meant that newly decoded instructions that were needed again are taken already decoded, instead of wasting energy on re-decoding. With Intel with Sandy Bridge, and much later with AMD with Ryzen, enabling micro-op cache has been a miracle for single-threaded performance. Intel also began to improve concurrent multithreading (called HyperThreading for several generations), gradually working on dynamic distribution of computational threads.

The quad-core design of the top processor at launch, the Core i7-2600K, became the mainstay of products in the next five generations of Intel architecture, including Ivy Bridge, Haswell, Broadwell, Skylake, and Kaby Lake. Since Sandy Bridge, although Intel has moved to a smaller process and taken advantage of lower power consumption, the corporation has not been able to recreate this exceptional jump in net instruction throughput. Later, the growth for the year was 1-7%, mainly due to an increase in operational buffers, execution ports and command support.

Because Intel couldn’t replicate the Sandy Bridge breakthrough, and the microarchitecture of the cores was the key to x86 performance, users who bought the Core i7-2600K (I bought two) stayed with it for a long time. Largely due to the expectation of another big jump in performance. And their frustration grows over the years: why invest in a 4.7GHz quad-core Kaby Lake Core i7-7700K when your quad-core Sandy Bridge Core i7-2600K is still overclocked to 5.0GHz?
(Intel’s responses are usually about power consumption and new features such as running GPUs and storage over PCIe 3.0. But some users weren’t satisfied with those explanations.)

That’s why the Core i7-2600K defined the generation. It remained in place, initially to Intel’s delight, and then to its disappointment when users were unwilling to upgrade. Now, in 2019, we understand that Intel has already gone beyond four cores in its mainstream processors, and if the cost of DDR4 is tough for the user, he can either move to a new Intel system or choose the AMD path. But here’s the question, how does the Core i7-2600K handle 2019 workloads and games?of the year; or more specifically, how does an overclocked Core i7-2600K do?

Find the difference: Sandy Bridge, Kaby Lake, Coffee Lake

In truth, the Core i7-2600K was not the fastest mainstream Sandy Bridge processor. A few months later, Intel brought the slightly more «high-frequency» 2700K to market. It performed much the same and overclocked similarly to the 2600K, but it cost a bit more. By this time, the users who saw the performance jump and upgraded were already on the 2600K and stayed with it. 9The 0003

Core i7-2600K was a 32nm quad-core processor with HyperThreading technology, with a base frequency of 3.4GHz, a turbo frequency of 3.8GHz, and a nominal TDP of 95W. At that time, Intel’s TDP was not yet out of touch with reality: in our testing for this article, we saw a peak power consumption of 88 watts on a non-overclocked CPU. The processor shipped with integrated Intel HD 3000 graphics and supported DDR3-1333 memory by default. Intel set a price of $317 at the chip’s launch.

For this article, I used a second i7-2600K that I bought when they first came out. It was tested both at stock frequency and overclocked to 4.7 GHz on all cores. This is an average overclock — the best of these chips run at 5. 0 GHz — 5.1 GHz in everyday mode. In fact, I remember well my first Core i7-2600K running at 5.1 GHz on all cores, and even 5.3 GHz (also on all cores) when during an overclocking competition in the middle of winter, at room around 2C, I used a powerful liquid cooler and 720mm radiators. Unfortunately, over time, I damaged this chip, and now it does not boot even at the nominal frequency and voltage. Thus, we have to use my second chip, which was not as good, but still able to give an idea of ​​the performance of the overclocked processor. When overclocking, we also used overclocked memory, DDR3-2400 C11.
It’s worth noting that we’ve moved from Windows 7 to Windows 10 since the launch of the Core i7-2600K. The Core i7-2600K does not support AVX2 instructions, and was not built for Windows 10, so it will be especially interesting to see how this translates into results.

Core i7-7700K: Intel’s latest quad-core HyperThreading Core i7 processor

Intel’s fastest and newest (and last?) quad-core HyperThreading processor was the Core i7-7700K, a member of the Kaby Lake family . This processor is built on Intel’s improved 14nm process, running at a base frequency of 4.2GHz and a turbo frequency of 4.5GHz. Its TDP with a power rating of 91 watt in our testing showed a power consumption of 95 watts. It comes with Intel Gen9 HD 630 graphics and supports standard DDR4-2400 memory. Intel released the chip with a list price of $339.
Simultaneously with the 7700K, Intel also released its first overclockable hyper-threaded dual-core processor, the Core i3-7350K. In this review, we overclocked such a Core i3 and compared it to the Core i7-2600K at factory settings, trying to answer the question of whether Intel managed to achieve dual-core processor performance similar to their old quad-core flagship. In the end, while the i3 had the upper hand in single-threaded performance and memory handling, the lack of a couple of cores in the account made most tasks too much work for the Core i3.

Core i7-9700K: The latest pinnacle of Intel’s Core i7 (now with 8 cores)

Our latest processor to test is the Core i7-9700K. This generation is no longer the flagship of Coffee Lake (now the i9-9900K), but has eight cores without hyperthreading. Comparing it to the 9900K, which has twice as many cores and threads, makes no sense, especially when the i9 is priced at $488. In contrast, the Core i7-9700K retails for «only» $374, with a base frequency of 3.6 GHz and a turbo frequency of 4.9GHz. Its TDP is specified by Intel at 95W, but on a consumer motherboard, the chip consumes ~125W at full load. DDR4-2666 memory is supported as standard.

The Core i7-2600K is forced to work with DDR3, supports PCIe 2.0 rather than PCIe 3.0, and is not designed to work with NVMe drives (which are not included in this test). It will be interesting to see how close the overclocked veteran is to the Core i7-7700K, and what kind of gains we see when moving to something like the Core i7-9700K.

Sandy Bridge: Core Architecture

In 2019, we are talking about 100-200 mm2 chips with up to eight high-performance cores and built on the latest Intel or AMD GlobalFoundries/TSMC process technology. But the 32nm Sandy Bridge was a different beast. The manufacturing process was still flat, with no FinFET transistors. The new CPU has implemented the second generation of High-K and achieved 0.7x scaling compared to the previous, larger 45nm process. The Core i7-2600K was the largest quad-core chip, and housed 1.16 billion transistors at 216mm2. By comparison, the latest 14nm Coffee Lake processor packs eight cores and over 2 billion transistors in a ~170mm2 footprint.

The secret to the huge performance leap lies in the microarchitecture of the processor. Sandy Bridge promised (and delivered) significant performance at the same clock speed over the previous generation of Westmere processors, and also set the baseline for Intel’s chips for the next decade. Many key innovations first hit retail with the introduction of Sandy Bridge, and then iterated and improved over many iterations, gradually reaching the high performance we enjoy today.

In this review, I have relied heavily on Anandtech’s initial 2010 microarchitecture report on the 2600K. Of course, with some additions based on the modern look at this processor.

Quick Overview: Out-of-order CPU Core

For those new to processor design, here is a quick overview of how the out-of-order processor works. In short, the kernel is divided into external and internal interfaces (front end and back end), and data first enters the external interface.

In the frontend, we have prefetchers and branch predictors that will predict and fetch instructions from main memory. The idea is that if you can predict what data and instructions will be needed in the near future (before they are needed), you can save time by placing this data close to the kernel. The instructions are then put into a decoder, which converts the bytecode instruction into a series of «micro-ops» that the kernel can then process.

There are different types of decoders for simple and complex instructions — simple x86 instructions are easily mapped to a single micro-op, while more complex instructions can be decoded to more operations. The ideal situation is to have the lowest possible decoding ratio, although sometimes instructions can be split into more micro-ops if these operations can be executed in parallel (instruction-level parallelism or ILP).

If the kernel has a micro-op cache, aka uOp cache, then the results of each decoded instruction are stored in it. Before an instruction is decoded, the kernel checks to see if that particular instruction has been recently decoded, and if successful, uses the result from the cache instead of re-decoding, which consumes power.

Micro-ops are now placed in an allocation queue. A modern kernel can determine if instructions are part of a simple loop, or if uOps (micro-ops) can be combined to speed up the whole process. The uOps are then fed into the re-order buffer, which forms the «back end» of the kernel.

In the backend, starting from the re-order buffer, uOps can be rearranged depending on where the data needed by each micro-op is located. This buffer can rename and allocate micro-ops depending on where they should go (integer operations or FPs) and, depending on the kernel, it can also act as a mechanism for removing completed instructions. After re-ordering, the uOps buffers are fed into the scheduler in the right order to make sure the data is ready and maximize the uOp throughput.

Scheduler sends uOps to execution ports (to perform calculations) as needed. Some kernels have a single scheduler for all ports, however in some cases it is split into a scheduler for integer/vector operations. Most out-of-order kernels have 4 to 10 ports (some more), and these ports do the necessary calculations to get the instruction to «pass» through the kernel. Execution ports can take the form of a load module (load from cache), a store module (store in cache), an integer math module, a floating point math module, as well as vector math operations, special division modules, and some others for special operations. . After the execution port has completed, the data can be stored in a cache for reuse, placed in main memory; at this time, the instruction is sent to the delete queue, and finally deleted.

This brief overview does not cover some of the mechanisms that modern kernels use to facilitate data caching and retrieval, such as transaction buffers, stream buffers, tagging, etc. Some mechanisms are iteratively improved with each generation, but usually when we talk about «instructions per clock» as a measure of performance, we aim to «pass» as many instructions as possible through the core (through the frontend and backend). This figure depends on the speed of decoding at the front end of the processor, instruction prefetching, buffer re-order, and the maximum use of execution ports along with the removal of the maximum number of executed instructions per clock cycle.

With that said, we hope that the reader will be able to better understand the Anandtech test results obtained during the launch of Sandy Bridge.

Sandy Bridge frontend

Sandy Bridge’s CPU architecture looks evolutionary at a glance, but it’s revolutionary in terms of transistor count, which has changed since the Nehalem/Westmere days. The most important change for Sandy Bridge (and all microarchitectures after it) is the micro-op cache (uOp cache).

Sandy Bridge introduced a micro-op cache that caches instructions after they are decoded. There is no complex algorithm here, the decoded instructions are simply stored. When the Sandy Bridge prefetcher receives a new instruction, it first looks for the instruction in the micro-op cache, and if it is found, then the rest of the pipeline works with the cache, and the frontend is disabled. The decoding hardware is a very complex part of the x86 pipeline, and turning it off saves a significant amount of power.

This is a direct-mapped cache, and can store approximately 1.5 KB of micro-ops, which is effectively equivalent to a 6 KB instruction cache. The micro-op cache is included in the L1 instruction cache, and its Hit Rate reaches 80% for most applications. The micro-op cache has a slightly higher and more stable throughput than the instruction cache. The actual L1 instruction and data caches have not changed, they are still 32 KB each (64 KB L1 in total).

All instructions coming from the decoder can be cached by this mechanism, and, as I said, there are some special algorithms in it — simply, all instructions are cached. Long-unused data is deleted when space runs out. The micro-op cache may seem similar to the trace cache in the Pentium 4, but with one significant difference: it does not cache traces. It is simply an instruction cache that stores micro-ops instead of macro-ops (x86 instructions).

Along with the new micro-op cache, Intel also introduced a completely redesigned branch prediction module. The new BPU is roughly the same as its predecessor, but much more accurate. The increase in accuracy is the result of three major innovations.

The standard branch predictor is a 2-bit branch predictor. Each branch is marked in the table as accepted / not accepted with the corresponding reliability (strong / weak). Intel found that almost all of the branches predicted by this bimodal predictor have «high» confidence. Therefore, in Sandy Bridge, the bimodal branch predictor uses one confidence bit for multiple branches, rather than one confidence bit for each branch. As a result, you will have the same number of bits in the branch history table as before, representing many more branches, resulting in more accurate predictions in the future.

Sandy Bridge: near the core

With the rise of multi-core processors, managing the flow of data between cores and memory has become an important topic. We have seen many different ways of moving data around the CPU, such as crossbar (cross), ring (ring), mesh (grid) topologies, and, more recently, completely separate I / O chips. The battle of the next decade (2020+), as mentioned earlier by AnandTech, will be the battle of inter-core connections, and it is already underway.
Sandy Bridge is special in that it was the first consumer CPU from Intel to use a ring bus connecting all cores, memory, last-level cache, and integrated graphics. It’s still the same design we see in today’s Coffee Lake processors.

Ring bus

Nehalem/Westmery Bridge adds a GPU and video transcoding engine to the chip that share the L3 cache. And instead of running more wires to L3, Intel introduced the ring bus.

Architecturally, this is the same ring bus as used in Nehalem EX and Westmere EX. Each core, each L3 cache (LLC), integrated GPU, media engine, and system agent (funny name for a northbridge) are attached to the ring bus. The bus consists of four independent rings: a data bus, a query bus, an acknowledgment bus, and a status monitoring bus. Each call to any of the rings can transfer 32 bytes of data per cycle. As the number of cores and cache size increase, your cache bandwidth increases accordingly.

Each core ends up with the same amount of L3 cache bandwidth as high-end Westmere processors — 96 GB/s. The total throughput of Sandy Bridge is 4 times higher than the quad-core Westmere, because it is simply multiplied by the number of cores, and is 384 GB / s.

This means that L3 latency has been significantly reduced from about 36 clocks in Westmere to 26 — 31 clocks in Sandy Bridge (with some variable cache latency that depends on which core is accessing which cache chunk). Also, unlike Westmere, the L3 cache now runs at the core clock speed — the un-Core concept still exists, but Intel calls the non-core part the «system agent», and no longer includes the L3 cache in it. (The term «un-Core» is still used today to describe interconnects.)

With L3 cache running at core speed, you get the benefits of a much faster cache. The downside is that L3 overclocks along with the CPU cores when turbo or idle modes are enabled. If the GPU needs L3 when the core frequency is down, the L3 cache will not perform as fast as if it were independent. Or the system will have to overclock the core and consume additional power.

The L3 cache is divided into fragments, each of which is associated with a separate core. Because Sandy Bridge has a fully accessible L3 cache, each core can address the entire cache. Each fragment has its own bus access controller, and a complete cache pipeline. Westmere had one cache pipeline and a queue to which all cores sent requests, but in Sandy Bridge they are distributed across cache segments. The use of a ring bus means that adding new access points to the bus has ceased to critically affect the size of the matrix. Even though each user on the ring gets their own controller, the data always takes the shortest path. Bus control is distributed throughout the ring, and as a result, each module «knows» whether there was a free slot on the bus one cycle ago.

System Agent

For some reason, Intel stopped using the term un-core in SB, and in Sandy Bridge called this part «system agent». (Again, nowadays un-core is back in vogue for interconnects, I/O, and memory controllers). The system agent is a traditional Northbridge. You have 16 PCIe 2.0 lanes available, which can be divided into two x8 lanes. There’s a redesigned dual-channel DDR3 memory controller that finally delivers memory latency around Lynnfield levels (Clarkdale moved the memory controller from the CPU to the GPU).

The system agent also has a DMI interface, a video output unit, and a PCU (power control unit). The SA clock speed is lower than the rest of the core and has a separate power circuit.

Sandy Bridge Graphics

Another significant improvement in Sandy Bridge’s performance over Westmere is graphics processing. While CPU cores show a 10-30% performance improvement, Sandy Bridge’s graphics performance is simply twice that of pre-Westmere (Clarkdale/Arrandale) Intel products. Despite the jump from 45nm to 32nm, graphics processing speed improves thanks to a significant increase in IPC.

The Sandy Bridge GPU uses the same 32nm transistors as the CPU cores. The GPU is in its own little world in terms of power and frequency. The GPU can be turned off or on regardless of the processor. Graphics turbo is available for both desktop and mobile processors.

The GPU is treated as an equal citizen in the world of Sandy Bridge, and gets full access to the L3 cache. The graphics driver controls what goes into the L3 cache, and you can even limit the amount of cache that is available to the GPU. Storing graphics data in cache is particularly important because it reduces main memory accesses, which are costly in terms of both performance and power consumption. But rebuilding the GPU to use the cache is not an easy task.

SNB graphics (internal name Gen 6) make extensive use of fixed-function hardware. The idea is this: everything that can be described using a fixed function, which must be implemented by a hardwired fixed function. The advantage is performance, power, and reduced die size, albeit at the expense of flexibility.

Shader firmware consists of shaders/cores/execution units, which Intel calls EU. Each EU can receive instructions from multiple threads. The internal ISA is mapped one-to-one with most of the DirectX 10 API instructions, which means a CISC-like architecture. Moving from a one-to-one API to instruction mapping increases IPC by effectively increasing the width of the EU.

There are other improvements in the EU. The transcendental math is handled by the hardware in the EU and its performance has been greatly improved. Intel then reported that the sine and cosine operations are now several orders of magnitude faster than pre-Westmere graphics.
In previous Intel graphics architectures, the register was reallocated on the fly. If a thread needs fewer registers, the remaining registers can be allocated to another thread. While this was a great approach to save die area, it proved to be a performance limiter. Often streams could not be processed because there were no registers available to use. Intel increased the number of registers per thread, first from 64 to 80, and then to 120 for Sandy Bridge. Downtime scenarios due to lack of registers have been significantly reduced.

In sum, all these improvements have doubled the instruction throughput in the EU.

There were two versions of the Sandy Bridge GPU at launch, one with 6 EU and one with 12 EU. All mobile processors (at launch) use 12 EU, while desktop SKUs can use 6 or 12 depending on the model. Sandy Bridge was a step in the right direction for Intel, as integrated graphics began to become mandatory for consumer products, and Intel gradually began to increase the percentage of chip area devoted to GPUs. Contemporary (2019d.) similar level desktop processors have 24 EU (Gen 9.5), while future 10nm processors will have ~64 EU (Gen11).

Sandy Bridge Media Engine

Next to the Sandy Bridge GPU is the media processor. Media processing in SNB consists of two main components: video decoding and video encoding.

The hardware accelerated decoding engine has been improved compared to the current generation: now the entire video pipeline was decoded using fixed function modules. This contrasts with Intel’s pre-SNB design, which uses an EU array for some video decoding steps. As a result, Intel claims that the power consumption of the SNB processor is halved when playing HD video.

The video encoding engine was a brand new addition to Sandy Bridge. Intel took ~3 minutes of original 1080p 30 Mbps video and transcoded it to iPhone 640 x 360 video format. The whole process took 14 seconds and finished at approximately 400 frames per second.

The principle of fixed function encoding/decoding is now common in any graphics hardware for desktops and even smartphones. At that time, Sandy Bridge used 3mm2 matrices for this basic encoding/decoding structure.

New, Aggressive Turbo

Lynnfield was the first Intel processor to actively promote the idea of ​​dynamically increasing the clock speed of active processor cores while disabling idle cores. The idea is that if you have a TDP of 95W for a quad-core processor, but three of those four cores are idle, then you can increase the clock speed of one active core until you hit the turbo limit.

All current generation processors assume that the processor reaches its turbo power limit immediately after turbo is enabled. In reality, however, the processor does not heat up instantly — there is a period of time when the processor does not dissipate its full power consumption and heats up.

Sandy Bridge takes advantage of this feature by allowing the PCU to overclock active cores above TDP for short periods of time (up to 25 seconds). The PCU monitors the available thermal budget during idle time and spends it when the CPU load increases. The longer the processor is left idle, the greater the margin by which TDP can be exceeded. As a result, when a workload occurs, the CPU turns on the turbo at an over TDP, and downclocks again when the CPU heats up, eventually stalling at its TDP. Although the SNB may go beyond its TDP, the PCU will not allow the chip to exceed its reliability limits.

Both CPU and GPU Turbo can work in tandem. Workloads that rely heavily on GPUs running on SNB may cause CPU cores to drop and GPUs to clock up. Also, CPU-bound tasks can lower the GPU frequency and increase the CPU frequency. Sandy Bridge as a whole turned out to be a much more flexible mechanism than anything that was created before it.

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Seagate Resurrects the Maxtor Trademark for External Drives

Without making big announcements, Seagate Technology has started selling external drives under the Maxtor brand in various countries. Seagate currently offers the Maxtor M3 and Maxtor D3 Station external hard drives, which are also available under the Samsung brand. It’s not clear at this time how long Seagate plans to use the Maxtor trademark, which it hasn’t used in years.

Maxtor was a major manufacturer of hard disk drives (HDDs) that was founded in 1982 and bought by Seagate in 2006. In the early 2000s, Maxtor became the largest supplier of hard drives after it acquired the HDD business from Quantum. However, by the middle of the decade, it lost market share due to various reasons, one of which was the lack of a full range of hard drives in the 2.5-inch form factor in the product family. Maxtor had been in financial trouble for most of its history and was acquired by Seagate after years of losses, quality issues and controversial management decisions. After the purchase, Seagate supplied Maxtor hard drives for a couple of years (external storage was Maxtor’s forte, but the market for such devices was very small ten years ago), but eventually stopped using this brand.

Maxtor Logo

Earlier this year, Seagate decided to re-brand D3 Station3 external drives. Both drives are also known as the Samsung M3 and Samsung D3 Station, which also remain on sale worldwide. In fact, it’s surprising to see that five years after acquiring Samsung’s HDD business, Seagate is still using the Samsung brand name for hard drives. Under the original agreement, Seagate had the rights to use the Samsung trademark for the hard drives for 12 months after the deal was completed. Apparently, the two companies have made a number of changes to the agreement, and Seagate continues to offer at least four Samsung products to end users. At the same time, the revival of the Maxtor brand may indicate that Seagate has begun the process of phasing out the Samsung brand for certain products (or rather, creating an alternative to it under a different name).

Maxtor External Drive Family

Seagate Data
Product Tank Interface Dimensions Art. No.
M3 512 GB USB 3. 0 82 mm × 112 mm × 17.5 mm STSHX-M500TCBM
3TB 82 mm × 118.2 mm × 19.85 mm STSHX-M301TCBM
P3 2 TB 129.2 mm × 180.6 mm × 129.2 mm STSHX-D201TDBM

As for the external drive Maxtor D3 Station, it is based on two hard drives and offers a capacity of 2 TB, 3 TB, 4 TB and 5 TB (it is interesting to note that Samsung D3 Station exists in 6 TB version). Just like the M3, the D3 Station uses a USB 3.0 interface for both data transfer and power. The novelty does not support any RAID modes to speed up or improve reliability and is only a relatively large data drive. Like the younger brother, Maxtor D3 Station also comes with AutoBackup and SafetyKey.




















Maxtor D3 Station

At this point, it’s not clear if Seagate’s decision to use the Maxtor brand name is a one-time move in the process of phasing out the Samsung name, or if we’re dealing with an attempt by Seagate to revive the brand for future use on certain devices. Seagate currently sells its own brand of external drives, as well as LaCie branded premium storage devices. It’s unknown if Seagate needs another brand for external hard drives, but since the company is already using the Samsung name, it’s unlikely that adding the Maxtor brand to certain models will hurt the hard drive maker much.


  • AnandTech
  • Seagate




An upgrade over the regular Threadripper?

Ever since the launch of the AMD Threadripper Pro platform, it has been an intriguing prospect to see what eight memory channels deliver compared to a conventional quad-channel Threadripper. The Threadripper Pro is essentially a faster version of AMD’s EPYC, limited to single-CPU workstation use, but also heralds a full 280W TDP, matching the frequencies of the standard Threadripper line. Threadripper’s price premium is 37% over Threadripper Pro, allowing for ECC memory, doubling the number of PCIe lanes, and doubling the memory bandwidth. In this review, we compare each member of both platforms that are commercially available.

Threadripper Pro: born out of need

1.1 Threadripper Pro processors: four models, three in retail

1. 2 Motherboards: Beware!

1.3 This review

When AMD got its start with the new Ryzen portfolio, it wasn’t always entirely clear where each product stood in the traditional market. The first generation of Ryzen was aimed at mainstream consumers, however, the top of the line Ryzen 7 1800X with eight cores competed with Intel’s high-end desktop market. In the Zen 2-based portfolio, mainstream Ryzen moved to 16 cores, beating Intel’s then-best 18-core HEDT processor in most benchmarks. This processor is Ryzen 9The Zen 2-based 3950X was still classified as a «main platform» processor as it only had 24 PCIe lanes and dual-channel memory, which was enough for mainstream users but not enough for workstation markets. These mainstream processors were also limited to 105W TDP.

At the other end of the scale is AMD EPYC: the first generation EPYC 7601 has 32 cores, while the second generation EPYC 7742 has 64 cores, up to 225W TDP. They use the same LGA409 connector4, have eight memory channels, full ECC support, and 128 PCIe lanes (first PCIe 3. 0, then PCIe 4.0) with support for two slots. For workstation users interested in EPYC, AMD has released single-socket P versions. They offered the same features, for around 200 TDP, but with some performance loss compared to the regular non-P versions.

AMD then released Threadripper, a high performance desktop version of EPYC that was boosted to 280W for peak frequency and performance. The Threadripper proved above Ryzen with 64 PCIe lanes and quad-channel memory, allowing casual users who wanted more to get a little more. However, workstation users noted that while 280W was great, it lacked official ECC memory support, and compared to EPYC, the sometimes reduced memory channel support and reduction in PCIe compared to EPYC stopped Threadripper adoption.

So enter Threadripper Pro which sits between Threadripper and EPYC and in this case much more on the EPYC side. The Threadripper Pro has almost all the features of the AMD EPYC platform, but in a 280W thermal envelope. It has eight memory support channels, all 128 PCIe 4.0 lanes, and can support ECC. The only downside to EPYC is that it can only be used on single processor systems and peak memory support is halved (from 4TB to 2TB). The Threadripper Pro also comes with a slight price premium.




AMD Compare
AnandTech Ryzen Threadripper Threadripper
Cores 6–16 32-64 12-64 16–64
Architecture Zen 3 Zen 2 Zen 2 Zen 3
1P Flagship R9
TR Pro 3995WX EPYC
MSRP $799 $3990 $5490 $5010
TDP 105 W 280 W 280 W 225 W
Base frequency 3400 MHz 2900 MHz 2700 MHz 2000 MHz
Turbo Freq 4900 MHz 4300 MHz 4200 MHz 3675 MHz
Connector AM4 sTRX40 sTRX4: WRX80 SP3
L3 cache 64 MB 256 MB 256 MB 256 MB
DRAM 2x DDR4-3200 4 DDR4-3200 modules 8 DDR4-3200 modules 8 DDR4-3200 modules
DRAM capacity 128 GB 256 GB 2TB, ECC 4TB, ECC
PCIe 4. 0 x20 + 4.0 x56 + 4.0 x120 + 4.0 x 128
Features Pro No No yes yes

One of the biggest benefits of Threadripper and Threadripper Pro has been any market that typically uses high-speed workstations and can scale their workloads. Speaking to a local OEM, demand for Threadripper and Threadripper Pro from the visual effects industry has been through the roof as these companies rip out their old infrastructure and replace it fresh with AMD. It has also been overruled by the recent pandemic, where these studios want to leave expensive equipment in place and allow their artists to work from home via remote access.

Threadripper Pro processors: four models, three in retail

When TR Pro was launched in 2020, these processors were exclusive to Lenovo for the P620 Workstation. The deal between Lenovo and AMD has not been disclosed, however it looks like the exclusive deal ran for six months, from September to February, with the processors going on sale on March 2nd.

During this time, we chose one of these workstations for review, and it still remains one of the best modular systems that I have ever tested:

Lenovo ThinkStation P620 Review: Tool for Threadripper Pro

AMD’s first Threadripper Pro platform has four processors, ranging from 12 to 64 cores, emulating their Threadripper 3000 and EPYC 77×2 equivalents, but at 280W.

AMD Ryzen Threadripper Pro
AnandTech Kernels Base
Chiplets L3
TDP Price
3995WX 64/128 2700 4200 8+1 256 MB 280 W $5490
3975WX 32/64 3500 4200 4+1 128 MB 280 W $2750
3955WX 16/32 3900 4300 2+1 64 MB 280 W 1150 USD
3945WX 12/24 4000 4300 2+1 64 MB 280 W OEM

At the top is a 64-core Threadripper Pro 3995WX with a base frequency of 2. 7 GHz and a turbo frequency of 4.2 GHz. This processor is the only one in the family that has all 256 MB of L3 cache, as it has all eight chiplets fully active. Price at 549$0 is 37.5% more than the $3990 Threadripper 3990X.



AMD 64-core Zen 2 comparison
AnandTech Threadripper
Pro 3995WX
MSRP $3990 $5490 $4425
TDP 280W 280 W 200 W
Base frequency 2900 MHz 2700 MHz 2000 MHz
Turbo Freq 4300 MHz 4200 MHz 3350 MHz
L3 cache 256 MB 256 MB 256 MB
DRAM 4 DDR4-3200 modules 8 DDR4-3200 modules 8 DDR4-3200 modules
DRAM capacity 256 GB 2TB, ECC 4TB, ECC
PCIe 4. 0 x56 + 4.0 x120 + 4.0 x 128
Pro Features No yes yes

In the middle of the range is the 32-core Threadripper Pro 3975WX with a base frequency of 3.5 GHz and a turbo frequency of 4.2 GHz. AMD chose to use four chiplets in this processor with all eight cores on each chiplet, resulting in 128 MB of L3 cache. At $2750, it’s also 37.5% more expensive than the equivalent 32-core Threadripper 3970X.



AMD Zen 2 32-core comparison
AnandTech Threadripper
Pro 3975WX
MSRP $3990 $2750 $2300
TDP 280 W 280 W 180 W
Base frequency 3700 MHz 3500 MHz 2500 MHz
Turbo Freq 4500 MHz 4200 MHz 3350 MHz
L3 cache 128 MB 128 MB 128 MB
DRAM 4 DDR4-3200 modules 8 DDR4-3200 modules 8 DDR4-3200 modules
DRAM capacity 256 GB 2TB, ECC 4TB, ECC
PCIe 4. 0 x56 + 4.0 x120 + 4.0×128
Pro Features No yes yes

The next two processors have no Threadripper equivalents, but also represent a slightly different scenario that we’ll cover in this review. and 39The 55WX and 3945WX, despite being part of the larger Threadripper Pro family, use only two chiplets in their design: 8 cores per chip for the 3955 WX and 6 cores per chiplet for the 3945WX. This means these processors only have 64MB of L3 cache, making them somewhat identical to the Ryzen 9 3950X and Ryzen 9 3900X, except the I/O die means there are eight memory channels and 128 PCIe lanes.

AMD 16-core Zen 2/3 vs.
AnandTech Ryzen 9
Pro 3955WX
Ryzen 9
MSRP $749 1150 USD $799
TDP 105 W 280 W 105 W
Base frequency 3500 MHz 3900 MHz 3400 MHz
Turbo Freq 4700 MHz 4300 MHz 4900 MHz
L3 cache 64 MB 64 MB 64 MB
DRAM 2x DDR4-3200 8 DDR4-3200 modules 2x DDR4-3200
DRAM capacity 128 GB 2TB ECC 128 GB
PCIe 4. 0 x20
+ chipset
4.0 x120
+ chipset
4.0 x20
+ chipset
Pro Features No yes No
Motherboard price +++

The 3955WX has a higher base frequency, but the 3950X has a higher turbo frequency. 3950X and cheaper, and cheaper motherboards! It may be worth highlighting them in a separate comparative review.

The latest Threadripper Pro processor, the 3945WX, has no price because AMD doesn’t make it available at retail. This part is for select OEM customers only; perhaps the limited substrate resources on the market right now make it unattractive to produce too many of them? Hard to say.

Motherboards: Beware!

Although Threadripper Pro is based on the same LGA4094 socket as Threadripper and EPYC, it has its own unique WRX80 platform which should be used instead. It appears that only select vendors have access/licenses to manufacture WRX80 motherboards, and your main options are:

All three boards use a transposed LGA4094 connector, eight DDR4 memory slots, and 6-7 PCIe 4.0 slots.

Be careful though! There is an option to find an old/refurbished Lenovo P620 motherboard. It’s worth noting that Lenovo is implementing an AMD feature for OEMs: the processors used in this Lenovo motherboard will be forever tied to Lenovo. This is part of AMD’s Assured Supply Chain process, allowing OEMs to hard-lock processors to specific vendors to provide end-to-end supply chain security requested by specific customers. In this case, if you ever want to break your system in order to upgrade and sell parts, it is not recommended to look for a Lenovo TR Pro system unless you buy/sell it as a whole.

This review

The main purpose of this review is to test all the Threadripper Pro 3000 hardware and compare it to the equivalent Threadripper 3000 to see how much performance is improved by increasing memory bandwidth or lost by small core clock differences. We also include the best Intel HEDT/workstation processor for comparison, the W-3175X, as well as the best consumer-grade processors on the market. All systems are tested according to JEDEC specifications.

Test set
TR Pro
8×16 GB
DDR4-3200 ECC
TR 3990X
TR 3970X
TR 3960X
4×32 GB
X570 I Aorus
4×32 GB
i9-11900K ASUS
Thermal Right
4×32 GB
Xeon W-3175X ASUS ROG
BIOS 0601 Asetek
GPU Sapphire RX 460 2 GB (processor tests)
BP Miscellaneous (including Corsair AX860i)
SSD Crucial MX500 2TB
* Also used Silverstone SST-FHP141-VF 173 CFM fans.

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